London Victoria station
Victoria station known as London Victoria, is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in Victoria, in the City of Westminster, managed by Network Rail. Named after the nearby Victoria Street, the main line station is a terminus of the Brighton main line to Gatwick Airport and Brighton and the Chatham main line to Ramsgate and Dover via Chatham. From the main lines, trains can connect to the Catford Loop Line, Dartford Loop Line, the Oxted line to East Grinstead and Uckfield. Southern operates most commuter and regional services to south London and parts of east Surrey, while Southeastern operates trains to south east London and Kent. Gatwick Express trains run direct to Gatwick; the Underground station is on the Circle and District lines between Sloane Square and St. James's Park, the Victoria line between Pimlico and Green Park; the area around the station is an important interchange for other forms of transport: a local bus station is in the forecourt and Victoria Coach Station is nearby.
Victoria was built to serve both the Brighton and Chatham main lines, has always had a "split" feel of being two separate stations. The Brighton station opened in 1860 with the Chatham station following two years later, it replaced a temporary terminus at Pimlico and construction involved building the Grosvenor Bridge over the River Thames. It became popular as a London terminus, causing delays and requiring upgrades and rebuilding, it was well known for luxury Pullman train services and continental boat train trips and became a focal point for soldiers during World War I. Like other London termini, steam trains were phased out of Victoria by the 1960s, to be replaced by suburban electric and diesel multiple unit services. Despite the end of international services following the opening of the Channel Tunnel, Victoria still remains an important London station, its Underground facilities, in particular, suffer from overcrowding; the Gatwick Express service provides easy access between Central London and Gatwick Airport for international travellers.
The station complex is in Victoria in the City of Westminster south of the London Inner Ring Road. It is located south of Victoria Street, east of Buckingham Palace Road and west of Vauxhall Bridge Road. Several different railways lead into the station line by way of Grosvenor Bridge from the south west and south east, it is one of 19 stations managed by Network Rail. It has been a Grade II listed building since 1970. Victoria Coach Station is about 300 metres south-west of the railway stations, it serves all parts of the UK and mainland Europe. London Buses routes 2, 11, 13, 16, 24, 36, 38, 44, 52, 148, 170, 185, 211, 390, 507, C1, C2 and C10 and night routes N2, N11, N16, N38, N44, N73 and N136 serve the station at the Victoria bus station or neighbouring streets. By 1850, railways serving destinations to the south of London had three termini available – London Bridge, Bricklayers' Arms and Waterloo. All three were inconvenient for Central London as they terminated south of the river Thames, whereas the main centres of population and government were north of the river in the City of London, the West End and Westminster.
Victoria Station was designed in a piecemeal fashion to help address this problem for the London Brighton and South Coast Railway and the London Chatham and Dover Railway. It consisted of two adjacent main line railway stations which, from the viewpoint of passengers, were unconnected; the London and Brighton Railway terminus at London Bridge provided reasonable access to the City of London but was inconvenient for travellers to and from Westminster. As early as 1842 John Urpeth Rastrick had proposed that the railway should build a branch to serve the West End, but his proposal was unsuccessful. However, the transfer of the Crystal Palace from Hyde Park to Sydenham Hill between 1851 and 1854 created a major tourist attraction in the rural area south of London, the LB&SCR opened a branch line from the Brighton main line at Sydenham to the site in 1854. While this was under construction the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway planned a line from Crystal Palace, to a new station at Battersea Wharf, at the southern end of the new Chelsea Bridge.
Despite its location, the new station was called Pimlico. It opened on 27 March 1858, but was much regarded as a temporary terminus, composed of a small number of wooden huts, positioned next to a proposed bridge over the Thames. Shortly afterwards the LB&SCR leased most of the lines of the new railway, built a further connection from Crystal Palace to the Brighton main line at Norwood Junction, thereby providing itself with a route into west London, although it was recognised that a terminus would be needed on the north side of the river. During the summer of 1857 a scheme for an independent "Grosvenor Basin Terminus" in the West End of London, "for the use of the Southern Railways of England" was mooted; the station was referred to as the "Grosvenor Terminus" but renamed Victoria as it was sited at the end of Victoria Street. Three other railway companies were seeking a terminus in Westminster: the Great Western, the London & North Western, the East Kent Railway; the first two had rail access to Battersea through their joint ownership of the West London Line with the LB&SCR.
In 1858, the EKR leased the remaining lines of the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway from Shortlands railway station, negotiated temporary running powers over the lines acquired by the LB&SCR, pending the construction of its own line into west London. On 23 July 1859 these four companies together formed
Multimap.com was a United Kingdom based provider of mapping and location-based services. It was acquired by Microsoft in 2007 and merged into Bing Maps in 2010. Multimap.com was founded circa 1997. It offered street maps and door-to-door travel directions on a public web site. Other offerings included aerial photographs, local information, business services. Services were offered through its partners, including accommodation and train-ticket booking, it sold historic and aerial photograph prints. In 2004 the public web site delivered more than 160 million page views per month and received more than 7.3 million unique users per quarter. Unlike online maps such as Google Maps, Multimap offered discrete panning by clicking links, a form of user interaction displaced by continuous panning'slippy' maps; the Geo microformat is used to provide a Wikipedia map overlay generated from the official database download. This is used to browse geotagged articles. In December 2007, the company was bought by Microsoft.
In 2010 it was merged into Microsoft's Bing Maps service. OpenStreetMap Bing Maps
Valley railway station
Valley railway station is a railway station that serves the village of Valley in Anglesey, Wales. It is the last station before the western terminus of the North Wales Coast Line at Holyhead, it serves the nearby RAF base and Anglesey Airport. Opened in 1849, there was a siding for a nearby corn mill. Improvements during the 19th century included extension to the station buildings in 1870 and lengthening of the platforms in 1889. In 1962 transfer sidings were put in place near the station used for the dispatch by rail of spent fuel from the Wylfa nuclear power station and in 1989 sidings for turning steam locomotives were put in place; the station was one of many small ones on the line closed in February 1966 as a result of the Beeching Axe, but it reopened to passenger trains in March 1982 after a sustained lobbying campaign by local residents. The westbound platform and waiting room were both demolished after the initial closure, but replacements were constructed prior to reopening; the Grade II listed station signal box remains in use to supervise the B4545 level crossing here in addition to the aforementioned sidings.
The station is unstaffed and has no ticket machine, so all tickets have to be purchased prior to travel or on the train. Train running information is offered via digital CIS displays and timetable posters. Step-free access is provided to both sides via the level crossing. There is a two-hourly weekday service in each direction from the station, with a few additional morning and evening departures. Most eastbound trains run to Wrexham General and Birmingham International, although a small number run to either Crewe or Cardiff; the Sunday service is limited and runs to/from Crewe with one service to Wrexham and Cardiff. Trains only stop here on request. Mitchell, Vic. Bangor to Holyhead. West Sussex: Middleton Press. Figs. 54-58. ISBN 9781908174017. OCLC 795179106. Train times and station information for Valley railway station from National Rail
National Rail in the United Kingdom is the trading name licensed for use by the Rail Delivery Group, an unincorporated association whose membership consists of the passenger train operating companies of England and Wales. The TOCs run the passenger services provided by the British Railways Board, from 1965 using the brand name British Rail. Northern Ireland, bordered by the Republic of Ireland, has a different system. National Rail services share a ticketing structure and inter-availability that do not extend to services which were not part of British Rail; the name and the accompanying double arrow symbol are trademarks of the Secretary of State for Transport. National Rail should not be confused with Network Rail. National Rail is a brand used to promote passenger railway services, providing some harmonisation for passengers in ticketing, while Network Rail is the organisation which owns and manages most of the fixed assets of the railway network, including tracks and signals; the two coincide where passenger services are run.
Most major Network Rail lines carry freight traffic and some lines are freight only. There are some scheduled passenger services on managed, non-Network Rail lines, for example Heathrow Express, which runs on Network Rail track; the London Underground overlaps with Network Rail in places. Twenty eight owned train operating companies, each franchised for a defined term by government, operate passenger trains on the main rail network in Great Britain; the Rail Delivery Group is the trade association representing the TOCs and provides core services, including the provision of the National Rail Enquiries service. It runs Rail Settlement Plan, which allocates ticket revenue to the various TOCs, Rail Staff Travel, which manages travel facilities for railway staff, it does not compile the national timetable, the joint responsibility of the Office of Rail Regulation and Network Rail. Since the privatisation of British Rail there is no longer a single approach to design on railways in Great Britain; the look and feel of signage and marketing material is the preserve of the individual TOCs.
However, National Rail continues to use BR's famous double-arrow symbol, designed by Gerald Burney of the Design Research Unit. It has been incorporated in the National Rail logotype and is displayed on tickets, the National Rail website and other publicity; the trademark rights to the double arrow symbol remain state-owned, being vested in the Secretary of State for Transport. The double arrow symbol is used to indicate a railway station on British traffic signs; the National Rail logo was introduced by ATOC in 1999, was used on the Great Britain public timetable for the first time in the edition valid from 26 September in that year. Rules for its use are set out in the Corporate Identity Style Guidelines published by the Rail Delivery Group, available on its website. "In 1964 the Design Research Unit—Britain’s first multi-disciplinary design agency founded in 1943 by Misha Black, Milner Gray and Herbert Read—was commissioned to breathe new life into the nation’s neglected railway industry".
The NR title is sometimes described as a "brand". As it was used by British Rail, the single operator before franchising, its use maintains continuity and public familiarity; the lettering used in the National Rail logotype is a modified form of the typeface Sassoon Bold. Some train operating companies continue to use the former British Rail Rail Alphabet lettering to varying degrees in station signage, although its use is no longer universal; the British Rail typefaces of choice from 1965 were Helvetica and Univers, with others coming into use during the sectorisation period after 1983. TOCs may use what they like: examples include Futura, Frutiger, a modified version of Precious by London Midland. Although TOCs compete against each other for franchises, for passengers on routes where more than one TOC operates, the strapline used with the National Rail logo is'Britain's train companies working together'. Several conurbations have their own metro or tram systems, most of which are not part of National Rail.
These include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, London Tramlink, Blackpool Tramway, Glasgow Subway, Tyne & Wear Metro, Manchester Metrolink, Sheffield Supertram, Midland Metro and Nottingham Express Transit. On the other hand, the self-contained Merseyrail system is part of the National Rail network, urban rail networks around Birmingham, Cardiff and West Yorkshire consist of National Rail services. London Overground is a hybrid: its services are operated via a concession awarded by Transport for London, are branded accordingly, but until 2010 all its routes used infrastructure owned by Network Rail. LO now possesses some infrastructure in its own right, following the reopening of the former London Underground East London line as the East London Railway. Since all the previous LO routes were operated by National Rail franchise Silverlink until November 2007, they have continued to be shown in the National Rail timetable and are still considered to be a part of National Rail.
Heathrow Express and Eurostar are not part of the National Rail network despite sharing of stations. Northern Ireland Railways were
Virginia Water railway station
Virginia Water railway station serves the village of Virginia Water, in Surrey, England. It is 23 miles 15 chains down the line from London Waterloo; the station, all trains serving it, are operated by South Western Railway. The Waterloo to Reading Line and the Chertsey Branch Line join here with the platforms at the junction, as seen in the photograph. Trains from Weybridge and to Reading use either side of a V-shaped platform, allowing cross-platform interchange; the line from Staines to Ascot including this station, was opened by the London and South Western Railway on 4 June 1856. A chord south of the station connected the Chertsey and Reading lines; the station received a new station building in 1973 by British Rail treated to Wokingham and Sunningdale, from prefabricated concrete. The building is at the right of the photograph; the station had until 2017 a bridge between the platforms at the north end of the station, making disabled access to platforms 2-4 difficult. In 2017 a new bridge opened just south of the station building.
All platforms are now accessible for wheel-chairs. Virginia Water station has four platforms. Platform 1 - Semi-fast trains to London Waterloo via Richmond. Platform 2 - Trains to Reading. Platform 3 - Stopping service to London Waterloo via Hounslow. Platform 4 - Trains to Weybridge. In trains per hour, Monday to Saturday, there are: 4 to London Waterloo, of which: 2 are semi-fast, via Twickenham & Richmond 2 are stopping via Hounslow 2 to Reading 2 to Weybridge,On Sundays, the via Hounslow stopping trains run hourly & the two Weybridge locals are replaced by one to/from Woking calling at the same stations as far as Addlestone Byfleet and New Haw & West Byfleet. Train times and station information for Virginia Water railway station from National Rail
Manchester Victoria station
Manchester Victoria station in Manchester, England is a combined mainline railway station and Metrolink tram stop. Situated to the north of the city centre on Hunts Bank, close to Manchester Cathedral, it adjoins Manchester Arena, constructed on part of the former station site in the 1990s. Opened in 1844 and part of the Manchester station group, Victoria is Manchester's third busiest railway station after Piccadilly and Oxford Road and the second busiest station managed by Northern after Oxford Road; the station hosts local and regional services to destinations in Northern England, such as Blackburn, Bradford, Newcastle, Halifax, Southport and Liverpool using the original Liverpool to Manchester line. Most trains calling at Victoria are operated by Northern. TransPennine Express services call at the station from Liverpool to Newcastle /Scarborough and services towards Manchester Airport from Middlesbrough/Newcastle. Manchester Victoria is a major interchange for the Metrolink light rail system.
Several former railway lines into the station have been converted to tram operation. The line to Bury was converted in the early 1990s in the first phase of Metrolink construction and the line through Oldham to Rochdale was converted during 2009–2014. Trams switch to on-street running when they emerge from Victoria Station and continue southwards through the city centre to Piccadilly or Deansgate-Castlefield. In 2009, Victoria was voted the worst category B interchange station in the United Kingdom; the station underwent a two-year £44 million modernisation programme, completed in August 2015. Renovation entailed electrification of lines through the station, renewed Metrolink stop with an additional platform, restoration of listed features, upgraded retail units, a new roof; the Ordsall Chord directly linking Victoria to Oxford Road and Piccadilly was completed in December 2017. In the Northern Hub proposals, Victoria will become the rail hub for TransPennine Express and Northern Connect services by the end of 2020 with passenger numbers expected to rise to 12 million as a result.
The Manchester and Leeds Railway was founded in 1836 and the company began building its line between Manchester and Leeds in 1837. Its line terminated at Manchester Oldham Road which opened on 3 July 1839; the company realised it would be advantageous to join its line to the Liverpool and Manchester Railway creating a through route from Liverpool to Yorkshire with a joint station serving the centre of Manchester. In 1839 Samuel Brooks, vice-chairman of the M&LR, bought land at Hunt's Bank close to the cathedral and presented it to the company for the new station; the site was on the north bank of the River Irk, between the workhouse to the north which had opened in 1793 and Walker's Croft Cemetery to the south. After several years of negotiations between the companies, work started in 1842; the M&LR built an extension from Miles Platting to the station which opened on 1 January 1844. On this date, the Oldham Road terminus became a goods station; the new station had a 852 ft long single platform which handled M&LR trains to Leeds and elsewhere at its eastern end.
The L&MR extended its line from Ordsall to Victoria and its trains operated from the western end from 4 May 1844, on which date its Liverpool Road station terminus became a goods station. The station was named Victoria in 1843, its long, single-storey building designed by George Stephenson and completed by John Brogden was approached by a wooden footbridge over the River Irk before the river was culverted. Most of the original 1844 station buildings are standing including part of the original façade on Hunt's Bank; the L&MR became part of the Grand Junction Railway in 1845, which in turn amalgamated with other railways to create the London and North Western Railway in 1846, the M&LR amalgamated with other railways to create the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway the following year. The headquarters of the L&YR were based alongside Victoria. By the mid-1840s six railway companies operated from the station connecting Manchester to London, Liverpool and Sheffield. Victoria Station dominated the Long Millgate area and was one of the biggest passenger stations in Britain.
Victoria underwent several phases of expansion. In 1865, four bay platforms were built on the eastern side on land reclaimed from the cemetery, another was built on the western side, a second through platform was built at the northern side, the station's facilities were expanded by the construction of a new east wing of the station building. Two decades the L&YR purchased the workhouse north of the station and its site was used to build another bay and five through platforms which came into use in 1884; that same year, the LNWR opened its own station, Manchester Exchange to the west on the opposite side of the River Irwell, vacated Victoria. Victoria reached its maximum extent of 17 platforms in 1904 when the station was enlarged with extra bay platforms to the south; the present station façade, designed by William Dawes, was built in 1909. The cast-iron train sheds behind the façade were 700 yards long; because the station handled large amounts of parcel and newspaper traffic, an overhead parcels carrier system was constructed in 1895.
It consisted of an electrically powered trolley suspended from an overhead track operated by an airborne attendant. A large basket could be raised and lowered from the trolley to distribute parcels and newspapers across the station; the system operated until 1940. The L&YR merged with the LNWR on 1 January 1922. A year the merged company became the largest constituent of the London and Scottish Railway. F
Vauxhall is a National Rail, London Underground and London Buses interchange station in central London. It is at the Vauxhall Cross road junction opposite the southern approach to Vauxhall Bridge over the River Thames in the district of Vauxhall; the mainline station is run by the South Western Railway and is the first stop on the South Western main line from London Waterloo towards Clapham Junction and the south-west. The Underground station is on the Victoria line and the station is close to St George Wharf Pier for river services; the station was opened by the London and South Western Railway in 1848 as "Vauxhall Bridge Station". It was rebuilt in 1856 after a large fire, given its current name in 1862. In the early 20th century, Vauxhall saw significant use as a stop for trains delivering milk from across the country into London; the tube station opened in 1971 as part of the Victoria line extension towards Brixton, while the bus station opened in 2004. It remains an important local interchange on the London transport network.
The station sits just to the east of Vauxhall Bridge, on a viaduct with eight platforms, straddling South Lambeth Road and South Lambeth Place, alongside Vauxhall Cross. On the National Rail network it is the next station on the South Western main line along from London Waterloo, 1 mile 29 chains to the south-west. On the Underground it is on the Victoria line between Pimlico to the north and Stockwell to the south; the area has several surrounding railways, including the line from Victoria to Streatham. The station is on the boundary of zones 1 and 2 of the London Travelcard area and, although a through station, it is classed as a central London terminus for ticketing purposes. Vauxhall bus station is across the road from the railway station, it has a photovoltaic roof supplying much of its electricity, caters for around 2,000 buses per day. The station is incorporated within the Nine Elms to Waterloo Viaduct, it was opened by the London and South Western Railway as "Vauxhall Bridge Station" on 11 July 1848 when the main line was extended from Nine Elms to Waterloo known as "Waterloo Bridge Station".
The viaduct was constructed to minimize property disturbances. In the period when Vauxhall was opened, there was no way for an inspector to move through the length of a train to check tickets, so it was used as a ticket stop, like several other stations. Having arrived at Vauxhall, the train would stop for as long as necessary while all tickets could be examined and collected. On 13 April 1856, the station caught fire and was totally destroyed; the line was repaired and services through to Waterloo resumed without much delay. After being rebuilt, the station was renamed "Vauxhall" in 1862. In the same year, the LSWR widened the main line through the station. Vauxhall was remodelled in 1936. In 1921, United Dairies opened a major milk bottling plant opposite Vauxhall station. Subsequently, milk trains stopped at the station; the regular daily milk train was from Torrington, but services from all over the West Country would stop at Clapham Junction in the evening, reduce their length by half so that they did not block Vauxhall station while unloading.
They would proceed to Vauxhall, pull into the Up Windsor Local platform, where a discharge pipe was provided to the creamery on the other side of the road. There was pedestrian access from below the station, under the road to the depot, in the tunnel where the pipeline ran. Unloaded trains would proceed to Waterloo, where they would reverse and return to Clapham Junction to pick up the other half of the train; the procedure was repeated, so that the entire milk train was unloaded between the end of evening peak traffic and the start of the following morning. In 2017, work began to modernise the station layout and reduce congestion as part of an £800 million works programme to improve access to Waterloo; the existing lift was replaced and a new staircase was added between platforms 7 and 8 and the concourse. The first proposed underground station at Vauxhall was as part of the West and South London Junction Railway; the line was intended to connect Paddington to Oval via Vauxhall, crossing the River Thames downstream of Vauxhall Bridge.
It was rejected in January 1901 for failing to comply with Standing Orders and giving correct notice of eviction, the plans were shelved. Another abandoned scheme to connect Cannon Street with Wimbledon would have seen an interchange at Vauxhall; the current deep tube London Underground station is on the Victoria line, the first major post-war underground project in Central London. The line was given approval to be extended from Victoria underneath the Thames to Vauxhall in March 1966. To construct the escalator shaft, the ground beneath it was frozen with brine; the station platforms were designed by Design Research Unit and decorated with a motif from the 19th-century Vauxhall Gardens. At the same time, Vauxhall Cross road junction was rebuilt in order to accommodate the new Underground station, it was opened on 23 July 1971 by Princess Alexandra. In October 1982, the first automated ticketing system on the Underground was installed at Vauxhall on an experimental basis; the two machines were a "Tenfare" which sold the ten most popular single tickets, "Allfare" which supplied single and return tickets to any tube station.
The experiment ran until July 1983, was subsequently used in the design of the rollout of the Underground ticketing system across the network. The bus station