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1951 Cork Senior Hurling Championship

The 1951 Cork Senior Hurling Championship was the 62nd staging of the Cork Senior Hurling Championship since its establishment by the Cork County Board in 1887. The draw for the opening round fixtures took place at the Cork Convention on 21 January 1951; the championship began on 8 April 1951 and ended on 7 October 1951. Glen Rovers were the defending champions. On 7 October 1951, Sarsfields won the championship following a 5-8 to 3-7 defeat of Glen Rovers in the final; this was their first championship title ever. Micka Brennan was the championship's top scorer with 9-01. Promoted from the Cork Intermediate Hurling Championship Carrigtwohill Carbery received a bye in this round. Top scorers overallTop scorers in a single game For the first time since 1931, the championship was won by a team other than Glen Rovers or St. Finbarr's

Fluorescein angiography

Fluorescein angiography, fluorescent angiography, or fundus fluorescein angiography is a technique for examining the circulation of the retina and choroid using a fluorescent dye and a specialized camera. Sodium fluorescein is added into the systemic circulation, the retina is illuminated with blue light at a wavelength of 490 nanometers, an angiogram is obtained by photographing the fluorescent green light, emitted by the dye; the fluorescein is administered intravenously in intravenous fluorescein angiography and orally in oral fluorescein angiography. The test is a dye tracing method; the fluorescein dye reappears in the patient urine, causing the urine to appear darker, sometimes orange. It can cause discolouration of the saliva. Fluorescein angiography is one of several health care applications of this dye, all of which have a risk of severe adverse effects. See fluorescein safety in health care applications. Fluorescein angiography does not involve the use of ionizing radiation. Fluorescein angiography was pioneered by German ophthalmologist Achim Wessing, who published his findings in 1969.

Exciter filter: Allows only blue light to illuminate the retina. Depending on the specific filter, the excitation wavelength hitting the retina will be between 465 and 490 nm. Most only allow light through at a wavelength of 490 nm. Barrier filter: Allows only yellow-green light to reach the camera. Both filters are interference bandpass filters, which means they block out all light except that at a specific wavelength; the barrier filter only allows light with a wavelength of 525 nm, but depending on the filter it can be anywhere from 520–530 nm. Fundus camera, either digital or with camera body containing black and white, or slide positive film. Baseline color and black and white red-free filtered images are taken prior to injection; the black and white images are filtered red-free to increase contrast and gives a better image of the fundus than the color image. A 6-second bolus injection of 2-5 cc of sodium fluorescein into a vein in the arm or hand A series of black-and-white or digital photographs are taken of the retina before and after the fluorescein reaches the retinal circulation.

The early images allow for the recognition of autofluorescence of the retinal tissues. Photos are taken once every second for about 20 seconds less often. A delayed image is obtained at 10 minutes; some doctors like to see a 15-minute image as well. A filter is placed in the camera so only the yellow-green light is recorded; the camera may however pick up signals from autofluorescence. In pseudofluorescence, non-fluorescent light is imaged; this occurs. This is a problem with older filters, annual replacement of these filters is recommended. In autofluorescence, fluorescence from the eye occurs without injection of the dye; this may be seen with astrocytic hamartoma, or calcific scarring. Black-and-white photos give better contrast than color photos, which aren't necessary because the filter transmits only one color of light. Times are approximate 0 seconds – injection of fluorescein 9.5 sec – posterior ciliary arteries 10 sec – choroidal flush 10–12 sec – retinal arterial stage 13 sec – capillary transition stage 14–15 sec – early venous stage 16–17 sec – venous stage 18–20 sec – late venous stage 5 minutes – late stainingFluorescein enters the ocular circulation from the internal carotid artery via the ophthalmic artery.

The ophthalmic artery supplies the choroid via the short posterior ciliary arteries and the retina via the central retinal artery, but the route to the choroid is less circuitous than the route to the retina. This accounts for the short delay between retinal filling. Pathologic changes are recognized by the detection of either hypofluorescence. Causes of hyperfluorescence: window/transmission defects leaking defects pooling defects staining abnormal vasculatureCauses of hypofluorescence: blocking defect filling defect Fluorescein angiography is used by physicians specializing in the treatment of eye diseases to evaluate the vasculature of the retina, optic disc, iris. Among the common groups of ophthalmologic disease, fluorescein angiography can detect diabetic retinopathy, vein occlusions, retinal artery occlusions, edema of the optic disc, tumors. Additionally, the transit time can provide an objective measurement of the rate of blood flow through the imaged blood vessels. Fundus photography Laser Doppler imaging Gisbert, Gisbert Richard.

Yannuzzi. Fluorescein angiography: textbook and atlas. Stuttgart: Thieme. ISBN 0-86577-712-8. Kanski, Jack J.. Clinical ophthalmology: a systematic approach. Edinburgh: Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 978-0750655415. Manfred Spitznas: Understanding fluorescein angiography = Fluoreszeinangiografie verstehen. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg/New York 2006, ISBN 978-3-540-30060-1. Achim Wessing. Fluorescein angiography of the retina. Textbook and atlas. Saint Louis: Mosby, ISBN 978-0801653889

Sergio Porrini

Sergio Porrini is an Italian football coach and former player. A tenacious and determined defender, he was known for his tactical versatility and work-rate, as he was capable of playing both as a full-back and as a centre-back, although he was deployed as a right-back, despite his lack of notable technical ability. Porrini played for several Italian clubs throughout his career, although he is famous for his periods at Juventus, Scottish club Rangers, where he won several titles, he is an assistant coach for the Albania national football team. After growing up in the A. C. Milan youth system, Porrini made his senior debut in 1989 for Atalanta, remaining with the club for four seasons, where he made his emergence. After attracting attention from larger clubs, he joined Juventus in 1993 for 11 billion Lit. featuring as a starter during the 1993–94 season under manager Giovanni Trapattoni. During the 1994–95 season, however, he had difficulty finding a place in the team's starting line-up under the club's new manager Marcello Lippi.

In particular, Porrini was kept out of the starting eleven by the newly acquired Ciro Ferrara, whom Lippi had moved onto the right flank in order to accommodate him into the team's new back-line. Despite his limited appearances for Juventus during the season, Porrini still proved to be decisive for the team: he notably scored two goals over both legs of the club's 1995 Coppa Italia Final victory over Parma, as well as a crucial goal in a 2–1 home win against Borussia Dortmund, in the second leg of the semi-final of the UEFA Cup, helping his team to reach the final of the tournament, where Juventus lost out to Parma. Porrini made 20 appearances for the club during the 1995–96 season, which saw Juventus capture the 1995 Supercoppa Italiana, but remained on the sidelines as Juventus celebrated their victory on penalties over defending champions Ajax in the 1996 UEFA Champions League Final. During the 1996–97 season, he made 40 appearances, due to Torricelli's injury, scoring two goals, one of, the opening goal in Juventus's 6–1 away win over Paris Saint-Germain in the first leg of the 1996 UEFA Super Cup, helping the Turin club to win the title.

He started in Juventus's 1–0 victory over River Plate in the 1996 Intercontinental Cup Final in Tokyo, in the club's 3–1 defeat to Borussia Dortmund in the 1997 Champions League Final in Munich. Porrini parted ways with the Turin side at the end of the season. Overall, Porrini made 87 league appearances for Juventus, scoring three goals, 138 appearances for the club in all competitions, scoring five goals in total. With Juventus, Porrini won two Serie A medals, one Coppa Italia medal, a Champions League medal during his four seasons with the team, as well as the Supercoppa Italiana, the UEFA Super Cup, the Intercontinental Cup. Porrini subsequently joined Scottish club Rangers in 1997, for £4 million and won two Scottish Premier League and Scottish Cup medals, as well as a League Cup title during his four seasons in Scotland, he started off his Rangers career at centre-back alongside Richard Gough but new manager Dick Advocaat soon moved him to right-back where he remained until he left the club in 2001.

In total, he made 133 appearances for the club in all competitions, scoring seven goals, six of which came in league play in 80 appearances. He left Rangers to resume his football career in Italy at Alessandria for a season moving to Padova. After two seasons with Padova, Porrini joined lowly Pizzighettone in 2004 and retired after five full seasons spent with the small Lombardian club at Lega Pro Prima Divisione and Lega Pro Seconda Divisione levels, in 2009. While at Juventus, Porrini gained two international caps for Italy in 1993, under manager Arrigo Sacchi, appearing in two 1994 FIFA World Cup qualifying matches, he made his international debut in a 6–1 home win over Malta, in Palermo, on 24 March, his second and final appearance with Italy came on 14 April, in a 2–0 home victory over Estonia, in Trieste. After his retirement, Porrini agreed to stay with Pizzighettone as youth coach for a season filling a similar role at Pergocrema. In August 2011, he was named head coach of Serie D club Colognese.

On 23 June 2012, he was named head coach of Serie D club Pontisola. In 2019, he joined Albania national football team as an assistant to Edoardo Reja, whom he assisted at Atalanta. JuventusSerie A: 1994–95, 1996–97 Coppa Italia: 1994–95 Supercoppa Italiana: 1995, 1997 UEFA Champions League: 1995–96 UEFA Super Cup: 1996 Intercontinental Cup: 1996 UEFA Cup: 1994–95RangersScottish Premier League: 1998–99, 1999–2000 Scottish Cup: 1999–2000 Scottish League Cup: 1998–99 Porrini's stats at Soccerbase

Artur Sirk

Artur Sirk was an Estonian political and military figure. A veteran of the country's struggle for independence Sirk became a leading figure within the right-wing Vaps Movement and an outspoken opponent of the government. A native of rural Järvamaa, Sirk came from a humble background; as a student he was amongst the first to volunteer to fight against the mobilising Red Army in the Estonian War of Independence. Following the war Sirk was demobilised and went to the University of Tartu to study law before in 1923 enlisting in the Estonian Army where he was allowed to complete his studies. Leaving the army in 1926 he went to work in the legal firm of Theodor Rõuk, who had served as Estonian Minister of the Interior in 1924. Sirk was soon involved in politics too with the Settlers' Party, a vaguely rightist group led by Ilmar Raamot, whom Sirk knew from both his school and army days. Sirk joined Eesti Demobiliseeritud Sõjaväelaste Liit upon its formation in 1921 and its successor movement, Eesti Vabadussõjalaste Liit, being appointed deputy chairman of the latter group at its inaugural general meeting on 10 October 1926.

Both of these groups had little ambition beyond being ex-servicemen's associations however Sirk desired a more centralised structure and to this end he established the Eesti Vabadussõjalaste Keskliit, or Vaps Movement as it became known, in 1929. Whilst the chairman of the new group was General Ernst Põdder it was Sirk who drafted its statutes, including an enshrined duty of leadership of the country's youth for the movement, he secured a seat on the eight member executive chosen at the first Vaps national congress on 26 January 1930 in Tallinn. Sirk's speech at their 1932 conference gave the impetus for a change in direction as he called for a party that could take advantage of citizen's initiative to ensure the transfer to authoritarianism. Vaps adopted an paramilitary style that mirrored many of the characteristics of the fascist movements growing elsewhere in Europe and Sirk, talented orator and charismatic demagogue, was soon recognised as the movement's driving force; the group came close to power in 1933 before being banned by Konstantin Päts the following year.

The government had claimed that Andres Larka and other leading Vaps figures had been preparing to launch a coup although in this instance there was little evidence that the allegations were true. Nonetheless Sirk was one of a number of Vaps leaders arrested by the Päts regime but he escaped from prison and fled to Finland. Between 1934 and 1935 he directed Vaps activity from his Finnish base and became involved in a conspiracy to overthrow the Estonian government with his allies in the Lapua Movement. Plans for an armed rebellion against Päts were put in place but these were discovered in December 1935 by the state security police with the main ringleaders arrested. Sirk however was not amongst those arrested as he was able to escape again and this time settled in Luxembourg. Sirk died after a fall from a hotel window in Echternach in circumstances that have remained suspicious for some commentators to this day. Estonian historians including Pusta and Tomingas have argued that the death was an act of defenestration by agents of Päts, although local police in Luxembourg stated that it was a suicide.

Sirk's funeral was held in Helsinki on 9 October. The eulogy was delivered by Elias Simojoki whilst hundreds of members of Simojoki's Sinimustat youth movement and the Academic Karelia Society were in attendance. August Jääger, an Estonian nationalist in attendance, blamed Sirk's death on the Estonian government, helping to begin the historical debate over the death. About A. Sirk and Vaps Movement

Bangladesh–Thailand relations

Bangladesh–Thailand relations refer to foreign relations between Bangladesh and Thailand. Relations were established on 5 October 1972. Thailand opened its embassy in Bangladesh in 1974, Bangladesh opened its embassy in Bangkok in 1975. Trade relations between Bangladesh and Thailand grow stronger with each passing year with regard to commodity relations. Thailand, as a more developed country, sees many Bengali students coming over to study the sciences. Bangladesh has suggested that Thailand participate more in its economic sphere. According to the Minister of Finance of Bangladesh - Thailand is still able to increase its contribution to the economy of Bangladesh. On 2 May 2010, it became known; this event was attended by 47 Thai companies. The volume of trade between Thailand and Bangladesh is about $650 million. Foreign relations of Bangladesh Foreign relations of Thailand