USS LST-12

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
LST 12 beached at Barletta Italy.jpeg
HM LST-12 beached at Barletta, Italy, July 1944.
History
United States
Name: LST-12
Builder: Dravo Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Laid down: 16 August 1942
Launched: 7 December 1942
Sponsored by: Mrs. Joseph Fay
Status: Transferred to the Royal Navy, 25 March 1943
United Kingdom
Name: LST-12
Acquired: 25 March 1943
Commissioned: 26 March 1943
Out of service: 5 January 1946
Status: Returned to US Naval custody
United States
Acquired: 5 January 1946
Struck: 20 March 1946
Fate: Sold for scrapping, 11 September 1947
General characteristics
Class and type: LST-1-class tank landing ship
Displacement:
  • 1,625 long tons (1,651 t) light
  • 4,080 long tons (4,145 t) full
Length: 328 ft (100 m)
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft:
  • Unloaded: 2 ft 4 in (0.71 m) forward; 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) aft
  • Full load: 8 ft 3 in (2.51 m) forward; 14 ft 1 in (4.29 m) aft
  • Landing with 500 short tons (450 t) load: 3 ft 11 in (1.19 m) forward; 9 ft 10 in (3.00 m) aft
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Range: 24,000 nmi (44,000 km; 28,000 mi) at 9 kn (17 km/h; 10 mph) while displacing 3,960 long tons (4,024 t)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
4 × LCVP
Capacity: 1,600–1,900 st (22,000–27,000 lb; 10,000–12,000 kg) cargo depending on mission
Troops: 16 officers, 147 enlisted men
Complement: 7 officers, 104 enlisted men
Armament:
Service record
Operations:

USS LST-12 was an LST-1-class tank landing ship of the United States Navy. LST-12 was transferred to the Royal Navy in early 1943, to serve in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations during 1943 and 1944, she never saw service with the US Navy.

Construction[edit]

LST-12 was laid down on 16 August 1942, by the Dravo Corporation in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; launched on 7 December 1942; sponsored by Mrs. Joseph Fay.[1] She was transferred to the Royal Navy 25 March 1943, and commissioned 26 March.[2]

Service history[edit]

LST-12 left Galveston, Texas, on 10 April 1943, with Convoy HK 168, en route to Key West, Florida, arriving 14 April 1943.[3]

LST-12 left from Hampton Roads, Virginia for the Mediterranean on 14 May 1943, with convoy UGS 8A, arriving in Oran, Algeria, sometime before 8 June 1943, breaking down en route.[4] Records also show that she left Gibraltar on 21 June 1943, with Convoy GTX 3, and traveled to Port Said, Egypt, arriving 4 July 1943.[5]

Mediterranean and European operations[edit]

LST-12 was assigned to the European theater and participated in the Sicilian occupation in July and August 1943, and the Invasion of Reggio and the Salerno landings in September 1943. On 13 November 1943, she struck a mine but was able to make Ferryville under her own power to be repaired.[6] However, records indicate that she was also part of Convoy BM 74 from 11 November to 16 November 1943, traveling from Bombay, India to Colombo, British Ceylon.[7]

In August and September 1944, LST-12 was the only British LST to take part in Operation Dragoon, the Invasion of southern France]].[2]

From September 1944 to January 1945, she operated between Italy, Yugoslavia, and Greece.[2]

Postwar service[edit]

Between August and October 1945, she was refit at Antwerp before being paid off at New York 5 January 1946, and returned to the US Navy. On 20 March 1946, LST-12 was struck from the Naval Register.[2]

LST-12 was sold on 11 September 1947, to Washburn Wire Co., Phillipsdale, Rhode Island.[2]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]