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SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Arachnula

Arachnula is a genus of amoeboid eukaryotes first described by Leon Cienkowski in 1876. Its phylogenetic position is a subject of some controversy. David Bass and colleagues considered it to be a vampyrellid within the Endomyxa clade of Rhizaria, the SSU rDNA sequence isolated from an organism described as Arachnula impatiens is indeed close to that of the vampyrellid Theratromyxa; the identification of this organism as Arachnula has, been questioned. Which of these isolates corresponds to that described by Cienkowski is unresolved. Berney, Cédric. "Acachnula impatiens". London: The National History Museum. Retrieved 28 December 2012

Co-op News

Co-op News is a UK-based monthly news magazine and website for the global co-operative movement. First published in Manchester in 1871 as The Co-operative News, the paper is the world's oldest co-operative newspaper. A weekly newspaper, paper moved to being published fortnightly in 2006, monthly in 2017. Recent years have seen the newspaper re-brand and move to its current news magazine format; the paper is based in Holyoake House, Manchester and is published by the Co-operative Press, a consumer co-operative whose members are the subscribers of the paper. In 1883 the paper began publishing a Women's Corner, edited by Alice Acland; this fomented the establishment of the Women's League for the Spread of Co-operation that year. The League was renamed to the Women's Co-operative Guild. In 1971 the Scottish Co-operator – founded 1893 – was merged into the Co-operative News. Co-operative Press Official website

Mexico at the 2003 Pan American Games

Mexico participated at the 14th Pan American Games, held in Santo Domingo, the Dominican Republic, from 1 to 17 August 2003. Men's 10,000 metres: Teodoro Vega Men's 50 km walk: Germán Sánchez Women's 400 metres: Ana Guevara Women's 5000 metres: Adriana Fernández Women's 10,000 metres: Adriana Fernández Women's 20 km walk: Victoria Palacios Men's singles: Daniel Falconi Women's doubles: Iliana Lomeli and Adriana Pérez Men's light heavyweight: Ramiro Reducindo Men's 10 m platform: Rommel Pacheco Men's +80 kg: Víctor Estrada Women's 57 kg: Iridia Salazar Men's 5000 metres: José David Galván Men's 20 km walk: Bernardo Segura Women's 5000 metres: Nora Rocha Women's 20 km walk: Rosario Sánchez Women's high jump: Romary Rifka Women's tournament: Mayra García and Hilda Gaxiola Men's singles: Marcos Baeza Men's bantamweight: Abner Mares Men's C-1 1000 m: José Romero Men's C-2 500 m: Cristian Dehesa and José Romero Men's 3 m springboard: Fernando Platas Men's 10 m synchronized platform: Fernando Platas and Rommel Pacheco Women's 3 m springboard synchronized: Laura Sánchez and Paola Espinosa Women's 10 m synchronized platform: Laura Sánchez and Paola Espinosa Jumping team: Antonio Chedraui, Federico Fernández, Santiago Lambre and Gerardo Tazzer Dressage individual: Bernadette Pujals Mixed Hobie 16: Armando Noriega and Pamela Noriega Men's 58 kg: Oscar Francisco Salazar Men's 80 kg: José Luis Ramírez Women's 58 kg: Soraya Jiménez Men's 20 km walk: Alejandro López Men's tournament: Mexico Men's light flyweight: Raúl Castañeda Men's flyweight: Raúl Hirales Men's lightweight: Francisco Javier Vargas Men's light welterweight: Juan de Dios Navarro Men's welterweight: Alfredo Angulo Men's K-2 500 m: Manuel Cortina Martínez and Ricardo Reza Men's C-1 500 m: Francisco Caputitla Men's C-2 1000 m: Cristian Dehesa and José Romero Dressage team: Omar Zayrik, Bernadette Pujals, Antonio Rivera and Joaquín Orth Men's tournament: Mexico Women's tournament: Mexico Men's Kumite: Tetsuo Alonso Murayama Women's Kumite: Marta Embriz Men's 68 kg: Erick Osorio Women's 49 kg: Carmen Morales Women's 67 kg: Marien Ramírez Women's 63 kg: Luz Acosta TrackRoadField Anthony Norwood Adán Parada David Meza Horacio Llamas Omar López Ramsés Benítez Víctor Mariscal Omar Quintero Víctor Avila Enrique Zúñiga Jorge Rochín David CrouseHead Coach: Guillermo Vecchio Mexico at the 2002 Central American and Caribbean Games Mexico at the 2004 Summer Olympics

Impalement in myth and art

The use of impalement in myth and literature includes mythical representations of it as a method of execution and other uses in paintings and the like and other tales in which impalement is related to magical or supernatural properties, the use of simulated impalement for the purposes of entertainment. The idea that the vampire "can only be slain with a stake driven through its heart" has been pervasive in European fiction. Examples such as Bram Stoker's Dracula and the more recent Buffy The Vampire Slayer and Twilight series' all incorporate that idea. In classic European folklore, it was believed that one method, among several, to "kill" a vampire, or prevent a corpse from rising as a vampire, was to drive a wooden stake through the heart before interment. In one story, an Istrian peasant named Jure Grando died and was buried in 1656, it was believed that he returned as a vampire, at least one villager tried to drive a stake through his heart, but failed in the attempt. In 1672, the corpse was decapitated, the vampire terror was put to rest.

Although the Eastern European, in particular Slavic, conception of the vampire as an undead creature in which impaling it was central to either destroying it, or at least immobilizing it, is the most well-known European tradition, such traditions can be found elsewhere in Europe. In Greece, the troublesome undead were called a vrykolakas; the archaeologist Susan-Marie Cronkite describes an odd grave found at Mytilene, at Lesbos, a find the archeologists connected with the vrykolakas superstition. The Norse draugr, or haugbui, was a type of undead associated with those put to rest in burial mounds/tumuli; the approved methods of killing a draugr are "to sever his head from his body and set the same beneath his rump, or impale his body with a stake or burn it to ashes". Although in modern vampiric lore, the stake is regarded as a effective tool against the undead, people in pre-modern Europe could have their doubts. Edward Payson Evans tells the following story, from the city Kadaň:In 1337, a herdsman near the town of Cadan came forth from his grave every night, visiting the villages, terrifying the inhabitants, conversing affably with some and murdering others.

Every person, with whom he associated, was doomed to die within eight days and to wander as a vampire after death. In order to keep him in his grave, a stake was driven through his body, but he only laughed at this clumsy attempt to impale a ghost, saying: "You have rendered me a great service by providing me with a staff, with which to ward off dogs when I go out to walk" A graphic description of the vertical impalement of a Serbian rebel by Ottoman authorities can be found in Ivo Andrić's novel The Bridge on the Drina. Andrić was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature for the whole of his literary contribution, though this novel was the magnum opus; some anecdotes of the behavior and fates of the impaled remain which, if true, would be unique in the history of impalement. The first was narrated as a proof of the efficacy of praying to Saint Barbara. In the woods of Bohemia around 1552, there was a robber band roaming and murdering innocent travelers. A manhunt was organized, the robber chief was apprehended and sentenced to be impaled.

While one of his associates impaled, swiftly expired, the chief was not so lucky. All day long, he writhed on his stake, begging to be killed, but all in vain; that night, in his despair, he prayed to St. Barbara that he was sorry for all his evil doings in life and that all he hoped for was to reconcile with God and to be graced with a good death. In response, the man's stake broke, with great effort and pain, he managed to de-impale himself. Crawling along, he came to a house, his cries of help were heard, he was helped into a bed, a priest was sent for. The former robber chief gave his death bed confession, grieving over his misspent life, but properly grateful to God and St. Barbara, he died in peace, his hands folded over his chest. Another incident, partially witnessed by the editor of a "Ladies' Journal", is said to have occurred in Wallachia in the 1770s, he had been present in Arad. It was forbidden to give the impaled persons any water, but one woman took mercy on one of the robbers, fetched water for him in a kettle.

As she was glancing anxiously about to check if anyone took notice of her forbidden act of mercy, the robber smashed her head in with the kettle, killing her on the spot. The editor avers he was present when the robber was asked why he had done such a thing, he replied he had done it on a whim, just had felt like killing her and there. In British Columbia, a folk tale from the Lillooet People is preserved in which impalement occurs as a central element. A man became suspicious of his wife because she went out each day to gather roots and cedar-bark but hardly brought anything home. One day, he spied on her, discovered that she was cavorting with Lynx, rather than doing her wifely duties; the next day, he asked to accompany her, they went out in the forest, came at last to a tall tree. The man climbed to the top of the wife following; the jealous man sharpened the top of the tree with his knife, impaled his wife on it. On his way down, he removed the bark of the tree, so it became slick; the woman cried out her pain and her brothers heard her.

They and animals they called to help them tried to rescue her, but the stem was too slick for them to climb up to reach her. Snail offered to help her, crawled up the tree, but alas, Snail moved too and by the time it took him to rea

Daniel Halévy

Daniel Halévy was a French historian. The son of Ludovic Halévy, Daniel was died in Paris, his family was of Jewish descent, but his parents were Protestant and he was brought up as a Protestant. He studied at the Lycée Condorcet. Social historians have acknowledged Halévy for his "Essai sur l'accélération de l'histoire", while he remains overlooked by literary scholars, he wrote a book, Degas parle.... based on his journal notes as a teenager and man in his 20s. The book was finished when he was in his late 80s, it was published in English in 1964. Edgar Degas was a close friend of a family friend too. With André Spire, whom he had met in the Cooperation des Idées, he founded the Université populaire. Despite his early stand as a pro-Dreyfusard, he became a supporter of the political right. Following the 6 February 1934 crisis, he lost all trust in parliamentary institutions. Despite his Jewish descent, he publicly declared that following 6 February 1934 he was now a "man of the extreme right". Although he abhorred Italian Fascism and German National Socialism, he went on to support Marshal Philippe Pétain's Vichy regime.

The radicalisation of the right wing would accelerate after the election of the Popular Front in 1936 and the Spanish Civil War. La vie de Frédéric Nietzsche Vauban Essai sur l'acceleration de l'histoire Michelet Pays parisiens, autobiographical writings on his youth Degas parle.... In English My Friend Degas Silvera, Alain. Daniel Halevy and His Times. Cornell University Press Works by Daniel Halévy at Project GutenbergGeorges Sorel, Letter to Daniel Halevy