click links in text for more info

Hammerton Killick

Hammerton Killick was an admiral in the Haitian Navy. He was killed in the 1902 Fermin rebellion when he refused to surrender his ship to the German warship SMS Panther. A naval base in Port-au-Prince is named after him. In 1943, he was honored with a postage stamp. Killick was an "Anglo-Haitian mulatto." His father was of either Irish descent. Haiti in Killick's time was a poor country, its navy was ill-equipped, with many of its officers serving under contract from other nations. At any given time, the number of ships in the Navy ranged between four. An observer in 1899 described obsolete un-seaworthy ships badly in need of paint being cannibalized for parts. Sailors in the navy had to go without pay, had little, poor quality food. Moreover, the political situation in Haiti was not stable, with President Florvil Hyppolite facing revolts and rebellions, the scorn of the international community; as the Admiral of this poorly equipped, underfunded force a significant amount of Killick's resources went to trying to acquire more ships.

In January 1894 an American yacht called the Natalie sailed out of Savannah, went missing and was presumed lost. There were rumors that the Natalie was carrying arms and ammunition to be used in a plot to overthrow Hyppolite, but her captain denied that there were any weapons on board, claimed the trip was just a pleasure cruise; the Natalie was spotted near Long Cay, Bahamas in February. A short time two Haitian vessels, the Defence and the Dessalines, with Killick on board, showed up near the Natalie; the Defence was carrying $25,000 in American gold to purchase the Natalie, the Dessalines was carrying $60,000 in gold coin for the purchase of the Natalie. Killick and the Natalie's captain negotiated a purchase of the Natalie for £5,208 6s 8d $25,000; the Natalie was added to the Haitian Navy. In 1896 Haiti was able to add a brand new ship to the Crête-à-Pierrot; the Crête-à-Pierrot was commissioned to be the flagship of the navy. It was armed in France, it had 11 guns, could steam 15 knots, displaced 940 tonnes of water.

In 1899 the captain commented about how the Admiral came aboard. In July 1898, Admiral Killick caused some anxiety in the international community when he went missing for nineteen days. In May 1902, Haitian President Tirésias Simon Sam resigned in embarrassment over Haiti's inability to assert itself in the international community after the Emil Lüders incident; the 1889 constitution provided for the National Assembly to name a president, but there was an uprising demanding direct elections. A provisional government was created to oversee the election of deputies who, together with the National Assembly would appoint the president. Anténor Firmin soon emerged as a popular favorite, but he was opposed by the military and the provisional government, which both supported Pierre Nord Alexis. By June 1902 a civil war had broken out between the supporters of Firmin and the supporters of Alexis. Admiral Killick declared his support for Firmin early on, his support meant that although Alexis had the support of the military, Firmin had the support of the navy, full control of the coast.

As of 15 May, Killick had not only declared for Firmin, but taken the flagship of the Haitian Navy, the Crête-à-Pierrot, to Cap-Haïtien to pick up Firminist troops and transport them to Port-au-Prince. Meanwhile, the rest of the Haitian Navy, comprising a single ship, the Toussaint Louverture, was in Gonaïves, where Firmin had many supporters. Firmin campaigned to be elected deputy of both his hometown Cap-Haïtien, Gonaïves, he was elected deputy for Gonaïves, but on June 28 fighting broke out in Cap-Haïtien between his supporters and troops controlled by Alexis, sent there to supervise the elections. After the fighting broke out Firmin sailed to Gonaïves. There he continued to protest against the way the elections were being conducted. Killick, proceeded to bombard Cap-Haïtien with both ships; when he left Cap-Haïtien he accidentally ran the Toussaint Louverture aground on a reef, but through the rest of the summer Killick and the Crête-à-Pierrot transported soldiers for the Firminist cause, attacked coastal towns, isolated and demobilized Alexis' forces.

Meanwhile, Jean Jumeau marched on Port-au-Prince by land. Due to his role in the conflict between Firmin and Alexis, Killick was decommissioned by July 12. Although the disrupted, disputed elections were still on-going in July, by July 26, Firmin had been declared president by inhabitants of Artibonite and several other regions of Haiti, Jumeau's land forces were reported to be within one day's march of Port-au-Prince, the Crête-à-Pierrot was in the harbor at Port-au-Prince. Killick attempted to establish a blockade of the harbor at Cap-Haïtien. On September 2, 1902, Killick and his crew seized a German ammunition ship, the Markomannia en route to Cape Haitian to provide ammunition to Alexis' forces. Alexis asked Germany for help subduing a pirate ship. In response, Germany sent the gunboat SMS Panther to capture the Crête-à-Pierrot. On September 6, the Crête-à-Pierrot was in port at Gonaïves, with Killick and most of the crew on shore leave when the Panther appeared. Killick ordered his crew to abandon ship.

When all but four crew members had evacuated the ship Killick, inspired by the tale of Captain LaPorte, wrapped himself in a Haitian flag, fired the aft magazine, blew up the ship, along with the arms that were supplied by German merchants, rather than let the Germans take her. Killick and the remaining four crew members went down with the ship. An hour the Panther fired thirty shots at the Crête

The Rebel (1915 film)

The Rebel is a 1915 Australian silent film starring Allen Doone. It is considered a lost film. Irish rebel leader Jack Blake is arrested and thrown into gaol by vindictive Englishman Captain Armstrong. Jack's girlfriend, helps him escape and he kills Armstrong in a duel. Jack and Eileen flee to France. Allen Doone as Jack Blake Edna Keeley as Eileen McDermott Frank Cullinane as Squire McDermott Onslow Edgeworth as Captain Armstrong Percy Kehoe as Father Kelly This film was based on a stage show, performed on stage since November 1913 by Allen Doone. Raymond Longford claimed he was meant to direct the film but that Australasian Films would not let the producers rent out their Rushcutters Bay Studio with Longford attached, it was shot in and around Sydney over six weeks from April to May 1915. The movie only received limited distribution; the Rebel on IMDb The Rebel at National Film and Sound Archive

Oxford sausage

Oxford sausages are a distinctive variety of pork and veal sausage associated with, thought to have been developed in, the English city of Oxford. Traditionally, Oxford sausages are noted for the addition of veal, in contrast to many traditional British sausages which contain only pork, their high level of spice seasoning. References to the "Oxford" style of sausage date back to at least the early 18th century, but it was more popularised owing to inclusion in Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management, first published in 1861; the first published reference to a sausage that resembles the modern Oxford sausage is by John Nott in his book The Cook's and Confectioner's Dictionary: Or, the Accomplish'd Housewife's Companion, published in London in 1723. In the text Nott, cook to the Duke of Bolton, refers to the sausages as "Oxford Skates". Whether this was a common local recipe or one created by Nott is unclear. By the late 18th century the spice-rich nature of the Oxford sausage had entered popular consciousness to such an extent that Thomas Warton used The Oxford Sausage as the title for his compilation of "highly spiced" political and satirical college verse, first published in 1764 and republished a number of times in the following 50 years.

A number of variations on the recipe were published over the years, until Isabella Beeton selected the Oxford style as her exemplar for a typical pork sausage in her 1861 Book of Household Management. With the popularity of this book the recipe reached a much wider audience, Oxford sausage was for a time available as a canned, processed product. However, with the rise of mass-production and global distribution, the Oxford sausage fell out of favour; the modern rise of local food movements have resulted in the Oxford sausage being revived, albeit in a revised form. As with most regional foodstuffs, different recipes for Oxford sausages vary in many aspects, but all follow a similar ingredient list; the modern Oxford sausage is considered to consist of a mixture of pork and veal, seasoned with lemon and herbs. Nott's 1723 recipe calls for pork or veal, seasoned with salt, clove and sage; the spice content appears in many other late 18th and early 19th century recipes, with mace or nutmeg being a consistent ingredient.

Mrs. Beeton's recipe broadly followed the same formula, excepting that a 50:50 mixture of pork and veal is specified, with the addition of a similar quantity of beef suet. Beeton includes the addition of lemon, although she was not the first to do so. While many modern producers retain a traditional recipe, owing to animal welfare concerns some have replaced the veal content with lamb while others use only pork; as first produced, the Oxford sausage did not have a skin or other casing, but was hand-formed and floured before frying. However, modern forms are made in a conventional, linked "banger" style, with natural pork or sheep casings. Beeton mentions both methods. List of sausages Great British Kitchen recipe for Oxford sausage

Ralph Cochrane

Air Chief Marshal Sir Ralph Alexander Cochrane, was a British aviator and Royal Air Force officer best known for his role in Operation Chastise, the famous "Dambusters" raid. Ralph Cochrane was born on 24 February 1895, the youngest son of Thomas Cochrane, 1st Baron Cochrane of Cults, in the Scottish village of Springfield, Fife. To qualify as a naval officer, he must have joined the Royal Naval College, Osborne, in 1908, the Royal Naval College, two years later. On 15 September 1912, he was commissioned into the Royal Navy as a midshipman. During the First World War, Cochrane served in the Royal Naval Air Service piloting airships, he completed a tour as a staff officer in the Admiralty's Airship Department. In January 1920, he was granted a commission in the Royal Air Force. Between the wars, Cochrane served in various staff positions and commanded No. 3 Squadron from 1924 before attending the RAF Staff College and commanding No. 8 Squadron from 1929. He attended the Imperial Defence College in 1935.

At the request of Group Captain T. M. Wilkes, New Zealand Director of Air Services, in 1936 Cochrane was sent to New Zealand to assist with the establishment of the Royal New Zealand Air Force as an independent service from the army. On 1 April 1937, Cochrane was appointed Chief of the Air Staff of the Royal New Zealand Air Force. During the Second World War, Cochrane commanded No. 7 Group from July 1940, No. 3 Group from September 1942 and No. 5 Group from February 1943. 5 Group became the most elite Main Force bomber group undertaking spectacular raids. Cochrane commanded the Dam-Busters raid. There was intense, sometimes hostile, rivalry between Cochrane and Air Vice Marshal Don Bennett, who saw Cochrane's experimentation with low-level target marking through 617 Squadron in 1944 as a direct threat to his own specialist squadrons' reputation. In February 1945, Cochrane became Air Officer Commanding at RAF Transport Command, a position he held until 1947 when he became Air Officer Commanding at RAF Flying Training Command.

During this time he managed the Berlin Airlift. In 1950 Cochrane was appointed Vice-Chief of the Air Staff. Ralph Cochrane retired from the service in 1952. Following his retirement, Cochrane entered the business world notably as director of Rolls-Royce, he was chairman of RJM exports which manufactured scientific models and is now known as Cochranes of Oxford. In the New Year Honours 1939 Cochrane was invested a Commander of the Order of the British Empire. In the New Year Honours 1943 Cochrane was invested as a Companion of the Order of the Bath. In the 1945 New Years Honour list he was invested as a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. In the 1948 King's Birthday Honours he was invested as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. In the 1950 King's Birthday Honours, he was invested as a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire

Gene Cross

Gene Cross is a former American professional basketball coach serving as a Director of Amateur Scouting for the Sacramento Kings of the National Basketball Association. Gene Cross was born in Illinois, he starred as a prep basketball player just outside the city, at Rich Central High School in Olympia Fields, Illinois. Cross was named the team's MVP and earned All-SICA South Conference honors, he was inducted into the Rich Central High School Hall of Fame in October 2010. From 1990 to 1994, Cross played college basketball at the University of Illinois under head coach Lou Henson. Cross was a letterman during his junior and senior seasons and helped lead the Illini to the NCAA Tournament in both seasons, he graduated from Illinois with a Bachelor's of Arts in History and matriculated from The Ohio State University with a Master's of Sciences in Sport Management. While pursuing his graduate studies, Cross spent a year coaching basketball at Marion-Franklin High School in Columbus, Ohio. Cross is a member of the Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity.

In 1996, Cross returned to his hometown when he was hired as assistant coach at the University of Illinois-Chicago. In the 1997–98 season UIC would tie a school record with 22 victories and win a share of the MCC regular-season title while earning an at-large bid to the NCAA tournament. In Cross's final season at UIC, the Flames finished 20–14 winning the Horizon League conference tournament championship; that win propelled UIC into the NCAA Tournament via automatic bid. Cross spent 3 seasons from 2002 to 2005 seasons as an assistant coach for the DePaul Blue Demons. DePaul played in the NIT to finish the 2005 seasons; the 2003–04, the Blue Demons tied for the C-USA Championship and played in the NCAA tournament. In 2005, Cross was named one of the top 25 recruiters in college basketball by Cross followed Dave Leitao to Virginia and became Leitao's top assistant where he helped guide the Cavaliers to an NIT berth. After one season with Virginia, Cross left to become the assistant coach and recruiting coordinator at Notre Dame under head coach Mike Brey.

Notre Dame finished the 2006 -- 07 season with a 24 -- an appearance in the NCAA Tournament. In 2007 -- 08, The Irish advanced to the second round of the NCAA Tournament. named Cross to the list of "Ten Assistants Ready For the Next Step" in 2007. On April 11, 2008, Gene Cross was hired as the new head coach of the Toledo Rockets. Cross went 11–53 in 2 years as head coach of the Rockets. On September 21, 2010, Cross was hired as lead assistant coach for the Utah Flash of the NBA Development League, affiliates of the Atlanta Hawks and the Utah Jazz, under new head coach Kevin Young; the Flash recorded an impressive 28-22 record, qualifying for the playoffs for the third consecutive season. Upon completion of the 2010-11 season the Utah Flash announced its hiatus for the 2011-2012 season. Cross was hired as the lead assistant coach by the defending NBA Development League champion Iowa Energy and its new head coach Kevin Young with whom Cross worked for the previous season with the Utah Flash.

The coaching duo lead the team to a NBA D-League playoff appearance. The Energy were affiliated with the Chicago Bulls, New Orleans Hornets, Washington Wizards It was during this season that Cross was named assistant coach of the 2012 NBA Development League East All Star team. Gene Cross was named head coach of the Erie BayHawks, the NBA D-League affiliate of the New York Knicks in September 2012. Cross became the third head coach in BayHawks history taking over for Jay Larranaga who left to become an assistant coach for the Boston Celtics. Cross led the BayHawks to a 26-24 record in his first season, the fourth winning season in the franchise's five seasons in existence while having two players called up to the NBA, Henry Sims and Terell Harris both to the New Orleans Pelicans. Cross finished his second season with a record of 16-34 and one NBA call-up, Jeremy Tyler to the New York Knicks. After two seasons at the helm in Erie, Cross was hired as an assistant coach for the Los Angeles D-Fenders, the NBA affiliate of the Los Angeles Lakers.

The season was highlighted by three players receiving call-ups: Jabari Brown and Vander Blue to the Los Angeles Lakers and Jamaal Franklin to the Denver Nuggets with Brown and Blue both being named NBA D-League All Stars. On October 9, 2015, Cross was named lead assistant coach of the Reno Bighorns the NBA D-League affiliate of the Sacramento Kings; the Bighorns finished the regular season with the 2nd best record in the league and best record in the Western Conference at. This regular season success led to a Pacific Division championship and the #1 seed in the Western Conference playoffs. Cross most lead Rayos de Hermosillo of the Mexican CIBACOPA to a 30-8 record and the CIBACOPA Finals where he was named 2017 CIBACOPA Coach of the Year. After his successful international coaching stint, Cross re-joined the Sacramento Kings in September 2017 as a college scout