Tata SIA Airlines Limited, operating as Vistara, is an Indian domestic airline based in Gurgaon with its hub at Indira Gandhi International Airport. The carrier, a joint venture between Tata Sons and Singapore Airlines, commenced operations on 9 January 2015 with its inaugural flight between Delhi and Mumbai; the airline had carried more than two million passengers by June 2016 and as of May 2017, has a 3.3% share of the domestic carrier market, making it the 6th largest domestic airline. The airline serves twenty-four destinations with a fleet of Airbus A320 aircraft. Vistara was the first airline to introduce premium economy seats on domestic routes The airline was founded in 2013 as a joint venture between India's conglomerate Tata Sons and Singapore Airlines; the two companies had made a bid in the mid-1990s to launch a full service carrier in India, unsuccessful, being denied regulatory approval by the Indian government. With India opening up its airline sector for 49 percent foreign direct investment in 2012, Tata and SIA once again decided to float a JV airline company in India.
The JV, Tata SIA Airlines Limited, was envisaged as a premium full-service carrier to cater to the demands of high-end business travellers in India's civil aviation market dominated by low-cost carriers. India's Foreign Investment Promotion Board approved the JV in October 2013, allowing SIA to take a 49 percent stake in the airline; the two parent companies pledged to invest a combined US$100mn as start-up capital, with Tata Sons owning 51 percent and Singapore Airlines owning the remaining 49 percent. This was part of Tata's second major foray into the aviation sector along with a minority stake in AirAsia India; the company's first venture, Tata Airlines, was established in the 1930s and became the flag carrier Air India after nationalization. The company unveiled its brand identity "Vistara" on 11 August 2014; the name was taken from the Sanskrit word vistāra, meaning "limitless expanse". Vistara received its air operator's certificate from the Directorate General of Civil Aviation on 15 December 2014 and started operations on 9 January 2015.
Vistara became the first carrier to operate domestic services out of the new Terminal 2 at Mumbai's Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport. On 24 August 2015, Vistara inaugurated the Aviation Security Training Institute, an in-house institute for training its cockpit and cabin crew, security staff and others related to aviation industry; the institute has secured the necessary approvals from the nodal body Bureau of Civil Aviation Security. From the first month of operation, Vistara achieved high on-time performance records of over 90 percent, the highest among India's domestic carriers. On 20 August 2015, Vistara declared it had carried half a million passengers in just over seven months of operations; as of February 2016, Vistara has a share of 2% in the domestic carrier market. Vistara received the membership of the International Air Transport Association, joining the association of more than 280 airlines around the world that represents and serves the airline industry. With this, Vistara becomes one of the select few airlines in India to have the IATA membership.
On 15 April 2014, Vistara chose Mr Phee Teik Yeoh as the chief executive officer and Mr Giam Ming Toh as the chief commercial officer, both from Singapore Airlines. In March 2015, Vistara shifted to its new office at the One Horizon Center tower in Sector 43, Gurgaon, a satellite city of Delhi, it started out with a three-member board comprising Swee Wah Mak, Mukund Rajan and Prasad Menon, with the latter as chairman. In August 2015, the airline expanded the board by introducing two new members, Som Mittal and Sangeeta Pendurkar, along with an equity infusion of ₹2 billion, part of ₹5 billion planned by Tata and SIA together. In January 2016, Bhaskar Bhat, present Managing Director of Titan, joined as the new chairman following Prasad Menon's retirement. In March 2016, Vistara appointed Sanjiv Kapoor as its chief strategy and commercial officer as the successor to Giam Ming Toh, scheduled to leave in mid April 2016 following completion of his deputation at Vistara. On 16 October 2017, it was announced that Leslie Thng would succeed Yeoh Phee Teik as CEO of Vistara.
Mr Yeoh returned to Singapore Airlines to take up a senior management role as Acting Senior Vice President of Customer Experience. Mr Thng was serving as Chief Commercial Officer of Budget Aviation Holdings, a Singapore Airlines subsidiary, prior to his appointment in Vistara. Before that, Mr Thng was the Chief Executive Officer of SilkAir, a full service regional airline under Singapore Airlines; as of April 2019, Vistara serves 24 destinations with over 800 flights a week with a fleet of 22 Airbus A320 aircraft. Vistara operates flights only in India, they are still planning to start international flights. It’s only hub is at the Indira Gandhi International Airport from where it operates all of its flights. Vistara's first flight was on January 2015, from a flight from Delhi to Mumbai. Vistara codeshares with the following airlines: British Airways SilkAir Singapore Airlines Japan Airlines Vistara has interline agreements with the following airlines: As of April 2018, the Vistara fleet consists of the following aircraft: Vistara took delivery of its first aircraft at New Delhi on 25 September 2014.
The airline took delivery of the last of its thirteen original Airbus A320 aircraft in October 2016 and plans to receive its seven Airbus A320neo aircraft by mid-2018. In March 2015, Phee Teik Yeoh announced that the airline was planning to procure an unspecified number of both narrow-body and wide-body aircraft to enhance the domestic networ
University of Kentucky
The University of Kentucky is a public co-educational university in Lexington, Kentucky. Founded in 1865 by John Bryan Bowman as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Kentucky, the university is one of the state's two land-grant universities, the largest college or university in the state, with 30,720 students as of Fall 2015, the highest ranked research university in the state according to U. S. News and World Report; the institution comprises 16 colleges, a graduate school, 93 undergraduate programs, 99 master programs, 66 doctoral programs, four professional programs. The University of Kentucky has fifteen libraries on campus; the largest is the William T. Young Library, a federal depository, hosting subjects related to social sciences and life sciences collections. In recent years, the university has focused expenditures on research, following a compact formed by the Kentucky General Assembly in 1997; the directive mandated that the university become a Top 20 public research institution, in terms of an overall ranking, to be determined by the university itself, by the year 2020.
In the early commonwealth of Kentucky, higher education was limited to a number of children from prominent families, disciplined apprentices, those young men seeking entry into clerical and medical professions. As the first university in the territory that would become Kentucky, Transylvania University was the primary center for education, became the father of what would become the University of Kentucky. John Bryan Bowman founded the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Kentucky, a publicly chartered department of Kentucky University, after receiving federal support through the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act in 1865. Courses were offered at The Henry Clay Estate. Three years James Kennedy Patterson became the first president of the land-grant university and the first degree was awarded. In 1876, the university began to offer master's degree programs. Two years A&M separated from Kentucky University, now Transylvania University. For the new school, Lexington donated a 52-acre park and fair ground, which became the core of UK's present campus.
A&M was a male-only institution, but began to admit women in 1880. In 1892, the official colors of the university, royal blue and white, were adopted. An earlier color set and light yellow, was adopted earlier at a Kentucky-Centre College football game on December 19, 1891; the particular hue of blue was determined from a necktie, used to demonstrate the color of royal blue. On February 15, 1882, Administration Building was the first building of three completed on the present campus. Three years the college formed the Agricultural Experiment Station, which researches issues relating to agribusiness, food processing, nutrition and soil resources and the environment; this was followed up by the creation of the university's Agricultural Extension Service in 1910, one of the first in the United States. The extension service became a model of the federally mandated programs that were required beginning in 1914. Patterson Hall, the school's first women's dormitory, was constructed in 1904. Residents had to cross a swampy depression, where the now demolished Student Center stood, to reach central campus.
Four years the school's name was changed to the "State University, Kentucky" upon reaching university status, to the "University of Kentucky" in 1916. The university led to the creation of the College of Home Economics in 1916, Mary E. Sweeney was promoted from chair of the Department of Home Economics to Dean of the College.. The College of Commerce was established in 1925, known today as the Gatton College of Business and Economics. In 1929, Memorial Hall was completed, dedicated to the 2,756 Kentuckians who died in World War I; this was followed up by the new King Library, which opened in 1931 and was named for a long-time library director, Margaret I. King; the university's graduate and professional programs became racially integrated in 1949 when Lyman T. Johnson, an African American, won a lawsuit to be admitted to the graduate program. African Americans would not be allowed to attend as undergraduates until 1954, following the US Supreme Court's Brown v. Board of Education decision. In 1939, Governor Happy Chandler appointed the first woman trustee on the University of Kentucky Board of Trustees, Georgia M. Blazer of Ashland.
She served from 1939 to 1960. In 1962, Blazer Hall was opened as the Georgia M Blazer Hall for Women in tribute to her twenty-one years of service as a University of Kentucky trustee. Ground was broken for the Albert B. Chandler Hospital in 1955, when Governor of Kentucky Happy Chandler recommended that the Kentucky General Assembly appropriate $5 million for the creation of the University of Kentucky College of Medicine and a medical center at the university; this was completed after a series of studies were conducted that highlighted the health needs of the citizens, as well as the need to train more physicians for the state. Five years the College of Medicine and College of Nursing opened, followed by the College of Dentistry in 1962. Nine years after the founding of The Northern Extension Center in Covington, representing the Ashland Independent School Board of Education, Ashland attorney Henderson Dysard and Ashland Oil & Refining Company founder and CEO Paul G. Blazer presented a proposal to President Dickey and the University of Kentucky Board of Trustees for the university to take over the day-to-day operations an
U. K. were a British progressive rock supergroup active from 1977 until 1980. The band was composed of singer/bassist John Wetton, keyboardist/electric violinist Eddie Jobson, guitarist Allan Holdsworth and drummer Bill Bruford, replaced by drummer Terry Bozzio. UK reformed with John Wetton, Eddie Jobson and Terry Bozzio for a world tour in 2012. Singer/bassist John Wetton and drummer Bill Bruford had worked together in King Crimson from 1972 until 1974, when guitarist Robert Fripp disbanded the group. In July 1976, Bruford assisted Wetton on demos for a proposed solo album by the latter. In September 1976, they worked on forming a band with keyboardist Rick Wakeman, who had worked with Bruford in Yes; the project was stopped by Wakeman's label. According to Bruford, "A&M Records were unwilling to let their'star', walk off with a used soiled King Crimson rhythm section, the idea failed."Bruford and Wetton next asked guitarist Robert Fripp to reform King Crimson. When Fripp declined and Wetton decided that each would bring in a musician of his choice to form a new band.
Wetton brought in keyboardist/violinist Eddie Jobson, whom Wetton knew from his work with Roxy Music in 1976 – "stealing" him from Frank Zappa. Bruford recruited guitarist Allan Holdsworth who had played guitar on Bruford's 1978 debut solo album, Feels Good to Me. U. K. followed it with a supporting tour. Following two lengthy American tours and Jobson decided to fire Holdsworth over musical differences, since Bruford had indicated to Wetton that he would favor Holdsworth in the event of a split in the band, they lined up Terry Bozzio to replace Bruford as well. Bruford took several instrumentals developed by him for the live U. K. repertoire, to be used instead on One of a Kind, the second album of his quartet Bruford. U. K. attempted unsuccessfully to find another guitarist before resolving to continue as a trio. They recorded the studio album Danger Money, released in March 1979, spent much of that year touring North America as opening act for Jethro Tull; the album spawned "Nothing to Lose", which reached number 67 on the UK charts.
A live album, Night After Night, was recorded in Japan that spring and released in September 1979. Following a final European tour in December 1979, in spite of plans to record a new studio album in America in March 1980, U. K. disbanded as Jobson and Wetton had different ideas on. Jobson wanted UK to go on with more long instrumental pieces, while Wetton thought that performing shorter songs was a better idea. Jobson stated that one song in particular was the reason of the band to disband: "When Will You Realize", a non-LP B-side featured on the "Night After Night" single, which Wetton would re-record in 1980 on his solo album Caught in the Crossfire. Jobson went on to a solo career. Wetton, following the recording of his solo album Caught in the Crossfire and a brief stint with Wishbone Ash left E. G. Records to sign with Geffen Records and ex-Yes manager Brian Lane and started Asia with Steve Howe, Carl Palmer and Geoffrey Downes. Bozzio formed Missing Persons with his then-wife Dale Bozzio, guitarist Warren Cuccurullo and bassist Patrick O'Hearn and Chuck Wild on keyboards– the first four from line-ups with Zappa.
Holdsworth and Bozzio played together in HoBoLeMa three decades later. From 1995 to 1998, Jobson and Wetton worked together on a proposed U. K. reunion album recording contributions by Bruford, Tony Levin, Steve Hackett and Francis Dunnery. When Wetton departed, "Legacy" became an Eddie Jobson solo project, with Wetton replaced on lead vocals by Aaron Lippert. However, Jobson abandoned the project. Three tracks intended for it found their way onto Voices of Life, a compilation by Bulgarian Women's Choir organised by Jobson. In October 2007, Jobson announced a new band, UKZ, with Lippert and former King Crimson bassist/guitarist Trey Gunn among others, which released an EP called "Radiation" in March 2009. In late 2009, Jobson and Wetton both talked about a possible reunion of U. K. A U. K. reunion tour in February/March 2010 with Jobson, Marco Minnemann on drums and Greg Howe on guitar was described to promoters, but not confirmed by Wetton. Wetton and Jobson performed three concerts in Poland in November 2009 as part of Jobson's Ultimate Zero project.
The line-up featured Minnemann and Tony Levin. They performed music from King Crimson. A CD compiled from various U-Z performances from 2009, entitled Ultimate Zero Tour - Live, including multiple tracks from the Polish shows, was released, it was announced on 11 February 2011, confirmed by John Wetton on his website, that U. K. had reformed to play two shows in Japan on 15 and 16 April 2011. The line-up was Jobson and Wetton, with Minnemann and Alex Machacek performing drums and guitar respectively. US dates, including a show in Sa
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
U. K. is the debut album by the progressive rock supergroup U. K. released in May 1978 through E. G. Records and Polydor Records, it features John Wetton, Eddie Jobson, Bill Bruford, Allan Holdsworth. "In the Dead of Night" and "Mental Medication" were both edited for single release. The album was well received by FM album rock radio and by the public during the summer of 1978; the LP sold just over 250,000 copies by 1 September 1978, with further sales thru the balance of the year. The album was remastered in 2016 and included as part of the box-set "Ultimate Collector's Edition". "Alaska" was written by Eddie Jobson for the Yamaha CS-80. The first three tracks belong to a suite entitled "In the Dead of Night", which began as a chord sequence by Jobson, to which Wetton added the melody and lyrics. "In the Dead of Night" and "Thirty Years" were both written before Bruford and Holdsworth agreed to join the band. In 2015, Rolling Stone magazine ranked it as the 30th best progressive rock album of all time.
In an interview with the TeamRock site in 2016, Ty Tabor of King's X selected the album as his top pick in a "5 Essential Guitar Albums" list, stating, "I had never heard anybody think about playing guitar the way that plays on that record." U. K. Allan Holdsworth – guitar Eddie Jobson – keyboards, electric violin, electronics John Wetton – bass and backing vocals Bill Bruford – drums, percussionProductionStephen W Tayler – engineering, mixing "In the Dead of Night" / "Mental Medication" Notes References
Uttarakhand known as Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India. It is referred to as the Devabhumi due to a large number of Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found throughout the state. Uttarakhand is known for the natural environment of the Bhabhar and the Terai. On 9 November 2000, Uttarakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India, being created from the Himalayan districts of Uttar Pradesh, it borders Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north. The state is divided into two divisions and Kumaon, with a total of 13 districts; the interim capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the largest city of the state, a railhead. The High Court of the state is located in Nainital. Archaeological evidence supports the existence of humans in the region since prehistoric times; the region formed a part of the Uttara Kuru Kingdom during the Vedic age of Ancient India. Among the first major dynasties of Kumaon were the Kunindas in the 2nd century BCE who practised an early form of Shaivism.
Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the early presence of Buddhism in this region. During the medieval period, the region was consolidated under the Kumaon Kingdom and Garhwal Kingdom. In 1816, most of modern Uttarakhand was ceded to the British as part of the Treaty of Sugauli. Although the erstwhile hill kingdoms of Garhwal and Kumaon were traditional rivals, the proximity of different neighboring ethnic groups and the inseparable and complementary nature of their geography, culture and traditions created strong bonds between the two regions which further strengthened during the Uttarakhand movement for statehood in the 1990s; the natives of the state are called Uttarakhandi, or more either Garhwali or Kumaoni by their region of origin. According to the 2011 Census of India, Uttarakhand has a population of 10,086,292, making it the 20th most populous state in India. Uttarakhand's name is derived from the Sanskrit words uttara meaning'north', khaṇḍa meaning'land', altogether meaning'Northern Land'.
The name finds mention in early Hindu scriptures as the combined region of "Kedarkhand" and "Manaskhand". Uttarakhand was the ancient Puranic term for the central stretch of the Indian Himalayas. However, the region was given the name Uttaranchal by the Bharatiya Janata Party led central government and Uttar Pradesh state government when they started a new round of state reorganisation in 1998. Chosen for its less separatist connotations, the name change generated enormous controversy among many activists for a separate state who saw it as a political act; the name Uttarakhand remained popular in the region while Uttaranchal was promulgated through official usage. In August 2006, Union Cabinet of India assented to the demands of the Uttaranchal Legislative Assembly and leading members of the Uttarakhand statehood movement to rename Uttaranchal state as Uttarakhand. Legislation to that effect was passed by the Uttaranchal Legislative Assembly in October 2006, the Union Cabinet brought in the bill in the winter session of Parliament.
The bill was passed by Parliament and signed into law by President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam in December 2006, since January 1, 2007 the state has been known as Uttarakhand. Ancient rock paintings, rock shelters, paleolithic stone tools, megaliths provide evidence that the mountains of the region have been inhabited since prehistoric times. There are archaeological remains which show the existence of early Vedic practices in the area; the Pauravas, Mauryans, Kunindas, Gurjara-Pratihara, Raikas, Karkotas, Parmars or Panwars, the British have ruled Uttarakhand in turns. It is believed. Among the first major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas in the 2nd century BCE who practised an early form of Shaivism and traded salt with Western Tibet, it is evident from the Ashokan edict at Kalsi in Western Garhwal that Buddhism made inroads in this region. Folk shamanic practices deviating from Hindu orthodoxy persisted here; however and Kumaon were restored to nominal Hindu rule due to the travels of Shankaracharya and the arrival of migrants from the plains.
Between the 4th and 14th centuries, the Katyuri dynasty dominated lands of varying extent from the Katyur valley in Kumaon. The significant temples at Jageshwar are believed to have been built by the Katyuris and remodelled by the Chands. Other peoples of the Tibeto-Burman group known as Kirata are thought to have settled in the northern highlands as well as in pockets throughout the region, are believed to be ancestors of the modern day Bhotiya, Raji and Tharu people. By the medieval period, the region was consolidated under the Garhwal Kingdom in the west and the Kumaon Kingdom in the east. During this period and new forms of painting developed. Modern-day Garhwal was unified under the rule of Parmars who, along with many Brahmins and Rajputs arrived from the plains. In 1791, the expanding Gorkha Empire of Nepal overran the seat of the Kumaon Kingdom, it was annexed to Kingdom of Nepal by Amar Singh Thapa. In 1803, the Garhwal Kingdom fell to the Gurkhas. After the Anglo-Nepalese War, this region was ceded to the British as part of the Treaty of Sugauli.
The Garhwal Kingdom was re-established from a smaller region in Tehri. Af
University of Kragujevac
The University of Kragujevac is a public university in Serbia. It is organized in 12 faculties, it offers 118 study programs in the fields of natural sciences and mathematics and human sciences, medical sciences, engineering sciences, arts. Students are enrolled on undergraduate, doctoral and vocational studies. University of Kragujevac integrates functions of all faculties and organizational units in its structure, by implementing unique policy aimed at constant improving of higher education, improving the quality of teaching, scientific research and artistic development of youth, introduction of scientific research to students, as well as the creation of material conditions for the operations and development of the University. Students of the University of Kragujevac can use five dormitories - two in Kragujevac, one each in Užice, Čačak and Kraljevo, where over 1,000 students reside. University of Kragujevac was established on the foundations of the Lyceum of the Principality of Serbia. Lyceum was the first higher education institution in Serbia, established in Kragujevac by the decree of Prince Milos Obrenovic on 1 July 1838.
When Belgrade became the capital city of Serbia, most of the ministries moved there along with the Lyceum. In 1863 Lyceum was renamed into the Belgrade Higher School and in 1905 it became the University of Belgrade. In 1960s, the first modern higher education institutions emerged in Kragujevac, leading to the establishment of the University “Svetozar Marković” on 21 May 1976, today known as the University of Kragujevac. At its beginning, the University of Kragujevac incorporated five faculties, the College of Mechanical Engineering in Kraljevo, as well as two research institutes: Small Grains Research Institute in Kragujevac and Fruit Research Institute in Čačak. Today, University of Kragujevac consists of twelve faculties with around 18,000 students and 1,200 professors and associates, it offers 118 study programs at the undergraduate and doctoral level. To date, over 33,000 students have graduated from the university, over 1000 have earned their master’s degree and over 800 defended their doctoral dissertation.
University of Kragujevac has turned its emergence and development based on the concept of widespread university, into one of its distinctive advantages, which allows the use of economic and human resources of the territory stretching over 5,000 km2, inhabited by 2.5 million people. Six faculties of the University of Kragujevac are located in the city of Kragujevac and six in four neighboring cities and towns; the faculties of the University of Kragujevac are the following: Economics Law Mechanical Engineering Medical Sciences Natural Sciences and Mathematics Philology and Arts Agronomy in Čačak Technical Sciences in Čačak Teachers Training in Užice Education in Jagodina Hotel Management and Tourism in Vrnjačka Banja Besides faculties, University of Kragujevac is organized through numerous research and education centers, including the following: Center for Scientific Research founded on 21 May 1991 by the Serbian Academy of Science and Arts and the University of Kragujevac, Centers of Excellence at the University of Kragujevac, which are expected to be built nearby the University’s Rectorate in Kragujevac until April 2017, Center for Career Development and Student Counselling formed in 2007 as an organizational unit of the University of Kragujevac, Center for Lifelong Learning founded in 2010 through TEMPUS project "Development of Lifelong Learning Framework in Serbia", Center for Knowledge Transfer founded in 2012 through TEMPUS project KNOWTS "National Platform for Knowledge TRinagle in Serbia", Cooperation Training Center founded in 2010 through TEMPUS project WBC-VMnet, Office for Business Support founded in 2014 through TEMPUS project WBCInno, University Information Center founded in 1989 with a network of 20 institutions and 2,500 computer terminals.
University of Kragujevac publishes two journals: MATCH - Communications in Mathematical and in Computer Chemistry and Journal of Literature, Language and Culture LIPAR. Since 2003, University of Kragujevac and Faculty of Science in Kragujevac publish international scientific journal MATCH, it is published three times a year, with two volumes. It is referenced in Web of Science and the Journal Citation Reports, with the impact factor of 3.858 for 2015. In 2012, the University of Kragujevac publishes journal LIPAR three times a year. Ministry of Education and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia categorized LIPAR magazine in 2014 as a journal of national importance. In addition, Faculties of the University of Kragujevac publish 17 journals in total. University Library was founded on 6 May 1977, is located at the Faculty of Law of the University of Kragujevac since 1981, it has total area including a gallery of 436 m2 and 200 places for readers. Library holdings include 100,000 books and 25,000 doctoral dissertations and master thesis, as well as the issues of 450 domestic and 105 foreign journals.
It has 19 employees in total, out of which 10 are librarians, 2 senior librarians. Library is automated. Representative and multifunctional space of the University Library is used by University Gallery as a space for organization and presentation of scientific, educational and artistic work of teachers and students of the University of Kragujevac, organization of e