USS Maricopa County (LST-938)

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LST-938.jpg
USS LST-938 entering San Francisco Bay, having just passed under the Golden Gate Bridge, as she returns from duty in the South Pacific, 27 May 1946
History
Name: LST-938
Builder: Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard, Hingham, Massachusetts
Yard number: 3408[1]
Laid down: 14 July 1944
Launched: 15 August 1944
Commissioned: 9 September 1944
Decommissioned: December 1949
Identification:
Honors and
awards:
Bronze-service-star-3d.png 2 × battle star
Status: Laid up in the Atlantic Reserve Fleet, Green Cove Springs, Florida
United States
Name:
  • LST-938 (1951–1955)
  • Maricopa County (1955–1956)
Namesake: Maricopa County, Arizona
Commissioned: 14 December 1951
Decommissioned: 29 February 1956
Renamed: Maricopa County, 1 July 1955
Struck: 1 June 1962
Fate: Laid up in the Atlantic Reserve Fleet, Green Cove Springs, Florida
Status: Transferred to South Vietnam, 12 July 1962
South Vietnam
Name: Da Nang
Namesake: City of Da Nang
Acquired: 12 July 1962
Identification: Hull symbol: HQ-501
Captured: Democratic Republic of Vietnam, 29 April 1975
VietnamSocialist Republic of Vietnam
Name: Trần Khánh Dư
Namesake: Prince Trần Khánh Dư
Acquired: 29 April 1975
Identification: Hull symbol: HQ-501
Fate: Active in service as of 2003
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: LST-542-class tank landing ship
Displacement:
  • 1,625 long tons (1,651 t) (light)
  • 4,080 long tons (4,145 t) (full (seagoing draft with 1,675 short tons (1,520 t) load)
  • 2,366 long tons (2,404 t) (beaching)
Length: 328 ft (100 m) oa
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draft:
  • Unloaded: 2 ft 4 in (0.71 m) forward; 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m) aft
  • Full load: 8 ft 3 in (2.51 m) forward; 14 ft 1 in (4.29 m) aft
  • Landing with 500 short tons (450 t) load: 3 ft 11 in (1.19 m) forward; 9 ft 10 in (3.00 m) aft
  • Limiting 11 ft 2 in (3.40 m)
  • Maximum navigation 14 ft 1 in (4.29 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 11.6 kn (21.5 km/h; 13.3 mph)
Range: 24,000 nmi (44,000 km; 28,000 mi) at 9 kn (17 km/h; 10 mph) while displacing 3,960 long tons (4,024 t)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 x LCVPs
Capacity: 1,600–1,900 short tons (3,200,000–3,800,000 lb; 1,500,000–1,700,000 kg) cargo depending on mission
Troops: 16 officers, 147 enlisted men
Complement: 13 officers, 104 enlisted men
Armament:
Service record
Operations:
Awards:

USS Maricopa County (LST-938) was an LST-542-class tank landing ship built for the United States Navy during World War II. Like many of her class, she was not named and is properly referred to by her hull designation, she was later named after Maricopa County, Arizona, she was the only US Naval vessel to bear the name.

Construction[edit]

LST-938 was laid down on 14 July 1944, at Hingham, Massachusetts, by the Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard; launched on 15 August 1944; and commissioned on 9 September 1944,[3] with Ensign Howard W. Limes in command.[2]

Service history[edit]

World War II[edit]

Completion of shakedown in Chesapeake Bay brought assignment to the 7th Fleet, with LCT-1210 aboard, she departed New York on 18 October 1944, and rendezvoused with a convoy near Guantánamo en route the South Pacific. Pausing briefly in the New Hebrides, LST-938 sailed on to Seeadler Harbor, Admiralty Islands, and commenced unloading on 16 December.[4]

Having taken on supplies for a PT base on 7 January 1945, she joined a convoy for the partially liberated Philippines, where she operated for next four months.[4]

On 10 March, elements of the 41st Infantry Division were put ashore at Zamboanga on the southwest tip of Mindanao. Further south an invasion was pending and on 28 April, LST-938 departed Leyte and steamed to Cairns, Australia. Illustrating the cooperative nature of the war effort, LST-938 transported elements of the Australian 7th Infantry Division to the assault beaches at Balikpapan, Borneo, Dutch East Indies. Unscathed after the landing operations of 1 July, and the follow-up resupply missions, she returned to the Philippines on 27 July.[4]

Post-war activities[edit]

As the war ended, the ship embarked occupation troops and discharged them at Tokyo on 15 September. LST-938 continued to serve in the Japanese occupation until 30 November. Her next assignment placed her on duty along the China coast until 13 May 1946, the ship then departed Tsingtao and returned to the United States.[4]

From her arrival on the east coast on 12 July 1946, until December 1949, LST-938 served as Naval Reserve training ship first at Bayonne, New Jersey, and later at Gulfport, Mississippi. Deactivation followed at Green Cove Springs, Florida, where she decommissioned and entered the Atlantic Reserve Fleet.[4]

Korean War era[edit]

Police action in Korea brought reactivation and she recommissioned 14 December 1951, Lieutenant Howard W. Childress in command. LST-938 was based at the Little Creek Naval Amphibious Base, Virginia, and served as a Marine Corps training ship. During the next 4½ years she carried out operations from Greenland to the Caribbean area.[4]

On 1 July 1955 she was named Maricopa County.[4]

Decommissioning and transfer[edit]

Following an inactivation overhaul at New York she reached Green Cove Springs on 2 December 1955, and decommissioned on 29 February 1956. Late in October 1961 Maricopa County was towed to Philadelphia Navy Yard and prepared for a new career.[4]

Republic of Vietnam service[edit]

Struck from the Navy List on 1 June 1962, she was transferred to the Republic of Vietnam and commissioned in the Republic of Vietnam Navy as RVNS Da Nang (HQ-501) on 12 July 1962.[4]

Capture by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam[edit]

Captured by the North Vietnamese around the time of the fall of Saigon, on 29 April 1975, the ship was placed in service with the Vietnamese People's Navy and renamed Tran Khanh Du (HQ-501).[2]

Awards[edit]

LST-938 earned two battle star for World War II service.[3]

Notes[edit]

Citations[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Online resources

External links[edit]