1982 NCAA Division I Women's Basketball Tournament
The 1982 NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Tournament was the first Women's Basketball Tournament held under the auspices of the NCAA. From 1972–1982, there were national tournaments for Division I schools held under the auspices of the AIAW; the inaugural NCAA Tournament included 32 teams. Tennessee, Louisiana Tech and Maryland met in the Final Four, held at the Norfolk Scope in Norfolk and hosted by Old Dominion University, with Louisiana Tech defeating Cheyney for the title, 76-62. Louisiana Tech's Janice Lawrence was named the Most Outstanding Player of the tournament, her teammate Kim Mulkey went on to become the first woman to win NCAA Division I basketball titles as a player and coach, winning the 2005, 2012 and 2019 titles as head coach at Baylor. While the 1982 tournament was the first tournament under the NCAA, many of the participating teams had a long history of tournament experience; the Louisiana Tech team made it to the Final Four of the 1979, 1980 and 1981 AIAW Tournaments, winning the National Championship with a perfect 34–0 record in 1981.
The Lady Techsters were favorites to repeat, as their team entered the 1982 NCAA tournaments with only a single loss on the season. The team included Pam Kelly and Angela Turner. Pam Kelly would win the Wade Trophy, awarded to the nation's best Division I women's basketball player, her teammates included Janice Lawrence and Kim Mulkey, both of whom would play on the gold-medal-winning Olympic team in 1984. The team had two head coaches. Sonja Hogg had been head coach of the team since its formation in 1974. Hogg brought Leon Barmore on to the coaching staff in 1977. In 1982, Barmore shared head coaching duties with Hogg, which he would do until 1985, when Hogg stepped down; the Louisiana Tech team won their first game beating Tennessee Tech 114–52. They won their next two games against Arizona State and Kentucky, to advance to the Final Four, the only number one seed to make it to the finals; the Lady Techsters faced the Lady Vols from Tennessee in the semi-finals, won 69–46. In the National Championship game, they faced Cheyney State, coached by future Hall of Fame coach C.
Vivian Stringer. The Cheyney State team entered the match-up on a 23-game winning streak; the Louisiana Tech team hit 56% of their field goals attempts to win 76–62, win the first National Championship in the NCAA era. The winners are awarded national championship rings, but this team did not receive theirs until January 13, 2017. In the semifinal game between Louisiana Tech and Tennessee, Louisiana Tech's Pam Kelly made twelve of fourteen free throw attempts. Twelve made free throws, equaled twice since, remains the Women's Final Four Game Record for "Most Free Throws" through the 2015 tournament. In the west regional final between Drake and Maryland, Lorri Bauman scored 50 points in a losing effort, her scoring mark is still the single game record for an NCAA Tournament game. Her 21 made field goals, out of 35 attempts. In the first-round game against Ohio State, Bauman hit all 16 of her free throws. While several players have subsequently all of their attempted free throws, no one has a perfect record with more than 16.
In the three games of her tournament, Bauman scored a total of 110 points, for an average of 36.7 points per game. No player has surpassed that per game scoring mark, through 2012. Bauman's 50 point performance qualified as one of the top 25 moments of NCAA Tournament history as chronicled by ESPN and the NCAA.com as part of the 25th anniversary celebration of NCAA women's basketball. Thirty-two teams were selected to participate in the 1982 NCAA Tournament. Twelve conferences were eligible for an automatic bid to the 1982 NCAA tournament. Twenty additional teams were selected to complete the thirty-two invitations; the thirty-two teams were seeded, assigned to sixteen locations. In each case, the higher seed was given the opportunity to host the first-round game, all sixteen teams hosted; the following table lists the region, host school and location, while a map of the locations is shown to the right: The Regionals, named for the general location, were held from March 18 to March 21 at these sites: East Regional Reynolds Coliseum, North Carolina Mideast Regional Stokely Athletic Center, Tennessee Midwest Regional Memorial Gym, Louisiana West Regional Maples Pavilion, California Each regional winner will advance to the Final Four, held March 26 and 28 in Norfolk, Virginia at the Norfolk Scope.
The thirty-two teams came from twenty-one states, plus Washington, D. C. California and Tennessee had the most teams with three each. Twenty-nine states did not have any teams receiving bids. Eight conferences had more than one bid, or at least one win in NCAA Tournament play: Six conferences went 0-1: MAAC, MAC, MEAC, Northern California, Ohio Valley Conference, SWAC Janice Lawrence, Louisiana Tech Pam Kelly, Louisiana Tech Kim Mulkey, Louisiana Tech Yolanda Laney, Cheyney Valerie Walker, Cheyney David Sell Pete Stewart Marcy Weston Dan Woolridge NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship 1982 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament
The five basketball positions employed by organized basketball teams are the point guard, the shooting guard, the small forward, the power forward, the center. The point guard is the leader of the team on the court; this position requires substantial ball handling skills and the ability to facilitate the team during a play. The shooting guard, as the name implies, is the best shooter; as well as being capable of shooting from longer distances, this position tends to be the best defender on the team. The small forward has an aggressive approach to the basket when handling the ball; the small forward is known to make cuts to the basket in efforts to get open for shots. The power forward and the center are called the "frontcourt" acting as their team's primary rebounders or shot blockers, or receiving passes to take inside shots; the center is the larger of the two. Only three positions were recognized based on where they played on the court: Guards played outside and away from the hoop and forwards played outside and near the baseline, with the center positioned in the key.
During the 1980s, as team strategy evolved. More specialized roles developed. Team strategy and available personnel, still dictate the positions used by a particular team. For example, the dribble-drive motion offense and the Princeton offense use four interchangeable guards and one center; this set is known as a "four-in and one-out" play scheme. Other combinations are prevalent. Besides the five basic positions, some teams use non-standard or hybrid positions, such as the point forward, a hybrid small forward/point guard; the point guard known as the one, is the team's best ball handler and passer. Therefore, they lead their team in assists and are able to create shots for themselves and their teammates, they are quick and are able to hit shots either outside the three-point line or "in the paint" depending on the player's skill level. Point guards are looked upon as the "floor general" or the "coach on the floor", they should study the game and game film to be able to recognize the weaknesses of the defense, the strengths of their own offense.
They are responsible for directing plays, making the position equivalent to that of quarterback in American football, playmaker in association football, center in ice hockey, or setter in volleyball. Good point guards increase team efficiency and have a high number of assists, they are referred to as dribblers or play-makers. In the NBA, point guards are the shortest players on the team and are 6 feet 4 inches or shorter; the shooting guard is known as the two or the off guard. Along with the small forward, a shooting guard is referred to as a wing because of its use in common positioning tactics; as the name suggests, most shooting guards are prolific from the three-point range. Besides being able to shoot the ball, shooting guards tend to be the best defender on the team, as well as being able to move without the ball to create open looks for themselves; some shooting guards have good ball handling skills creating their own shots off the dribble. A versatile shooting guard will have good passing skills, allowing them to assume point guard responsibilities known as combo guards.
Bigger shooting guards tend to play as small forwards. In the NBA, shooting guards range from 6 feet 4 inches to 6 feet 8 inches; the small forward known as the three, is considered to be the most versatile of the main five basketball positions. Versatility is key for small forwards because of the nature of their role, which resembles that of a shooting guard more than that of a power forward; this is why the small forward and shooting guard positions are interchangeable and referred to as wings. Small forwards have a variety such as quickness and strength inside. One common thread among all kinds of small forwards is an ability to "get to the line" and draw fouls by aggressively attempting plays, lay-ups, or slam dunks; as such, accurate foul shooting is a common skill for small forwards, many of whom record a large portion of their points from the foul line. Besides being able to drive to the basket, they are good shooters from long range; some small forwards have good passing skills, allowing them to assume point guard responsibilities as point forwards.
Small forwards should be able to do a little bit of everything on the court playing roles such as swingmen and defensive specialists. In the NBA, small forwards range from 6 feet 6 inches to 6 feet 9 inches; the power forward known as the four plays a role similar to that of the center, down in the "post" or "low blocks". The power forward is the team's most versatile scorer, being able to score close to the basket while being able to shoot mid-range jump shots from 12 to 18 feet from the basket; some power forwards have become known as stretch fours, since extending their shooting range to three-pointers. On defense, they are required to have the strength to guard bigger players close to the basket and to have the athleticism to guard quick players away from the basket. Most power forwards tend to be more versatile than centers since they can be part of plays and are not always in the low block. In the
A comet is an icy, small Solar System body that, when passing close to the Sun and begins to release gases, a process called outgassing. This produces a visible atmosphere or coma, sometimes a tail; these phenomena are due to the effects of solar radiation and the solar wind acting upon the nucleus of the comet. Comet nuclei range from a few hundred metres to tens of kilometres across and are composed of loose collections of ice and small rocky particles; the coma may be up to 15 times the Earth's diameter, while the tail may stretch one astronomical unit. If sufficiently bright, a comet may be seen from the Earth without the aid of a telescope and may subtend an arc of 30° across the sky. Comets have been recorded since ancient times by many cultures. Comets have eccentric elliptical orbits, they have a wide range of orbital periods, ranging from several years to several millions of years. Short-period comets originate in the Kuiper belt or its associated scattered disc, which lie beyond the orbit of Neptune.
Long-period comets are thought to originate in the Oort cloud, a spherical cloud of icy bodies extending from outside the Kuiper belt to halfway to the nearest star. Long-period comets are set in motion towards the Sun from the Oort cloud by gravitational perturbations caused by passing stars and the galactic tide. Hyperbolic comets may pass once through the inner Solar System before being flung to interstellar space; the appearance of a comet is called an apparition. Comets are distinguished from asteroids by the presence of an extended, gravitationally unbound atmosphere surrounding their central nucleus; this atmosphere has parts termed the tail. However, extinct comets that have passed close to the Sun many times have lost nearly all of their volatile ices and dust and may come to resemble small asteroids. Asteroids are thought to have a different origin from comets, having formed inside the orbit of Jupiter rather than in the outer Solar System; the discovery of main-belt comets and active centaur minor planets has blurred the distinction between asteroids and comets.
In the early 21st century, the discovery of some minor bodies with long-period comet orbits, but characteristics of inner solar system asteroids, were called Manx comets. They are still classified as comets, such as C/2014 S3. 27 Manx comets were found from 2013 to 2017. As of July 2018 there are 6,339 known comets, a number, increasing as they are discovered. However, this represents only a tiny fraction of the total potential comet population, as the reservoir of comet-like bodies in the outer Solar System is estimated to be one trillion. One comet per year is visible to the naked eye, though many of those are faint and unspectacular. Bright examples are called "great comets". Comets have been visited by unmanned probes such as the European Space Agency's Rosetta, which became the first to land a robotic spacecraft on a comet, NASA's Deep Impact, which blasted a crater on Comet Tempel 1 to study its interior; the word comet comētēs. That, in turn, is a latinisation of the Greek κομήτης, the Oxford English Dictionary notes that the term κομήτης meant "long-haired star, comet" in Greek.
Κομήτης was derived from κομᾶν, itself derived from κόμη and was used to mean "the tail of a comet". The astronomical symbol for comets is ☄; the solid, core structure of a comet is known as the nucleus. Cometary nuclei are composed of an amalgamation of rock, water ice, frozen carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and ammonia; as such, they are popularly described as "dirty snowballs" after Fred Whipple's model. However, some comets may have a higher dust content, leading them to be called "icy dirtballs". Research conducted in 2014 suggests that comets are like "deep fried ice cream", in that their surfaces are formed of dense crystalline ice mixed with organic compounds, while the interior ice is colder and less dense; the surface of the nucleus is dry, dusty or rocky, suggesting that the ices are hidden beneath a surface crust several metres thick. In addition to the gases mentioned, the nuclei contain a variety of organic compounds, which may include methanol, hydrogen cyanide, formaldehyde and ethane and more complex molecules such as long-chain hydrocarbons and amino acids.
In 2009, it was confirmed that the amino acid glycine had been found in the comet dust recovered by NASA's Stardust mission. In August 2011, a report, based on NASA studies of meteorites found on Earth, was published suggesting DNA and RNA components may have been formed on asteroids and comets; the outer surfaces of cometary nuclei have a low albedo, making them among the least reflective objects found in the Solar System. The Giotto space probe found that the nucleus of Halley's Comet reflects about four percent of the light that falls on it, Deep Space 1 discovered that Comet Borrelly's surface reflects less than 3.0%. The dark surface material of the nucleus may consist of complex organic compounds. Solar heating drives off lighter volatile compounds, leaving behind larger organic compounds that tend to be dark, like tar or crude oil; the low reflectivity of cometary surfaces causes them to absorb t
Prairie View A&M University
Prairie View A&M University abbreviated PVAMU or PV, is a public black university located in Prairie View, United States. The university is a member of Thurgood Marshall College Fund. In 2016, PVAMU celebrated its 140th year in existence; the university offers baccalaureate degrees in 50 academic majors, 37 master's degrees and four doctoral degree programs through eight colleges and the School of Architecture. PVAMU is one of Texas's two land-grant universities and the second oldest public institution of higher learning in the state. Prairie View A&M fields 16 intercollegiate sports team known by their "Prairie View A&M Panthers" nickname. Prairie View A&M competes in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I and the Southwestern Athletic Conference. Prairie View A&M is the only charter member remaining in the conference; the university was established by Article 7 of the Texas Constitution of 1876, created near the end of the Reconstruction Era after the American Civil War. In that year, State Senator Matthew Gaines and State Representative William H. Holland – both former slaves who became leading political figures – crafted legislation for the creation of a state-supported "Agricultural and Mechanical" college.
In the article, the constitution stated that "Separate schools shall be provided for the white and colored children, impartial provisions shall be made for both." The legislation made Prairie A&M the first state supported institution of higher learning for African Americans in Texas. In an effort to comply with these constitutional provisions, the Fifteenth Texas Legislature, consistent with terms of the federal Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act – which provided public lands for the establishment of colleges – authorized the "Alta Vista Agriculture and Mechanical College for the Benefit of Colored Youth" as part of the Agriculture and Mechanical College of Texas. In 1945, the name of the institution was changed from Prairie View Normal and Industrial College to Prairie View University, the school was authorized to offer, "as need arises," all courses offered at the University of Texas. In 1947, the Texas Legislature changed the name to Prairie View A&M College of Texas and provided that "courses be offered in agriculture, the mechanics arts and the natural sciences connected therewith, together with any other courses authorized at Prairie View at the time of passage of this act, all of which shall be equivalent to those offered at the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas at Bryan."
And in 1973, the legislature changed the name of the institution to Prairie View Agricultural & Mechanical University. In 1983, the Texas Legislature proposed a constitutional amendment to restructure the Permanent University Fund to include Prairie View A&M University as a beneficiary of its proceeds; the 1983 amendment dedicated the University to more enhancements as an "institution of the first class" under the governing board of the Texas A&M University System. The constitutional amendment was approved by the voters on November 6, 1984.. In 2000, the Governor of Texas signed the Priority Plan, an agreement with the U. S. Department of Education Office of Civil Rights to establish Prairie View A&M University as an educational asset accessible by all Texans; the Priority Plan mandates creation of facilities. It requires removing language from the Institutional Mission Statement which might give the impression of excluding any Texan from attending Prairie View A&M University. Prairie View A&M University offers academic programs through the following administrative units: Nathelyne A. Kennedy College of Architecture College of Agriculture and Human Sciences Marvin and June Brailesford College of Arts and Sciences College of Business Whitlowe R. Green College of Education Roy G. Perry College of Engineering College of Juvenile Justice and Psychology College of Nursing Office of Graduate StudiesIn 2004, Prairie View A&M established the Undergraduate Medical Academy, a selective and rigorous pre-medical program designed to prepare and mentor academically talented undergraduate students for success in medical school.
UMA began as a result of a Texas legislative mandate in 2003 and is state funded with a mission to increase minority representation in the medical field and redress statewide physician and dentist shortages. Additionally, Prairie View A&M established a selective honors program for academically exceptional undergraduates who meet the specified GPA, SAT/ACT, recommendation criteria. Prairie View A&M is recognized as one of the top institutions in the country for producing the highest number of African-American architects and engineers by Diverse Issues in Higher Education. Prairie View A&M annually awards the second most STEM degrees in the Texas A&M University System. Prairie View A&M academic programs are accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges and each college within the university holds additional accreditation or certifications; the John B. Coleman Library is the main library on campus, it is a five-story, 150,000 square foot building completed in 1988.
The library provides several services to assist students and is home to over 370,000 Volumes, including over 700 print periodicals, close to 4,000 media materials. The library is home to art galleries and a vast collection of historic and special archives; the university has over 50 buildings on its 1,440-acre main campus in Prairie View, is 48.8 miles northwest of downtown Houston. The campus is referred to "The Hill" because it rests on
The Seattle Storm are a professional basketball team based in Seattle, playing in the Western Conference in the Women's National Basketball Association. The team was founded by her husband Barry ahead of the 2000 season; the team is owned by Force 10 Hoops LLC, composed of three Seattle businesswomen: Dawn Trudeau, Lisa Brummel, Ginny Gilder. The Storm has qualified for the WNBA Playoffs in twelve of its seventeen years in Seattle; the franchise has been home to many high-quality players such as former UConn stars Sue Bird, Swin Cash, Breanna Stewart. In 2004, 2010, 2018, the Storm went to the WNBA Finals. Of the teams that have been to the Finals, they are one of two; the team cultivates a fan-friendly, family environment at home games by having an all-kid dance squad, which leads young fans in a conga line on the court during time-outs, to the music of "C'mon N' Ride It" by the Quad City DJ's. Named for the rainy weather of Seattle, the team uses many weather-related icons: the team mascot is Doppler, a maroon-furred creature with a cup anemometer on its head.
The Storm was the sister team of the Seattle SuperSonics of the NBA prior to February 28, 2008, when the team was sold to Force 10 Hoops LLC. The Storm's predecessor was the Seattle Reign, a charter member of the American Basketball League, operating from 1996 through December 1998, when the league folded. Luckier than most localities that had an ABL team, Seattle was awarded a WNBA franchise and began play less than two years later; the Seattle Storm would tip off their first season in typical expansion fashion. Coached by Lin Dunn and led by guard Edna Campbell and Czech center Kamila Vodichkova, the team finished with a 6–26 record; the low record, allowed the Storm to draft 19-year-old Australian standout Lauren Jackson. Though Seattle did not make the playoffs in the 2001 season, Jackson's impressive rookie performance provided a solid foundation for the franchise to build on. In the 2002 draft, the Storm drafted UConn star Sue Bird, filling the Storm's gap at the point guard position. With Bird's playmaking ability and Jackson's scoring and rebounding, the team made the playoffs for the first time in 2002, but were swept by the Los Angeles Sparks.
Coach Anne Donovan was hired for the 2003 campaign. In Donovan's first year, Jackson would win the WNBA Most Valuable Player Award, but the team had a disappointing season, the Storm missed the playoffs; the 2004 Storm posted a franchise-best 20–14 record. In the playoffs, the Storm made quick work of the Minnesota Lynx; the Storm squared off against an up-and-coming Sacramento Monarchs team in the West Finals. The Storm would emerge victorious, winning the series 2–1. In the WNBA Finals, the Storm would finish off the season as champions, defeating the Connecticut Sun 2 games to 1. Betty Lennox was named MVP of the Finals; the win made Anne Donovan the first female head coach in WNBA history to win the WNBA Championship. Key players from the Storm's championship season were not on the team in 2005. Vodichkova, Tully Bevilaqua, Sheri Sam moved on to other teams. In addition, the pre-season injury of Australian star and new acquisition Jessica Bibby hampered the team's 2005 season. While they matched their 2004 record and made the playoffs, the Storm's title defense was stopped in the first round by the Houston Comets, 2 games to 1.
In 2006, the Storm would finish 18–16, good enough to make the playoffs. The Storm put up a good fight in the first round against the Sparks, but would fall short 2–1. In 2007, the Storm would finish.500, good enough to make the playoffs in a weak Western Conference. The Storm would be swept out of the playoffs by the Phoenix Mercury. On November 30, 2007, Anne Donovan resigned as head coach, was replaced by Brian Agler on January 9, 2008. Although most of Seattle's major sports teams endured poor seasons during 2008, the Storm would be the only standout team in Seattle that year, posting a franchise-best 22–12 record and finishing with a 16–1 record at home a franchise-best, but the No. 2 seeded Storm lost to the #3 Los Angeles Sparks in the first round of the playoffs in three games, ended Seattle's season at 23–14 overall. In 2009, the Storm were 20–14 and finished second in the Western Conference for the second straight year. In the playoffs, the Storm again lost to the #3 Los Angeles Sparks in 3 games, which ended their season in the first round for the fifth consecutive season.
In the 2010 season, the Storm were unstoppable with a record-tying 28 wins and 6 losses in the regular season, including a perfect 17–0 at KeyArena. This was the most home wins in the history of the WNBA. Along the way, Lauren Jackson was named WNBA Western Conference Player of the Week five times, Western Conference Player of the Month three times, on her way to being named WNBA MVP for the third time. Agler was named Coach of the Year. In the playoffs, the Storm reversed their fortunes from the previous five seasons, they started with a sweep of the Sparks, the team that knocked them out of the playoffs every time they met. They swept Diana Taurasi and the Phoenix Mercury in the conference finals, the Atlanta Dream in the WNBA Finals. With two league championships, the Storm became Seattle's most successful p
National Collegiate Athletic Association
The National Collegiate Athletic Association is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,268 North American institutions and conferences. It organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, helps more than 480,000 college student-athletes who compete annually in college sports; the organization is headquartered in Indiana. In its 2016–17 fiscal year the NCAA took in $1.06 billion in revenue, over 82% of, generated by the Division I Men's Basketball Tournament. In August 1973, the current three-division system of Division I, Division II, Division III was adopted by the NCAA membership in a special convention. Under NCAA rules, Division I and Division II schools can offer scholarships to athletes for playing a sport. Division III schools may not offer any athletic scholarships. Larger schools compete in Division I and smaller schools in II and III. Division I football was further divided into I-A and I-AA in 1978. Subsequently, the term "Division I-AAA" was added to delineate Division I schools which do not field a football program at all, but that term is no longer used by the NCAA.
In 2006, Divisions I-A and I-AA were renamed the Football Bowl Subdivision and Football Championship Subdivision. Controversially, the NCAA caps the benefits that collegiate athletes can receive from their schools. There is a consensus among economists that these caps for men's basketball and football players benefit the athletes' schools at the expense of athletes. Intercollegiate sports began in the US in 1852 when crews from Harvard and Yale universities met in a challenge race in the sport of rowing; as rowing remained the preeminent sport in the country into the late-1800s, many of the initial debates about collegiate athletic eligibility and purpose were settled through organizations like the Rowing Association of American Colleges and the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. As other sports emerged, notably football and basketball, many of these same concepts and standards were adopted. Football, in particular, began to emerge as a marquee sport, but the rules of the game itself were in constant flux and had to be adapted for each contest.
The NCAA dates its formation to two White House conferences convened by President Theodore Roosevelt in the early 20th century in response to repeated injuries and deaths in college football which had "prompted many college and universities to discontinue the sport." Following those White House meetings and the reforms which had resulted, Chancellor Henry MacCracken of New York University organized a meeting of 13 colleges and universities to initiate changes in football playing rules. The IAAUS was established on March 31, 1906, took its present name, the NCAA, in 1910. For several years, the NCAA was a discussion group and rules-making body, but in 1921, the first NCAA national championship was conducted: the National Collegiate Track and Field Championships. More rules committees were formed and more championships were created, including a basketball championship in 1939. A series of crises brought the NCAA to a crossroads after World War II; the "Sanity Code" – adopted to establish guidelines for recruiting and financial aid – failed to curb abuses.
Postseason football games were multiplying with little control, member schools were concerned about how the new medium of television would affect football attendance. The complexity of those problems and the growth in membership and championships demonstrated the need for full-time professional leadership. Walter Byers a part-time executive assistant, was named executive director in 1951, a national headquarters was established in Kansas City, Missouri in 1952. Byers wasted no time placing his stamp on the Association. A program to control live television of football games was approved, the annual Convention delegated enforcement powers to the Association's Council, legislation was adopted governing postseason bowl games; as college athletics grew, the scope of the nation's athletics programs diverged, forcing the NCAA to create a structure that recognized varying levels of emphasis. In 1973, the Association's membership was divided into three legislative and competitive divisions – I, II, III.
Five years in 1978, Division I members voted to create subdivisions I-A and I-AA in football. Until the 1980s, the association did not offer women's athletics. Instead, the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women, with nearly 1000 member schools, governed women's collegiate sports in the United States; the AIAW was in a vulnerable position. Following a one-year overlap in which both organizations staged women's championships, the AIAW discontinued operation, most member schools continued their women's athletics programs under the governance of the NCAA. By 1982 all divisions of the NCAA offered national championship events for women's athletics. A year in 1983, the 75th Convention approved an expansion to plan women's athletic program services and pushed for a women's championship program. By the 1980s, televised college football had become a larger source of income for the NCAA. In September 1981, the Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma and the University of Georgia Athletic Association filed suit against the NCAA in district court in Oklahoma.
The plaintiffs stated that the NCAA's football tel
Marianne Crawford Stanley is an American basketball coach serving as an assistant with the Washington Mystics. Born in Yeadon, Marianne Crawford Stanley played high school basketball at Archbishop Prendergast High School in Drexel Hill, Pennsylvania, she was inducted into the Prendergast Hall of Fame in 2014. After transferring from West Chester State College, Stanley played collegiate basketball at Immaculata College; the women's basketball team played in six straight AIAW basketball tournament final fours from 1972-1977, five straight finals from 1972-1976. They won three consecutive national championships from 1972 to 1974; the team was featured for its 1970s accomplishments on a SportsCenter special on March 23, 2008. On January 26, 1975, she played in the first nationally televised women's intercollegiate basketball game. Facing Maryland at Cole Field House, Immaculata won 80-48. On February 22, 1975 she played in the first women’s basketball game played in Madison Square Garden. Immaculata won 65-61.
The story of the basketball team was adapted into a movie, The Mighty Macs, released in 2011. The 1972–1974 teams were announced on April 7, 2014 as part of the 2014 induction class of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, were formally inducted as a team on August 8, 2014. Stanley began her coaching career as an assistant at Immaculata under Cathy Rush. Stanley's first head coach position was at Old Dominion University in 1977-78, in which they won the NWIT tournament. In 1979 and 1980 the team won the AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament. Stanley took the 1984-85 team to the NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship finishing with a 31-3 season. Stanley coached at Penn, USC, Stanford and California joining the WNBA as an assistant with the Los Angeles Sparks in 2000, she joined the Mystics in 2001, was named head coach of the team in 2002. That year Stanley earned WNBA Coach of the Year honors, guiding the Mystics to the Eastern Conference finals, she was inducted into the Women's Basketball Hall of Fame the same year.
Stanley joined the New York Liberty as an assistant coach in 2004. She returned to the college coaching ranks in Sept.of 2006 as an assistant to C. Vivian Stringer at Rutgers University, they guided the Scarlet Knights to the NCAA finals in 2007. The WNBA came calling in 2008 and Marianne left to join Coach Michael Cooper staff with the Los Angeles Sparks as an assistant from 2008 through 2009, rejoined the Mystics as an assistant coach in 2010. Marianne Stanley Biography from WNBA.com https://caselaw.findlaw.com/us-9th-circuit/1142433.htmlNotes