Scotland women's national football team
The Scotland womens national football team represents Scotland in international womens football competitions. Since 1998, the team has been governed by the Scottish Football Association, Scotland has never participated in the FIFA Womens World Cup, but qualified for their first UEFA Womens Euro in 2017. The team is currently ranked 21st in the FIFA Womens World Rankings, church documents recorded women playing football in Carstairs, Lanarkshire, in 1628. Scotland first played an international match in May 1881. Womens football struggled for recognition during this period and was banned by the football authorities in 1921. Club sides who were interested in using their grounds for football were subsequently denied permission by the Scottish Football Association. The sport continued on a basis until the 1970s, when the ban was lifted. In 1971 UEFA instructed its members to control of womens football within their territories. The motion was passed 31–1, but Scotland was the member to vote against it.
Football in Scotland has traditionally seen as a working class. Scotlands first official match, a 3–2 defeat to England, took place in November 1972, the team was managed by Rab Stewart. The 1921 ban on football was lifted in 1974. The SFA assumed direct responsibility for Scottish womens football in 1998, Scotland have participated in most international competitions since the ban was removed. The teams standing has improved significantly in recent years, reaching a high of 19th place in the FIFA Womens World Rankings in March 2014. They reached their first major tournament finals when they qualified for UEFA Womens Euro 2017, *Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks. Scotland womens internationals have been televised by BBC Alba and broadcast by BBC Radio Scotland, BBC Radio Scotland presenter Tam Cowan was temporarily taken off the air in 2013, after he criticised the use of Fir Park for womens internationals in his Daily Record column. This is due to a preponderance of stupid male journalists, according to Montgomery, the first official match played by the Scotland womens team was hosted by the Ravenscraig Stadium, an athletics facility in Greenock.
The team now plays its home games at club stadiums
Slovenia women's national football team
The Slovenia womens national football team is the national football team of Slovenia and is controlled by the Football Association of Slovenia. They played their first match in 1993 after the split of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1991, before that, Slovenian players played for the Yugoslav national team. Slovenia made its debut on 25 September 1993 against England in the qualifying for the 1995 European Championship. They lost all six qualifiers with a 0–60 goal average, including a record 17–0 loss against Spain, after this Slovenia didnt take part in official competitions for more than a decade. For the 2009 European Championship the two divisions were merged into one, and Slovenia made it to the play-offs as one of the four best 3rd-ranked teams, there they were knocked out by Ukraine by a 0–5 aggregate. In the 2011 World Cup and 2013 European Championship qualifiers Slovenia ended fourth out of five teams, *Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks. 20 players called up for the Istria Cup from 2–7 March Notes, Position legend, GK=goalkeeper, DF=Defender, MF=Midfielder, womens association football around the world Official website FIFA profile
Germany women's national football team
The Germany womens national football team represents Germany in international womens association football and is governed by the German Football Association. The German national team is one of the most successful in womens football and they are two-time world champions, having won the 2003 and 2007 tournaments. They are the nation to have won both the mens and womens tournament. The team has won eight of the eleven UEFA European Championships, being the only nation to win both the mens and womens European tournament. Germany has won Olympic gold in 2016, after three consecutive bronze medals at the Womens Olympic Football Tournament, finishing third in 2000,2004 and 2008, Birgit Prinz holds the record for most appearances and is the teams all-time leading goalscorer. Prinz has set records, she has received the FIFA World Player of the Year award three times and is the joint second overall top goalscorer at the Womens World Cup. Womens football was long met with skepticism in Germany, and official matches were banned by the DFB until 1970, the womens national team has grown in popularity since winning the World Cup in 2003, as it was chosen as Germanys Sports Team of the Year.
The current head coach is Steffi Jones, replacing Silvia Neid who was in charge from 2005 until 2016, as of December 2016, Germany is ranked No.2 in the FIFA Womens World Rankings. In 1955, the DFB decided to forbid womens football in all its clubs in West Germany, in its explanation, the DFB cited that this combative sport is fundamentally foreign to the nature of women and that body and soul would inevitably suffer damage. Further, the display of the body violates etiquette and decency, in spite of this ban, more than 150 unofficial international matches were played in the 1950s and 1960s. On 30 October 1970, the ban on football was lifted at the DFB annual convention. Other football associations had formed official womens national teams in the 1970s. In 1981, DFB official Horst R. Schmidt was invited to send a team to the womens football world championship. Schmidt accepted the invitation but hid the fact that West Germany had no national team at the time. To avoid humiliation, the DFB sent the German club champions Bergisch Gladbach 09, seeing a need, the DFB established the womens national team in 1982.
DFB president Hermann Neuberger appointed Gero Bisanz, an instructor at the Cologne Sports College, in September 1982, Bisanz organised two scouting training courses from which he selected a squad of 16 players. The teams first international took place on 10 November 1982 in Koblenz. Following the tradition of the team, Switzerland was chosen as West Germanys first opponent
Macedonia women's national football team
The Macedonia womens national football team represents the Republic of Macedonia in international football. The team is controlled by the Football Federation of Macedonia, the body for football in the country. They are currently coached by Gorazd Mihajlov, the Macedonian womens team find themselves ranked 118th out of 132 womens footballing nations registered with FIFA. At present, the Macedonian womens team has won only a single game, on November 8,2007, they defeated Armenia 4–3 in Macedonia. The womens team played their first official game on 7 May 2005, two weeks later, on 21 May 2005, Macedonia scored their first ever goal in a 7–1 loss to Slovenia. *Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks, squad for the UEFA Euro qualifier game against Greece on 4 April 2012
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 332,529 and an area of 103,000 km2, the capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Reykjavík and the areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active, the interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and marine influence still keeps summers chilly, with most of the archipelago having a tundra climate. According to the ancient manuscript Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in the year 874 AD when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfr Arnarson became the first permanent settler on the island. In the following centuries, and to a lesser extent other Scandinavians, emigrated to Iceland, the island was governed as an independent commonwealth under the Althing, one of the worlds oldest functioning legislative assemblies.
Following a period of strife, Iceland acceded to Norwegian rule in the 13th century. The establishment of the Kalmar Union in 1397 united the kingdoms of Norway, Iceland thus followed Norways integration to that Union and came under Danish rule after Swedens secession from that union in 1523. In the wake of the French revolution and the Napoleonic wars, Icelands struggle for independence took form and culminated in independence in 1918, until the 20th century, Iceland relied largely on subsistence fishing and agriculture, and was among the poorest in Europe. Industrialisation of the fisheries and Marshall Plan aid following World War II brought prosperity, in 1994, it became a part of the European Economic Area, which further diversified the economy into sectors such as finance and manufacturing. Iceland has an economy with relatively low taxes compared to other OECD countries. It maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides health care. Iceland ranks high in economic and social stability and equality, in 2013, it was ranked as the 13th most-developed country in the world by the United Nations Human Development Index.
Iceland runs almost completely on renewable energy, some bankers were jailed, and the economy has made a significant recovery, in large part due to a surge in tourism. Icelandic culture is founded upon the nations Scandinavian heritage, most Icelanders are descendants of Germanic and Gaelic settlers. Icelandic, a North Germanic language, is descended from Old Norse and is related to Faroese
Ada Martine Stolsmo Hegerberg is a Norwegian professional footballer who plays as a striker for the Division 1 Féminine club Olympique Lyonnais. She has previously played for Kolbotn and Stabæk in Toppserien, Hegerberg has represented Norway at youth international level, and made her debut for the senior team in 2011. In 2013 she was a part of the Norwegian team that won silver at the 2013 UEFA Womens Championship, Hegerberg won the 2016 UEFA Best Womens Player in Europe Award on 25 August 2016. Hegerberg was born in Molde, but grew up in Sunndalsøra where she played for Sunndal Fotball along with her elder sister Andrine, in 2007, their family moved to Kolbotn, where the sisters joined Kolbotn IL. She made her debut for Kolbotn in 2010, on 6 August 2011, she scored three goals in seven minutes as Røa were beaten 4–1, with Andrine scoring the last goal. Aged 16, this made her the youngest player ever to have scored a hat-trick in Toppserien, while still 16 years old, she finished as Kolbotns top scorer in the 2011 Toppserien season and was voted as the leagues Young Player of the Year.
Ahead of the 2012 season, both Hegerberg sisters joined Stabæk, during a match against Fart in May 2012, she scored five goals during the first half of Stabæks 8–2 win. At this stage the sisters were considered to be two of the biggest talents in Norwegian womens football, and Ada won the Statoil Talent of the Month award for the time in May 2012. She became top goalscorer in the 2012 Toppserien with 25 goals in 18 matches and she contributed two goals in the semi-final of the 2012 Norwegian Womens Cup, when Amazon Grimstad were beaten 3–0. Stabæks 4–0 final victory over Røa saw Hegerberg score a hat-trick, in 2013 she and her sister signed contracts with the German side 1. FFC Turbine Potsdam until 30 June 2014, where they became teammates of their countrywoman Maren Mjelde, Hegerberg scored in her Bundesliga debut when SC Freiburg was beaten 3–1. In their first season in Germany, the Hegerbergs and Turbine finished second in both the 2012–13 Bundesliga and the 2012–13 DFB-Pokal, in summer 2014 she transferred to Olympique Lyonnais.
Hegerberg had a successful first season in France. She scored 26 goals in 22 league games, leading Lyon to a ninth consecutive Division 1 Féminine title, in the Coupe de France Féminine Final, Hegerberg scored the tying goal in the 47th minute, eventually culminating in a 2–1 victory over Montpellier. Hegerberg returned to Lyon for the 2015–16 campaign, on 27 September, she scored a hat-trick in Lyons 5–0 victory against rival PSG. Hegerberg became the first player to score a hat-trick against PSG since Julie Morel in October 2008, in November, Hegerberg reached an agreement on a contract extension to stay with the club through the 2019 season. Lyon retained the title for the tenth time in a row on 8 May 2016. Hegerberg finishing the season as the top scorer of the league with 33 goals in 21 appearances, one week later, Hegerberg secured the Coupe de France with Lyon
The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world footballs governing body FIFA, UEFA consists of 55 national association members. Until 1959 the main headquarters were located in Paris, and in Bern, in 1995, UEFA headquarters were transferred to Nyon, Switzerland. Henri Delaunay was the first general secretary and Ebbe Schwartz the first president, UEFA was founded on 15 June 1954 in Basel, Switzerland after consultation between the Italian and Belgian associations. The European football union began with 25 members, that number doubled by the early 1990s, UEFA membership coincides for the most part with recognition as a sovereign country in Europe, although there are some exceptions. Some UEFA members are not sovereign states, but form part of a recognized sovereign state in the context of international law. Some UEFA members are transcontinental states, countries which had been members of the Asian Football Confederation were admitted to the European football association, particularly Israel and Kazakhstan.
Additionally some UEFA member associations allow teams from outside their associations main territory to take part in their domestic competition, saarland Football Union 1954–1956 German football association of the German Democratic Republic 1954–1990 Football Federation of the Soviet Union 1954–1991, in 1992 became Russian Football Union. The newly independent 14 Soviet Republics created their own football associations, Football Association of Yugoslavia 1954–1992, became Football Association of Serbia and Montenegro. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Slovenia became independent, Football Association of Serbia and Montenegro 1992–2006, became Football Association of Serbia. Montenegro, which became independent, created its own football association, the main competition for mens national teams is the UEFA European Football Championship, started in 1958, with the first finals in 1960, and known as the European Nations Cup until 1964. It is called UEFA or the EURO, UEFA runs national competitions at Under-21, Under-19 and Under-17 levels.
For womens national teams, UEFA operates the UEFA Womens Championship for senior sides as well as Womens Under-19. UEFA organized the UEFA-CAF Meridian Cup with CAF for youth teams in an effort to boost youth football, UEFA launched the UEFA Regions Cup, for semi-professional teams representing their local region, in 1999. In futsal there is the UEFA Futsal Championship and UEFA Futsal Under-21 Championship, the Italian, German and French mens national teams are the sole teams to have won the European football championship in all categories. A second, lower-ranked competition is the UEFA Europa League and this competition, for national knockout cup winners and high-placed league teams, was launched by UEFA in 1971 as a successor of both the former UEFA Cup and the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. A third competition, the UEFA Cup Winners Cup, which had started in 1960, was absorbed into the UEFA Cup in 1999, in womens football UEFA conducts the UEFA Womens Champions League for club teams. The competition was first held in 2001, and known as the UEFA Womens Cup until 2009, the UEFA Super Cup pits the winners of the Champions League against the winners of the Europa League, and came into being in 1973
Poland women's national football team
The Poland womens national football team represents Poland in international womens football. The team, controlled by the Polish Football Association, has never qualified for an international tournament. *Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks, the following players have been called up to the Poland squad within the last twelve months
Belgium women's national football team
The Belgium womens national football team represents Belgium in international womens football. It is controlled by the Royal Belgian Football Association, the body for football in Belgium. Their home stadium is Den Dreef and their current coach Ives Serneels. During most of its history the team has had results, but has shown improvement in the Euro 2013 and 2015 World Cup Qualifiers, to qualify in 2016 for their first major tournament. Belgium played its first match against France on May 30,1976 at Stade Auguste Delaune in Reims, the game ended in a 2–1 victory. A year after this debut, the Belgian team played against Switzerland and France and they played the same teams again the next year, this time beating both with 1–0 and 2–0. Another victory followed against Yugoslavia with 1–0, the teams first defeat however came at the hands of England, 3–0, which was followed by a 2–0 loss against France and a 2–2 tie against the Netherlands. In the following years, Belgium kept playing mostly against European teams, Belgium participated in qualifications for the first time for the 1984 European Competition for Womens Football.
They were sorted in Group 4 with the Netherlands, the campaign started off well with a 3–2 victory over the Netherlands, but continued with a 1–0 loss against Denmark and a 1–1 draw against West Germany. Their second attempt at qualifying was for the 1987 European Competition, where they were joined in Group 3 by France and their games against France were one win and one loss, both 3–1. Their matches against their two other opponents however were all defeats, 3–1 and 3–0 against The Netherlands, and 5–0 and this resulted in Belgium again ending last in the group. Belgium finally came close to qualifying for the tournament in its next iteration and they played in Group 4 against four other teams, France and Bulgaria. Among the eight games, they won two, drew four and lost two, with 7 goals for and 4 against and this earned them third place in the group of five, which did not suffice for qualification. The Belgian team suffered a series of results from 1990 to 2011. They never won even half of their matches in any of the campaigns during this period.
This notable exception was the 2003 Womens World Cup qualifiers, where they won five games, Scotland however had achieved the same result and with better goal difference, leaving Belgium second in their group. This is nevertheless Belgiums best performance at the World Cup qualifiers so far, although it was followed by their worst, they lost all eight games in the next iteration. At the UEFA Womens Euro qualifications, their best performances during this period were at the 1995 edition, between both campaigns, the Belgian female football team adopted the nickname Belgian Red Flames