USS LST-1

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USS LST-1.jpg
USS LST-1 underway soon after completion c. December 1942, in the vicinity of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
History
United States
Name: LST-1
Builder: Dravo Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Laid down: 10 June 1942
Launched: 7 September 1942
Sponsored by: Mrs. Laurence T. Haugen
Commissioned:
  • 5 December 1942, reduced commission
  • 14 December 1942, full commission
Decommissioned: 21 May 1946
Struck: 19 June 1946
Identification:
Honors and
awards:
Bronze-service-star-3d.png 4 × battle stars
Fate: Sold for scrapping, 5 December 1947
General characteristics [1]
Type: LST-1-class tank landing ship
Displacement:
  • 1,625 long tons (1,651 t) (light)
  • 4,080 long tons (4,145 t) (full (seagoing draft with 1,675 short tons (1,520 t) load)
  • 2,366 long tons (2,404 t) (beaching)
Length: 328 ft (100 m) oa
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft:
  • Unloaded: 2 ft 4 in (0.71 m) forward; 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) aft
  • Full load: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m) forward; 14 ft 1 in (4.29 m) aft
  • Landing with 500 short tons (450 t) load: 3 ft 11 in (1.19 m) forward; 9 ft 10 in (3.00 m) aft
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Range: 24,000 nmi (44,000 km; 28,000 mi) at 9 kn (17 km/h; 10 mph) while displacing 3,960 long tons (4,024 t)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 x LCVPs
Capacity: 1,600–1,900 short tons (3,200,000–3,800,000 lb; 1,500,000–1,700,000 kg) cargo depending on mission
Troops: 16 officers, 147 enlisted men
Complement: 13 officers, 104 enlisted men
Armament:
Service record
Operations:

USS LST-1 was an LST-1-class tank landing ship of the United States Navy built during World War II. She was the lead ship in her class of 390 and like many of her class, she was not named and is properly referred to by her hull designation.

Construction[edit]

LST-1 was laid down on 20 July 1942, at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania by the Dravo Corporation; launched on 7 September 1942; sponsored by Mrs. Laurence T. Haugen; and commissioned on 14 December 1942, with Lieutenant W. L. Chessman in command.[2]

Service history[edit]

During World War II, LST-1 was assigned to the European Theater and participated in the following operations: Allied invasion of Sicily in July 1943; Salerno Landings in September 1943; Anzio-Nettuno advanced landings on the west coast of Italy from January to March 1944; and the Invasion of Normandy in June 1944.[2]

LST-1 was decommissioned on 21 May 1946, and was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 19 June 1946. On 5 December 1947, she was sold to the Ships Power and Equipment Company of Barber, New Jersey, for scrapping.[2]

Awards[edit]

LST-1 earned four battle star for World War II service.[2]

LST-1 (right) and LST-292 "high and dry" on the beach at Saint-Michel-en-Grève, on the north shore of the Brittany Peninsula, during supply operations in support of the campaign against German forces at Brest, France in September 1944. Note the extra davits for additional LCVPs. Taken by a SHAEF photographer.

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • "LST-1". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 10 August 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  • "LST-1". Navsource. Navsource.org. 5 August 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2017.

External links[edit]