A chain store or retail chain is a retail outlet in which several locations share a brand, central management, standardized business practices. They have come to dominate the retail and dining markets, many service categories, in many parts of the world. A franchise retail establishment is one form of chain store. In 2004, the world's largest retail chain, became the world's largest corporation based on gross sales. In 1792, Henry Walton Smith and his wife Anna established W. H. Smith as a news vending business in London that would become a national concern in the mid-19th century under the management of their grandson William Henry Smith; the firm took advantage of the railway boom by opening news-stands at railway stations beginning in 1848. The firm, now called WHSmith, had more than 1,400 locations as of 2017. In the U. S. chain stores began with the founding of The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company in 1859. The small chain sold tea and coffee in stores located in New York City and operated a national mail order business.
The firm grew to 70 stores by 1878 when George Huntington Hartford turned A&P into the country's first grocery chain. In 1900, it operated 200 stores. Isidore and Modeste Dewachter originated the idea of the chain department store in Belgium in 1868, ten years before A&P began offering more than coffee and tea, they started with four locations for Maisons Dewachter: La Louvière, Mons and the tiny crossroads village of Leuze. They incorporated as Dewachter frères on January 1, 1875; the brothers offered ready-to-wear clothing for men and children and specialty clothing such as riding apparel and beachwear. Isidore owned 51% of the company, while his brothers split the remaining 49%. Under Isidore's leadership, Maisons Dewachter would become one of the most recognized names in Belgium and France with stores in 20 cities and towns; some cities had multiple stores, such as France. Louis Dewachter became an internationally known landscape artist, painting under the pseudonym Louis Dewis. By the early 1920s, the U.
S. boasted three national chains: A&P, Woolworth's, United Cigar Stores. By the 1930s, chain stores had come of age, stopped increasing their total market share. Court decisions against the chains' price-cutting appeared as early as 1906, laws against chain stores began in the 1920s, along with legal countermeasures by chain-store groups. A chain store is characterised by the ownership or franchise relationship between the local business or outlet and a controlling business. While chains are "formula retail", a chain refers to ownership or franchise, whereas "formula retail" refers to the characteristics of the business. There is considerable overlap because key characteristic of a formula retail business is that it is controlled as a part of a business relationship, is part of a chain. Most codified municipal regulation relies on definitions of formula retail, in part because a restriction directed to "chains" may be deemed an impermissible restriction on interstate commerce, or as exceeding municipal zoning authority.
Non-codified restrictions will sometimes target "chains". Brick-and-mortar chain stores have been in decline as retail has shifted to online shopping, leading to high retail vacancy rates; the hundred-year-old Radio Shack chain went from 7,400 stores in 2001 to 400 stores in 2018. FYE is the last remaining music chain store in the United States and has shrunk from over 1000 at its height to 270 locations in 2018. In 2019, Payless ShoeSource stated that it would be closing all remaining 2,100 stores in the US. A restaurant chain is a set of related restaurants in many different locations that are either under shared corporate ownership or franchising agreements; the restaurants within a chain are built to a standard format through architectural prototype development and offer a standard menu and/or services. Fast food restaurants are the most common, but sit-down restaurant chains exist. Restaurant chains are found near highways, shopping malls and tourist areas; the displacement of independent businesses by chains has sparked increased collaboration among independent businesses and communities to prevent chain proliferation.
These efforts include community-based organizing through Independent Business Alliances and "buy local" campaigns. In the U. S. trade organizations such as the American Booksellers Association and American Specialty Toy Retailers do national promotion and advocacy. NGOs like the New Rules Project and New Economics Foundation provide research and tools for pro-independent business education and policy while the American Independent Business Alliance provides direct assistance for community-level organizing. A variety of towns and cities in the United States whose residents wish to retain their distinctive character—such as San Francisco, they don't exclude the chain itself, only the standardized formula the chain uses, described as "formula businesses". For example, there could be a restaurant owned by McDonald's that sells hamburgers, but not the formula franchise operation with the golden arches and standardized menu and procedures; the reason these towns regulate chain stores is aesthetics and tourism.
Proponents of formula restaurants and formula retail allege th
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States. The Columbia River delineates much of Oregon's northern boundary with Washington, while the Snake River delineates much of its eastern boundary with Idaho; the parallel 42 ° north delineates the southern boundary with Nevada. Oregon is one of only four states of the continental United States to have a coastline on the Pacific Ocean. Oregon was inhabited by many indigenous tribes before Western traders and settlers arrived. An autonomous government was formed in the Oregon Country in 1843 before the Oregon Territory was created in 1848. Oregon became the 33rd state on February 14, 1859. Today, at 98,000 square miles, Oregon is the ninth largest and, with a population of 4 million, 27th most populous U. S. state. The capital, Salem, is the second most populous city in Oregon, with 169,798 residents. Portland, with 647,805, ranks as the 26th among U. S. cities. The Portland metropolitan area, which includes the city of Vancouver, Washington, to the north, ranks the 25th largest metro area in the nation, with a population of 2,453,168.
Oregon is one of the most geographically diverse states in the U. S. marked by volcanoes, abundant bodies of water, dense evergreen and mixed forests, as well as high deserts and semi-arid shrublands. At 11,249 feet, Mount Hood, a stratovolcano, is the state's highest point. Oregon's only national park, Crater Lake National Park, comprises the caldera surrounding Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the United States; the state is home to the single largest organism in the world, Armillaria ostoyae, a fungus that runs beneath 2,200 acres of the Malheur National Forest. Because of its diverse landscapes and waterways, Oregon's economy is powered by various forms of agriculture and hydroelectric power. Oregon is the top timber producer of the contiguous United States, the timber industry dominated the state's economy in the 20th century. Technology is another one of Oregon's major economic forces, beginning in the 1970s with the establishment of the Silicon Forest and the expansion of Tektronix and Intel.
Sportswear company Nike, Inc. headquartered in Beaverton, is the state's largest public corporation with an annual revenue of $30.6 billion. The earliest evidence of the name Oregon has Spanish origins; the term "orejón" comes from the historical chronicle Relación de la Alta y Baja California written by the new Spaniard Rodrigo Montezuma and made reference to the Columbia River when the Spanish explorers penetrated into the actual North American territory that became part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. This chronicle is the first topographical and linguistic source with respect to the place name Oregon. There are two other sources with Spanish origins, such as the name Oregano, which grows in the southern part of the region, it is most probable that the American territory was named by the Spaniards, as there are some populations in Spain such as "Arroyo del Oregón" considering that the individualization in Spanish language "El Orejón" with the mutation of the letter "g" instead of "j". Another early use of the name, spelled Ouragon, was in a 1765 petition by Major Robert Rogers to the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The term referred to the then-mythical River of the West. By 1778, the spelling had shifted to Oregon. In his 1765 petition, Rogers wrote: The rout...is from the Great Lakes towards the Head of the Mississippi, from thence to the River called by the Indians Ouragon... One theory is that the name comes from the French word ouragan, applied to the River of the West based on Native American tales of powerful Chinook winds on the lower Columbia River, or from firsthand French experience with the Chinook winds of the Great Plains. At the time, the River of the West was thought to rise in western Minnesota and flow west through the Great Plains. Joaquin Miller explained in Sunset magazine, in 1904, how Oregon's name was derived: The name, Oregon, is rounded down phonetically, from Ouve água—Oragua, Or-a-gon, Oregon—given by the same Portuguese navigator that named the Farallones after his first officer, it in a large way, means cascades:'Hear the waters.' You should steam up the Columbia and hear and feel the waters falling out of the clouds of Mount Hood to understand the full meaning of the name Ouve a água, Oregon.
Another account, endorsed as the "most plausible explanation" in the book Oregon Geographic Names, was advanced by George R. Stewart in a 1944 article in American Speech. According to Stewart, the name came from an engraver's error in a French map published in the early 18th century, on which the Ouisiconsink River was spelled "Ouaricon-sint", broken on two lines with the -sint below, so there appeared to be a river flowing to the west named "Ouaricon". According to the Oregon Tourism Commission, present-day Oregonians pronounce the state's name as "or-uh-gun, never or-ee-gone". After being drafted by the Detroit Lions in 2002, former Oregon Ducks quarterback Joey Harrington distributed "Orygun" stickers to members of the media as a reminder of how to pronounce the name of his home state; the stickers are sold by the University of Oregon Bookstore. Oregon is 295 miles north to south at longest distance, 395 miles east to west. With an area of 98,381 square miles, Oregon is larger than the United Kingdom.
It is the ninth largest state in the United States. Oregon's highest point is the summit of Mount Hood, at 11,249 feet, its lowest point is the sea level of the Pacific Ocean along the Oregon Coas
Randalls operates 42 supermarkets in Texas, with 26 stores around the Houston area and 16 stores around the Austin area, under the Randalls and Flagship Randalls banners. Randalls today forms the nucleus of the current Houston division of Albertsons and is headquartered in the Westchase district of Houston; the office served as the headquarters of the independent Randalls company before its takeover and the Texas division of Safeway. The Randalls distribution center was near Cypress and now is serviced by the Tom Thumb distribution in Roanoke, Texas in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. Most stores include fresh seafood, cosmetic and film processing departments; the premium Flagship Randalls and Flagship Tom Thumb stores have increased their take-out departments to provide fresh made pizzas and barbecue. Many locations offer bank branches, ATMs, coffee shops, drive-through pharmacy windows, fueling stations and full-service counters where a customer can purchase lottery or movie tickets, pay utility bills and car license renewals.
Randalls Food Markets was founded by Robert Randall Onstead, R. C. Barclay, Norman N. Frewin in Houston, Texas, on July 4, 1966, with the purchase of two existing grocery stores; the first Randalls opened in 1966. The company's fourth store opened in 1970, by the end of the decade the company owned 15 stores and had established itself in the market. In 1980 Randalls had 8% of the Houston area grocery market, making it the fourth largest grocer there. By 1985 the company was the second largest grocer in the five-county Greater Houston area, with 17% of the sales in the market. In 1989, Soviet politician Boris Yeltsin, who became the President of Russia, visited a Randalls store in Clear Lake. Yeltsin was amazed by the selection of goods available in the store and was quoted as saying, "Even the Politburo doesn’t have this choice. Not Mr. Gorbachev." Yeltsin wrote in his autobiography, "When I saw those shelves crammed with hundreds, thousands of cans and goods of every possible sort, for the first time I felt quite frankly sick with despair for the Soviet people....
That such a super-rich country as ours has been brought to a state of such poverty!"By 1990 the chain had expanded to 42 stores. In 1991 Randalls earned over a billion dollars in revenue, making it the fastest growing company in Houston. In the 1990s Randalls expanded into Fort Worth and Austin. Cullum Companies, owner of 62 Tom Thumb and Simon David stores in Dallas, Fort Worth and Austin, became part of the Randalls family in 1992, doubling the company's size with more than 115 stores statewide; the Tom Thumb logo was changed to one similar to Randalls. In Austin with the Tom Thumb name, Randalls added its own name to the market in January 1994 when the company bought 12 AppleTree Markets stores. Nine of the 12 AppleTree Markets and all seven Tom Thumb stores were converted to the Randalls banner, giving the company a significant presence in the Texas Hill Country; the remaining three AppleTree stores were closed. Though the Simon David would remain open until December 1996, after which it became a Saks Fifth Avenue.
After many customers lamented the loss of Austin's only Simon David, Randalls decided in 1998 to make its Bee Caves store a Flagship Randalls supermarket, the first in the city and the eighth in the chain. After 28 years in operation, Randalls began to sell beer and wine in its stores in late 1994. In April 1997, buyout firm Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. invested $225 million in exchange for a majority interest in the supermarket chain. Randalls accelerated its growth in various markets and at the same time sold or closed a number of stores that choked advancement. Within a year, the company opened one store in Houston and three stores in Dallas, while closing four stores in Houston, two stores in Dallas and four stores in Austin. On February 28, 1999, Randalls had 45 Houston area stores, generating $1060.2 million in annual sales. It had 20.3% of the Houston area grocery market. It had 7,876 Houston-area employees. Within a year before February 28, 1999, one store was opened and seven were remodeled.
In July of that year it had 20.2 % of the area market. In 1999, Safeway Inc. a Fortune 50 company and one of the largest food and drug retailers in North America based on sales, bought the 116-store Randalls/Tom Thumb chain. The purchase was announced on Friday July 23, 1999. Safeway retained the Randalls name in Houston and Austin and the Tom Thumb and Simon David names in Dallas/Fort Worth, but replaced many of the Randalls/Tom Thumb "Remarkable" store brands with Safeway private label items. Randalls Food Markets, Inc. became a division of Safeway and changed its division name to Randalls Food & Drugs. By 2001, Randalls operated 46 stores in the Houston area, 12 stores in Austin and 69 stores in the Dallas/Ft. Worth area. In early 2005, Safeway was rumored to be attempting to sell the 138-store Texas division. Instead, Safeway announced by the end of the year it would close 15 Randalls stores in the Houston area, one in Austin, nine Tom Thumb stores in the Dallas-Fort Worth area. Following the closures Randalls/Tom Thumb operated 62 stores in Dallas, 36 in Houston and 14 in Austin.
Safeway said the move would revitalize the Texas division and that it planned t
Ralphs is an American major supermarket chain in the Southern California area and the largest subsidiary of Cincinnati-based Kroger. It is the oldest such chain west of the Mississippi River and by 2015, there were 200 locations. Kroger operates stores under the Food 4 Less and Foods Co. names in California. Ralphs Grocery Company was founded in 1873 by George Albert Ralphs; the original store was located at Spring Streets in Los Angeles, California. In the 20th century, Ralphs became a grocery pioneer, offering self-service markets with checkout stands in distributed locations; the company employed notable architects in designing its stores, the former Ralphs Grocery Store building built in 1929 in Westwood Village has been photographed by Ansel Adams, declared a Historic Cultural Monument, listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In the 1980s, it created a chain of hybrid supermarket/warehouse stores called The Giant, which failed, but the concept returned with the company's merger with the Food 4 Less discount chain.
In 1994, Ralphs was acquired by the Yucaipa Companies for $1.5 billion. Yucaipa owned ABC Markets, Alpha Beta, Boys Markets, Cala Foods. Soon, all ABC Markets, Alpha Betas, Boys Markets were rebranded as Ralphs. At the same time, Food 4 Less was merged with Ralphs. In 1997, Yucaipa sold the Ralphs Grocery Company to Fred Meyer, Inc. owner of several chains in the west. Soon, Ralphs Marketplace stores started opening. At the same time, they acquired the 57-store Hughes Family Markets chain. In October 1998, the parent company, Fred Meyer, merged with The Kroger Company of Ohio. In 1999, Ralphs purchased about 30 Albertsons and Lucky stores in northern California; the stores were divested as a result of the Albertsons and American Stores merger. Ralphs operated the stores until January 2006, when they announced that all but one Ralphs in northern California would close. In August 2006, the one remaining Ralphs in northern California was given a 60-day notice of closure. In August 2006, Ralphs finalized plans to sell eleven Cala-Bell Stores to Harley DeLano, who ran the chain.
Ralphs's Northern California expansion did not work out as planned. On July 20, 2007, Ralphs opened a new 50,000-square-foot store on 9th and Hope Street in the South Park neighborhood of downtown Los Angeles; this was the first full-run supermarket downtown in 50 years. In 1950, Ralphs closed a store at Figueroa Street. Today, Ralphs competes with Stater Bros.. Its slogan is "Great food. Real Low Prices!" Ralphs is the current market leader in Southern California. Ralphs Grocery Company has contracts with the United Food and Commercial Workers, the largest grocery union in the United States. In late 2003 and early 2004, Ralphs locked out its workers who were members of the UFCW in sympathy with competitor Vons in Southern California, after the UFCW had declared a strike against Vons; the issues in contract negotiations included healthcare benefits and wage structure, which the supermarkets contended were necessary to reduce costs and remain competitive in the face of the rise of discount chains like Walmart.
In March 2004, the strike ended with a settlement regarded as a victory for the grocery chains—new hires would be on a much lower pay scale than existing workers and receive less generous health benefits. On October 16, 2006, Ralphs agreed to pay $70 million to settle felony charges that it illegally rehired locked out employees using false names and Social Security numbers during the strike. Eligible UFCW members received $50 million of the settlement and the remainder was paid in fines to the federal government. Universal Hollywood has a Ralphs grocery store in the Beverly Hills area; the photorealist painter Robert Cottingham depicted a Ralphs supermarket in his 1968 painting "Ralph's II", displayed by the Milwaukee Art Museum. The Coen Brothers' 1998 film The Big Lebowski opens with its main character, The Dude, played by Jeff Bridges, walking through a Ralphs supermarket. In the film, The Dude is searched by the Malibu Chief of Police, upon finding his Ralphs Card, asks "Is this your only form of ID?"
In a mortuary, the character Walter Sobchak complains about the high price of an urn to house the ashes of a friend. After asking the funeral director, "Is there a Ralphs around here?", the scene cuts to Walter overlooking the Pacific Ocean holding a Folgers Coffee can. In the movie "Messiah of Evil", one of the main characters, follows a mysterious figure into a deserted Ralphs supermarket, where she is chased and eaten by zombies. A sign for a Ralphs store appears in the 1975 film Dolemite. In The Powerpuff Girls, there is a parody grocery store called "Malph's". A parody of Ralph's packaging was used as the cover for the 1986 album Album by Public Image Ltd. Ralphs supermarket line of generic brand products were featured prominently in the 1984 film Repo Man. Ralphs can be seen in the action film Die Hard when John McClane sees that the fire trucks take a route away from Nakatomi Plaza, where he and his wife are trapped. In the podcast radio drama Welcome to Night Vale, the chain is mentioned in the context of a "hole in the vacant lot out back of the Ralphs."
This is in spite of a lack of confirmation or evidence that the town of Night Vale is located in Southern California. In an episode of Mad Men, Don Draper can be seen carrying a Ralphs bag while visiting a friend in southern California. In the 1992 film Forever Young with Mel Gibson, after Gibson's character wakes up in the present day to discover he has
Albertsons Companies LLC is an American grocery company founded and headquartered in Boise, Idaho. It is owned and operated by investors, including Cerberus Capital Management. With more than 2,200 stores and more than 250,000 employees, the company is the second-largest supermarket chain in North America after Kroger, which has 2,778 stores. Albertsons ranked 53rd in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. Prior to its January 2015 merger with Safeway Inc. for $9.2 billion, it had 1,075 supermarkets located in 29 U. S. states under 12 different banners. Its predecessor company, Inc. was reorganized as Albertsons LLC and sold to AB Acquisition LLC. After buying back the majority of its former stores it sold to SuperValu in 2006, AB Acquisition announced it would change its name to Albertsons Companies Inc. in 2015. The company's corporate name was Albertson's until 2002. Albertsons was founded by Joe Albertson on July 21, 1939 in Idaho. An ad in the Idaho Statesman newspaper touted Joe Albertson's first store as "Idaho's largest and finest food store."
The store was filled with perks that, at the time, were brand new: free parking, a money-back guarantee, an ice cream shop. The original store was built onto several times, but it was demolished in 1979 and a replacement store built on the same property. A brick monument stands on the northwest corner of 16th and State Streets in downtown Boise, commemorating the original store. Joe Albertson's grocery store was an enormous success, he reinvested his profits back into the business. New stores were opened in neighboring towns to the west, Nampa and Emmett, before Pearl Harbor in late 1941; the company grew in the years following World War II. When Albertson was considering putting a new store in a town, he would drive around the town and look for neighborhoods with lots of children's clothing hanging on clotheslines. Albertsons, Inc. became a public company in 1959, its growth continued, opening its 100th store in Seattle in 1964. In 1966, Albertsons expanded to southern California by acquiring Greater All American Markets, a small chain in Orange County.
In 1969, Albertsons partnered with Skaggs Drug Centers, owned by The Skaggs Companies, Inc. to create the first combination food/drug stores, first in Texas. The partnership was a tremendous success for several years; the partnership ended due to the fact. Neither partner could buy each other out, the partnership was dissolved amicably in 1977. Skaggs kept stores in Texas and Arkansas, Albertsons kept stores in Florida and Louisiana, as well as some Texas stores. Albertsons continued to expand its base in the West during this time, buying Fazio's-Shopping Bag in 1972 from Fisher Foods, adding 46 stores to the Los Angeles area. In 1982, Albertsons reorganized its management into four regions: California, Northwest and South; the South stores included stores in Texas, Alabama and Florida, as there were no stores between Louisiana and Florida. Albertsons continued to add stores in the 1980s, building or acquiring about 283 stores during the decade. Albertsons continued to expand in Texas beyond the Skaggs base in north Texas and San Antonio, entering the Dallas-Fort Worth market in 1984, adding three Skaggs-Alpha Beta stores in Austin within months after entering that market in early 1989 with the acquisition of six Tom Thumb stores.
Albertsons began to expand in the 1990s. In 1992, Albertsons bought the stores American Stores had in Texas, Oklahoma and Florida. Many of the stores had been opened as Skaggs Albertsons but by 1991 had been rebranded as Jewel-Osco; these included a few stores that American Stores opened in the late 1980s under that name in Florida. Additionally, a non-food distributions center in Ponca City, was purchased from ASC; the Skaggs acquisition was a success, the new stores were integrated into Albertsons' Southern division. The ease of that acquisition and Albertsons' high-flying stock price led Albertsons to attempt expansion on a grand scale. In a series of acquisitions in the late 1990s, Albertsons purchased Seessel's and 14 other stores from Bruno's, Buttrey Food & Drug, the Springfield, Missouri Smitty's chain, three Super One Foods stores from Miner's Inc. in the Des Moines market, all while building new stores across all divisions. These acquisitions brought Albertsons into five new states: Georgia, Missouri, North Dakota, Tennessee.
In 1999, Albertsons made its biggest acquisition yet: American Stores Company, which included the chains ACME in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. The acquisition made Albertsons the largest American food and drug operator, with over 2,500 stores in 37 states, until Kroger's acquisition of Fred Meyer closed the following month. To make the acquisition, Albertsons was forced by anti-trust concerns to sell 146 stores in California and New Mexico. In southern California, there were Albertsons, so in order to not have two banners in the same area, Lucky stores were converted to the Albertsons banner in November 1999, the Lucky bran
Harris Teeter Supermarkets, Inc. is an American supermarket chain based in Matthews, North Carolina, a suburb of Charlotte. As of April 2019, the chain operates 249 stores in seven South Atlantic states: North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Delaware and the District of Columbia. Supermarket News ranked Harris Teeter No. 34 in the 2012 "Top 75 Retailers & Wholesalers" based on 2011 fiscal year sales of $4.3 billion. On July 9, 2013, Harris Teeter announced; the merger closed on January 28, 2014, though Harris Teeter retained its name and headquarters in Matthews. Harris Teeter was founded by two entrepreneurs, William Thomas Harris and Willis L. Teeter, who started their separate businesses during the Great Depression in Charlotte, North Carolina. William T. Harris opened the first full-service drugstore called Harris Drugs and Willis L. Teeter opened Teeters Food Mart. On they merged their two ventures. Harris, an employee of the A&P store on Central Avenue and Pecan, Charlotte's first supermarket, borrowed funds in 1936 to open the Harris Super Market at 1704 Central Avenue.
The store had eight employees. It was a dry goods store because frozen foods and refrigeration did not become common until World War II. To the family and employees, it was known as Store #1; this store, known as Harris Teeter store #201, closed on June 5, 2012, was replaced by a two-story store #401 on the same site, which opened on May 29, 2013. Harris' store was the first in North Carolina to allow customers to select their own groceries off shelves. Before this time, customers handed a shopping list to a clerk, who selected the groceries for the customers; the store was open until 9 p.m. on Fridays, at a time when most grocery stores closed their doors at 5 p.m. This was done to appeal to working families and to capture their grocery shopping after they were paid on Fridays; the Harris Super Market was the first grocery store in Charlotte to add air conditioning. Harris ran his own dairy farm and sold products from his dairy in his stores. For his wife, LaVerne, the dairy products carried the brand name of Vernedale Farms.
Harris pioneered the first dairy co‑op among local dairy farmers. After running the co-op for several years, he negotiated its sale to Pet Dairy. Harris Super Markets began as a family business. Most of Harris's brothers and sisters were employees, brothers and brothers-in-law were store managers, his sister, ran the accounting department and his wife's sister was Harris's personal secretary. His son, Donald Thomas Harris, began working for the company at 8 years old by sweeping floors. Donald suggested that Harris Teeter should carry more than just food products, recommended the introduction of health and beauty aids, school supplies, kitchen tools, seasonal items, his father liked the idea and told Don that he should create and run that division of the company, which he did until his retirement in 1995. He was the last member of the family. Harris was instrumental in the permanent placement of kindergarten in the South Carolina public school system, supported the effort to turn Charleston College into what is known today as the College of Charleston.
In 1939, Willis L. Teeter—who worked for A&P, at its Mooresville, North Carolina store—and his brother Paul, working for A&P borrowed $1,700 to open Teeter's Food Mart on Main Street in Mooresville, North Carolina. A&P agreed to lease the location to the Teeter brothers; the first Teeter Food Mart opened on July 15, 1939. Teeter's was a family-run operation as Teeter was the manager, his brother was the produce manager, Teeter's wife, Sylvia worked at the store. Paul's wife, Mildred joined the staff as bookkeeper as the Teeter stores expanded; the Teeter brothers believed in exceptional customer service having home delivery service. Because of their foresight of providing great customer service and only the best products, they saw sales rise quickly. Teeter based all. In 1946, the Teeters moved from downtown to a much larger location to keep up with demand; the Teeters were leaders in installing the first automated check-outs in North Carolina. In July 1953, the Teeters opened their second store in North Carolina.
At this point the Teeters had become a household name. Lines of eager shoppers wrapped around the new store in anticipation of being one of the first customers in the Teeters' new store; the Teeters' success continued to grow and by 1957 their third store opened in Newton, North Carolina, a fourth in Cornelius, a fifth in Hickory, a sixth opened in Morganton, North Carolina, in November 1958. After opening his sixth store Teeter joined the NC Food Dealers Association. At one of the Food Dealers meetings, Teeter met Harris; the two men decided that working together would increase the financial strength of the two supermarkets, allow them to grow more and decrease operating costs. W. L. Teeter and W. T. Harris agreed to merge and did so in November 1959 to become Harris Teeter Supermarkets; the merger of 15 stores collectively became official in February 1960. The new company became the largest independent grocery organization in the Carolinas. Harris Teeter was purchased in 1969 by holding company Ruddick Corporation of Charlotte.
The new owners introduced alcoholic beverages for sale for the first time. Harris, a devout Southern Baptist, had refused to allow the sale of alcohol after the merger. In 1970, the chain introduced the Big M discount concept to compete with Colonial Stores Big Star discoun
Dillons is a grocery supermarket chain based in Hutchinson, is a division of The Kroger Company. Other banners under Dillon Stores Division include Gerbes in Missouri, Baker's in Omaha, a Food 4 Less store in Fremont, Nebraska. Dillons operates grocery stores throughout Kansas with major influences in and around Wichita and Lawrence. Dillons operates a dry grocery warehouse in Goddard, near Wichita, in addition to frozen foods and perishable warehouses in Hutchinson. A bakery manufacturing plant and dairy are in Hutchinson; the dairy produces private-label milk for all Dillons stores. Dillons operated dry grocery warehouses in Hutchinson and Lenexa, Kansas. In the 1890s, John S. Dillon opened a general store in Sterling and learned that allowing customers to charge pay and delivering groceries to their homes was a financial and manpower strain on his business. In 1913, he opened his "J. S. Dillon Cash Store" in Hutchinson, Kansas employed a new marketing concept called cash and carry, where the store would not offer credit or delivery services.
Dillon opened a second store in 1915 that he managed placed his son, Ray E. Dillon, in charge of the original store. In 1917, the company was incorporated under the name "Dillon Mercantile Company, Inc". Due to his sons John and Ray both being overseas in France during World War I, Dillon sold his company to his investment partners, but soon afterward both sons returned, they opened a new store called "J. S. Dillon and Sons Store" in 1919 and incorporated in 1921. After several decades of building the chain, a burst of growth began in 1957, when John's son, expanded with additional stores in the Wichita market when, in September 1957, Kroger sold off its Wichita, store division consisting of 16 stores. By 1968, J. S. Dillon and Sons had grown into Dillon Companies, Inc. and began acquiring regional banners, such as City Market, Fry's, King Soopers, over 300 convenience stores in five states, Jackson's Ice Cream dairy. Dillon Companies, Inc. joined the Kroger company in 1983 and brought with it two future CEOs: Joe Pichler, who served as CEO of Kroger from 1990 to 2003, Kroger's former CEO, Dave Dillon.
Dave is the great grandson of J. S. Dillon. Today, more than 12,000 employees work at 93 stores in the Dillon Stores Division, which includes 26 stores in Wichita, area; the format for most locations is the traditional combination of food, general merchandise, and.pharmacy, with an average of 49,000 square feet per store. The division offers Dillons Marketplace stores in Kansas, located in Wichita, Andover and Hutchinson. In 1983, Dillon Companies, Inc. was acquired by The Kroger Company of Cincinnati, creating a nationwide grocery chain. Several years David Dillon was named Kroger's President and COO and became CEO in 2003. Dillon retired from that position effective January 1, 2014. In 2006, Kroger opened the first Dillons Marketplace in Kansas; the concept, similar to Kroger's Fred Meyer chain, is 110,000 square feet of grocery and general merchandise. In 2013, Dillons opened its fifth Marketplace in its hometown of Hutchinson, at corner of 30th and Waldron Avenue. Frank J. Gerbes founded Gerbes Super Markets, Inc. in Tipton, Missouri in 1933.
In the following years, he would build multiple buildings which housed its offices. In 1959, a profit sharing and pension trust plan was introduced to all employees by Mr. and Mrs. Gerbes, the first in central Missouri. In 1966, Gerbes merged with the Dillon Companies, has been a division since. Gerbes has eight stores in central Missouri in the cities of Columbia and Jefferson City. Official website