Ascential plc, formerly EMAP, is a British business-to-business media business specialising in exhibitions & festivals and information services. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE250 Index, Richard Winfrey purchased the Spalding Guardian in 1887 and purchased the Lynn News and the Peterborough Advertiser, he started the North Cambs Echo. Sir Richard Winfrey was a Liberal politician and campaigner for agricultural rights, during World War II Winfreys newspaper interests began to be passed over to his son, Richard Pattinson Winfrey. The Peterborough Advertiser Co. the West Norfolk and Kings Lynn Newspaper Co. and commercial printing sections at Rushden, Kings Lynn, the magazine division was founded on a hunch when the companys printing presses lay dormant between printing issues of the local papers. The staff gambled that a weekly angling publication would be a hit - and this was soon joined by another weekly heavyweight when EMAP bought Motor Cycle News from its founder in 1956 for a hundred pounds.
EMAP grew significantly in the late 1970s under the guidance of the successful partnership of Sir Robin Miller. In 1996 EMAP PLC agreed to sell its 65 newspaper titles, including the 300-year-old Stamford Mercury, scottish Radio Holdings was acquired by EMAP on 21 June 2005. In 2006, EMAP sold its French division to Italys Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, on 27 July 2007, EMAP announced that it was undertaking a review of the structure of the group in response to receiving a number of unsolicited proposals to purchase parts of the company. On 12 September 2007, EMAP announced that it had completed the disposal of its Australian consumer magazine division, on 29 January 2008, EMAP completed the sale of its radio and consumer media businesses to German company Bauer for £1. 14bn. In March 2012, the announced that it would be renamed Top Right Group. The EMAP name would continue to be used for the magazines operation, the database business was renamed 4C Group, and the events unit was renamed I2i Events Group.
Then in October 2015 the company announced that the EMAP brand would be scrapped as all its titles move to digital-only format, in December Top Right Group rebranded as Ascential. The company was the subject of an initial public offering in February 2016
Exeter is a cathedral city in Devon, England with a population of 127,300. It lies within the county of Devon, of which it is the county town as well as the home of Devon County Council, the administrative area has the status of a non-metropolitan district and is therefore under the administration of the County Council. The city is on the River Exe about 37 miles northeast of Plymouth and 70 miles southwest of Bristol, Exeter was the most south-westerly Roman fortified settlement in Britain, although there is evidence a Cornish tribe existed in Exeter before the Roman invasion. Exeter became a centre during the Middle Ages and into the Tudor times, Exeter Cathedral, founded in the mid 11th century. During the late 19th century, Exeter became an affluent centre for the wool trade, after the Second World War, much of the city centre was rebuilt and is now considered to be a centre for modern business and tourism in Devon and Cornwall. The name Exe is a development of the Brittonic name—meaning water or, more exactly, full of fish —that appears in the English Axe and Esk, the Welsh Usk.
Exeter began as settlements on a dry ridge ending in a spur overlooking a navigable river teeming with fish, although there have been no major prehistoric finds, these advantages suggest the site was occupied early. Coins have been discovered from the Hellenistic kingdoms, suggesting the existence of a settlement trading with the Mediterranean as early as 250 BC. Such early towns had been a feature of pre-Roman Gaul as described by Julius Caesar in his Commentaries, the Romans established a 42-acre playing-card shaped fort named Isca around AD55. To distinguish the two, the Romans referred to Exeter as Isca Dumnoniorum, Watertown of the Dumnonii, a small fort was maintained at Topsham, a supply depot on the route between the two was excavated at St Loyes on Topsham Road in 2010. The presence of the built up an unplanned civilian community of natives. This area was excavated in the 1970s, but could not be maintained for public view owing to its proximity to the present-day cathedral, in January 2015, it was announced that Exeter Cathedral had launched a bid to restore the baths and open an underground centre for visitors.
In the late 2nd century, the ditch and rampart defences around the old fortress were replaced by a bank and wall enclosing a much larger area, although most of the visible structure is older, the course of the Roman wall was used for Exeters subsequent city walls. Thus about 70% of the Roman wall remains, and most of its route can be traced on foot, the dating of the coins so far discovered, suggests a rapid decline, virtually none have been discovered dated after the year 380. By that time, the city was held by the Saxons, Exeter was known to the Saxons as Escanceaster. In 876, it was attacked and briefly captured by Danish Vikings, alfred the Great drove them out the next summer. Over the next few years, he elevated Exeter to one of the four burhs in Devon and these permitted the city to fend off another attack and siege by the Danes in 893. King Athelstan again strengthened the walls around 928, and at the time drove out the remaining Britons from the city
Eagle Radio is a local radio station in the Surrey and North East Hampshire area of England. The station describes itself as the station that loves Surrey and Hampshire and is the highest listened to radio station in the area. Eagle Radio is part of the UKRD Group, for which it has described as a flagship station. Peter Gordon launched 96.4 The Eagle at 7, 45am on 4 January 1996, with the words Hey, the first song played was Uptown Girl by Billy Joel. The station changed its name from 96.4 The Eagle to 96.4 Eagle Radio in February 2007 and has recently been changed to solely Eagle Radio. It launched on DAB Digital Radio on 12 December 2013, leona Graham Mark Goodier Marvin Humes Neil Fox Philippa Collins Official Eagle Radio website
Minster FM was launched at 6 am on Saturday 4 July 1992 by presenter Daragh Corcoran and the first song played was Saturday in the Park by Chicago. The station was launched exactly nine years to the date after BBC Radio York started broadcasting and at the time, had a live and this continued until the launch of Yorkshire Coast Radio in November 1993 when programmes between 10pm and 6am were broadcast on both stations. Unusually for the time, local news in the years was not made in-house but was contracted out to Yorkshire Television. The station broadcasts on 104.7 FM from the Acklam Wold transmitter, near Leavening, for a time, Minster FM broadcast to the Thirsk and Northallerton area using a signal on 102.3 FM from Calverts Carpets in Thirsk. Station owners The Local Radio Company secured a licence for the area. TLRC was taken over by UKRD and in 2009 the new owners merged this station with its stations based in Darlington, as of 17 December 2014, Minster FM started broadcasting on DAB digital radio, under the name More Minster.
It is broadcast on the North Yorkshire DAB multiplex from various locations within Yorkshire, including Bilsdale, Acklam Wold, Hildebrand Barracks and Olivers Mount. More Minster carries Minster FM programmes in the morning and through the day but during the evening the DAB schedule differs from the FM version, Minster FM has a higher audience share than BBC Radio York, as of September 2013. In 2009 Minster FM was one of three stations to be nominated for The Arqiva under 1 million awards but the award was presented to Lincs FM102.2 in Lincolnshire. Greg Scott Official website The Local Radio Company Jingles History of local radio in Yorkshire Acklam Wold transmitter Minster FM Public File
Spirit FM (UK radio station)
Spirit FM broadcasts to West Sussex from studios in Dukes Court, Chichester - the place it has been since its launch over 20 years ago. It was previously available in the south west of the county. Spirit FM began broadcasting in April 1996 as an independent radio station and its original chairman was David Palmer. The founding MD was Steve Oates, spirit FM was awarded the licence to broadcast to West Sussex by the former Radio Authority, now Ofcom, in 1995. The station is now the most listened to radio station across West Sussex with local news. The station doesnt use any network programming, apart from the national Big Top 40 on Sunday afternoon, spirit FM is wholly owned by UKRD Group
Pirate FM is one of the Independent Local Radio stations for Cornwall, playing a range of music from the 1960s to the present day. The station is based at the UKRD Group headquarters in Redruth, the station was launched in 1992 under the name of Pirate FM102 with the voice of breakfast presenter Roger Day. The stations launch Chief Executive was Mike Powell who specified digital technology so advanced at the time that it was featured on the BBC science programme, Tomorrows World. Much of the success of the station was due to the technical expertise of the first managing director Richard Lawley. He was succeeded by the initial sales director Joseph Swain. The station has won numerous awards including Station of the Year at the 2003 Sony Radio Academy awards. In September 2005, the branding changed from The Southwests Pirate FM to Cornwalls Pirate FM. Listenership appears to have increased in Cornwall following the move, however it reduced their audience in West Devon. From Quarter 42006 Pirate FMs survey area was reduced by removing Plymouth & most of West Devon, thus reducing the potential audience significantly, Pirate FM remains as the number one station by audience reach despite the increased competition.
The Pirate Trust is the arm of Pirate FM that raises thousands of pounds yearly for good causes in Cornwall with their Cornwall in Need Appeal. Yearly fundraisers include the Garden Party and the all-day on-air and online auction known as Radiothon, bulletins are broadcast every hour, on the hour with headlines on weekdays at 6. 30am,7. 30am,8. 30am and 5. 30pm. It became one of the first radio stations in the country to launch video news bulletins, distributed online, national news bulletins from Sky News Radio in London are broadcast on the hour at all other times. Pirate 2 DAB launched on 4 August 2014, the station airs a series of weekly talk shows, The Business Hub, the Health and Wellbeing Show, the Education and Training Show, the Farming Show, the Homes and Gardens Show, the Youth Show. Pirate FMs two transmitters broadcast separate opt-outs for news bulletins, travel information and advertising, Pirate FM has 2 current on air straplines. Real Music Variety and Love Cornwall Love Pirate FM and its current imaging voiceovers are Natalie Miller and Guy Harris.
That image song was a cut from a package called Yours Truly, the original Pirate FM jingle package was a selection of cuts from two packages originally created for Detroits Q95.5. The packages were Q Cuts and Right On Q, in addition, Pirate FM bought a couple of cuts from the Turbo Z package originally produced for Z100 in New York. In the late 1990s, Pirate FM returned to JAM to update their package, a new jingle package was first aired in December 2005, made by jingle production company IQ Beats
Carn Brea, Redruth
Carn Brea is a civil parish and hilltop site in Cornwall, United Kingdom. The population of Carn Brea including Bosleake and Church Coombe was 8,013 at the 2011 census, the hilltop site is situated approximately one mile southwest of Redruth. The Neolithic settlement at Carn Brea was a tor enclosure occupied between around 3700 and 3400 BC, a two-acre inner enclosure was surrounded by one of eleven acres. The ramparts consisted of walls with an earth bank and ditch. Traces of fourteen platforms on which would have stood Neolithic long houses have been found by archaeologists within its ramparts, along with pottery, the site was excavated between 1970 and 1973 by Roger Mercer. The settlement had an population of 100 to 150. There is evidence that the cleared the surrounding land for farming by burning away the undergrowth. Nearby outcrops of rock suitable for making axes would have contributed to the villages economy, edge grinding stones and incomplete and finished axes found on the site indicate the inhabitants were accomplished stoneworkers and traded their products.
The 700 flint arrowheads found scattered at the site suggest that Carn Brea may have attacked at least once. Every timber structure on the site had been burnt, and charcoal was the organic matter that survived the acid soils. The earthworks may have been damaged by invaders. In the Iron Age the site was reoccupied and minerals were mined from the hillside, a hoard of Kentish gold staters found in the 18th century suggests trade links with the other side of the country. The Ravenna Cosmography, of around AD700, refers to Purocoronavis, Carn Brea Castle Carn Brea Castle stands near the top of the hill. It is built on the site of a built in 1379 probably dedicated to St Michael. It was built in the 18th century by the Basset family as a hunting lodge and it is considered to be a folly built on the huge uncut boulders that make up part of its foundations, giving the impression of the building melting into the land. An East India trading ship named after Carn Brea Castle, was wrecked off the Isle of Wight in 1829, in the 1980s the abandoned building was converted into a Middle Eastern cuisine restaurant.
The stolen Ford Anglia featured in the Harry Potter films was found at the castle in 2006. 50°13′20. 85″N 5°14′41. 40″W Basset Monument At the highest point of the hill is a 90-feet high Celtic cross erected as a monument to Francis Basset, 1st Baron de Dunstanville and Basset
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 449,300 in 2016. The district has the 10th largest population in England, while the Bristol metropolitan area is the 12th largest in the United Kingdom, the city borders North Somerset and South Gloucestershire, with the cities of Bath and Gloucester to the south-east and north-east, respectively. Iron Age hill forts and Roman villas were built near the confluence of the rivers Frome and Avon, Bristol received a royal charter in 1155 and was historically divided between Gloucestershire and Somerset until 1373, when it became a county of itself. From the 13th to the 18th century, Bristol was among the top three English cities after London in tax receipts, Bristol was surpassed by the rapid rise of Manchester and Birmingham in the Industrial Revolution. Bristol was a place for early voyages of exploration to the New World. On a ship out of Bristol in 1497 John Cabot, a Venetian, in 1499 William Weston, a Bristol merchant, was the first Englishman to lead an exploration to North America.
At the height of the Bristol slave trade, from 1700 to 1807, the Port of Bristol has since moved from Bristol Harbour in the city centre to the Severn Estuary at Avonmouth and Royal Portbury Dock. Bristols modern economy is built on the media and aerospace industries. The city has the largest circulating community currency in the U. K. - the Bristol pound, which is pegged to the Pound sterling. It is connected to London and other major UK cities by road, rail and air by the M5 and M4, Bristol Temple Meads and Bristol Parkway mainline rail stations, and Bristol Airport. The Sunday Times named it as the best city in Britain in which to live in 2014 and 2017, the most ancient recorded name for Bristol is the archaic Welsh Caer Odor, which is consistent with modern understanding that early Bristol developed between the River Frome and Avon Gorge. It is most commonly stated that the Saxon name Bricstow was a calque of the existing Celtic name, with Bric a literal translation of Odor. Alternative etymologies are supported with the numerous variations in Medieval documents with Samuel Seyer enumerating 47 alternative forms.
The Old English form Brycgstow is commonly used to derive the meaning place at the bridge, utilizing another form, Rev. Dr. Shaw derived the name from the Celtic words bras, or braos and tuile. The poet Thomas Chatterton popularised a derivation from Brictricstow linking the town to Brictric and it appears that the form Bricstow prevailed until 1204, and the Bristolian L is what eventually changed the name to Bristol. Iron Age hill forts near the city are at Leigh Woods and Clifton Down, on the side of the Avon Gorge, a Roman settlement, existed at what is now Sea Mills, another was at the present-day Inns Court. Isolated Roman villas and small forts and settlements were scattered throughout the area. Bristol was founded by 1000, by about 1020, it was a centre with a mint producing silver pennies bearing its name
County Sound Radio (1566 AM)
County Sound Radio was a commercial radio station covering Surrey and north-east Hampshire. It is now broadcast as Eagle Extra on 1566 MW and 91.5 FM, County Sound Radio was launched on 4 April 1983 by Frank Muir on 203 MW and 96.6 FM, broadcasting from The Friary shopping centre in Guildford. In 1986 the FM frequency was changed to 96.4 FM, the FM transmitter is on the Hogs Back, while the AM transmitter, shared with Absolute Radio, is next to the railway line in Farncombe, opposite Broadwater School. County Sound was originally only on air 6am until 9pm, with extensions to 5am and 1am. The original line-up included Phil Miles at Breakfast, Paul Owens, Sarah Lucas after lunch, nigel Williams presented the evening show called 96.6. Norman Cunningham was the company Chairman, David Lucas was the launch Managing Director, the following year Powell became Programme Director. When Lucas left in 1986 to become Managing Director of Ocean Sound, County Sound was noted for its long news programmes called County World at lunchtime and 6pm.
The County Sound Radio theme was written by board member Les Reed with the slogan The One, the lyrics to the County Sound song were, Here comes the morning, its a brand new day. Open up your heart, and you let a little sunshine through, with County Sound. Well always be here and every day, where ever youre going, were going your way. Come with us and ride the airwaves discover something new, on County Sound - the one, County Sound, the one and only one for you. County Sounds mascot was Brewster the Mouse, often seen at fetes and shows in Surrey and North East Hampshire. As part of a property deal, the station moved most of its departments from its purpose-built studios on top of Guildfords Friary Shopping Centre to a new building in nearby Woking. However, a small facility remained in the Friarys food court where shoppers could look directly into the on-air studio, in 1991 the group merged with Radio Mercury to form the listed plc, Allied Radio plc. FM frequencies 102.7 &96.4 broadcast Radio Mercury, the West Surrey Mercury included programming made from a studio at County Sounds original home - the Friary shopping centre in Guildford.
West Surrey had its own dedicated programming on Monday to Friday from 6am till 6. 30pm, all other programming was networked from Mercurys Crawley HQ. Haslemere had its own breakfast show, on 97. 1FM, County Sound became the name of the AM service on 1476 and 1521, but it wasnt like the County Sound listeners knew and County Sound changed names once more in 1993 to become Mercury Extra. 1521 eventually became part of the Gold network until Global Media handed the licence back to OFCOM in early 2011, a news magazine programme The South Tonight was broadcast on weekdays at 6. 30pm on Mercury and County Sound
Spire FM was awarded the licence to broadcast to the City of Salisbury and surrounding areas by the former Radio Authority, now Ofcom, in 1991. The station takes its name from the spire of Salisbury Cathedral and it was fully launched on 20 September 1992. Spire FM broadcasts from City Hall Studios in Malthouse Lane, spire FM has won a prestigious Sony Radio Award for Station of the Year in 1994 and the runner-up award in 2003. Other awards include, the KPMG Marketing Excellence Award, and Wiltshire Business of the Year finalists, the station has received many industry awards and won the Radio Academy Nations and Regions award for Station of the Year in the South region in 2007 and 2008. Spire FM is owned by UKRD Group and in March 2010 it was ranked twenty-seventh in The Sunday Times Best Companies to Work For, in March 2011 it was ranked 1st in The Sunday Times Best Companies to Work For
Galaxy (radio network)
Stations included stations, Galaxy Birmingham, Galaxy Manchester, Galaxy North East, Galaxy Scotland, Galaxy South Coast and Galaxy Yorkshire. Programming was networked throughout the stations from Leeds - excluding weekday breakfast/drivetime, on Monday 28 April 2008, Galaxy was rebranded as a mainstream station by Creative Spark with a brand new layout including a fresh logo and a completely new show schedule. Galaxy used RCS Selector and Master Control as its music playout system, according to RAJAR figures, Galaxy was the 7th most listened to radio station in the UK. Local programming on the Hit Music stations is now restricted to daily breakfast, the first Galaxy station, Galaxy Radio was launched in 1990 in South West England broadcasting from studios in Portland Square, Bristol on the 97.2 FM frequency. The station became a key rival to the citys GWR FM station and was operated by the Chiltern Radio Group under the Hot FM brand. The line up at the time included Andy Gelder, Rik Scott, Keith Francis, Andy Beeley, Tristan B, Bob Prince, Tin Tin and it quickly became the most successful dance music station in the UK.
Reaching half of all 16 -24 year olds in the city every week, in 1994, the station was awarded the license to broadcast on the new Severn Estuary frequency on 101 megahertz serving South Wales and the West of England areas and was rebranded as Galaxy 101. Chrysalis Radio purchased the station in 1996 and in 1997 expanded the network by buying the Faze FM operated stations which were Kiss 102 in Manchester, in 1998, black community station Choice FM was acquired in Birmingham and became Galaxy Birmingham. Chrysalis Radio scored another success in 1999 with the Radio Authoritys award of the North East regional licence to Galaxy North East, Galaxy 101s success in Bristol was starting to falter, and the station was sold to the GWR Group in 2002, becoming Vibe 101. On 7 November 2008, Xfm Scotland became Galaxy Scotland after Global Radio purchased GCap and this is reflective in Galaxys demographic now increasing from the 15-29 age range to the 15-34 age range. Until 14 November 2010, Galaxy Yorkshire was available on Sky channel 0112, Galaxy was due to be available on various platforms like Freeview, and Freesat.
On Friday 21 March 2008, the station has changed their Passion for Music. As of 11 July 2010, Galaxy changed its slogan to TSAs No.1 Hit Music Station inline with Capital London, in 2007, Galaxy released a three disk box set called Galaxy Dance Anthems featuring 50 club classics. The first chart Galaxy Radio broadcast was Hit40UK, after this, the Fresh 40 chart was broadcast across the brand, but soon after the chart was cancelled. A replacement chart, The Galaxy 40, was introduced and produced by Galaxy Radio and it was networked across all Galaxy radio stations. The chart show was produced and made up of the latest and most popular dance, RnB/Rap and pop hits from Galaxy stations, the official UK Top 10 is available, on each station website, but not announced on air. After Michael Jacksons death was announced, Galaxy tributed by playing Michael Jackson songs every 4-6 songs played, andi Durrant produced a 10-minute mini mix / mash up of Jacksons biggest hits. On 28 June, after The Big Top 40 Show, Galaxy aired a 1-hour Michael Jackson tribute known as Michael Jackson and this was basically a 1-hour run through of his life from Jackson 5 up to his death
When radio waves strike an electrical conductor, the oscillating fields induce an alternating current in the conductor. The information in the waves can be extracted and transformed back into its original form, Radio systems need a transmitter to modulate some property of the energy produced to impress a signal on it, for example using amplitude modulation or angle modulation. Radio systems need an antenna to convert electric currents into radio waves, an antenna can be used for both transmitting and receiving. The electrical resonance of tuned circuits in radios allow individual stations to be selected, the electromagnetic wave is intercepted by a tuned receiving antenna. Radio frequencies occupy the range from a 3 kHz to 300 GHz, a radio communication system sends signals by radio. The term radio is derived from the Latin word radius, meaning spoke of a wheel, beam of light, this invention would not be widely adopted. The switch to radio in place of wireless took place slowly and unevenly in the English-speaking world, the United States Navy would play a role.
Although its translation of the 1906 Berlin Convention used the terms wireless telegraph and wireless telegram, the term started to become preferred by the general public in the 1920s with the introduction of broadcasting. Radio systems used for communication have the following elements, with more than 100 years of development, each process is implemented by a wide range of methods, specialised for different communications purposes. Each system contains a transmitter, This consists of a source of electrical energy, the transmitter contains a system to modulate some property of the energy produced to impress a signal on it. This modulation might be as simple as turning the energy on and off, or altering more subtle such as amplitude, phase. Amplitude modulation of a carrier wave works by varying the strength of the signal in proportion to the information being sent. For example, changes in the strength can be used to reflect the sounds to be reproduced by a speaker. It was the used for the first audio radio transmissions.
Frequency modulation varies the frequency of the carrier, the instantaneous frequency of the carrier is directly proportional to the instantaneous value of the input signal. FM has the capture effect whereby a receiver only receives the strongest signal, Digital data can be sent by shifting the carriers frequency among a set of discrete values, a technique known as frequency-shift keying. FM is commonly used at Very high frequency radio frequencies for high-fidelity broadcasts of music, analog TV sound is broadcast using FM. Angle modulation alters the phase of the carrier wave to transmit a signal