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UGC 12158

UGC 12158 or PGC 69533 is an Sb-type barred spiral galaxy located 384,000,000 ly away from Earth in the constellation of Pegasus. Its tight spiral disk spans 140,000 ly across, whose scale at heliocentric distance is about 36.9 kiloparsecs per arcmin. It is often stated to resemble the Milky Way in appearance, due to its disk inclination being perpendicular to the line of sight. On 15 December 2003, a 19.2v magnitude Type Ia supernova, was recorded on one of the spiral arms near the apparent centre in UGC 12158, was designated as SN 2004EF. It reached 17.5v magnitude on 4 September 2004 before fading from view. Optical spectra was obtained on 7 September 2014 confirming the Type I classification. No progenitor star was found on earlier survey images. Media related to UGC 12158 at Wikimedia Commons Barred spiral bares all The Milky Way's identical twin

Ismail Ali Ismail

Ismail Ali Ismail "Geeldoon" is a Somali writer and former diplomat. Ismail was born in the former northwestern British Somaliland protectorate. For his secondary education, he attended Aden College in Aden, passing his GCE levels in 1960. Ismail first gained an interest in public administration during this early period, his initial exposure to the subject was through a book by Ismail al-Azhari, Sudan's and first Prime Minister. Ismail studied political science at university, reading Austin Ranney's The Governing of Men for a freshman class, he graduated with a diploma in Government and Public Administration, subsequently earned a master's degree in Local Government and Administration. Ismail speaks several languages, notably Somali and English. Ismail was a civil servant in the government of Somalia, he served as a longtime United Nations Economic Commission for Africa officer centered in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. In 1995, along with Said Sheikh Samatar, Ismail took part in an international symposium in Asmara, Eritrea for the writing of the Constitution of Eritrea.

He worked on the legislation with Eritrean and international experts. The following year, he helped train senior government officials in the Eritrean capital. In 2009, Ismail was a guest speaker at the Puntland Diaspora Conference held in Minneapolis, Minnesota, he addressed the Virtues of Federalism panel on the advantages and disadvantages of a federal political system. In 2010, Ismail published Governance: The Scourge and Hope of Somalia, a work on good governance principles based on his extensive diplomatic experience, he recommends therein incorporating elements of the traditional Somali customary law into modern government structures. Besides writing and consultancy, Ismail is a regular contributor to WardheerNews. BooksGovernance: The Scourge and Hope of Somalia ArticlesThe rural development campaign: its implications for the development of local government Federal structure for Somalia: an upas tree of a panacea? The Somali federation: crossing the initial hurdles Geeldoonia Essays - Ismail Ali Ismail


The Narodniks were a politically conscious movement of the Russian middle class in the 1860s and 1870s, some of whom became involved in revolutionary agitation against tsarism. Their ideology was known as Narodnichestvo, from the Russian народ, narod, "people, folk", so it is sometimes translated as "peopleism" or, more "populism". A common slogan among the Narodniks was "хождение в народ", meaning "going to the people". Though their movement achieved little in its own time, the Narodniks were in many ways the intellectual and political forebears of the socialists-revolutionaries who went on to influence Russian history in the 20th century; the Narodnik position was held by intellectuals who read the works of Alexander Herzen and of Nikolay Gavrilovich Chernyshevsky, whose convictions were refined by Pyotr Lavrov and Nikolay Mikhaylovsky. In the late 19th century and capitalism were becoming the primary theories of Russian political thought, Mikhaylovsky, realizing this shift in thought, began to tweak his original ideas of Narodnism, such that two groups of Narodniks emerged: the so-called "Critical Narodniks" and "Doctrinaire Narodniks".

Critical Narodniks followed Mikhaylovsky, assumed a flexible stance on capitalism, whilst adhering to their basic orientation. The more well-known Doctrinaire Narodniks had a firm belief that capitalism had no future in Russia or in any agrarian country. Narodnism arose after the emancipation of the serfs in 1861 under Tsar Alexander II, which signalled the end of feudalism in Russia. Arguing that freed serfs were being sold into wage slavery, in which the bourgeoisie had replaced landowners, Narodnism aimed to become a political force opposed to the phenomenon. Narodniks viewed aspects of the past with nostalgia: although they resented the former land ownership system, they opposed the uprooting of peasants from the traditional obshchina system of communes. Narodniks focused upon the growing conflict between the so-called kulaks; the groups which formed shared the common general aims of destroying the Russian monarchy and the kulaks, of distributing land among the peasantry. The Narodniks believed that it was possible to forgo the capitalist phase of Russia's development and proceed directly to socialism.

The Narodniks saw the peasantry as the revolutionary class that would overthrow the monarchy, perceived the village commune as the embryo of socialism. However, they believed that the peasantry would not achieve revolution on their own, insisting instead that history could only be made by outstanding personalities, who would lead an otherwise passive peasantry to revolution. Vasily Vorontsov called for the Russian intelligentsia to "bestir itself from the mental lethargy into which, in contrast to the sensitive and lively years of the seventies, it had fallen and formulate a scientific theory of Russian economic development". However, some Narodnik intellectuals called for an immediate revolution that went beyond philosophical and political discussion. In the spring of 1874, the Narodnik intelligentsia left the cities for the villages, Going to the People in an attempt to teach the peasantry their moral imperative to revolt, they found no support. Given the Narodniks' middle- and upper-middle-class social background, they found difficulty relating to the impoverished peasants and their culture.

They spent much such as clothing and dancing. Narodniks were viewed with suspicion by many Russian peasants, who were removed from the more modernized culture of the urban sphere; the authorities responded to the Narodniks' attempt with repression: revolutionaries and their peasant sympathizers were imprisoned and exiled. One response to this repression was the formation of Russia's first organized revolutionary party, Narodnaya Volya, in June 1879, it favoured secret society-led terrorism, justified “as a means of exerting pressure on the government for reform, as the spark that would ignite a vast peasant uprising, as the inevitable response to the regime's use of violence against the revolutionaries”. The attempt to get the peasantry to overthrow the Tsar proved unsuccessful, due to the peasantry's idolisation of the latter as someone "on their side". Narodism therefore developed the practice of terrorism: the peasantry, they believed, had to be shown that the Tsar was not supernatural, could be killed.

This theory, called "direct struggle", intended "uninterrupted demonstration of the possibility of struggling against the government, in this manner lifting the revolutionary spirit of the people and its faith in the success of the cause, organising those capable of fighting". On March 1, 1881, they succeeded in assassinating Alexander II; this act backfired on a political level, because the peasantry were horrified by the murder, the government had many Narodnaya Volya leaders hanged, leaving the group unorganized and ineffective. However, these events did not mark the end of the movement, the Socialist-Revolutionaries, Popular Socialists, Trudoviks all pursued similar ideas and tactics to the Narodniks; the philosophy and actions of the Narodniks therefore helped prepare the way for the Russian revolutions of 1905 and 1917. The Narodnik movement was a populist initiative to engage the rural classes of Russia in a political debate that would overthrow the Tsar’s government in the nineteenth century.

Unlike the French Revolution or the European Revolutions of 1848, the “to the people” movement was political activism from wealthier individuals. These indiv

Broadway (play)

Broadway is a 1926 Broadway play produced by Jed Harris and written and directed by George Abbott and Philip Dunning. It was Abbott's first big hit on his way to becoming "the most famous play doctor of all time" after he "rejiggered" Dunning's play; the crime drama used "contemporary street slang and a hard-boiled, realistic atmosphere" to depict the New York City underworld during Prohibition. It opened on September 16, 1926, at the Broadhurst Theatre and was one of the venue's greatest hits, running for 603 performances. Written and directed by Philip Dunning and George Abbott, produced by Jed Harris, Broadway opened September 16, 1926, at the Broadhurst Theatre in New York City; the cast is listed in order of appearance: Paul Porcasi as Nick Verdis Lee Tracy as Roy Lane Clare Woodbury as Lil Rice Ann Preston Bridgers as Katie Joseph Calleia as Joe Mildred Wall as Mazie Smith Edith Van Cleve as Ruby Eloise Stream as Pearl Molly Ricardel as Grace Constance Brown as Ann Sylvia Field as Billie Moore Robert Gleckler as Steve Crandall Henry Sherwood as Dolph William Foran as Porky Thompson John Wray as Scar Edwards Thomas Jackson as Dan McCorn Frank Verigun as Benny Millard Mitchell as Larry Roy R. Lloyd as MikeBroadway was a smash hit, running for 603 performances.

In addition to having his first prominent stage role, cast member Joseph Calleia acted as the company's stage manager and, working for producer Jed Harris, he supervised some ten duplicate productions of Broadway in the United States and abroad. Carl Laemmle paid $225,000 for the film rights in 1927, a sum. Universal Pictures released Broadway on September 15, 1929. A one-hour adaptation of Broadway starring Joseph Cotten and Piper Laurie aired May 4, 1955, on the CBS TV series The Best of Broadway. A 1978 Broadway-bound revival of Broadway, directed by Robert Allan Ackerman and musical staging by Dennis Grimaldi closed during its Boston tryout. Broadway at the Internet Broadway Database Oxford Companion to American Theatre entry, including plot summary

Alex Rousseau

Alexandra "Alex" Rousseau is a fictional character on the ABC television series Lost played by Tania Raymonde. She was born 16 years prior to the crash of Oceanic Flight 815, but was taken from her mother, Danielle Rousseau, by the Others, she was raised among them. She has helped the survivors of Oceanic Flight 815 on many occasions, is reunited with her mother at the end of the third season. Not long after however, she is shot and killed by Keamy after her adoptive father, would not listen to his demands, her death scene was received positively by critics, earning it a spot on multiple "top moments of the season" lists. A pregnant Danielle Rousseau and her husband Robert along with the rest of their crew, shipwrecked on the island, 16 years before the crash of Oceanic Flight 815, during a French scientific expedition. According to Rousseau, her team becomes "sick", so she kills them all, gives birth to Alexandra. Rousseau claims; that night, Benjamin Linus and a young Ethan Rom are ordered by Charles Widmore to kill Danielle and, her baby, Alex.

Instead, unwilling to kill an innocent child, Ben neglected Widmore's orders and kidnapped Alex to raise her as his daughter and let Danielle live. Sixteen years Alex meets the pregnant woman Claire Littleton, whom the Other, Ethan Rom, had kidnapped to take her baby. Alex tells her, she tries to make her get back to safety. When Kate and Jack are captured by the Others, Alex attempts to break Kate and Sawyer out of where they are being held captive, but stops and gives up when another Other, Danny Pickett pulls a gun on her. In a rescue attempt, Alex is successful in helping Kate and Sawyer escape, she agrees to let them back to the main island so long as they help rescue Karl. After finding where he is, they break him out of a mysterious room where he has been undergoing brainwashing. Alex, Kate and Karl are about to leave when Juliet insists Alex stays. Alex helps Jack escape from his cell to stop Juliet's execution. Thanks to their interference, Juliet is not executed, only "marked."Alex, along with the rest of the Others and Jack, returns to her home in Barracks.

She is surprised when Sayid, part of the rescue party that has arrived to get Jack, says that he knows her thought-to-be deceased mother. She unknowingly walks past Danielle Rousseau, her mother, while taking Locke to the Other's submarine at Ben's request; the Others leave the Barracks and begin travelling to the Temple with Locke, as he wishes to join them. After he is initiated, Alex approaches Locke, gives him a pistol, claiming he'll need it if he was planning to meet the leader of the Others, Jacob. However, when Ben returns alone the next day, he bitterly returns the gun to her, reveals his plan for a group of Others to go to the survivor's camp that night and kidnap the pregnant women. Sensing trouble, Alex flees into the jungle in search of Karl, living in hiding since his escape, she gives him her gun and tells him he must warn the survivors. The two kiss before Karl heads off. Ben goes bringing Alex with him. On the way there, Ben tells her that he is taking her to her new family, explaining the reason he locked Karl up was he didn't want him getting Alex pregnant.

Once they meet the survivors, Ben reunites Alex with her mother. She joins Locke's group. Ben sends Alex and Danielle to the Temple for extra safety, but on the way they are ambushed by mercenaries from the freighter who are looking for Ben, resulting in Karl and Danielle being shot. Alex surrenders shouting, she is used as a hostage to try to have Ben surrender. Alex sets off a distress signal at the electric fence surrounding the Barracks to warn Ben and the others that the mercenaries were coming, they threaten to kill her. Ben refuses, the lead mercenary, executes Alex with one gunshot to the head. Ben goes to Alex's body to say goodbye. Alex appeared posthumously as a manifestation of the Smoke Monster to judge Ben for Alex's death. Ben is spared but as his punishment, the Monster ordered him to follow and listen to John Locke's every word and never again to try to harm him in any way or he will bear the consequences. Crushed by once again seeing Alex, Ben complies. Richard Alpert explains that he buried Alex's body and shows Ben where.

Alex is a bright high school student in Los Angeles hoping to major in history. Her teacher, Ben Linus, holds her in high regard. While he is tutoring her, she reveals to Ben about Principal Reynolds' sexual affair with one of the school nurses on campus, which leads to Ben attempting to blackmail Reynolds for his position as principal. However, Reynolds retaliates by saying if he is blackmailed, he will not write Alex a letter of recommendation for Yale University. Ben backs down. Unlike his island counterpart, Ben has chosen Alex over himself, he is invited over for dinner at the Rousseau's home with Alex and her mother, Danielle. Danielle thanks Ben for everything he has done for Alex and says he is the closest thing Alex has to a father, by which Ben is visibly moved. Alex is a renegade Other who turns her back on her group in order to help the crash survivors. Sawyer nicknames

Jean Paige

Jean Paige was an American film actress of the silent era. Paige was born in Paris and raised on her father's farm there, she developed a love for horses while living there. Paige made twenty-one films in a career which began in 1917 and concluded in 1924, her films include Blind Man's Holiday, The Darkest Hour, The Birth of a Soul, Black Beauty, The Prodigal Judge, Captain Blood, Daring Hearts. She came to prominence in a Vitagraph film called Too Many Crooks; as Charlotte Brown she made a star part out of a bit part. Jean never appeared on stage and had no experience in movies prior to becoming a Vitagraph leading woman, her first screen appearance came in O. Henry features on two reels, her role in Too Many Crooks led Vitagraph president Albert E. Smith to elevate her position at the film studio, she married Smith. She died in Los Angeles, California in 1990; the Count and the Wedding Guest Schools and Schools The Fortune Hunter Black Beauty Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin Daily Tribune, Jean Paige, June 6, 1921, Page 13.

Woodland, California Daily Democrat, Jean Paige, May 18, 1921, Page 5. Jean Paige on IMDb