Great Court, University of Queensland
Great Court is a heritage-listed university colonnade at the University of Queensland, St Lucia, City of Brisbane, Australia. It was designed by Jack Hennessy and built from 1937 to 1979, it was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 8 March 2002. Proposals for a university in Queensland began in the 1870s. A Royal Commission in 1874, chaired by Sir Charles Lilley, recommended the immediate establishment of a university; those against a university argued that technical rather than academic education was more important in an economy dominated by primary industry. Those in favour of the university, in the face of this opposition, distanced themselves from Oxford and Cambridge and proposed instead a model derived from the mid-western states of the USA. A second Royal Commission in 1891 recommended the inclusion of five faculties in a new university. Education was given a low priority in Queensland's budgets, in a colony with a literacy rate of 57% in 1861, primary education was the first concern well ahead of secondary and technical education.
The government, despite the findings of the Royal Commissions, was unwilling to commit funds to the establishment of a university. In 1893 the Queensland University Extension Movement was begun by a group of private individuals who organised public lecture courses in adult education, hoping to excite wider community support for a university in Queensland. In 1894, 245 students were enrolled in the extension classes and the lectures were described as practical and useful. In 1906 the University Extension Movement staged the University Congress, a forum for interested delegates to promote the idea of a university. Opinion was mobilised, a fund was started and a draft Bill for a Queensland University was prepared. Stress was laid on the practical aspects of university education and its importance for the commerce of Queensland; the proceedings of the Congress were forwarded to Queensland Premier William Kidston. In October 1906, sixty acres in Victoria Park were gazetted for university purposes.
The University of Queensland was established by an Act of State Parliament on December 10, 1909 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Queensland's separation from the colony of New South Wales. The Act allowed for the university to be governed by a senate of 20 men and Sir William MacGregor, the incoming Governor, was appointed the first chancellor with Reginald Heber Roe as the vice chancellor. Government House in George Street was set aside for the University following the departure of the Governor to the Bardon residence Fernberg, sparking the first debates about the best location for the university. In 1910 the first teaching faculties were created; these included Engineering, Classics and Chemistry. In December of the same year, the Senate appointed the first four professors. In 1911 the first students enrolled. From the start there was controversy about a permanent site for the University. Old Government House was too small and was seen by many as evidence of government parsimony. There was not much room for expansion and there were conflicts with the neighbouring Brisbane Central Technical College.
Victoria Park had been chosen in 1906 for a permanent site and in 1922 a further 170 acres were vested in the University. The high cost of preparing the steeply sloping land at Victoria Park for building made it a less than ideal site despite its central location and proximity to the Royal Brisbane Hospital. Yeronga Park and St Lucia were considered as options, but in 1926 the whole issue was transformed when Dr James O'Neil Mayne and Miss Mary Emelia Mayne made £50,000 available to the Brisbane City Council to resume land at St Lucia and present it to the University. Opinion was divided with Professor Steele and many members of the medical profession against St Lucia because of its isolation and lack of public transport. A meeting of the Senate, on the 10 December, voted for the St Lucia site on the condition that the city council provided access; those voting for St Lucia included Archbishop James Duhig, Edwin James Droughton Stanley, Alexander Clifford Vernon Melbourne and Professor Henry Caselli Richards.
Dr Lockhart Gibson, Chancellor Andrew Joseph Thynne and Archbishop Gerald Sharp were amongst those who voted for Victoria Park. In 1930 the Senate handed over Victoria Park, less eleven acres reserved for a medical school, to the Brisbane City Council in exchange for the St Lucia site. During the years of the Depression that followed the university suffered progressive reduction of government funding. Cuts were made to both staff salaries and numbers while student numbers trebled between 1923 and 1933. There was no prospect of building the new university until 1935 when the Premier, William Forgan Smith, announced that the Queensland Government would undertake construction at St Lucia; this was one of the three major development projects initiated in the mid 1930s by the Queensland Government to create employment, the others being the Somerset Dam on the Stanley River and the Story Bridge. The University Senate called for and received schemes from various enthusiasts, including Professor Roger Hawken, Dr Frederick Walter Robinson, Andrew Baxter Leven and Dr John Bradfield.
Taking ideas from these suggestions the Senate committee produced its own preliminary design. The principle building, containing Arts and administration, was E-shaped and enclosed one side of an arcaded quadrangle. Related outer buildings contained Engineering, Medicine, Chemistry, Geology, a museum and a teachers' training college; the Queensland Government, despite hop
Queensland Brain Institute
The Queensland Brain Institute is an Australian neuroscience research institute, located in Brisbane at the St Lucia campus of The University of Queensland. Founding director Professor Perry Bartlett established the QBI in 2003 with assistance from The University of Queensland, Queensland State Government, Chuck Feeney, founder of The Atlantic Philanthropies; the current building commissioned in 2004 and on 19 November 2007, the current purpose-built facility was opened by former Queensland Premier Anna Bligh. Since 2015, Professor Pankaj Sah has been Institute director. Professor Linda Richards is the Deputy Director; the Institute is one of nine institutes at The University of Queensland, including the Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, the Translational Research Institute, the Institute for Molecular Bioscience. Research at QBI focuses on the fundamental mechanisms of brain function and its application to brain diseases and disorders; as of 2015, the Institute housed about students.
Four research centres exist within QBI: The Science of Learning Research Centre, established in 2010 The Clem Jones Centre for Ageing Dementia Research, established in 2013. The Asia-Pacific Centre for Neuromodulation, established in 2012 focuses on using deep brain stimulation to advance diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases. Joint Sino-Australian Laboratory of Brainnetome, a joint initiative with the Chinese Academy of Sciences' Institute of Automation, in Beijing, it uses computational techniques. Official Website
Customs House, Brisbane
Customs House is a heritage-listed customs house at 427 Queen Street, Brisbane CBD, City of Brisbane, Australia. It was designed by Charles H McLay and built from 1886 to 1889 at a cost of ₤38,346 by John Petrie & Son, it was used for the collection of customs duty and was opened in 1889, when Queensland was a British colony, replacing the original Customs House located at Petrie Bight. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 7 February 2005; the collection of custom duties on imported products was important to Queensland where the manufacturing sector was slow to develop. Brisbane was declared a port city in 1846. In 1908, seven years after federation, the building was acquired by the federal government. Customs House is within reach of the CityCat catamaran ferry service, as well as the Free Loop Bus; the Brisbane Customs House was erected at the northern end of the Town Reach of the Brisbane River, near Petrie's Bight, between 1886 and 1889 to a design prepared by Charles McLay of the Queensland Colonial Architect's Office.
The 1880s building replaced an much smaller customs house on the site. The location had been chosen in 1849 following the declaration of Moreton Bay as a port of entry in 1846 and after considerable discussion as to the most suitable location for a customs house. At the time shipping activity was centred on the South Brisbane Reach and the decision to locate a customs house at the northern end of the Town Reach acted as an impetus for the development of wharves along this part of the river. A small building was erected for customs purposes in 1850 and in the following decades became inadequate as Brisbane emerged as the principal commercial centre and port of Queensland. In 1884 the Queensland Government decided to construct a new customs house. In March 1886 a design by Charles McLay was selected from many proposals in the Colonial Architect's Office for a new Brisbane Customs House. McLay completed the specification in construction commenced in September that year. Charles McLay was the major designer under the colonial architect George Connolly and was appointed Chief Draftsman in 1889.
His works include the Bundaberg Post Office the Fortitude Post Office and the Lady Norman Wing Brisbane Children's Hospital, of which the Brisbane Customs House is by far the most ambitious and prominent design. The contract was let to one of Brisbane's oldest and most respected contractors, John Petrie & Son, who tendered with a price of £37,342; the contract time was 30 months but because of difficulties with the supply of some materials stone for the foundations, alterations to the original plans, the building took longer than anticipated to complete and it was opened on 2 September 1889. Retaining walls, fencing, a double staircase down to the river and nearby earth closets were constructed; the completed building incorporated pedimented a massive colonnade. Heraldic scenes in the pediments were precursors to the official Queensland coat of arms, not granted until 1893. A curved iron balustrade to the balconies included the initials of the reigning sovereign, Victoria Regina, in the cast.
Red cedar was used extensively for desks, counters and tables as well as for a massive and elegant staircase. The Brisbane Customs House was built during a period of economic prosperity and a construction "boom" in Queensland and was amongst the more impressive of a number of notable public and commercial buildings erected in Brisbane during the 1880s, which included the first stage of the Treasury Building. Public pride in the new customs house was considerable. On 7 September 1889, a few days after the building was opened for business, the local Brisbane Courier newspaper drew attention to "the handsome and imposing appearance as seen from the river or from Petrie's Bight" and predicted that the Brisbane Customs House with its tall columns and large copper-sheathed dome would "become one of the features of the city". In 1891 stables, additional retaining walls and fencing, more earth closets were erected at a cost of £446. By the mid-1890s gardens and a driveway had been developed; the mature fig tree now at the site was planted about this time.
Minor repairs were carried out throughout the 1890s, including some work in 1895 after 7 feet of water inundated the basement during the 1893 Brisbane River floods. As a consequence of the Federation of Australia, the Brisbane Customs House, valued at £80,804, was transferred to the Australian Government by December 1908. In 1906 the inadequacies of the original flat roof were overcome by the installation of a new hipped roof. Rearrangement of counters and partitions in the Long Room was carried out in 1911 and again in 1919. Minor repairs and maintenance work was carried out to the interior of the building in succeeding decades. In 1947 major internal alterations were undertaken: all but two of the internal masonry walls were demolished. In 1978 part of the exterior was cleaned and sealed and painted. In the mid-1980s the Australian Customs Department moved out of the building to Australia House; the building became redundant when port facilities moved to the Port of Brisbane at the mouth of the Brisbane River, resulting in its closure in April 1988.
The building remained vacant from 1988. The university reburbished the building from 1991 to 1994 at a cost of A$7.5 m
Residential colleges of the University of Queensland
There are eleven residential colleges of the University of Queensland. On the St Lucia campus. Was the first of the Colleges on the St Lucia campus in June 1954, admitted men only until it became co-ed in 1973. Founded in 1950 and funded by a generous gift from the Hancock family. Hosted the Queensland Youth Aerospace Forum in 2006, 2007, 2008 Its emblem is a lion Has five buildings named after influential people in Cromwell's history: North, Thatcher, Begbie Jarvis and Hancock. On the St Lucia Campus, among ten other university residential colleges. Founded in 1937 at Stuartholme College in Toowong, by a collaboration of the university, the Catholic Archdiocese and under the auspices of the Sisters of the Sacred Heart, at the request of Archbishop James Duhig Moved to St Lucia after a new collegiate building was constructed at the university for it in 1959. Named after Rose Philippine Duchesne, a French woman, instrumental in bringing the Society of the Sacred Heart to America from France. One of three all-female colleges on the campus.
Accommodates 212 students. In 2009, the college opened the Rose Philippine Wing. Mission is to provide accommodation for rural and regional students who wish to study at UQ,QUT or ACU. Academic program encompasses 70+ discipline-based tutorials each week, language courses, SuperTutes, MasterClasses, visiting scholars, academic mentoring. Up to $500,000 in scholarships and bursaries offered to students annually. Hosts Emmanuel 7s annual rugby sevens tournament organised by the Students' Club. Hosts annual Theatre Restaurant run by the Students' Club, its eleven wings are named after influential people in the College's history: Busch, Drewe, Gibson, Henderson, MacGregor, Martin and Merrington. Boasts more alumni who have played for the Wallabies than any other College at UQ. On-site basketball/netball court, squash courts and cardio gym. Student fees include access to pool; the Emmanuel Centre for the Study of Science and Society, an interdisciplinary research centre within Emmanuel College, supports inquiry that meets the challenge of relating the historic Christian faith to the academy.
Women only After IH, ahead of Johns, has the most international students, "with more than one-third of our residents coming from outside Australia" Located at the St Lucia Campus Opened in 1970 Residents referred to as Gracies Smallest Residential College on campus Sister college of Kings Main university residential facilities for the Gatton campus. Largest residential college associated with the University of Queensland Established in 1897 making it the oldest college with the University of Queensland 436 rooms Students at the Halls study within the Faculty of Science Divided into four Halls Shelton, Pitt and Riddell Commonly abbreviated as IH, located at the St Lucia campus. Founded in 1965. Planning for the college commenced in 1955 through the Rotary Club of Brisbane and as part of the celebrations to mark the 50th anniversary of Rotary International. Unique architectural design, blending elements of Asian and Australian architecture; when International House opened in 1965 Ivor Cribb was appointed Warden.
Provide catered accommodation for 200 undergraduate students, self-catered accommodation for 38 postgraduate and undergraduate students 25 years and over. International House is divided into 11 buildings or "towers": A to I for most undergraduate students and Towers J and K for postgraduate students and undergraduate students 25 years and over. International House has 50 % international. International House hosts. International House hosts'Soiree' its annual multi-cultural festival. Known for its accepting nature and multi-cultural atmosphere. At the St Lucia Campus Accommodation for 317 students of the University; the college has produced 5 recipients of 43 University Medalists. History: In 1901, the Methodist Conference of Queensland began to send candidates for ministry to Queen's College, Melbourne, a college which combined both theological education and a resident college; this became the model for King's. The college was first opened on 14 June 1913 at Kangaroo Point, the original location of the University of Queensland, moved in 1954 to the new campus at St Lucia.
Masters 1913–1915: Rev M. Scott Fletcher 1916–1923: Rev L. E. Bennett 1924–1959: Rev H. H. Trigge 1960–1986: Rev I. H. Grimmett 1986–1991: Rev I. G. Mavor 1992–2004: Rev J. Patton 2005-: G. C. EddyAbout King's College King's College provides accommodation for 317 women and men of the University of Queensland and Brisbane based universities; the College operates as an academic residential community of undergraduate and postgraduate members drawn from country and suburban areas throughout Australia as well as many other nations. King's has a well-equipped gymnasium, swimming pool, rowing shed and pontoon, tutorial/study rooms, Old Collegians Learning Centre, barbecue facilities, half basketball court and extensive well lit car-parks; the Junior Common Room is equipped with satellite billiard table and table tennis table. St John's College is a co-educational residential college on the St Lucia Campus. St John's is the equal oldest college in affiliation with the University; the college was founded in 1911 – the same year The University of Queensland accepted its first students – and is home to 300 students.
Facilities include the Stanley Law Library, the general library, the Gibson Room for biomedical studies (anatomy and histology, speech therapy and p
Postgraduate education, or graduate education in North America, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree is required, it is considered to be part of higher education. In North America, this level is referred to as graduate school; the organization and structure of postgraduate education varies in different countries, as well as in different institutions within countries. This article outlines the basic types of courses and of teaching and examination methods, with some explanation of their history. There are two main types of degrees studied for at the postgraduate level: academic and vocational degrees; the term degree in this context means the moving from one stage or level to another, first appeared in the 13th century. Although systems of higher education date back to ancient Greece, ancient Rome, ancient India and Arabian Peninsula, the concept of postgraduate education depends upon the system of awarding degrees at different levels of study, can be traced to the workings of European medieval universities Italians.
University studies took six years for a bachelor's degree and up to twelve additional years for a master's degree or doctorate. The first six years taught the faculty of the arts, the study of the seven liberal arts: arithmetic, astronomy, music theory, grammar and rhetoric; the main emphasis was on logic. Once a Bachelor of Arts degree had been obtained, the student could choose one of three faculties—law, medicine, or theology—in which to pursue master's or doctor's degrees; the degrees of master and doctor were for some time equivalent, "the former being more in favour at Paris and the universities modeled after it, the latter at Bologna and its derivative universities. At Oxford and Cambridge a distinction came to be drawn between the Faculties of Law and Theology and the Faculty of Arts in this respect, the title of Doctor being used for the former, that of Master for the latter." Because theology was thought to be the highest of the subjects, the doctorate came to be thought of as higher than the master's.
The main significance of the higher, postgraduate degrees was that they licensed the holder to teach. In most countries, the hierarchy of postgraduate degrees is: Master's degrees; these are sometimes placed in a further hierarchy, starting with degrees such as the Master of Arts and Master of Science degrees the Master of Philosophy degree, the Master of Letters degree. In the UK, master's degrees may be taught or by research: taught master's degrees include the Master of Science and Master of Arts degrees which last one year and are worth 180 CATS credits, whereas the master's degrees by research include the Master of Research degree which lasts one year and is worth 180 CATS or 90 ECTS credits and the Master of Philosophy degree which lasts two years. In Scottish Universities, the Master of Philosophy degree tends to be by research or higher master's degree and the Master of Letters degree tends to be the taught or lower master's degree. In many fields such as clinical social work, or library science in North America, a master's is the terminal degree.
Professional degrees such as the Master of Architecture degree can last to three and a half years to satisfy professional requirements to be an architect. Professional degrees such as the Master of Business Administration degree can last up to two years to satisfy the requirement to become a knowledgeable business leader. Doctorates; these are further divided into academic and professional doctorates. An academic doctorate can be awarded as a Doctor of Philosophy degree or as a Doctor of Science degree; the Doctor of Science degree can be awarded in specific fields, such as a Doctor of Science in Mathematics degree, a Doctor of Agricultural Science degree, a Doctor of Business Administration degree, etc. In some parts of Europe, doctorates are divided into the Doctor of Philosophy degree or "junior doctorate", the "higher doctorates" such as the Doctor of Science degree, awarded to distinguished professors. A doctorate is the terminal degree in most fields. In the United States, there is little distinction between a Doctor of Philosophy degree and a Doctor of Science degree.
In the UK, Doctor of Philosophy degrees are equivalent to 540 CATS credits or 270 ECTS European credits, but this is not always the case as the credit structure of doctoral degrees is not defined. In some countries such as Finland and Sweden, there is the degree of Licentiate, more advanced than a master's degree but less so than a Doctorate. Credits required are about half of those required for a doctoral degree. Coursework requirements are the same as for a doctorate, but the extent of original research required is not as high as for doctorate. Medical doctors for example ar
A business school is a university-level institution that confers degrees in business administration or management. According to Kaplan business schools are "educational institutions that specialize in teaching courses and programs related to business and/or management"; such a school can be known as school of management, school of business administration, or colloquially b-school or biz school. A business school teaches topics such as accounting, strategy, entrepreneurship, human resource management, management science, management information systems, international business, marketing, organizational psychology, organizational behavior, public relations, research methods and real estate among others. There are several forms of business schools, including a school of business, business administration, management. Most of the university business schools consist of faculties, colleges, or departments within the university, predominantly teach business courses. In North America, a business school is understood to be a university program that offers a graduate Master of Business Administration degrees and/or undergraduate bachelor's degrees.
In Europe and Asia, some universities teach predominantly business courses. Owned business school, not affiliated with any university. Kaplan classifies business schools along four Corners: Culture: Independent of their actual location, business schools can be classified according to whether they follow the European or the US model. Compass: Business schools can be classified along a continuum, with international/ global schools on one end and regional/ local schools on the other. Capital: Business schools can either be publicly funded or funded, for example through endowments or tuition fees. Content: Business school can be classified according to whether a school considers teaching or research to be its primary focus. 1759 – The Aula do Comércio in Lisbon was the first institution to specialise in the teaching of accounting in the world. It provided a model for development of similar government-sponsored schools across Europe, closed in 1844. Therefore, the Aula do. 1819 -- The world's first business school, ESCP Europe was in France.
It is the oldest business school in the world and now has campuses in Berlin, Madrid, Paris and Warsaw. 1855 – The Institut Supérieur de Commerce d'Anvers and the Institut Saint-Ignace – École Spéciale de Commerce et d'Industrie were founded in the same year in the city of Antwerp, Belgium. After getting university status in 1965 and after 150 years of business education and rivalry between each other, both merged in 2003 into what became the University of Antwerp. 1857 – The world's first public business school, Budapest Business School was founded in Budapest in Austria-Hungary as the first business school in Central Europe. 1868 – The Ca' Foscari University was founded in Venice. It is one of the oldest in the world. 1871 – The Rouen Business School which has merged with Reims Management School under the name of NEOMA Business School. Rouen Business School is the second oldest French business school. 1871 – The ESC Le Havre was created. Created the same year than Rouen Business School it is the second oldest French business school.
1881 – The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania is the United States' first business school. HEC Paris was established by the Paris Chamber of Commerce. 1892 – The ESC Lille in northern France which has mergered with CERAM Business School under the name of Skema Business School since 2009. 1898 – On the west coast Haas School of Business is established as the College of Commerce of the University of California with Carl Copping Plehn as the Dean in 1898 and became the first public business school. The Booth School of Business The University of Chicago Booth School of Business traces its beginnings to 1898 when university faculty member James Laurence Laughlin chartered the College of Commerce and Politics. 1898 – Handelshochschule Leipzig, today Leipzig Graduate School of Management, was founded as the first Business School in Germany, so it is the oldest university teaching economics in German speaking regions. 1898 – The University of St. Gallen established the first university in Switzerland teaching business and economics.
1900 – The first graduate school of business in the United States, the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College, was founded. The school conferred the first advanced degree in business a Master of Science in Commercial Sciences, the predecessor to the MBA. 1902 – The Birmingham Business School of University of Birmingham is the United Kingdom's first business school. Established as the School of Commerce in Birmingham, United Kingdom. 1903 – The Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management of Université Libre de Bruxelles is the Belgium's first business school created by an entrepreneur Ernest Solvay, founder of the chemistry company Solvay. 1906 – The Department of Commerce was founded as part of McGill University in Montreal, Canada developing into the Desautels Faculty of Management. 1906 – The Warsaw School of Economics was established as the first university in Poland dedicated to teaching commerce and economics. 1907 – HEC Montréal is founded in Montreal, being the first Schoo