Breaker (G.I. Joe)
Breaker is a fictional character from the G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero toyline, comic books and animated series, he is the G. I. Joe Team's original communications officer and debuted in 1982, his real name is Alvin R. Kibbey, his rank is that of corporal E-4. Breaker was born in Tennessee. Breaker is familiar with all NATO and Warsaw Pact communication gear, as well as most world export devices, his primary military specialty is Infantry, as his secondary military specialty he is a radio telecommunications technician. His specialized education includes Signal School, where he studied covert electronics and was involved with Project GAMMA, he is a qualified expert in the M-16, M-1911A1, MAC-10. Breaker is described as "efficient and self-assured, has an uncanny ability to turn adverse situations to his favor." He speaks seven languages. Breaker is the link between the battlefield and headquarters and has the ability to call in an air strike, provide artillery coordinates, request a MedEvac or find an extraction site.
Breaker monitors all radio frequencies, providing situation reports to the command center. He has the ability to crack enemy codes and to jam their transmissions, he is well liked by his teammates. In the UK Action Force toy series, Breaker is from Munich in Germany. Breaker was first released as an action figure in 1982. All of the original sixteen figures from 1982 were released with "straight arms." The same figure was re-released in 1983 with "swivel-arm battle grip", which made it easier for figures to hold their rifles and accessories. In Argentina, straight-arm Breaker was recolored in gray and available as "Topson". A version of Breaker nearly identical to the U. S. version was released in Argentina as "Roger" and in Brazil as "Falcon". A new version of Breaker was released as part of the "Stars and Stripes Forever" boxed set. Figures of the character in the 25th Anniversary line include a bubblegum bubble accessory. To coincide with the launch of the movie G. I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra, Hasbro released a figure in 2009 based on the Breaker movie character, listed as Abel "Breaker" Shaz.
In the Marvel Comics G. I. Joe series, Breaker first appeared in issue #1, along with the rest of the original team, in a mission to rescue the peace activist Dr. Adele Burkhart from a Cobra stronghold. Breaker is chosen, along with just three other Joes, in the team's next mission to the North Pole. In issue #5, Breaker joins Steeler and Clutch in a parade with the M. O. B. A. T.. Breaker's gum comes in handy again in issue #12. Breaker makes a supporting appearance in issue #19, in which Hawk assigns him to travel with Clutch to look out for Cobra, sending forces to attack Joe headquarters on Staten Island; the invading Cobras spot them and launch missiles at them, but the Joes escape into their headquarters moments before the missiles strike. After the successful defeat of Cobra forces, the two pick up the stranded Snake Eyes, become the first to learn of the tragic death of the valued Joe ally Kwinn. Breaker, Steeler and two police officers fight Cobra agents and robots in the Florida Everglades.
During a celebration in the Pit and Breaker propose to Cover Girl that they could manage her and Scarlett as a mud wrestling team, but she turns them down. Tunnel Rat and Breaker are part of a team sent to plant spy equipment in the New York Cobra Consulate building; the duo's job is to destroy a communications line repair it. Breaker is seen during the Cobra Island civil war story with a wounded right arm, his last appearance is in issue #109. Breaker and many Joes are captured by Cobra forces during a mission in Trucial Abysmia. Due to a misunderstanding by their captors, the group is set to be executed. Many of the Joes, including Doc and Heavy Metal, are killed by a S. A. W. Viper, before Lt. Falcon injures him with a knife. Breaker and the surviving Joes steal a Cobra "Rage" tank, flee into the desert. Shortly after Breaker sends a communication to the Pit via the Rage's radio equipment, the tank is destroyed, killing him and Quick Kick. Breaker is featured in a issue via flashback. A story is told about the early days of G.
I. Joe, where Breaker and Rock'n Roll are assigned to infiltrate an armed island; the owner was supposed to be a neutral party in disputes between varied military forces, but had decided to start a criminal empire of her own. The three Joes shut her down. Breaker appeared in the original G. I. Joe animated series. Breaker first appeared in the A Real American Hero mini-series, he was voiced by Chris Latta, his uniform was a dark, grayish-blue instead of green. Breaker appeared in the first half of the show as G. I. Joe's communications officer, but was involved in combat or episode plots as the series went on. Breaker had a fleeting cameo in the 1987 animated film G. I. Joe: The Movie, he became partakes in the film's final action sequence. Breaker first appears in the G. I. Joe: Renegades episode "The Package." In this show, Alvin Kibbey is a college student who used to work for SSS Mart until he was fired upon being accused of stealing one of their
USS America (CV-66)
USS America was one of three Kitty Hawk-class supercarriers built for the United States Navy in the 1960s. Commissioned in 1965, she spent most of her career in the Atlantic and Mediterranean, but did make three Pacific deployments serving in the Vietnam War, she served in the Persian Gulf War's operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. America was the first large aircraft carrier since Operation Crossroads in 1946 to be expended in weapons tests. In 2005, she was scuttled southeast of Cape Hatteras, after four weeks of tests, despite a large protest of former crew-members who wanted to see her instituted as a memorial museum, she was the largest warship to be sunk. Ordered as an Enterprise-class nuclear carrier, the ballooning costs of Enterprise during construction caused the cancellation of the nuclear CVAN-66 and her reordering as a conventionally powered Kitty Hawk-class carrier, she was laid down on 1 January 1961 at Newport News, Virginia, by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Corp..
After fitting out there until 15 March 1965, America remained in Hampton Roads for operations off the Virginia Capes until getting underway on 25 March. She conducted her first catapult launch on 5 April 1965, with Commander Kenneth B. Austin, the carrier's executive officer, piloting a Douglas A-4C Skyhawk. Proceeding thence to the Caribbean, the carrier conducted shakedown training and concluded it at Guantanamo Bay on 23 June. Entering the Norfolk shipyard for post-shakedown availability on 10 July, she remained there until 21 August, she next operated locally through late August and proceeded to the operating areas off the Virginia Capes and to Bermuda, arriving back at Norfolk on 9 September. On 25 September, Rear Admiral J. O. Cobb broke his flag as Commander, Carrier Division 2. America sailed for her first Mediterranean deployment late in 1965. New Year's Day, 1966, found her at Italy. Over the ensuing weeks, the ship visited Cannes, Toulon, Istanbul, Valletta, Taranto and Pollensa Bay in Spain.
She sailed on 1 July for the United States. Early in the deployment, from 28 February – 10 March, America participated in a joint Franco-American exercise "Fairgame IV", which simulated conventional warfare against a country attempting to invade a NATO ally, she arrived at Naval Station Norfolk on 10 July, remaining there for only a short time before shifting to the Norfolk Naval Shipyard on 15 July for availability. America operated locally in the Norfolk area from 29 August – 19 September, after which time she proceeded to Guantanamo Bay to carry out training. After Hurricane Inez swirled through the region, her sailors spent an estimated 1,700 man-hours in helping the naval base at Guantanamo to recover and return to normal operations; the following month, America initiated into carrier service the A-7 Corsair II, conducting its flight qualifications off the Virginia Capes, while she conducted automatic carrier landing system trials which demonstrated the feasibility of "no hands" landings of F-4 Phantom and F-8 Crusader A-4 Skyhawk aircraft.
On 16 Oct 1965, two Phantom jets collided in midair 20 miles from the America, both pilots ejected safely. On 3 September 1965 on the way to Taranto, a plane and pilot were lost when the catapult malfunctioned and tore the front landing gear off the plane. An airman was burned in the catwalk and the RA ejected safely but the pilot went down with the plane. Since leaving Norfolk, America had lost five planes. From 28 November – 15 December, America took part in "LANTFLEX 66", gaining experience in the areas of anti-air and carrier strike operations; the ship participated in a mine drop, missile shoots, provided air support for amphibious operations. She returned to Norfolk on 15 December, remaining there through the end of the year 1966. On 10 January 1967, America departed Norfolk for her second Mediterranean cruise and relieved Independence at Pollensa Bay on 22 January. While crossing the Atlantic, America conducted: carrier qualifications for her SH-3A crews, missile shoots in the mid-Atlantic and night air operations and various other exercises.
Upon nearing Gibraltar, she received a visit from Soviet long-range reconnaissance aircraft, Tu-95 "Bears" on 18 January. Two F-4B Phantom jets met the "Bears" as they escorted them past the ship. Before anchoring at Athens, on 4 February, America participated with Italian control and reporting centers in an intercept-controller exercise. Shortly afterwards, America again met with Italian forces in an exercise involving raids upon an attack carrier by fast patrol boats; the beginning of March found America and her consorts, operating as Task Group 60.1, participating in the United States/United Kingdom Exercise "Poker Hand IV" with the British carrier HMS Hermes. America and Hermes provided raid aircraft to test each other's antiaircraft defenses. On 1 April, a two-day NATO exercise, commenced with TG 60.1 units participating. During the first day America provided raid aircraft against Greek and Turkish "targets." The following day, the exercise continued as Greek aircraft flew raids against TG 60.1 surface units.
Following "Dawn Clear", the ship conducted routine training operations in the Ionian Sea. America anchored at Valletta at 10:00 on 5 April for a five-day visit. Weighing anchor on 10 April, the carrier departed Malta to sail for task group operations in the Ionian Sea, she conducted an open sea missile exercise with the guided missile
Airtight (G.I. Joe)
Airtight is a fictional character from the G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero toyline, comic books and animated series, he is the G. I. Joe Team's hostile environment specialist and debuted in 1985, his real name is Kurt Schnurr and his rank is that of corporal E-4. Airtight was born in Connecticut. Airtight was a misfit kid, known for his collection of plastic dinosaurs, being able to hold his breath the longest, he grew up into the type of adult, who would wade into a cloud of toxic gas strong enough to dissolve lung tissue with one whiff. He is a trained expert in chemical weaponry, is able to detect, identify and contain viruses and poisons, his primary military specialty is CBR, his secondary military specialty is ordnance. He is noted for being a practical joker; when the G. I. Joe team temporarily disbanded, Airtight returned to duty in the US Army as a CBR Warfare Specialist, was promoted to Sergeant E-5, he has been called back to active reserve status upon reinstatement of the team, in the event his skills are needed for a future mission.
Airtight was first released as an action figure in 1985. A Brazilian version of Airtight known as Ar Puro was released in 1990. A version of Airtight was released in India in 1993 and again in 2002. A new version of Airtight was released in 2008 as a "Direct to Consumer" figure for the G. I. Joe 25th Anniversary line. In the Marvel Comics G. I. Joe series, he first appeared in issue #44. There he is part of a training mission in the Nevada desert for prospective Joes being conducted by Lady Jaye; when the group is attacked by Cobra forces using new mutant plant spores, Airtight uses battery acid to destroy the spores. He uses some scorpions he had been collecting to attack Destro and Doctor Mindbender. Airtight next participated in the mission to steal a Soviet laser from Afghanistan, he participates in the assault on Springfield. He worked at Fort Wadsworth, monitoring satellite images of Cobra Island, he is featured in the second issue of the Special Missions series, as part of a team sent to neutralize discovered World War II weaponry.
A plane, hanging half-off the side of the glacier, threatens to release a toxic cloud that endanger many innocent lives. He works with Alpine and Snow Job. Airtight joins another group of Joes in the sewers below New York City; this includes Charbroil. They fail to prevent the Dreadnoks from establishing a telemarketing base. A homeless veteran, guiding the team gives up his life to save Airtight and the others from a perceived weapon; when Cobra invades The Pit, G. I. Joe's headquarters and Barbecue fend off a squad of Laser Vipers; the two retreat when Battle Android Troopers are called into play. Much Airtight is part of a team of Joes sent to investigate the Cobra occupied town of Millville. In the Action Force continuity, Kurt Schnurr was born in West Germany. In issue #6, he helps save the Eiffel Tower from destruction at the hands of a male and female Crimson Guard duo. Airtight and Barbecue successfully stop a run-away train full of radioactive materials, saving many innocent people. In the Devil's Due G.
I. Joe series, Beach Head and Airtight become involved in the fight against Tyler Wingfield, a murderous militia leader, they come into conflict with Chuckles, an undercover G. I. Joe agent, who had managed to infiltrate Wingfield's operation. All four Joes are captured, Chuckles is ordered to kill one. Airtight appears in issue #26, #36, of the main Devil's Due series. Airtight and other Joes are seen fighting Cobra forces in Iran, during the World War III storyline, he first appeared in the Sunbow G. I. Joe episode "Rendezvous in the City of the Dead". In the Sunbow series, he was portrayed as a scientific geek, he had speaking appearances in the episodes The Germ, The Funhouse, The Pyramid of Darkness parts 2 and 3, Worlds Without End I-II, The Greenhouse Effect, Primordial Plot, Flint's Vacation. He is featured in a G. I. Joe PSA explaining what to do if someone faints. Airtight appeared in the G. I. Joe: Renegades episode "The Anaconda Strain." Dr. Kurt Schnurr is a scientist, working with Dr. Monev on the Anaconda Strain for Cobra Industries and hoped that Cobra Industries will allow an antidote to be made.
When he ended up infected, he had to be quarantined. When the Joes in hazmat suits infiltrated the facility and found him in the quarantine area, they found him with the Anaconda Strain's symptoms. Kurt shows that the rat carrier is still alive; when the Joes end up learning of the cure in BioVault C, they end up having to break down the glass in order to get Kurt to the Anaconda Strain Antidote causing the company to go under lock-down. It is discovered that his partner Dr. Monev orchestrated Kurt's infection as a part of Cobra Industries' plot to release the Anaconda Strain onto the populace and distribute the antidotes; when the Anaconda Strain virus starts to take its toll, Snake Eyes sprays the antidote on Kurt and the rat carrier. Kurt and Elena end up relocated to L. A. to head to Kurt's cousin. However, Kurt was infected becoming a carrier. Scarlett and Snake Eyes catch up to him on the airport as Kurt exits from the plane to prevent himself from infecting the people upon knowing this. Snake Eyes caught him.
The Anaconda Strain virus had infected the passengers so Scarlett leaked the antidote into the plane's oxygen tanks. Kurt vows to perfect a permanent antidote for the Anaconda Strain virus. During the final scene of the episode, he was shown
OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated d/b/a OCLC is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs". It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog in the world. OCLC is funded by the fees that libraries have to pay for its services. OCLC maintains the Dewey Decimal Classification system. OCLC began in 1967, as the Ohio College Library Center, through a collaboration of university presidents, vice presidents, library directors who wanted to create a cooperative computerized network for libraries in the state of Ohio; the group first met on July 5, 1967 on the campus of the Ohio State University to sign the articles of incorporation for the nonprofit organization, hired Frederick G. Kilgour, a former Yale University medical school librarian, to design the shared cataloging system.
Kilgour wished to merge the latest information storage and retrieval system of the time, the computer, with the oldest, the library. The plan was to merge the catalogs of Ohio libraries electronically through a computer network and database to streamline operations, control costs, increase efficiency in library management, bringing libraries together to cooperatively keep track of the world's information in order to best serve researchers and scholars; the first library to do online cataloging through OCLC was the Alden Library at Ohio University on August 26, 1971. This was the first online cataloging by any library worldwide. Membership in OCLC is based on use of services and contribution of data. Between 1967 and 1977, OCLC membership was limited to institutions in Ohio, but in 1978, a new governance structure was established that allowed institutions from other states to join. In 2002, the governance structure was again modified to accommodate participation from outside the United States.
As OCLC expanded services in the United States outside Ohio, it relied on establishing strategic partnerships with "networks", organizations that provided training and marketing services. By 2008, there were 15 independent United States regional service providers. OCLC networks played a key role in OCLC governance, with networks electing delegates to serve on the OCLC Members Council. During 2008, OCLC commissioned two studies to look at distribution channels. In early 2009, OCLC negotiated new contracts with the former networks and opened a centralized support center. OCLC provides bibliographic and full-text information to anyone. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat—the OCLC Online Union Catalog, the largest online public access catalog in the world. WorldCat has holding records from private libraries worldwide; the Open WorldCat program, launched in late 2003, exposed a subset of WorldCat records to Web users via popular Internet search and bookselling sites.
In October 2005, the OCLC technical staff began a wiki project, WikiD, allowing readers to add commentary and structured-field information associated with any WorldCat record. WikiD was phased out; the Online Computer Library Center acquired the trademark and copyrights associated with the Dewey Decimal Classification System when it bought Forest Press in 1988. A browser for books with their Dewey Decimal Classifications was available until July 2013; until August 2009, when it was sold to Backstage Library Works, OCLC owned a preservation microfilm and digitization operation called the OCLC Preservation Service Center, with its principal office in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The reference management service QuestionPoint provides libraries with tools to communicate with users; this around-the-clock reference service is provided by a cooperative of participating global libraries. Starting in 1971, OCLC produced catalog cards for members alongside its shared online catalog. OCLC commercially sells software, such as CONTENTdm for managing digital collections.
It offers the bibliographic discovery system WorldCat Discovery, which allows for library patrons to use a single search interface to access an institution's catalog, database subscriptions and more. OCLC has been conducting research for the library community for more than 30 years. In accordance with its mission, OCLC makes its research outcomes known through various publications; these publications, including journal articles, reports and presentations, are available through the organization's website. OCLC Publications – Research articles from various journals including Code4Lib Journal, OCLC Research, Reference & User Services Quarterly, College & Research Libraries News, Art Libraries Journal, National Education Association Newsletter; the most recent publications are displayed first, all archived resources, starting in 1970, are available. Membership Reports – A number of significant reports on topics ranging from virtual reference in libraries to perceptions about library funding. Newsletters – Current and archived newsletters for the library and archive community.
Presentations – Presentations from both guest speakers and OCLC research from conferences and other events. The presentations are organized into five categories: Conference presentations, Dewey presentations, Distinguished Seminar Series, Guest presentations, Research staff
The Goldbergs (2013 TV series)
The Goldbergs is an American television period sitcom that premiered on September 24, 2013, on ABC. The series was created by Adam F. Goldberg and stars Wendi McLendon-Covey, Jeff Garlin, Sean Giambrone, Troy Gentile, Hayley Orrantia, George Segal; the show is produced by Adam F Goldberg, Seth Gordon, Doug Robinson. It is based on Goldberg's childhood and family in the 1980s, complete with a childhood version of himself. In May 2017, ABC renewed the series for a sixth season; the sixth season premiered on September 26, 2018. The Goldbergs is set in the 1980s in Pennsylvania; the show is loosely based on the showrunner's childhood, during which he videotaped events, many of which are reenacted throughout the program. It shows the reality of the 1980s through a young boy's eyes; the series stars Jeff Garlin as Wendi McLendon-Covey as matriarch Beverly. Their two older children are Barry; the youngest child, documents his family life with his video camera. Beverly's father, Albert "Pops" Solomon, is around to provide advice or to help out his grandchildren.
The present-day "Adult Adam" narrates every episode as taking place in "1980-something". Many references to real-life Philadelphia-area businesses are made, including the Wawa Inc. convenience store chain, Gimbel's department store, Willow Grove Park Mall, Kremp's Florist of Willow Grove, Pennsylvania. Wendi McLendon-Covey as Beverly Goldberg, the overprotective matriarch of the Goldbergs, she is called their "smother" by the kids. She injects herself into her children's lives to their embarrassment, is supremely confident in their abilities. Sean Giambrone as Adam Fredrick Goldberg, the pop-culture obsessed youngest child of the Goldbergs. Smart and geeky, he films his family's activities on a VHS camcorder, he ends up having to use his middle initial to distinguish himself from another Adam Goldberg who attends the same school and is an aspiring filmmaker. Patton Oswalt voices the adult Adam Goldberg. Jeff Garlin as Murray Goldberg, the gruff, somewhat asocial patriarch of the Goldbergs. Unlike Beverly, he is realistic about his children's abilities and believes she smothers them too much.
Despite his apathetic tendencies at home, he values hard work and has held various full time positions since his teenage years. Though he does not always show affection for his children, calling them morons when they make mistakes or behave in silly ways, he cares about them and wants them to learn how to fend for themselves, he runs his father-in-law's furniture business, loves sports, is seen lounging in front of his TV in his white briefs. Troy Gentile as Barry Norman Goldberg, the overconfident dim-witted middle child of the Goldbergs. Though untalented in every way, he remains self-assured while trying to become popular in high school, he is determined to dominate everything, including sports. In the fifth season finale, he proposes to Lainey and she accepts. By this point, he decided to become a doctor. Hayley Orrantia as Erica Dorothy Goldberg, the somewhat bad-tempered oldest child of the Goldbergs. Smart and musically gifted but rebellious, she is popular in school and dominant over her younger brothers.
In the fifth season, Erica left for college at D. C. School of the Arts, only to drop out at the end of the season to start a band with Lainey and Valley Erica. "Erica" is based on Eric Goldberg. George Segal as Albert "Pops" Solomon, Beverly's laid-back widower father. Though an elderly man with a number of comic eccentricities, he acts much younger than his age and gives sage advice to his grandchildren. Adam considers him his best friend, he once owned a successful furniture store called Ottoman Empire that allowed him to retire comfortably, he now lets his son-in-law Murray run the business. AJ Michalka as Lainey Lewis, Erica's best friend and one of the most popular girls at school, whom Barry has had a lifelong crush on. To the surprise of many, Lainey kisses Barry at a party in the first-season finale, the two grow closer together in season two, become an unlikely couple. Following the fourth season, she has gone to attend fashion school in Savannah and ended her relationship with Barry. In season 5, she returns to Jenkintown after dropping out along with Erica to start a band.
In the final seconds of the season finale she and Barry agree to wed. In the sixth season, Lainey not only ends the engagement but leaves for L. A. to pursue her dreams alone, but not before promising Barry that when they were ready, they'd be together. Sam Lerner as'Madman' Geoff Schwartz, one of Barry's best friends; the nickname "Madman" is a form of ironic humor, given how well-behaved the character is compared to Barry. He makes many futile attempts to win her affections. At the end of the third season, he begins dating Evelyn Silver just as Erica realizes she reciprocates Geoff's feelings, he breaks up with Evey to be with Erica. Troy Winbush as Puchinski, a police officer who sometimes runs afoul of the Goldbergs' craziness, sympathises with Beverly. Cedric Yarbrough as Vic, Murray's friend and co-worker from Canada. Ben Zelevansky as Dale, the manager of the arcade frequented by Adam and Pops. (seas
Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc. Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of American comic books and related media. In 2009, The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Worldwide's parent company. Marvel started in 1939 the common name in the Golden Age was Timely Comics, by the early 1950s, had become known as Atlas Comics; the Marvel era began in 1961, the year that the company launched The Fantastic Four and other superhero titles created by Steve Ditko, Stan Lee, Jack Kirby and many others. The Marvel brand had been used over the years, but solidified as the company's only brand with in a couple of years. Marvel counts among its characters such well-known superheroes as Captain America, Iron Man, the Hulk, Spider-Man, Black Panther, Doctor Strange, the Silver Surfer, Ghost Rider, the Punisher and Deadpool, such teams as the Avengers, the X-Men, the Fantastic Four, the Midnight Sons, the Defenders, the Guardians of the Galaxy, supervillains including Galactus, Doctor Doom, Ultron, Green Goblin, Red Skull, Doctor Octopus and Venom.
Most of Marvel's fictional characters operate in a single reality known as the Marvel Universe, with most locations mirroring real-life places. Pulp-magazine publisher Martin Goodman founded the company known as Marvel Comics under the name Timely Publications in 1939. Goodman, who had started with a Western pulp in 1933, was expanding into the emerging—and by already popular—new medium of comic books. Launching his new line from his existing company's offices at 330 West 42nd Street, New York City, he held the titles of editor, managing editor, business manager, with Abraham Goodman listed as publisher. Timely's first publication, Marvel Comics #1, included the first appearance of Carl Burgos' android superhero the Human Torch, the first appearances of Bill Everett's anti-hero Namor the Sub-Mariner, among other features; the issue was a great success. While its contents came from an outside packager, Inc. Timely had its own staff in place by the following year; the company's first true editor, writer-artist Joe Simon, teamed with artist Jack Kirby to create one of the first patriotically themed superheroes, Captain America, in Captain America Comics #1.
It, proved a hit, with sales of nearly one million. Goodman formed Timely Comics, Inc. beginning with comics cover-dated April 1941 or Spring 1941. While no other Timely character would achieve the success of these three characters, some notable heroes—many of which continue to appear in modern-day retcon appearances and flashbacks—include the Whizzer, Miss America, the Destroyer, the original Vision, the Angel. Timely published one of humor cartoonist Basil Wolverton's best-known features, "Powerhouse Pepper", as well as a line of children's funny-animal comics featuring characters like Super Rabbit and the duo Ziggy Pig and Silly Seal. Goodman hired his wife's cousin, Stanley Lieber, as a general office assistant in 1939; when editor Simon left the company in late 1941, Goodman made Lieber—by writing pseudonymously as "Stan Lee"—interim editor of the comics line, a position Lee kept for decades except for three years during his military service in World War II. Lee wrote extensively for Timely.
Goodman's business strategy involved having his various magazines and comic books published by a number of corporations all operating out of the same office and with the same staff. One of these shell companies through which Timely Comics was published was named Marvel Comics by at least Marvel Mystery Comics #55; as well, some comics' covers, such as All Surprise Comics #12, were labeled "A Marvel Magazine" many years before Goodman would formally adopt the name in 1961. The post-war American comic market saw superheroes falling out of fashion. Goodman's comic book line dropped them for the most part and expanded into a wider variety of genres than Timely had published, featuring horror, humor, funny animal, men's adventure-drama, giant monster and war comics, adding jungle books, romance titles and medieval adventure, Bible stories and sports. Goodman began using the globe logo of the Atlas News Company, the newsstand-distribution company he owned, on comics cover-dated November 1951 though another company, Kable News, continued to distribute his comics through the August 1952 issues.
This globe branding united a line put out by the same publisher and freelancers through 59 shell companies, from Animirth Comics to Zenith Publications. Atlas, rather than innovate, took a proven route of following popular trends in television and movies—Westerns and war dramas prevailing for a time, drive-in movie monsters another time—and other comic books the EC horror line. Atlas published a plethora of children's and teen humor titles, including Dan DeCarlo's Homer the Happy Ghost and Homer Hooper. Atlas unsuccessfully attempted to revive superheroes from late 1953 to mid-1954, with the Human Torch, the Sub-Mariner, Captain America. Atlas did not achieve any breakout hits and, according to Stan Lee, Atlas survived chiefly because it produced work cheaply, at a passable quality; the first modern comic books under the Marvel Comics brand w