The fifth USS Independence was an aircraft carrier of the United States Navy. She was the final member of the Forrestal class of conventionally powered supercarriers, she entered service with much of her early years spent in the Mediterranean Fleet. Independence was decommissioned in 1998 after 39 years of active service. Stored in recent years at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Washington, the ex-Independence was towed beginning on 10 March 2017 to Brownsville, Texas for scrapping, she arrived on 1 June 2017 and dismantling was completed by early 2019. The Forrestal-class aircraft carriers were designed in the early 1950s as a smaller version of the cancelled United States-class "supercarriers". Unlike the United States class, they were to operate in both the nuclear strike and conventional roles, were therefore intended to carry a mixed fleet of fighters, light attack and heavy attack aircraft, all of which were to be jets; the carriers were designed around the large new Douglas A3D Skywarrior bomber, with four deck-edge aircraft elevators large enough to handle the new bomber.
As jet aircraft needed much more fuel than piston-engined aircraft, the Forrestal class had a much greater aviation fuel capacity than existing carriers, with 750,000 US gallons of Avgas and 789,000 US gallons of jetfuel, more than double that carried in the Midway-class aircraft carriers. Independence was built with an angled flight deck with four C-7 steam catapults, two on the bow and two on the angled deck, she was fitted with AN/SPS -8 B height finding radar. Defensive armament consisted of eight 5"/54 caliber Mark 42 guns mounted on sponsons jutting out from the sides of the ship so they did not interfere with the flight deck; the initial air wing of the Forrestal-class carriers was about 90 aircraft, although this varied with the composition of the airwing. The contract to build Independence, the fourth Forrestal-class carrier was awarded to the Brooklyn Navy Yard on 2 July 1954, with the ship being laid down on 1 July 1955, she was launched on 6 June 1958 by the wife of Thomas S. Gates, the Secretary of the Navy, commissioned on 10 January 1959.
Independence conducted shakedown training under her first captain, Captain R. Y. McElroy, with the first landing-on being carried out by a Grumman Trader carrier onboard delivery aircraft on 2 March 1959, she arrived at her new homeport of Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia on 30 June 1959, carried out a ten-week training cruise in the Caribbean. During these trials, while carrying out compatibility tests aboard the new carrier, a Douglas A3D Skywarrior was catapulted off Independence at a gross weight of 84,000 pounds, the heaviest aircraft to take off from a carrier at the time. Independence operated off the Virginia Capes for the next year on training maneuvers, departed 4 August 1960 for her first cruise to the Mediterranean. There, she added her great strength to the peace-keeping power of the 6th Fleet in that troubled region, remaining in the eastern Mediterranean until her return to Norfolk 3 March 1961. On 4 August 1961, she departed again for the Mediterranean to join the US 6th fleet for another cruise and returned on 19 December 1961 to Norfolk.
Independence sailed on 19 April 1962 for Sixth Fleet duty in support of President John F. Kennedy's firm stand on Berlin during a recurrence of stress in a critical area, she sailed 11 October for the Caribbean Sea. Called on by President Kennedy on 24 October during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, Independence provided a strong, visible reminder of U. S. determination and resolve while she acted as a key participant in the U. S. naval blockade of Cuba. She arrived off Puerto Rico in response to the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba and took part in the quarantine operations which forced withdrawal of those missiles, she returned to Norfolk on 25 November for readiness exercises along the eastern seaboard, overhaul in the Norfolk Naval Shipyard, refresher training out of Guantanamo Bay. Independence departed Norfolk on 6 August 1963 to take part in combined readiness exercises in the Bay of Biscay with sea-air units of the United Kingdom and France entered the Mediterranean on 21 August for further duty with the Sixth Fleet.
Cruising throughout the Mediterranean, she gained much valuable experience during combined NATO exercises, including close air support to Turkish paratroops, reconnaissance and convoy strike support. President Makarios of Cyprus paid her a visit on 7 October 1963, after which she took part in bilateral U. S.-Italian exercises in the Adriatic with Italian patrol torpedo boats, U. S.-French exercises, which pitted her aircraft against French interceptors and a surface action with the French cruiser Colbert. She returned to Norfolk on 4 March 1964. Following training exercises, ranging north to New York and south to Mayport, Independence departed Norfolk 8 September 1964 for NATO Teamwork exercises in the Norwegian Sea and off the coast of France to Gibraltar, she entered the Norfolk Naval Shipyard for overhaul. On 10 May 1965, Independence deployed for more than seven months, including 100 days in the South China Sea, off the coast of Vietnam, the first Atlantic Fleet carrier to do so, she was the fifth U.
S. carrier to operate off Vietnam. Independence and her embarked Carrier Air Wing 7 received the Navy Unit Commendation for exceptionally meritorious service from 5 June to 21 November 1965; the carrier's air group participated in the first major series of coordinated strikes against vital enemy supply lines north of the Hanoi-Haiphong complex evading the first massive surface-to-air missile barrage in aviation hist
Nepytia canosaria, the false hemlock looper, is a moth of the family Geometridae. The species was first described by Francis Walker in 1863, it is found from northeastern Alberta east to Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, south through New England. The wingspan is about 30 mm; the moth flies from August to September depending on the location. The larva feed on balsam fir, eastern hemlock and other conifer species. Anweiler, G. G.. "Species Page - Nepytia canosaria". Entomology Collection. University of Alberta E. H. Strickland Entomological Museum. Retrieved April 5, 2019. "False Hemlock Looper". Bugwood Wiki
Poirier Sport & Leisure Complex is a 190,000-square-foot multi-purpose all-season recreation complex in Coquitlam, British Columbia. The arena-side of the facility is used by a wide variety of groups, including hockey and ringette teams and figure skaters for hosting national tournaments; the facility has three playing surfaces. The main arena features an NHL standard 200' x 85' playing surface with seating for 2,200 spectators. An annex provides an additional 200' x a six sheet curling rink; the facility is home to the Coquitlam Sports Hall of Fame, as well as the Coquitlam Express of the British Columbia Hockey League, the Coquitlam Adanacs of the Western Lacrosse Association and the Coquitlam Adanacs of the BC Junior A Lacrosse League. The pool-side of the facility includes: 25 metre main swimming pool 20 metre warm lap pool Leisure pool, including: Wheelchair ramp entry Lazy river Therapy spray Tot bubblers, spray arches, belle sprays, geysers 1 metre and 3 metre competition diving boards Hot tub Dry sauna Steam room Weight/fitness room In 2010, the old Coquitlam Sports Centre underwent a $62 million expansion and renovation: Expansion of main arena, with the ice surface extended to the NHL standard length of 200 feet Replacement of the recreational arena Replacement of the curling rink Lobby improvements to integrate the facility with the aquatic and fitness centre New restrooms, concession areas, dressing rooms, administration areas The facility has been built according to the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Silver Standard, including: Solar water heating Rainwater retention and reuse for landscaping Landscaping with native species Use of recycled content and non-toxic building products Poirier Sport & Leisure Complex at the City of Coquitlam web site Satellite view of the Coquitlam Sports Centre on Google Maps