Keighley and Worth Valley Railway
The Keighley and Worth Valley Railway is a 5-mile-long heritage railway line in the Worth Valley, West Yorkshire, which runs from Keighley to Oxenhope. It connects to the national rail network at Keighley railway station. In 1861, John McLandsborough, a civil engineer, visited Haworth to pay tribute to Charlotte Brontë but was surprised to find that it was not served by a railway, he proposed a branch running from the Midland Railway's station at Keighley to Oxenhope. The line would serve 15 mills along its length. A meeting of local gentlemen were told. A total of 3,134 shares worth £10 each were issued at this meeting, along with the election of directors, bankers and engineers. J McLandsborough, the original proposer of the line was appointed acting engineer; the railway was incorporated by an Act of Parliament in 1862 and the first sod was cut on Shrove Tuesday, 9 February 1864 by Isaac Holden, the chairman of the Keighley and Worth Valley Railway. The railway was built as single track but with a trackbed wide enough to allow upgrading to double track for expansion.
Although the work was estimated to take one year, delays including buying land for the line, a cow eating the plans near Oakworth and engineering problems meant the work took nearly two years to complete. In particular the southern tunnel to Ingrow West had quicksand oozing through bore holes that required additional piles to be driven down to the bedrock to support and stabilise the tunnel; the work damaged the foundation to the Wesley Place Methodist Church resulting in the church receiving £1,980 from the railway company. Tracklaying was completed in 1866, having joined in the middle; the line was tested with a locomotive from Ilkley, which took nearly two hours to get from Keighley to Oxenhope, but just 13 minutes to get back. Before opening, violent storms struck the line in November of that year; the opening ceremony was held on Saturday 13 April 1867. The train got stuck on Keighley bank and again between Oakworth and Haworth, necessitating splitting it before carrying on with the journey.
On 15 April 1867, public passenger services on the Worth Valley commenced. The line was operated by the Midland Railway, who owned most of the rail network in the area, was bought by the Midland in part due to interest from the rival railway company, the Great Northern. Upon sale of the railway, the mill owners made a profit, unusual for many lines of that type, as the Midland wanted to prevent the GN from taking over its territory. After becoming part of the London and Scottish Railway in 1923 during Grouping, ownership passed to British Railways following nationalisation in 1948. On 6 November 1892 the deviation line between Haworth and Oakworth through Mytholmes Tunnel was opened and the original route abandoned; the deviation was built as a condition of the buy out of the Keighley and Worth Valley Railway by the Midland Railway. The need for the deviation was to avoid a large wooden trestle viaduct that crossed a mill pond, as the locals believed the viaduct was unsafe, many alighted at Oakworth and continued on foot to Haworth to avoid crossing the viaduct.
The original design for the deviation was to skirt the mill pond through a cutting to rejoin the original formation. However, during construction the material in the cutting proved to be unstable, resulting in the construction of the short Mytholmes Tunnel; the original trestle viaduct can be seen in a picture hanging in the booking hall of Oakworth station. British Railways operated the last scheduled passenger train on Saturday 30 December 1961 and with no Sunday service the passenger service was deemed withdrawn from Monday 1 January 1962. Freight trains continued to run to Oxenhope until 18 June 1962. On 23 June 1962 the new formed Keighley and Worth Valley Railway Preservation Society chartered a special passenger train which ran from Bradford to Oxenhope and return. After this train the section between Oxenhope and Ingrow Junction was closed. A preservation society was formed in 1962 of rail enthusiasts and local people which bought the line from BR and reopened it on 29 June 1968 as a heritage railway.
The first train to leave Keighley for Oxenhope on that date was the only train to operate anywhere on the network due to a national train strike. The line is now a major tourist attraction operated by 500+ volunteers and 10 paid staff, it carries more than 100,000 passengers a year. The KWVR is one of only three UK preserved railways which operates a complete branch line in its original form, the other two being the heritage Ecclesbourne Valley Railway in Wirksworth and the Swanage Railway, in Dorset. On 10 July 2008, the Duke of Kent visited the railway following the 40th anniversary of its reopening. While at the railway, the Duke travelled on a specially prepared "Royal Train", consisting of tank locomotive 41241, an LMS Class 2MT, pulling a single carriage, The Old Gentleman's Saloon, as featured in The Railway Children, a former North Eastern Railway directors Saloon. While visiting, the Duke travelled on the locomotive footplate. Mainline connections to Leeds, Skipton, Lancaster and London King's Cross Railway shop and buffet Turntable Picnic area Station restored to BR 1950s condition complete with cast-iron platform canopy on Platform 4, as once existed on all of the platforms Acces
Invergordon railway station
Invergordon railway station is a railway station serving the town of Invergordon on the Cromarty Firth, in the Highland council area of Scotland. It is located on 31 miles 37 chains from Inverness; the station consists of two side platforms, which can each accommodate an eight-coach train, flanking a passing loop 34 chains long on the predominantly single-track line from Dingwall to Thurso and Wick. The permanent station buildings are all on the southbound platform, the northbound platform having a simple shelter; as of 2011 the buildings are not in use. In 2008/2009, the station underwent a brightening-up programme run by the Invergordon "Off The Wall" group. Northbound, leaving the station, the track snakes under a one-way road bridge and runs alongside Park Primary school until turning into single track, it enters the woods. The station's usage has more than doubled since 2004/2005; the station is located at the south end of Invergordon high street and is accessible from all areas of Invergordon, the closest area being the densely populated area of South lodge.
The station has seen a number of timetable improvements since 2008, with the addition of an extra through train each way to/from Wick on weekdays and further shorter distance services to/from Inverness aimed at the commuter market. Prior to this, 3 departures in each direction was the standard service on the line for many years. In the May 2016 timetable, there are seven trains from and nine trains to Inverness Mon-Sat with four of these running the length of the line to Thurso & Wick. On Sundays, there is five to Inverness. On 26 November 1944, Royal Air Force Short Sunderland DD851 of the No. 4 Operational Training Unit departed Cromarty Firth, RAF Alness on an anti-submarine patrol of the North Sea off the coast of Scotland. During the initial climb a connecting rod on the starboard inner engine broke, the engine caught fire and fell off; the Sunderland, with a full load of fuel and depth charges crashed into the railway line 2 miles northeast of Invergordon Railway Station where all 11 of the Royal Canadian Air Force crew were killed.
The crew are buried in the Stonefall Air Force Cemetery in Harrogate, North Yorkshire
Ilford railway station
Ilford railway station is on the Great Eastern Main Line serving the town of Ilford in the London Borough of Redbridge, east London. It is 7 miles 29 chains down the line from London Liverpool Street and is situated between Manor Park and Seven Kings, its three-letter station code is IFD and it is in Travelcard zone 4. The station was opened in 1839 by the Eastern Counties Railway, it is managed by TfL Rail. Services call at Ilford as part of the Shenfield-Liverpool Street stopping "metro" service. In autumn 2019 the TfL Rail service will be re-branded as the Elizabeth line as part of the Crossrail project; the Elizabeth line service will be extended beyond Liverpool Street to Paddington, with onward connections from there to Reading and Heathrow Airport. Ilford railway station was opened on 20 June 1839 by the Eastern Counties Railway, along with the Mile End to Romford section of what was to become the Great Eastern Main Line. Between 1903 and 1947, trains ran through to Woodford via the Fairlop Loop, most of, transferred to London Underground's Central line.
The triangular junction is now the site of carriage sheds and a maintenance depot operated by Bombardier Transportation. Freight trains used the connection from the Fairlop Loop to Seven Kings until 1956. On New Year's Day of 1915 the station was the scene of a major collision in which 10 people were killed. Lieutenant-Colonel Frank Heilgers, a Member of Parliament, was one of nine people killed in the 1944 Ilford rail crash; the main entrance, in Cranbrook Road, was rebuilt during the 1980s, with architecture in keeping with other contemporary buildings in Ilford such as the Central Library. This stretch of Cranbrook Road was called Station Road but this name was transferred to a short portion of Havelock Street opposite the station. There is a secondary entrance on York Road, from which the western ends of the platforms can be reached via a footbridge; this entrance was refurbished in 2016. The station has four operational platforms: two "up" and two "down". A bay platform numbered platform 5 remains in situ but is disused as the track alongside it was removed in 2016.
Regular stopping services use platforms 3 and 4 on the electric line between London and Shenfield, while platforms 1 and 2 are used only during engineering work and line disruptions as the two adjacent tracks are used by through-trains on the main line. To the west of the station is a flyover that allows the main line to cross over from the south side of the electric line to the north, thus access the longer northern platforms at Liverpool Street without having the cross over in the station throat; the tracks cross the River Roding at the same point, pass under the North Circular Road. The platforms at Ilford are several metres below street-level, as the road rises up to pass over the railway line; the north side of the station is edged by an embankment lined with housing. The south side is lined with large buildings and platform level approximates to street-level by the far end of the station. Despite the steps to the platforms, wheelchair lifts are available by prior arrangement. There are two access stairways from the concourse to platforms 3 and 4.
This is in order to segregate departing passengers. The down staircase goes from the concourse to the station platform whilst the up staircase rises from 100 m along the platform and is connected by an elevated walkway to the concourse. Ilford station building will be replaced as part of the Crossrail programme; the typical off-peak service is. Media related to Ilford railway station at Wikimedia Commons Train times and station information for Ilford railway station from National Rail
Imperial Wharf railway station
Imperial Wharf is a railway station in Fulham within 500 metres of Chelsea in south-west London on the West London Line and in common with many stations has given rise to its own sub-district name Imperial Wharf, to some minds synonymous with Chelsea Harbour. The station is between West Brompton and Clapham Junction stations and services are provided by London Overground and Southern; the station is managed by London Overground. The station is in the sub-district of Sands End, it takes its name from the adjacent redevelopment of a brownfield, former industrial, developed into a luxury 1,800 apartment river-side complex by property developers St George since 2004. As the Imperial Wharf development continued to grow, so did the business case for the Imperial Wharf station. A further application for 1,500 residential units including a 37-storey tower was submitted to Hammersmith & Fulham Council in early 2009; the station is adjacent to Chelsea Harbour, was known by this name during early stages of development.
Calls for a station here were met in 2005 with a costed station and signalling at £3 million, of which £1.7 million had been provided by Berkeley Homes Plc through its St George upmarket London-focused subsidiary, the developer of the Imperial Wharf site, leaving a funding shortfall of £1.3 million. In October 2007, Hammersmith and Fulham Council announced that St George Homes had agreed to provide another £1.2 million enough to complete the project. It is reported that the planning permission for the whole of the Imperial Wharf development was only given on the basis that a station was built; the station secured full funding on 28 April 2008. The station opened on Sunday 27 September 2009, in a ceremony attended by the Mayor of London, Boris Johnson; the new station provides an important link for the Sands End area to Clapham Junction station in the south of London and northwards towards Willesden Junction station. This will be important as the area is further developed by both private and public organisations.
This investment includes a new residential development called "The Gallery", started on cleared land next to the Laura Ashley offices, between Bagleys Lane and Elbe Street. There are plans by another developer to redevelop the Lots Road Power Station, into 395 residential units; the semi-derelict building, on Chelsea Creek close to the River Thames, is a large, coal-fired power station. It was designed in 1902 and completed in 1905 and until 2003 was used to provide power for London Underground; the developers had hoped to complete the redevelopment by 2013. The typical off-peak services in trains per hour are: 4tph northbound to Willesden Junction, of which 2tph continue to Stratford 1tph northbound to Milton Keynes Central 4tph southbound to Clapham Junction 1tph southbound to South Croydon At peak times, all 4 London Overground trains continue to Stratford; some additional Southern services operate between Shepherd's Bush and Clapham Junction. Late evening London Overground services only run between Clapham Junction.
On Sundays, Southern services only run between Clapham Junction. London Bus routes 424 and C3 serve the station. Chelsea Harbour Pier, 250 metres away for river buses services. There were proposals, supported by RBK&C, to include a stop at this location, on the proposed Crossrail 2 line. If these plans were carried forward it would provide an interchange between London Overground services and either London Underground or main line commuter rail services, depending on which standards the new line is built to. However, as of 2014, it is unlikely that Crossrail 2 will route via this location due to the engineering complexities of a kink in the route between the proposed Chelsea station and Clapham Junction; the nearest London Underground stations will remain Fulham Broadway, West Brompton and Sloane Square. Fulham Broadway was once planned for the Crossrail 2 route but aborted. "Imperial Wharf station". Always Touch Out. 2007-10-28. Retrieved 2008-07-12. Imperial Wharf station work begins. Imperial Wharf, SubBrit stations project London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham - Chuffed by new train station.
London Evening Standard Homes and properties - A new railway station for Fulham. BBC News Website - A new station opens in South London; the Standard - A new Footbridge between Battersea and Imperial Wharf The Standard - New Foodbridge is given the go-ahead
Islip railway station
Islip railway station serves the village of Islip, England. Islip is north-east of Oxford. Services run south to Oxford, 5 miles away, north-east to Bicester Town and London Marylebone; the station is managed by Chiltern Railways. On 1 October 1850 the Buckinghamshire Railway opened Islip station as a double tracked two-platform station with a goods shed. From 1 January 1968 British Railways withdrew passenger services from the Buckinghamshire Railway between Oxford and Bletchley and closed all intermediate stations including Islip; the station closed to rail traffic on 15 February 2014 in order to allow upgrade of the line between Oxford and Bicester. Reopening was planned for May 2015, but was delayed until 26 October 2015. From December 2008 the service on Mondays to Saturdays was improved with an evening service and a doubling of the service on Saturdays. There were 12 on Fridays and 13 on Saturdays. From May 2009 further improvements saw extra trains during the daytime on Mondays to Fridays and a new all-year round Sunday service, with trains every 90 minutes.
On 22 May 2011 Chiltern Railways took over all passenger operations from this station from the previous operator First Great Western. This was in advance of the new London Marylebone to Oxford service, due to start in 2013, but was delayed to 26 October 2015; the station will have a car park with 26 standard car spaces plus two for passengers with reduced mobility. It will have parking for 10 pedal cycles. Train times and station information for Islip railway station from National Rail East West Rail Link support group East West Rail consortium Chiltern Railways Evergreen 3 project
Iver railway station
Iver railway station is situated in the village of Richings Park, near Iver, England. It is the first station on the Great Western Main Line located outside Greater London, 14 miles 60 chains down the line from London Paddington and situated between West Drayton to the east and Langley to the west. In preparation for the introduction of Elizabeth line services, the operation of the station was transferred to MTR Crossrail on behalf of Transport for London at the end of 2017; the station is on the original line of the Great Western Railway which opened on 4 June 1838, however no station was provided at Iver until 1924. This section of line is where the first trials of the locomotive North Star were held, commemorated by a public house in nearby Thorney. William Stallybrass, Principal of Brasenose College and Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University, died in a railway accident when he stepped out of a moving train near the station in 1948, he was blind at the time. The station is served by local services operated by Great Western Railway between London Paddington and Reading and Didcot Parkway.
These call every half-hour Mondays to Saturdays. There is no Sunday service. Trains are formed of Class 387 Electrostar trains in 8 coach formation but due to the short platforms at Iver, it is only possible to open the front 6 coaches. Typical journey times are 30 minutes to Reading and London; the line through Iver is due to be electrified for the new Elizabeth line service starting in autumn 2019 which will provide Iver with cross-London services. This will mean Oyster cards can be used at Iver and all stations to Reading from 2019; the station is potentially the site of a new Heathrow Hub railway station which would see the station expanded with 12 platforms and serving as the main interchange between Heathrow Airport, the Great Western Main Line and High Speed 2. Train times and station information for Iver railway station from National Rail
National Rail in the United Kingdom is the trading name licensed for use by the Rail Delivery Group, an unincorporated association whose membership consists of the passenger train operating companies of England and Wales. The TOCs run the passenger services provided by the British Railways Board, from 1965 using the brand name British Rail. Northern Ireland, bordered by the Republic of Ireland, has a different system. National Rail services share a ticketing structure and inter-availability that do not extend to services which were not part of British Rail; the name and the accompanying double arrow symbol are trademarks of the Secretary of State for Transport. National Rail should not be confused with Network Rail. National Rail is a brand used to promote passenger railway services, providing some harmonisation for passengers in ticketing, while Network Rail is the organisation which owns and manages most of the fixed assets of the railway network, including tracks and signals; the two coincide where passenger services are run.
Most major Network Rail lines carry freight traffic and some lines are freight only. There are some scheduled passenger services on managed, non-Network Rail lines, for example Heathrow Express, which runs on Network Rail track; the London Underground overlaps with Network Rail in places. Twenty eight owned train operating companies, each franchised for a defined term by government, operate passenger trains on the main rail network in Great Britain; the Rail Delivery Group is the trade association representing the TOCs and provides core services, including the provision of the National Rail Enquiries service. It runs Rail Settlement Plan, which allocates ticket revenue to the various TOCs, Rail Staff Travel, which manages travel facilities for railway staff, it does not compile the national timetable, the joint responsibility of the Office of Rail Regulation and Network Rail. Since the privatisation of British Rail there is no longer a single approach to design on railways in Great Britain; the look and feel of signage and marketing material is the preserve of the individual TOCs.
However, National Rail continues to use BR's famous double-arrow symbol, designed by Gerald Burney of the Design Research Unit. It has been incorporated in the National Rail logotype and is displayed on tickets, the National Rail website and other publicity; the trademark rights to the double arrow symbol remain state-owned, being vested in the Secretary of State for Transport. The double arrow symbol is used to indicate a railway station on British traffic signs; the National Rail logo was introduced by ATOC in 1999, was used on the Great Britain public timetable for the first time in the edition valid from 26 September in that year. Rules for its use are set out in the Corporate Identity Style Guidelines published by the Rail Delivery Group, available on its website. "In 1964 the Design Research Unit—Britain’s first multi-disciplinary design agency founded in 1943 by Misha Black, Milner Gray and Herbert Read—was commissioned to breathe new life into the nation’s neglected railway industry".
The NR title is sometimes described as a "brand". As it was used by British Rail, the single operator before franchising, its use maintains continuity and public familiarity; the lettering used in the National Rail logotype is a modified form of the typeface Sassoon Bold. Some train operating companies continue to use the former British Rail Rail Alphabet lettering to varying degrees in station signage, although its use is no longer universal; the British Rail typefaces of choice from 1965 were Helvetica and Univers, with others coming into use during the sectorisation period after 1983. TOCs may use what they like: examples include Futura, Frutiger, a modified version of Precious by London Midland. Although TOCs compete against each other for franchises, for passengers on routes where more than one TOC operates, the strapline used with the National Rail logo is'Britain's train companies working together'. Several conurbations have their own metro or tram systems, most of which are not part of National Rail.
These include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, London Tramlink, Blackpool Tramway, Glasgow Subway, Tyne & Wear Metro, Manchester Metrolink, Sheffield Supertram, Midland Metro and Nottingham Express Transit. On the other hand, the self-contained Merseyrail system is part of the National Rail network, urban rail networks around Birmingham, Cardiff and West Yorkshire consist of National Rail services. London Overground is a hybrid: its services are operated via a concession awarded by Transport for London, are branded accordingly, but until 2010 all its routes used infrastructure owned by Network Rail. LO now possesses some infrastructure in its own right, following the reopening of the former London Underground East London line as the East London Railway. Since all the previous LO routes were operated by National Rail franchise Silverlink until November 2007, they have continued to be shown in the National Rail timetable and are still considered to be a part of National Rail.
Heathrow Express and Eurostar are not part of the National Rail network despite sharing of stations. Northern Ireland Railways were