USS LST-27

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USS LST-27 England June 1944.jpg
USS LST-27 beached alongside an unidentified LST in England early in June 1944, while loading out for the invasion of France.
History
United States
Name: LST-27
Builder: Dravo Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Laid down: 10 December 1942
Launched: 27 April 1943
Sponsored by: Mrs. R. R. Creed
Commissioned: 16 June 1943
Decommissioned: 9 November 1945
Struck: 28 November 1945
Identification:
Honors and
awards:
Bronze-service-star-3d.png 2 × battle stars
Fate: sold for scrapping, 15 December 1947
General characteristics [1]
Type: LST-1-class tank landing ship
Displacement:
  • 1,625 long tons (1,651 t) (light)
  • 4,080 long tons (4,145 t) (full (seagoing draft with 1,675 short tons (1,520 t) load)
  • 2,366 long tons (2,404 t) (beaching)
Length: 328 ft (100 m) oa
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft:
  • Unloaded: 2 ft 4 in (0.71 m) forward; 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) aft
  • Full load: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m) forward; 14 ft 1 in (4.29 m) aft
  • Landing with 500 short tons (450 t) load: 3 ft 11 in (1.19 m) forward; 9 ft 10 in (3.00 m) aft
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Range: 24,000 nmi (44,000 km; 28,000 mi) at 9 kn (17 km/h; 10 mph) while displacing 3,960 long tons (4,024 t)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 x LCVPs
Capacity: 1,600–1,900 short tons (3,200,000–3,800,000 lb; 1,500,000–1,700,000 kg) cargo depending on mission
Troops: 16 officers, 147 enlisted men
Complement: 13 officers, 104 enlisted men
Armament:
Service record
Part of: LST Flotilla 11
Operations: Normandy landings (6–25 June 1944)
Awards:

USS LST-27 was a United States Navy LST-1-class tank landing ship used exclusively in the Europe-Africa-Middle East Theater during World War II and manned by a United States Coast Guard crew. Like many of her class, she was not named and is properly referred to by her hull designation.

Construction[edit]

LST-27 was laid down on 10 December 1942, at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, by the Dravo Corporation; launched on 27 April 1943; sponsored by Mrs. R. R. Creed;[2] and commissioned on 25 June 1943, with Lieutenant Alfred Volton, USCG, in command.[1]

Service history[edit]

On 4 April 1944, she was in the Mediterranean reaching Tunisia, on 13 April 1944.[3] There are records that indicate she traveled from Oran, Algeria, joining Convoy MKS 46 sometime after 9 April 1944,[4] arriving in Gibraltar on 21 April 1944. She departed Gibraltar on 22 April 1944, with Convoy MKS 46G[5] to rendezvous with Convoy SL 155 on April 23 1944, arriving in Liverpool on 3 May 1944.[6]

She participated in the invasion at Omaha Beach. LST-27 departed Trebah near Falmouth[7] [8], England for the Normandy coast on 5 June 1944, transporting units of the 29th Infantry Division. She remained in British waters until 2 July 1944, when she departed for Norfolk, Virginia, arriving there on 17 July 1944.[3]

Postwar career[edit]

LST-27 was decommissioned on 9 November 1945, at Boston,[1] and was struck from the Navy list on 28 November 1945. On 15 December 1947, she was sold to the Rhode Island Navigation Co., of Newport, Rhode Island, for scrapping.[2]

Awards[edit]

LST-27 earned two battle stars for her World War II service.[2]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]