USS LST-19

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USS LST-19 San Francisco Bay circa 1945-1946.jpg
USS LST-19 at anchor in San Francisco Bay, c. 1945–1946.
History
United States
Name: LST-19
Builder: Dravo Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Laid down: 22 October 1942
Launched: 11 March 1943
Commissioned: 15 May 1943
Decommissioned: 20 March 1946
Reclassified: Tank Landing Ship (Hospital), 15 September 1945
Struck: 1 May 1946
Identification:
Honors and
awards:
Bronze-service-star-3d.png 4 × battle stars
Fate: Sold for scrapping, 5 December 1947
General characteristics [1]
Type: LST-1-class tank landing ship
Displacement:
  • 1,625 long tons (1,651 t) (light)
  • 4,080 long tons (4,145 t) (full (seagoing draft with 1,675 short tons (1,520 t) load)
  • 2,366 long tons (2,404 t) (beaching)
Length: 328 ft (100 m) oa
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft:
  • Unloaded: 2 ft 4 in (0.71 m) forward; 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) aft
  • Full load: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m) forward; 14 ft 1 in (4.29 m) aft
  • Landing with 500 short tons (450 t) load: 3 ft 11 in (1.19 m) forward; 9 ft 10 in (3.00 m) aft
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Range: 24,000 nmi (44,000 km; 28,000 mi) at 9 kn (17 km/h; 10 mph) while displacing 3,960 long tons (4,024 t)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 x LCVPs
Capacity: 1,600–1,900 short tons (3,200,000–3,800,000 lb; 1,500,000–1,700,000 kg) cargo depending on mission
Troops: 16 officers, 147 enlisted men
Complement: 13 officers, 104 enlisted men
Armament:
Service record
Part of: LST Flotilla 13
Awards:

USS LST-19 was a United States Navy LST-1-class tank landing ship used exclusively in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater during World War II and manned by a United States Coast Guard crew. Like many of her class, she was not named and is properly referred to by her hull designation.

Construction[edit]

LST-19 was laid down on 22 October 1942, at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania by the Dravo Corporation; launched on 11 March 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Frances P. Gott.[2] She was floated down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers and entered commissioned service on 15 May 1943, with Lieutenant Commander Charles M. Blackford III, USCGR, in command.[3]

Service history[edit]

During World War II, LST-19 was assigned to the Asiatic-Pacific theater. From 1–17 July 1943, she was on the California coast en route to Alaska. She stopped at San Diego, Mare Island Navy Yard and San Francisco, loading cargo and LCT-81 on her top deck, and embarking Army personnel at the latter location. On 17 July 1943, she was underway out of San Francisco Bay, arriving at the Naval Air Station, Woman's Bay, Kodiak, Alaska on 25 July 1943. On 27 July, she was underway in convoy with three Navy escorts and in company with LST-20, LST-23, LST-69, LST-169, LST-205, and LST-479 for Adak Island in the Aleutians where she arrived on 1 August 1943. Here the Army personnel were disembarked and LCT-81 launched. Beaching exercises were carried out. Practice operations were continued, some in Great Sitkin Island area and cargo was unloaded at Sweeper's Cove. Departing Adak on 14 August 1943, LST-19 took position in a convoy operating with Task Force 16.10. On 16 August, she broke off and proceeded independently, anchoring off Kiska Island. She then entered Kiska Harbor on 19 August, and began unloading Army equipment. Getting underway on 19 August, in convoy with LST-69 and LCI-77, LCI-78, LCI-79, LCI-80, LCI-81, and LCI-82, escorted by Coghlan, she began proceeding independently on 22 August, and anchored at Adak Island. She departed for San Francisco, on 31 August 1943, but turned back to Adak due to engine problems.[3]

LST-19 was at San Pedro, on 4 April 1944. Proceeding to San Diego and San Francisco, she departed for Pearl Harbor, on 3 May 1944. Proceeding by way of Saipan and Eniwetok LST-19 arrived at Peleliu on D-1 day, 14 September 1944, and was also engaged in the raids on Volocano-Bonia and Yap. She returned to Peleliu and Angaur on 24 December 1944. On 31 December, she was at Fais Island, returning to Peleliu on 15 January 1945. LST-19 arrived at Kossol, on 4 February 1945, and Ulithi on 11 February. She departed Ulithi, on 5 March, for San Francisco via Eniwetok, Pearl Harbor, San Pedro and San Diego, arriving on 28 July 1945. On 5 August 1945, she departed San Francisco for Pearl Harbor, returning on 3 September 1945.[3]

LST-19 was redesignated as LST(H)-19 on 15 September 1945. Again departing San Francisco, on 25 September 1945, she proceeded to Wakayama, Japan, via Pearl Harbor and Buckner Bay, Okinawa, arriving there on 5 November 1945. She returned to San Francisco, in January 1946, via Saipan and Pearl Harbor. She then sailed for Charleston, South Carolina, via the Canal Zone, on 18 January 1946, arriving at Charleston on 14 February 1946.[3]

Post-war decommissioning[edit]

She was decommissioned and her Coast Guard crew removed on 20 March 1946.[3] She was struck from the Navy List on 1 May 1946. On 5 December 1947, she was sold to Ships and Power Equipment Co., of Barber, New Jersey, for scrapping.[2]

Awards[edit]

LST-19 earned four battle stars for World War II service.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • "LST-19". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 15 August 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  • "USS LST-19". NavSource Online. 4 April 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  • "USS LST-19" (PDF). United States Coast Guard. Retrieved 15 August 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

External links[edit]