France women's national football team
The French womens national football team represents France in international womens football. In 2011, France recorded a finish at the 2011 FIFA Womens World Cup. In the following year, the club captured the 2012 Cyprus Cup, the current manager of the national team is Olivier Echouafni. He replaced Philippe Bergeroo on September 9,2016, the current captain of the national team is 26-year-old centre back Wendie Renard. In 1919, a football championship was established in France by the Fédération des Sociétés Féminines Sportives de France. On 29 April 1920, a team led by French womens football pioneer Alice Milliat traveled to England and played its first international match against English team Dick, the match, held in Preston, attracted more than 25,000 spectators. France won the match 2–0 and ended its tour with two wins, one draw, and one defeat, the following year, a return match in France at the Stade Pershing in Vincennes, a suburb of Paris, took place in front of over 12,000 spectators. The match ended in a 1–1 draw, in May 1921, France returned to England for friendlies.
The team won its first match 5–1, suffered three consecutive defeats, in October 1921, the English team returned to France contesting matches in Paris and Le Havre with both matches ending in stalemates. Despite womens football in England being prohibited by The Football Association in December 1921, a victory for the French in Plymouth was followed by 0–0 draws in Exeter and Falmouth. By 1932, the game had been called to an end. The last match by the FSFSF international team was another draw against Belgium on 3 April 1932. Throughout the late 1960s in France, particularly in Reims, local players worked hard to promote awareness, a year before getting officially sanctioned, France took part in a makeshift European Cup against England and Italy. The tournament was won by the Italians and that same year, France took part in the unofficial 1971 Womens World Cup, held in Mexico. The ladies continued the games, which just made it into the margins of FIFAs records. Since 1982, UEFA has governed the European games, in 1975, the womens football league was officially reinstated, this time with backing from the French Football Federation, the governing body of football in France.
Stade Reims was the best team in the country throughout the 1970s and early 1980s, for the non-official World Cup in 1978 in Taiwan, the team included the entire Reims squad. The team shared the title with Finland, who never played the final
Enschede, known as Eanske in the local dialect of Twents, is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands in the province of Overijssel and in the Twente region. Enschede lies in the part of Overijssel and is the easternmost city of more than 100,000 inhabitants in the Netherlands. The city lies a few kilometres from Germany, which borders the municipality, in the west, Hengelo is the first important place and at the eastern side, Gronau plays that role. More than a few small rivers flow through or surround the city, Enschede contains five official city districts. Although the former airport is derelict and plans to revive the place are canceled in 2012. The early history of Enschede is largely unknown, but a settlement existed around the Old Marketplace in early medieval times. The name of settlement is mentioned as Anescede or Enscede meaning either near the border or near the Es and sported a church, a marketplace. Enschede was granted city rights around 1300 which were confirmed in 1325 by Bishop Jan III van Diest, because a stone wall was too expensive, Enschede had a system of ditches and hedges instead, which is still reflected in the street-names Noorderhagen and Zuiderhagen.
The city plan of this era is still recognisable in the street-pattern, the city was spared destruction in 1597 at its capture during the Eighty Years War when after a short siege, the Spanish garrison surrendered the city and the defences were razed. One such factory to have produced textiles in the late 19th century is the Hardick & Seckel Factory, the industrialisation stimulated a large increase in population, which by 1894 had reached an estimated 18,267, nineteenth-century urban growth was at first rather chaotic. The names of the slums are still notorious, although they have long since torn down. In 1907 the laissez faire mentality was dropped and Enschede was the first city in the Netherlands to draw up an official expansion-plan, during the Second World War Enschede was one of the first Dutch cities to be captured by German troops, being the city closest to Germany. Resistance members helped many of the Jews from Enschede to hide on farms in the vicinity, out of approximately 1300 Jews in Enschede,500 were saved, compared to less than 20% in the rest of the Netherlands.
Enschede was bombed on several occasions, most notably on October 10,1943, during the first raid the nearby airport was a target of opportunity for the VIII Bomber Command during a raid on rail- and waterways in Münster. 141 people died and many houses were damaged, the latter mission named Enschede as a target of opportunity during Big Week after bombers had been recalled due to adverse weather. In the 1970s the textile production in Enschede came to a halt and this had a profound effect on the populace. Enschede became one of the poorest municipalities in the Netherlands and went bankrupt, large areas of industrial wasteland came to mark the city. With the support of the government, this property was acquired
UEFA Women's Euro 2017
The competition will be expanded from twelve teams in the previous edition to 16 teams. The Netherlands were declared as hosts by the UEFA Executive Committee on 4 December 2014, expressions of interest in hosting the tournament were received from seven associations. The Netherlands were chosen to host the tournament on 4 December 2014 and this was the first time that the tournament will be staged in this country. The qualifying competition, which took place from April 2015 to October 2016, each group was played in single round-robin format at one of the pre-selected hosts. The two group winners advanced to the group stage. Qualifying group stage, The 40 teams were drawn into eight groups of five teams, each group was played in home-and-away round-robin format. The eight group winners and the six best runners-up qualified directly for the final tournament, play-offs, The two teams played home-and-away two-legged matches to determine the last qualified team. The following teams qualified for the final tournament, notes The final draw was held on 8 November 2016,17,30 CET, at the Luxor Theatre in Rotterdam.
The 16 teams were drawn into four groups of four teams, the teams were seeded according to their coefficient ranking following the end of the qualifying group stage, with the hosts Netherlands assigned to position A1 in the draw. Each group contained one team each of the four seeding pots. H Hosts TH Title holders Seven venues in seven different towns will be used in the tournament, each national team have to submit a squad of 23 players, three of whom must be goalkeepers. If a player is injured or ill severely enough to prevent her participation in the tournament before her teams first match, the schedule of the competition was announced on 23 September 2015. The group winners and runners-up advance to the quarter-finals, in the knockout stage, extra time and penalty shoot-out are used to decide the winner if necessary
Anna Margaretha Marina Astrid Vivianne Miedema is a Dutch professional football forward who plays for German Frauen-Bundesliga club FC Bayern Munich and the Netherlands womens national football team. Miedema signed for SC Heerenveen at 14 and made her debut at 15. Her 39 goals for Heerenveen in the 2013–14 BeNe League won her the top-scorer award, Miedema signed a contract with Bayern Munich in June 2014. In 2014–15, she was part of a young Bayern team who remained unbeaten in the Bundesliga, in September 2013 coach Roger Reijners gave Miedema her debut for the senior Netherlands womens national football team, in a 4–0 win in Albania. At the 2014 UEFA Womens Under-19 Championship, she was vital for the Dutch success and she was the tournament top scorer and collected the Golden Player awarded to the best player of the tournament. In October 2014 Miedema played a key role in the Netherlands World Cup qualification play-off victory over Scotland, in the first leg at Tynecastle Stadium she stung the palms of Gemma Fay with a rasping drive which was prodded home by Lieke Martens.
Then she casually shrugged off burly centre-half Jennifer Beattie only to be upended by Frankie Brown inside the box. Manon Melis dispatched the resultant penalty to leave the Dutch firmly in the seat ahead of the second leg in Rotterdam. In the final qualification play-off versus Italy, Miedema scored all of the Dutch goals as the Netherlands won 3–2 on aggregate and she finished as the overall top-scorer in the qualification campaign with 16 goals. Coach Reijners praised Miedemas killer instinct, despite being still in her teens, she was widely proclaimed the most gifted striker in Europe ahead of the Netherlands first ever FIFA Womens World Cup appearance. Scores and results list the Netherlands goal tally first, Miedema grew up as a Feyenoord supporter and modelled her game on Robin van Persie. As she is Dutch and wears number 10 for Bayern Munich, she has been compared to Arjen Robben. nl Profile at vrouwenvoetbalnederland. nl Profile at uefa. com Player German domestic football stats at DFB
Doetinchem is a city and municipality in the east of the Netherlands. It is situated along the Oude IJssel river in a part of the province of Gelderland called the Achterhoek, the municipality had a population of 56,436 in 2014 and consists of an area of 79.66 km2 of which 0.60 km2 is water. This makes Doetinchem the largest town in the Achterhoek, on 1 January 2005, a municipal restructuring merged the neighbouring municipality of Wehl as well as the Zelhelmse Broek area with Doetinchem. The local government organization in the Netherlands is complex and fine-grained (see municipality and Govt Stats and it is known from archaeological finds of skulls, pottery shards, and flint arrowheads that the area was inhabited more than 11,000 years ago. These prehistoric hunters were followed by Celtic and Germanic tribes like the Franks, Roman coins have been found and there is archaeological evidence of the Vikings having plundered the area. The first reference to the name of Doetinchem comes in a document from the year 838 which mentions a ‘villa Duetinghem’, in 887, there is another mention of ‘Deutinkem’, a fortress with a church which had been given to the Bishop of Utrecht.
The spelling has varied over the centuries, with ‘Duttichem’, ‘Duichingen’, for a long time Doetinchem remained a small place but around 1100 it started to grow and, after suffering several attempts by plunderers, a town wall was built. In 1236, Doetinchem was granted city rights by Count Otto II of Gelre and Zutphen, the new city council published rules for the city, codified in the ‘Keurboek van Doetinchem’, which laid down severe punishments for infringements. In 1226, Doetinchem faced increasing danger from plunderers, and so the city wall was raised by a metre. There were four barriers in the wall which, being weak points, were replaced over time by four large city-gates known as, the Hamburgerpoort, the Waterpoort, the Gruitpoort, and the Hezenpoort. Later a moat was dug around the wall and a rampart was built in front, the city’s central windmill, despite these defences, Doetinchem was besieged many times and during the Eighty Years War was besieged and conquered twice. However, eventually the walls became seen as redundant and in 1672, however, it was not until the second half of the 19th century that the city-gates and most of the rampart were removed.
Doetinchem has had its share of disasters. Apart from the mentioned above, in 1527 a large fire destroyed most of the city including the city archives. Even during the Second World War, Doetinchem came off fairly lightly at first, there was only a small German occupying force, which of the two is true has never really been clarified and there is still some discussion about the true intentions of the bombardment. The city itself was liberated by The Calgary Highlanders in 1945 after a battle there. In the decades after the war, Doetinchem grew and in a few years had outgrown its competitors in the Achterhoek, namely Doesburg, the Dutch company, had a factory for some years in the city. From 2003 till 2005, the city grew enormously as new districts such as Dichteren were built, in 2011, the city is still growing
Substitute (association football)
In association football, a substitute is a player who is brought on to the pitch during a match in exchange for an existing player. Substitutions are generally made to replace a player who has become tired or injured, or who is performing poorly, unlike some sports, a player who has been substituted during a match may take no further part in it. Most competitions only allow each team to make a maximum of three substitutions during a game, although more substitutions are permitted in non-competitive fixtures such as friendlies. A fourth substitution in extra time is currently being trialled at several tournaments over a two-year period. Each team nominates a number of players who may be used as substitutes, these players typically sit in the area with the coaches. A player who is noted for making appearances, or scoring important goals. The origin of football substitutes goes back to at least the early 1860s as part of English public school football games, the original use of the term substitute in football was to describe the replacement of players who failed to turn up for matches.
The substitution of absent players happened as early as the 1850s, the first use of a substitute in international football was on 15 April 1889, in the match between Wales and Scotland at Wrexham. Waless original goalkeeper, Jim Trainer, failed to arrive, local amateur player Alf Pugh started the match and played for some 20 minutes until the arrival of Sam Gillam, the use of substitutes in finals matches was not allowed until the 1970 tournament. The number of substitutes usable in a match has increased from zero to one. Substitutions during matches in the English Football League were first permitted in the 1965–66 season, during the first two seasons after the law was introduced, each side was permitted only one substitution during a game. Moreover, the substitute could only replace an injured player, from the 1967–68 season, this rule was relaxed to allow substitutions for tactical reasons. On the same day, Bobby Knox became the first ever substitute to score a goal when he scored for Barrow against Wrexham.
Archie Gemmill of St Mirren was the first substitute to come on in a Scottish first-class match, the first official substitute in a Scottish League match was Paul Conn for Queens Park vs Albion Rovers in a Division 2 match on 24 August 1966. In England, the Premier League increased the number of players on the bench to five in 1996, according to the Laws of the Game, A player may only be substituted during a stoppage in play and with the permission of the referee. The incoming player may enter the field at the half-way line. Failure to comply with these provisions may be punished by a caution, a player that has been substituted may take no further part in a match, except where return substitutions are permitted. Unused substitutes still on the bench, as well as players who have been already substituted and these are liable for misconduct, though cannot be said to have committed a foul
Spain women's national football team
The Spain womens national football team represents Spain in international womens football. Although not considered a powerhouse like most of the other famous European nations, in October 2012 the senior team qualified for the European Championship for a second time sixteen years later, after beating Scotland in repechage in the extra times overtime. After underground womens football clubs started appearing in Spain around 1970 one of its instigators, Rafael Muga, when asked about the initiative in January 1971 RFEF president José Luis Pérez Payá answered Im not against womens football, but I dont like it either. I dont think its feminine from a point of view. Women are not favored wearing shirt and trousers, any regional dress would fit them better. The team wasnt allowed to wear RFEFs crest and the referee couldnt wear an official uniform either, on July 15, with a 5-days delay for transfer issues, it played its first game abroad against Italy in Turins Stadio Comunale, suffering an 8–1 defeat.
It was invited to the 2nd edition of womens world cup. Despite these conditions Spain was entrusted hosting the 1972 World Cup, RFEF vetoed the project, and the competition was cancelled and disbanded. The unofficial Spanish team itself broke up shortly after, the opponent was again Portugal, which defeated Spain 0–1. On 27 April 1985 it played its first official match in the 1987 European Championships qualification, after losing the first four matches Spain defeated Switzerland and drew with Italy to end third. The team ended in its groups bottom positions in the subsequent 1989 and 1991 qualifiers, after the former Nieto was replaced by Ignacio Quereda, who has coached the team since September 1,1988. The 1995 Euro qualifying marked an improvement as Spain ended 2nd, one point from England, in these qualifiers Spain attained its biggest victory to date, a 17–0 over Slovenia. In the first stage the team drew 1–1 against France, lost 0–1 against host Sweden, and beat 1–0 Russia to qualify on goal average over France to the semifinals, all three goals were scored by Ángeles Parejo.
This success was followed by a series of unsuccessful qualifiers. In the 1999 World Cups qualifying Spain ended last for the first time, in the 2001 Euros it made it to the repechage, where it suffered a 3–10 aggregate defeat against Denmark. In the 2003 World Cups it again ended last despite starting with a 6–1 win over Iceland, in the 2005 Euros, where a 9–1 win over Belgium was followed by a 5-game non scoring streak, it ended 3rd behind Denmark and Norway. In the 2007 World Cups the team again ended 3rd behind Denmark, in the 2009 Euros Spain made its better performance since the 1995 qualifiers, narrowly missing qualification as England clinched the top position by overcoming a 2–0 in the final matchs second half. Spain had to play the repechage, where it lost both games against the Netherlands, in the 2011 World Cups Spain again ended 2nd, with no repechage, after England again overcame a half-time 2–0 in their second confrontation
Netherlands women's national football team
In 1971, the team played the first womens international football match recognized by FIFA against France. They have played at the tournament of the 2009 and 2013 UEFA Womens Championship. They have played at the tournament of the 2015 FIFA Womens World Cup. The nicknames for the team are Oranje and Leeuwinnen, sarina Wiegman is the teams coach, after being appointed in January 2017 as successor of Arjan van der Laan. Since March 2015, the team is ranked number 12 in the FIFA Womens World Rankings, on 17 April 1971, the Dutch team played the first womens international football match recognized by FIFA against France. The match took place in Hazebrouck and resulted in a 4-0 defeat for the Netherlands, in 1980s and 1990s, the team failed to qualify for the final tournaments of UEFAs European Championship and also for the FIFAs World Championship. The team qualified for the UEFA Womens Euro 2009 and reached third place together with Norway, after England and this is the teams best result at an international tournament to date.
The team again qualified for the UEFA Womens Euro 2013, the team qualified for the 2015 FIFA Womens World Cup and reached thirteenth place, after having lost their first match in the knockout stage to Japan. As host country, the Dutch team has qualified for the UEFA Womens Euro 2017. On 27 November 2014, the Netherlands womens national team qualified to the final tournament of the FIFA Womens World Cup for the first time. *Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks, the Netherlands failed to qualify for the final tournament of the UEFA Womens Championship from 1984 to 2005. In 2009, the Dutch womens team qualified and reached third place, in 2013, they qualified again, but did not advance after the group stage. * Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks, ** Missing flag indicates no host country. Squad for the 2017 Algarve Cup, media related to Netherlands womens national association football team at Wikimedia Commons Official website FIFA profile
Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, located in South Holland, within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea. Its history goes back to 1270 when a dam was constructed in the Rotte river by people settled around it for safety, in 1340 Rotterdam was granted city rights by the Count of Holland and slowly grew into a major logistic and economic centre. Nowadays it is home to Europes largest port and has a population of 633,471, ranking second in the Netherlands, just behind Amsterdam. The Greater Rijnmond area is home to approximately 1.4 million people, Rotterdam is part of the yet larger Randstad conurbation with a total population of 7,100,000. The city of Rotterdam is known for the Erasmus University, riverside setting, lively cultural life, the near-complete destruction of Rotterdams city centre during World War II has resulted in a varied architectural landscape including sky-scrapers, which are an uncommon sight in other Dutch cities. Rotterdam is home to some world-famous architecture from renowned architects like Rem Koolhaas, Piet Blom, Ben van Berkel and others.
Recently Rotterdam was listed eighth in The Rough Guide Top 10 Cities to Visit, the port of Rotterdam is the largest cargo port in Europe and the 10th largest in the world. Rotterdams logistic success is based on its location on the North Sea. The rivers Rhine and Scheldt give waterway access into the heart of Western Europe, the extensive distribution system including rail and waterways have earned Rotterdam the nickname Gateway to Europe, conversely, Gateway to the World in Europe. The settlement at the end of the fen stream Rotte dates from at least 900 CE. A dam on the Rotte or Rotterdam was built in the 1260s and was located at the present-day Hoogstraat, on 7 July 1340, Count Willem IV of Holland granted city rights to Rotterdam, which had approximately 2,000 inhabitants. The port of Rotterdam grew slowly but steadily into a port of importance, becoming the seat of one of the six chambers of the Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie, the greatest spurt of growth, both in port activity and population, followed the completion of the Nieuwe Waterweg in 1872.
The city and harbor started to expand on the bank of the river. The Witte Huis or White House skyscraper, inspired by American office buildings and built in 1898 in the French Château-style, is evidence of Rotterdams rapid growth, when completed, it was the tallest office building in Europe, with a height of 45 m. During World War I the city was the worlds largest spy centre because of Dutch neutrality, many spies who were arrested and executed in Britain were led by German secret agents operating from Rotterdam. MI6 had its main European office on de Boompjes, from there the British coordinated espionage in Germany and occupied Belgium. In WWI an average of 25,000 Belgian refugees lived in the city, as well as hundreds of German deserters, during World War II, the German army invaded the Netherlands on 10 May 1940. Adolf Hitler had hoped to conquer the country in just one day, the Dutch army was finally forced to capitulate on 15 May 1940, following Hitlers bombing of Rotterdam on 14 May and threatening to bomb other Dutch cities