USS Missouri (SSN-780)
USS Missouri is the seventh Virginia-class attack submarine and the fourth ship in the United States Navy named in honor of the U. S. state of Missouri. She was completed, delivered, nine months early and under budget; the contract to build Missouri was awarded to the Electric Boat Division of General Dynamics Corporation in Groton, Connecticut on 14 August 2003. Her keel was laid down on 27 September 2008; the submarine was put in the water on 20 November 2009, christened on 5 December 2009. Missouri's sponsor is wife of Secretary of Defense Robert Gates. Missouri was commissioned on 31 July 2010, her first assignment is with Submarine Squadron 4 based at US Naval Submarine Base New London, Groton, CT. The 7,800-ton submarine Missouri was built under a joint arrangement between General Dynamics Electric Boat and Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding-Newport News. Sections of the submarine are built at both shipyards and final assembly is completed at one or the other. In this instance, SSN-780 was assembled at Connecticut shipyard.
Final assembly occurs alternately between the two. During the design and construction phases both shipyards collaborate to complete each submarine. Missouri completed her first 6-month deployment to the U. S. 6th Fleet on 20 December 2013. In March 2014 Missouri made an 11-week-long surge deployment in the Northern Atlantic, just three months after her previous deployment and linked to the Ukrainian crisis; the submarine continued to operate with the U. S. 6th fleet in 2015. On 26 January 2018, Missouri sailed into her new homeport of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii from Groton, Connecticut. Mohl, Michael. "'Missouri'". Submarine Photo Archive. NavSource Naval History. Retrieved 2010-05-05
USS Missouri (BB-63)
USS Missouri is an Iowa-class battleship and was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named after the U. S. state of Missouri. Missouri was the last battleship commissioned by the United States and is best remembered as the site of the surrender of the Empire of Japan which ended World War II. Missouri was ordered in 1940 and commissioned in June 1944. In the Pacific Theater of World War II she fought in the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa and shelled the Japanese home islands, she fought in the Korean War from 1950 to 1953, she was decommissioned in 1955 into the United States Navy reserve fleets, but reactivated and modernized in 1984 as part of the 600-ship Navy plan, provided fire support during Operation Desert Storm in January/February 1991. Missouri received a total of 11 battle stars for service in World War II, the Persian Gulf, was decommissioned on 31 March 1992 after serving a total of 17 years of active service, but remained on the Naval Vessel Register until her name was struck in January 1995.
In 1998, she was donated to the USS Missouri Memorial Association and became a museum ship at Pearl Harbor. Missouri was one of the Iowa-class "fast battleship" designs planned in 1938 by the Preliminary Design Branch at the Bureau of Construction and Repair, she was laid down at the Brooklyn Navy Yard on 6 January 1941, launched on 29 January 1944 and commissioned on 11 June with Captain William Callaghan in command. The ship was the third of the Iowa class, but the fourth and final Iowa-class ship commissioned by the U. S. Navy; the ship was christened at her launching by Mary Margaret Truman, daughter of Harry S. Truman a United States Senator from Missouri. Missouri's main battery consisted of nine 16 in /50 cal Mark 7 guns, which could fire 2,700 lb armor-piercing shells some 20 mi, her secondary battery consisted of twenty 5 in /38 cal guns in twin turrets, with a range of about 10 mi. With the advent of air power and the need to gain and maintain air superiority came a need to protect the growing fleet of allied aircraft carriers.
When reactivated in 1984 Missouri had her 20 mm and 40 mm AA guns removed, was outfitted with Phalanx CIWS mounts for protection against enemy missiles and aircraft, Armored Box Launchers and Quad Cell Launchers designed to fire Tomahawk missiles and Harpoon missiles, respectively. Missouri and her sister ship Wisconsin were fitted with thicker traverse bulkhead armor, 14.5 inches, compared to 11.3 inches in the first two ships of her class, the Iowa and New Jersey. Missouri was the last U. S. battleship to be completed. Wisconsin, the highest-numbered U. S. battleship built, was completed before Missouri. The last-two Iowa-class battleships and Kentucky, were ordered but cancelled, all five of the twelve-gun Montana-class vessels, BB-67 to BB-71, that were ordered in May 1942, were cancelled by late July 1943. After trials off New York and shakedown and battle practice in the Chesapeake Bay, Missouri departed Norfolk, Virginia on 11 November 1944, transited the Panama Canal on 18 November and steamed to San Francisco for final fitting out as fleet flagship.
She stood out of San Francisco Bay on 14 December and arrived at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on 24 December 1944. She arrived in Ulithi, West Caroline Islands on 13 January. There she was temporary headquarters ship for Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher; the battleship put to sea on 27 January to serve in the screen of the Lexington carrier task group of Mitscher's TF 58, on 16 February the task force's aircraft carriers launched the first naval air strikes against Japan since the famed Doolittle raid, launched from the carrier Hornet in April 1942. Missouri steamed with the carriers to Iwo Jima where her main guns provided direct and continuous support to the invasion landings begun on 19 February. After TF 58 returned to Ulithi on 5 March, Missouri was assigned to the Yorktown carrier task group. On 14 March, Missouri departed Ulithi in the screen of the fast carriers and steamed to the Japanese mainland. During strikes against targets along the coast of the Inland Sea of Japan beginning on 18 March, Missouri shot down four Japanese aircraft.
Raids against airfields and naval bases near the Inland Sea and southwestern Honshū continued. When the carrier Franklin incurred battle damage, the Missouri's carrier task group provided cover for the Franklin's retirement toward Ulithi until 22 March set course for pre-invasion strikes and bombardment of Okinawa. Missouri joined the fast battleships of TF 58 in bombarding the southeast coast of Okinawa on 24 March, an action intended to draw enemy strength from the west coast beaches that would be the actual site of invasion landings. Missouri rejoined the screen of the carriers as Marine and Army units stormed the shores of Okinawa on the morning of 1 April. An attack by Japanese forces was repulsed successfully. On 11 April, a low-flying kamikaze Zero, although fired upon, crashed on Missouri's starboard side, just below her main deck level; the starboard wing of the plane was thrown far forward, starting a gasoline fire at 5 in Gun Mount No. 3. The battleship suffered only superficial damage, the fire was brought under control.
The remains of the pilot were recovered on board the ship just aft of one of the 40 mm gun tubs. Although crewmen wanted to hose the remains over the side, Captain Callaghan decided that the young Japanese pilot had done his job to the best of his ability, with honor, so he should be given a military funeral; the foll
USS Missouri (1841)
The first Missouri, a 10‑gun side‑wheel frigate, one of the first steam warships in the Navy, was begun at New York Navy Yard in 1840. John Newton in command, her engines were capable of 600 horse power, she was said to have cost $600,000 to build. Departing New York at the end of March 1842 on a trial run to Washington, D. C. with sister ship Mississippi, Missouri grounded opposite Port Tobacco, Maryland, 1 April, did not arrive in Washington until the 13th. The warship made numerous trial runs out of the nation's capital during the spring and summer of 1842, demonstrating the advantages of steam propulsion in restricted waters to the Government, departed for a long cruise to the Gulf of Mexico; the frigate returned to Washington 25 April 1843 and underwent overhaul in preparation for extended distant service. On 6 August 1843 Missouri embarked the U. S Minister to China Caleb Cushing, bound for Alexandria, Egypt, on the first leg of his journey to negotiate the first commercial treaty with China.
The same day the ship was visited by President John Tyler who came on board for a few hours' cruise in Hampton Roads, observing the crew working the ship and the powerful twin paddlewheels in action. The President disembarked at Old Point Comfort, the frigate steamed from Norfolk, via Fayal in the Azores, for Gibraltar on the first powered crossing of the Atlantic by an American steam warship. Missouri anchored in its harbor. On the night of the 26th, the engineer's yeoman accidentally broke a demijohn of turpentine in the storeroom which soon ignited; the flames spread so that the warship was abandoned, the crew escaping with their lives. Minister Cushing was able to rescue his official letter to the Daoguang Emperor of China, allowing him to carry out his mission. In four hours, the steam frigate was reduced to a blackened and sinking hulk and at 03:20 in the morning of the 27th, the forward powder magazine blew up, destroying the still burning skeleton of the ship. British ship of the line HMS Malabar assisted Missouri in fighting the fire and took aboard some 200 of her men.
Sir Robert Thomas Wilson, the Governor of Gibraltar, threw open the gates of that base to Missouri survivors in an unprecedented act of courtesy, recognized by a resolution of appreciation from Congress. The remnants of the once proud frigate, a hazard to navigation, were painstakingly removed by divers, piece by piece, from the shallow waters of the harbor. List of steam frigates of the United States Navy Bibliography of early American naval history This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here. Media related to USS Missouri at Wikimedia Commons
Joint Base Pearl Harbor–Hickam
Joint Base Pearl Harbor–Hickam is a United States military base adjacent to Honolulu, Hawaii. It is an amalgamation of the United States Air Force Hickam Air Force Base and the United States Navy Naval Station Pearl Harbor, which were merged in 2010. Joint Base Pearl Harbor–Hickam is one of 12 Joint Bases the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission created, it is part of Navy Region Hawaii and provides Navy and joint operations Base Operating Support, capabilities-based and integrated. Pearl Harbor is 8 miles from Honolulu. Naval Station Pearl Harbor provides berthing and shore side support to surface ships and submarines, as well as maintenance and training. Pearl Harbor can accommodate the largest ships in the fleet, to include dry dock services, is now home to over 160 commands. Housing and family support are provided and are an integral part of the shore side activities, which encompasses both permanent and transient personnel; because Pearl Harbor is the only intermediate maintenance facility for submarines in the Middle Pacific, it serves as host to a large number of visiting submariners.
The Naval Computer and Telecommunications Area Master Station, Wahiawa, Hawaii is the world's largest communication station. The headquarters site of this shore command is located in the central section of the island of Oahu three miles north of Wahiawa. Hickam Air Force Base was named in honor of aviation pioneer Lt. Col. Horace Meek Hickam, it is under the jurisdiction of Pacific Air Forces, headquartered on the base. Hickam AFB remains the launch point of strategic air mobility and operational missions in support of the Global War on Terrorism as well as special air missions in support of the Commander, U. S. Pacific Command and Commander, Pacific Air Forces. In 2009 the base was used as the temporary operating location for Air Force One during Barack Obama's Christmas vacation at Kailua, Hawaii. Pearl Harbor attack HABS/HAER documentation of Pearl Harbor Naval Base for a listing of the extensive documentation of Pearl Harbor Naval Base by the Historic American Buildings Survey and the Historic American Engineering Record HABS/HAER documentation of Hickam Air Force Base for a listing of the documentation of Hickam Air Force Base by the Historic American Buildings Survey This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.