Castle Dyck is a moated castle in the Rhineland region of Germany. It is located in the municipality of Jüchen in Rhein-Kreis Neuss, North Rhine-Westphalia, between Grevenbroich and Mönchengladbach; the history of the castle began in 1094 when the knight Hermannus de Disco was mentioned in a record of the Archbishop of Cologne as the lord of a simple fortification. Over time the site was converted into a fortified moated castle. In 1383 the castle was besieged by the cities of Aachen and Cologne, as well as by the archbishop Friedrich III von Saarwerden and Duke William I of Guelders and Jülich, they accused Lord Gerard van Dyck of being a robber knight. When Gerard van Dyck died without male offspring, the castle was inherited by Johann V von Reifferscheidt, the ancestor of the counts and princes of Salm-Reifferscheid; this family owned the castle for more than 900 years until it became the Centre for Garden Art and Landscape Design in 1999. The last heiress of the family, Countess Marie Christine Wolff Metternic, turned it over to a foundation to secure the future of the castle.
The castle is the center of Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck, an independent territory located between the Electorate of Cologne, Guelders and Jülich. The small territory was called "Dycker Ländchen" and is still recognizable for its unique cultural landscape; the main building, the forecourts, the outbuilding and the stables are spread over four islands. In the 17th century the castle was turned into an early baroque residence. Count Salentin of Salm-Reifferscheid extended the main building into a four-wing complex. In the 18th century, Schloss Dyck became a Rococo residence, with fine tapestries and exquisite furniture. Not everything has been saved: the famous library was sold at an auction in 1992, as was the armory and weapons collection; the complex is surrounded by an English landscape garden created by prince Joseph zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Dyck. The castle and the park are open for visitors; the complex includes a hotel that hosts many venues and meetings. Schloss Dyck Classic Days is a cultural heritage festival started in 2006.
Its proceeds are used for the maintenance of the castle. Jakob Bremer: Die reichsunmittelbare Herrschaft Dyck der Grafen jetzigen Fürsten zu Salm-Reifferscheidt. 1959. Ludger Fischer: Die schönsten Schlösser und Burgen am Niederrhein. Gudensberg-Gleichen 2004, ISBN 3-8313-1326-1 Rita Hombach: Landschaftsgärten im Rheinland. Die Erfassung des historischen Bestands und Studien zur Gartenkultur des »langen« 19. Jahrhunderts = Beiträge zu den Bau- und Kunstdenkmälern im Rheinland 37. Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft, Worms 2010. ISBN 978-3-88462-298-8, S. 103–113. Klaus-Henning von Krosigk: Anmerkungen zum Pleasureground im Schloßpark von Dyck. In: Die Gartenkunst 19, S. 374–380. Frank Maier-Solgk, Sonja Geurts, Stiftung Schloss Dyck: Schloss Dyck. Historischer Park und neue Gärten, Jüchen: Stiftung Schloss Dyck, 2002, ISBN 3-9808216-1-7 Margit Sachse: Als in Dyck Kakteen blühten...: Leben und Werk des Dycker Schlossherren Joseph Altgraf und Fürst zu Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck, Pulheim: Rhein-Eifel-Mosel Verlag, 2005, ISBN 3-924182-64-7 Stiftung Schloss Dyck The Friends of Schloss Dyck Picture Album of Schloss Dyck Schloss Dyck Classic Days Shawn Lee Martin Normal DaysTemplate:South LakotaPenelope-strunt-peltier
For the 2002 Tour de France, the selection was done as follows: U. S. Postal Service was selected because it included the winner of the previous edition, Lance Armstrong. Rabobank was selected. Alessio, Kelme–Costa Blanca and iBanesto.com were selected because they won the team classifications in the 2001 Giro d'Italia, 2001 Tour de France and 2001 Vuelta a España. This was extended to 16 teams based on the UCI ranking in the highest UCI division at the end of 2001, after compensating for transfers; the teams selected in this way were: Five more teams were given wildcards by the organisation. After the wildcards were given, it was announced that Saeco's main rider Gilberto Simoni had tested positive for cocaine on two occasions. In response, the wildcard for Saeco was given to Jean Delatour. In total, 21 teams participated, for a total of 189 cyclists. Qualified teams Invited teams
Derek and the Dominos were an English–American blues-rock band formed in the spring of 1970 by guitarist and singer Eric Clapton and singer Bobby Whitlock, bassist Carl Radle and drummer Jim Gordon. All four members had played together in Delaney & Bonnie and Friends and after Clapton's brief tenure with Blind Faith. Dave Mason supplied additional lead guitar on early studio sessions and played at their first live gig. Another participant at their first session as a band was George Harrison, the recording for whose album All Things Must Pass marked the formation of Derek and the Dominos; the band released only one studio album and Other Assorted Love Songs, produced by Tom Dowd, which featured extensive contributions on slide guitar from Duane Allman. A double album, Layla did not enjoy strong sales or receive widespread radio airplay, but went on to earn critical acclaim. Although released in 1970 it was not until March 1972 that the album's single "Layla" made the top ten in both the United States and the United Kingdom.
The album is considered to be the defining achievement of Clapton's career. Derek and the Dominos came about through its four members' involvement in the American soul revue Delaney & Bonnie and Friends; the group were anchored by the musical duo Delaney and Bonnie Bramlett with a rotating ensemble of supporting members. Delaney & Bonnie and Friends supported Blind Faith, Eric Clapton's short-lived supergroup with Stevie Winwood, on a US tour in the summer of 1969. While on that tour, Clapton was drawn to Delaney & Bonnie's relative anonymity, which he found more appealing than the excessive fan worship lavished on his own band. Together with his fellow future Dominos – Bobby Whitlock, Carl Radle and Jim Gordon – Clapton toured Europe and the United States again between November 1969 and March 1970, this time as a member of Delaney & Bonnie and Friends. In addition, the entire band backed him on his debut solo album, Eric Clapton, recorded over the same period. Disagreements over money led several members to leave Friends.
Whitlock, recalling other difficulties with Delaney and Bonnie, noted the couple's frequent fights and described Delaney as a demanding band leader in the manner of James Brown. Gordon and other Friends personnel, including drummer Jim Keltner joined Joe Cocker's Mad Dogs and Englishmen tour with Leon Russell, but Whitlock remained with the Delaney and Bonnie for a short time. In April 1970, at the suggestion of his friend and mentor Steve Cropper, Whitlock travelled to England to visit Clapton. Whitlock subsequently lived in Hurtwood Edge, Clapton's house in Surrey, where the two musicians jammed and began to write the bulk of the Dominos' catalogue on acoustic guitars. Many of the new songs reflected Clapton's growing infatuation with Pattie Boyd, the wife of his best friend George Harrison, who had joined Clapton as a guitarist on Delaney & Bonnie's European tour in December 1969. Soon after Whitlock's arrival, he and Clapton were eager to form a new band and contacted Radle and Gordon in the United States.
Although their first choice for a drummer was Keltner – like Radle and Russell, a native of Tulsa – he was busy recording with jazz guitarist Gábor Szabó. Gordon, had been invited to London to work on Harrison's post-Beatles solo album All Things Must Pass. In May that year, Whitlock and Gordon reunited in London at a session for P. P. Arnold, before going on to serve as the backing band on much of Harrison's album. In a 1990 interview, Clapton said, "We made our bones on that album with George", since the four musicians had "no game plan" other than living at Hurtwood Edge, "getting stoned, playing and semi-writing songs". Clapton biographer Harry Shapiro comments on the unprecedented aspect of Clapton's bond with his new bandmates, in that from the Blind Faith tour onwards, the guitarist "had been able to build a working relationship in a slow and natural fashion" for the first time. Among the friendships formed before the group came into existence, Shapiro continues, "the empathy... outcropped most noticeably in Bobby Whitlock, in whom Eric found an accomplished and sympathetic songwriting partner and back-up vocalist."
Clapton and Whitlock considered adding the Delaney & Bonnie horn section to their new band, but this plan was abandoned. Whitlock explained the ethos of Derek and the Dominos: "we didn't want any horns, we didn't want no chicks, we wanted a rock'n' roll band, but my vocal concept was that we approach singing like Sam and Dave did: sings a line, I sing a line, we sing together." Towards the end of the sessions for the basic tracks on All Things Must Pass, Dave Mason – another former guitarist with Delaney & Bonnie – joined the Dominos at Clapton's home. With the lineup expanded to a five-piece band and the Dominos gave their debut live performance on 14 June 1970; the event was a charity concert in aid of the Dr Spock Civil Liberties Legal Defence Fund, held at London's Lyceum Theatre. The group had been billed as "Eric Clapton and Friends", but a discussion ensued backstage just before their appearance, with Harrison and pianist Tony Ashton among those involved, in an effort to find a proper band name.
Clapton recalls that Ashton suggested "Del and the Dominos", having taken to calling the guitarist "Derek" or "Del" since the Delaney & Bonnie tour the previous year. Whitlock maintains that "the Dynamics" was the name chosen and that Ashton, following his opening set with Ashton and Dyke, mispronounced it when introducing the band. Writing in 2013, Clapton and Whitlock biographer Marc Roberty quoted Jeff Dexte
Thomas Lennart Bodström is a Swedish former politician. Thomas Bodström was the Swedish Minister for Justice in the two last succeeding governments of the Swedish Prime Minister Göran Persson, from 2000 to 2006. From October 2006 until October 2010, he was the chairman of the Riksdag committee for judicial issues; when the new parliament, elected in 2010, was inaugurated, Bodström lost his position as a committee chairman. Bodström shortly afterwards requested half-time leave of absence from his seat in the parliament, combined with half-time parental leave, in order to relocate to the USA together with his family, his request for leave of absence was denied by the Social Democratic group leader in the parliament, Bodström has thus left his seat in the Parliament. His part-time parental leave was granted from the Swedish Social Insurance Administration. Thomas Bodström is active as the chairman of the children's rights organization ECPAT Sweden. Thomas Bodström is the son of Lennart Bodström, Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1982 to 1985 in the Olof Palme government.
In his youth, Thomas Bodström was not involved in party politics. Instead, his first brush with media attention came as a football player in AIK, a team in the Premier Division of the Swedish Football league, 1987–1989. In 1990, he graduated from Stockholm University with a Bachelor of Laws degree. After that, he worked as a lawyer for ten years. During his career, he took interest in international affairs, in 1999, he joined the board of the Swedish branch of the international organisation Lawyers Without Borders. However, when Prime Minister Göran Persson announced his new cabinet appointment on 11 October 2000, Bodström was a unknown face to most of the political journalists attending the press conference. At the time, he was not a member of the Social Democratic Party. Although Bodström was unaccustomed to national politics at the time, he has managed to keep his job, despite calls for his resignation loudly voiced after several high-profile prison breaks during the summer of 2004. After being appointed as Minister for Justice, he was elected to the Swedish Parliament, the Riksdag, in the 2002 Swedish parliamentary election.
This could be regarded as a purely formal exercise, his seat taken over by a substitute. He has written 700 dagar i Rosenbad, about his experiences as a newcomer in the government. At the time of his appointment, Bodström revealed in an interview that he had used hashish in his youth, that he on several occasions had employed a person in his home without paying the appropriate taxes. During his term in office, Bodström was criticized by advocates of privacy and liberal think-tanks, as he is said to have worked towards giving the police the possibility of monitoring people who might be involved in minor crimes, as well as other things that could be seen as intrusive to privacy. On 23 August 2010, during an interview by Swedish Radio, in light of the current drug-testing debate, the reporter asked Bodström if he was willing to participate in a drug test. Bodström at first agreed, but when the nurse explained that he would be tested for amphetamines, hashish and benzodiazepines, he changed his mind, said, "I don't feel like doing it now.
I am sweating too much."The Pirate Party defended his right not to take the test in reference to their views on privacy. Since mid-2011, Bodström has been an expert commentator on law on the crime solving show Efterlyst on TV3. 700 dagar i Rosenbad Biography, Albert Bonniers Förlag, ISBN 91-85015-15-6. Rymmaren crime fiction, Norstedts Förlag Idealisten crime fiction, Norstedts Förlag Lobbyisten crime fiction, Norstedts Förlag Populisten Det man minns
Robert Smith was an English mathematician. Smith was born at Lea near Gainsborough, the son of John Smith, the rector of Gate Burton and his wife Hannah Cotes. After attending Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Gainsborough he entered Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1708, becoming minor fellow in 1714, major fellow in 1715 and senior fellow in 1739, was chosen Master in 1742, in succession to Richard Bentley. From 1716 to 1760 he was Plumian Professor of Astronomy, he died in the Master's Lodge at Trinity. In February 1719 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. Besides editing two works by his cousin, Roger Cotes, his predecessor in the Plumian chair, he published A Compleat System of Opticks in 1738, which gained him the sobriquet of Old Focus, Harmonics, or the Philosophy of Musical Sounds in 1749. Smith never lived with his unmarried sister Elzimar in the lodge at Trinity College. Although he is portrayed as a rather reclusive character, John Byrom's journal shows that in the 1720s and 1730s Smith could be quite sociable.
Yet ill health gout, took its toll and inhibited his academic work and social activities. He died at the lodge on 2 February 1768, on 8 February he was buried in Trinity College Chapel, the funeral oration being delivered by Thomas Zouch. According to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Smith helped to spread Isaac Newton's ideas in Europe and "Newton's successes in optics and mechanics dominated Smith's scientific career". In his will Smith left £3500 South Sea stock to the University of Cambridge; the net income on the fund is annually divided between the Smith's Prize and the stipend of the Plumian Professor. Robert Smith, Harmonics, or, The Philosophy of Musical Sounds, Printed by J. Bentham, sold by W. Thurlbourn, 1749. Robert Smith. A Compleat System of Opticks. Cambridge; the Master of Trinity at Trinity College, Cambridge This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Smith, Robert". Encyclopædia Britannica. 25. Cambridge University Press.
P. 268. "Robert Smith, author of'A Compleat System of Opticks', 1738." Peter Abrahams, ed. The history of the telescope & the binocular OR4-A1765.43: Enharmonic chamber organ, Thomas Parker. London, c.1765. Russell Collection of Early Keyboard Instruments, University of Edinburgh. "Robert Smith's'Equal Harmony' and the harpsichord built for it by Jacob Kirckman." Grant O'Brien. Conference on the Historical Background to the New "Handel" Organ in St Cecilia's Hall. Russell Collection of Early Keyboard Instruments, University of Edinburgh. Dr. Robert Smith's comments on John Harrison's musical tuning ideas, from Harmonics Free scores by Robert Smith at the International Music Score Library Project Robert Smith at the Mathematics Genealogy Project Robert Smith's The elementary parts of Dr. Smith's compleat system of opticks – digital facsimile from the Linda Hall Library