SS Monte Carlo
The SS Monte Carlo was a concrete ship launched in 1921 as the oil tanker SS McKittrick. In 1936 she became a gambling and prostitution ship operating in international waters off the coast of Coronado, California. To reduce the utilization of steel during World War I, on 12 April 1918, President Woodrow Wilson approved the construction of concrete ships, overseen by the Emergency Fleet Corporation. In total, 24 ships were approved for construction. Only 12 ships were completed by the 1918 armistice. Although the remaining unbuilt ships were cancelled, a 13th and final ship was under construction at the Newport Shipbuilding Company yard in Wilmington, North Carolina; this third Design No. 1070 concrete oil tanker sister ship to the completed Sapona and Cape Fear became known as Old North State. Author Norman Lang McKellar believed construction was completed in 1921 under the temporary name of Tanker No. 1 heavily modified from its original EFC design. Tanker No. 1 was used by the U. S. Quartermaster Corps until 1923, when the vessel was purchased by the Associated Oil Company of San Francisco and re-purposed as the commercial oil tanker McKittrick.
McKittrick was powered by a single Nordberg triple expansion steam engine, the same unit for other EFC concrete vessels. In 1932, McKittrick was renamed Monte Carlo, her hull was further filled with concrete to reduce motion and the former oil tanker was converted for the purpose of gambling and drinking, all of which were illegal during Prohibition. Under the operation of Anthony Cornero, she became the largest gambling ship operating off the California coast. Monte Carlo opened for business off Long Beach on 7 May 1932 coinciding with the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics along with two other gambling ships of the fleet. Monte Carlo was moved to international waters off Coronado Island in 1936. California law enforcement was unable to shut down the ship's operations as she was just beyond their jurisdiction; the Water taxis and ferries that carried customers to and from Monte Carlo were subject to high taxation in an attempt to undermine the financial viability of the business. In 1937, Monte Carlo was anchored 3 miles in international waters off Coronado Beach in San Diego during a storm on New Year's Day when the anchor lost its hold.
The ship drifted onto the beach in front of what is now the El Camino Tower of the Coronado Shores condos. Because this vessel was illegal once on shore, no one claimed ownership; the wreckage can be seen underwater at low tide, is exposed during strong storm tides. The surrounding beach where she came to rest was coined locally as "Shipwreck Beach" by a Coronado writer and historian in 2005, it is speculated. According to the late lifetime resident of Coronado, Edward "Bud" Bernhard who retrieved hundreds of dollars from the shipwreck as a child: "I’m convinced there is $100,000 in gold and silver coins deep in that wreck". SS Sapona SS Palo Alto SS Monte Carlo at Shipwreck World Graham, David E.. "Busting the House". Union Tribune. "S. S. Monte Carlo shipwreck". Wikimapia. "Photo of SS Monte Carlo". San Diego Historical Society. 1937. LaFee, Scott. "Tide, storms expose gaming ship". Union Tribune. Archived from the original on 3 February 2010. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown....web article preserved at -->
The Sand Pebbles (film)
The Sand Pebbles is a 1966 American war film directed by Robert Wise in Panavision. It tells the story of an independent, rebellious U. S. Navy machinist's mate, first class aboard the fictional gunboat USS San Pablo, on Yangtze Patrol in 1920s China; the film features Steve McQueen, Richard Attenborough, Richard Crenna, Candice Bergen, Simon Oakland, Larry Gates, Marayat Andriane. Robert Anderson adapted the screenplay from the 1962 novel of the same name by Richard McKenna; the Sand Pebbles was a commercial success at its general release. It was nominated for eight Academy Awards and eight Golden Globe Awards, with Attenborough winning the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor. In 1926, Petty Officer, First Class Jake Holman transfers to the Yangtze River Patrol gunboat USS San Pablo; the ship is nicknamed the "Sand Pebble" and its sailors "Sand Pebbles". The crew have hired coolies to do most of the work. Holman, as chief Machinist's Mate, takes hands-on responsibility for the operation and maintenance of the ship's engine, upsetting the head engine room coolie, Chien.
Holman earns the antipathy of most of his fellow sailors, but does become close friends with Frenchy, a seasoned yet sensitive sailor. When Holman discovers a serious problem with the engine, he informs the captain, Lieutenant Collins, that they must stop for repairs, but Collins refuses until executive officer Bordelles declares a mechanical emergency. Chien insists on making the repairs, Holman acquiesces so that Chien can save face. Chien is killed, chief coolie Lop-eye Shing blames Holman. Holman selects Po-Han to take on Chien's work. Po-Han is harassed by a large, bullying sailor named Stawski, resulting in a boxing match on which the crewmen place bets. Holman is in the corner of his friend Po-Han, despite being badly beaten by Stawski, ends up winning, his victory leads to the rest of the crew. When news comes of an incident involving British gunboats, Collins orders the crew not to return any fire from the Chinese, to avoid a diplomatic incident. Lop-eye Shing purposely sends Po-Han ashore, where he is predictably chased down the beach and tortured by a mob.
When Collins is unable to buy Po-Han's release, Po-Han begs for someone to kill him. The San Pablo remains moored on the Xiang River at Changsha, due to low water levels, through the winter of 1926–27, it must deal with hostile crowds surrounding it in numerous smaller boats. Lt Collins fears a mutiny. Frenchy has saved an educated Chinese woman, from prostitution by paying her debts, he marries her and swims ashore to visit, but dies of pneumonia one night. Holman finds Maily sitting by Frenchy's corpse; some Chinese men burst in, beat Holman, kill Maily. The next day several Chinese demand Holman be turned over to them as the "murderer" of Maily and her unborn baby; when the demand is rejected, the Chinese blockade the gunboat. The crew fear for their demand that Holman surrender to the Chinese. Order is not restored. With spring's arrival, the crew can restart river patrols, but the Nanking Incident results in orders to return to the coast. Collins disobeys and travel upstream of Dongting Lake to evacuate idealistic, anti-imperialist missionary Jameson and his school-teacher assistant, Shirley Eckert, from a remote mission.
Holman had met Eckert in Hangkow months earlier, the two had fledgling romantic feelings for each other. The San Pablo must break through a boom made up of junks linked by a massive bamboo rope blocking the river. A boarding party is sent to cut the rope. Fighting breaks out in which many more Chinese are killed. Holman chops with an axe, while under fire, he is forced to kill a young Chinese militiaman who attacks him recognizes him as a friend of Jameson and Eckert. The ship continues upriver. Collins leads Holman and Bronson ashore. Jameson refuses rescue. Collins orders Holman to forcibly remove Eckert and Jameson, but Holman declares he is going to stay with them. Nationalist soldiers attack, killing Jameson. Collins orders the patrol to take Eckert to the ship, remains behind to provide covering fire. Collins is killed. Holman and Eckert have a tearful parting making clear their love for each other, with Holman assuring her he will be following shortly. Holman is fatally shot just when he is about to rejoin the others.
Eckert and the remaining sailors reach the ship, the San Pablo sails away. Former child actor and career naval officer Frank Coghlan, Jr. was the technical advisor to the film regarding the U. S. Navy, made an uncredited appearance as one of the American businessmen stripping Maily. For years Robert Wise had wanted to make The Sand Pebbles, but the film companies were reluctant to finance it; the Sand Pebbles was paid for, but because its production required extensive location scouting and pre-production work, as well as being monsoon-affected in Taipei, its producer and director Wise realised that it would be over a year before principal photography could begin. At the insistence of the film company, Wise agreed to direct a "fill-in" project, The Sound of Music, a film that became one of the most popular and acclaimed films of the 1960s; the film company spent $250,000 building a replica gunboat named the San Pablo, based on the USS Villalobos—a former Spanish Navy gunboat, seized by the US Navy in the Philippine Islands during the Spanish–American War —but with a reduced draft to allo
La Stampa is an Italian daily newspaper published in Turin, Italy. It is distributed in other European nations, it is one of the oldest newspapers in Italy. The paper was founded by Vittorio Bersezio, a journalist and novelist, in February 1867 with the name Gazzetta Piemontese. In 1895, the newspaper was bought by Alfredo Frassati, who gave it its current name and a national perspective. For criticising the 1924 murder of the socialist Giacomo Matteotti, he was forced to resign and sell the newspaper to Giovanni Agnelli; the financier Riccardo Gualino took a share. The paper is now owned by GEDI Gruppo Editoriale; the former contributors of La Stampa include Italian novelist Alberto Moravia. La Stampa, based in Turin, was published in broadsheet format until November 2006 when the paper began to be published in the berliner format, it launched a website in 1999. La Stampa launched a project, called Vatican Insider, run by the daily newspaper and has among its staff several Vatican affairs analysts.
Since 26 May 2006 it has published a monthly magazine: Specchio+. From 26 January 1996 to 7 April 2006, it was called Specchio, published as a weekly supplement, a general interest magazine. In September 2012 La Stampa moved to its new headquarters in Turin, leaving its historical editorial building. Mario Calabresi is the editor-in-chief of the daily. On 9 April 2013 an explosive device was sent by an anarchist group, the Federazione Anarchica Informale/Fronte Rivoluzionario, to the offices of La Stampa, it did not detonate. In June 2017, during the celebration for its 150 years of activity, LaStampa hosted the international conference “The Future of Newspaper”, where many great actors of the news industry discussed about the future prospects for the news agencies. Among them John Elkann, editor of LaStampa, Jeff Bezos from the Washington Post, Louis Dreyfus CEO of LeMonde and Mark Thompson CEO of The New York Times; the 1988 circulation of La Stampa was 560,000 copies. In 1997 the paper had a circulation of 376,493 copies.
Its circulation was 399,000 copies in 2000 and 409,000 copies in 2001. The circulation of the paper was 330,000 copies in 2003 and 345,060 copies in 2004, its 2007 circulation was 314,000 copies. It was 256,203 copies in 2012. Editors Maurizio Molinari Massimo Gramellini Roberto Bellato Umberto La Rocca Federico Geremicca Columnists and journalists Massimo Gramellini Barbara Spinelli Mario Deaglio Lucia Annunziata Guido Ceronetti Mina Maurizio Molinari Stefania Miretti Roberto Beccantini Altiero Scicchitano Fiamma Nirenstein Former journalists Giovanni Arpino Enzo Bettiza Norberto Bobbio Antonio Carluccio Carlo Fruttero Franco Lucentini Media of Italy Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher; the world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers pp 280-85 Official website Radio Nostalgia, the La Stampa-owned local radio station. Historical archives of La Stampa
A river gunboat is a type of gunboat adapted for river operations. River gunboats required shallow draft for river navigation, they would be armed with small caliber cannons, or a mix of cannons and machine guns. If they carried more than one cannon, one might be a howitzer, for shore bombardment, they were not armoured. The fictional USS San Pablo described in Richard McKenna's The Sand Pebbles is an example of this class of vessel, serving on the US Navy's Yangtze Patrol. Stronger river warships were river monitors. Various European powers, the USA, Japan, maintained flotillas of these shallow draft gunboats patrolling Chinese rivers; these gunboats were enforcing those nations' treaty rights under the treaties that China had started to sign following her defeat during the first Opium War with Britain. The advantages of steam power and shallow drafts meant that the new European vessels vastly outclassed anything available to the Chinese. Foreign powers had coerced concessions from China, like extraterritoriality for their citizens in China, the gunboats policed these rights.
Royal Navy gunboats, numbering on average 15 a year in Chinese waters, served as "station ships", assigned to specific ports, were designed for river functions. The RN maintained patrols and escorts up and down the Yangtze based in Shanghai until the end of the International Concessions in 1941; these boats were part of the Navy's China Station and vessels of various classes were deployed and moved to and from other major world rivers. The Navy had built a large number of gunboats for the Crimean war in the 1850s and several of these found their way to the China Station afterwards; as these boats were scrapped they were replaced by types purpose built for inshore and river service around the world, Beacon- and Frolic-class boats. The purpose built river vessels of the Insect and Fly classes which had seen service in the Mesopotamian Campaign in the Middle East and on the Danube during the First World War were deployed to China during the interbellum and took part in events of the period of the Japanese invasion of China and the beginning of the Pacific theatre of the Second World War.
Ladybird and Bee were involved in the USS Panay incident. The Insects were supplemented in 1937 by the Dragonfly-class boats, three of which, Dragonfly and Scorpion were involved in the fighting down the Malay Peninsula and Singapore. U. S. Navy craft were of varying age, design and utility; the earliest craft made brief excursions upriver between 1861 and 1901, but were assigned on permanent patrol. In 1901 two large gunboats, USS Helena and Wilmington, were assigned to the Asiatic Squadron's "Second Division" as permanent river patrol, although too large to patrol deep inland, until 1932 and 1923 respectively. In 1903 converted gunboats of the Spanish Navy captured in 1898, began patrols designed to take them further upriver toward Chungking. USS Elcano, a 620-ton craft with a crew of 103, USS Villalobos, a 350-ton ship with 50 men, served until 1928, when they were decommissioned and sunk. USS Callao and Quiros served until 1916 and 1923. In 1914 two 204-ton, 50-man patrol craft of British design and built at Mare Island Naval Shipyard were disassembled, shipped to China, reassembled in Shanghai.
USS Palos patrolled until 1934, when she became the station boat at Chungking, Monocacy until 1939. The Yangtze Patrol was formally established in 1922 as a component of the Asiatic Fleet. Six new craft were built in 1928 in Shanghai, of three differing sizes. USS Guam and Tutuilla, 380 tons and a crew of 60, were able to ply the entire river year round. USS Panay and Oahu, 450 tons and a complement of 65. Except for Panay, sunk by Japanese aircraft in December 1937, the newer ships served in China until late 1941. USS Cairo Paraguayan War Steamboats on the Yangtze River 1928 River Gunboats PR-3. Brazilian Navy official website: Roraima Class gunboats
USS Panay incident
The USS Panay incident was a Japanese attack on the American gunboat Panay while it was anchored in the Yangtze River outside Nanking, China on 12 December 1937. Like the infamous attack on Pearl Harbor four years Japan and the United States were not at war at the time; the Japanese claimed that they did not see the American flags painted on the deck of the gunboat and paid an indemnity. The attack and the subsequent Allison incident in Nanking caused U. S. opinion to turn against the Japanese. A flat-bottomed craft built in Shanghai for river duty, Panay served as part of the US Navy's Yangtze Patrol in the Asiatic Fleet, responsible for patrolling the Yangtze River to protect American lives and property in China. After invading China in the summer of 1937, Japanese forces moved into Nanking in December, where they committed the massacre in the city that resulted in the deaths of 300,000 civilians and prisoners of war. Panay evacuated the remaining Americans from the city on 11 December, bringing the number of people aboard to five officers, 54 enlisted men, four US embassy staff, 10 civilians, including Universal Newsreel cameraman Norman Alley, Movietone News’ Eric Mayell, the New York Times's Norman Soong, Collier's Weekly correspondent Jim Marshall, La Stampa correspondent Sandro Sandri and Corriere della Sera correspondent Luigi Barzini Jr.
On the morning of the 12th, the Japanese air forces received information that fleeing Chinese forces were in the area in ten large steamers and a large number of junks and that they were between 12 and 25 mi upstream from Nanking. While anchored upstream from Nanking and three Standard Oil tankers, Mei Ping, Mei An and Mei Hsia, came under attack from Japanese naval aircraft. Panay was hit by two of the eighteen 132 lb bombs dropped by three Yokosuka B4Y Type-96 bombers and strafed by nine Nakajima A4N Type-95 fighters. According to Lieutenant J. W. Geist, an officer aboard the Panay, "the day before we told the Japanese army in the area who we were," and three American flags were plainly visible on the ship. Planes machine-gunned small boats taking the wounded ashore, several additional survivors were wounded; the Times correspondent Colin MacDonald, aboard the Panay, saw a Japanese army small boat machine-gun the Panay as it was sinking in spite of the American flag painted on the side of the ship.
Since Japanese planes continued to circle overhead, survivors cowered knee deep in mud in a swamp. As a result of the attack, Panay sank. Hulsebus died that night. 43 sailors and five civilians were wounded. The three Standard Oil tankers were bombed and destroyed, the captain of Mei An and many Chinese civilian passengers were killed; the vessels had been helping to evacuate the families of Standard Oil's employees and agents from Nanking during the Japanese attack on that city. Two newsreel cameramen were aboard during the attack. Survivors were taken aboard the American vessel Oahu and the British gunboats HMS Ladybird and Bee. Earlier the same day, a Japanese shore battery had fired on Ladybird; the survivors coped with near freezing nights with no food. It took three days to move the sixteen wounded to the safety of several American ships; the aftermath of the Panay sinking was a nervous time for the American ambassador to Japan, Joseph C. Grew. Grew, whose experience in the foreign service spanned over 30 years, "remembered the Maine," the U.
S. Navy ship that blew up in Havana Harbor in 1898; the sinking of Maine had propelled the U. S. into the Spanish–American War, Grew hoped the sinking of Panay would not be a similar catalyst for the severance of diplomatic ties and war with Japan. The Japanese government took full responsibility for sinking Panay but continued to maintain that the attack had been unintentional. Chief of Staff of Japanese naval forces in northern China, Vice Admiral Rokuzo Sugiyama, was assigned to make an apology; the formal apology reached Washington, D. C. on Christmas Eve. Although Japanese officials maintained that their pilots never saw any American flags on Panay, a US Navy court of inquiry determined that several US flags were visible on the vessel during the attacks. At the meeting held at the American embassy in Tokyo on 23 December, Japanese officials maintained that one navy airplane had attacked a boat by machine gun for a short period of time and that Japanese army motor boats or launches attack the Chinese steamers escaping upstream on the opposite bank.
However, the Japanese navy insisted. The Japanese government paid an indemnity of $2,214,007.36 to the US on 22 April 1938 settling the Panay incident. However, the presence of American flags, which would have been visible from the air, suggests the attack had not been a mistake, but rather a type of unauthorized action. From the beginning, the State Department's position was that none of the families of those killed or the sailors or civilians wounded would receive any of the contributions. No office or department of the federal government would accept the money; the State Department expressed the desire that any necessary arrangements be made promptly. Hull did not wish to keep the Japanese people waiting for a decision on what was to become of the money they donated. A prolonged delay could lead to misunderstanding if a d
M1919 Browning machine gun
The M1919 Browning is a.30 caliber medium machine gun, used during the 20th century during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War. The M1919 saw service as a light infantry, mounted and anti-aircraft machine gun by the U. S. and many other countries. Many M1919s were rechambered for the new 7.62 × 51 mm NATO remain in service to this day. The M1919 was an air-cooled development of the standard US machine gun of World War I, the John M. Browning-designed water-cooled M1917; the emergence of general-purpose machine guns in the 1950s pushed the M1919 into secondary roles in many cases after the arrival of the M60 in US Army service. The United States Navy converted many to 7.62mm NATO, designated them Mk 21 Mod 0. Many NATO countries converted their examples to 7.62, these remained in service well into the 1990s, as well as up to the present day in some countries. A similar conversion of the M1917 produced the larger M2 Machine Gun, using the same basic operating principles and layout but firing the much more powerful.50 caliber ammunition.
The M1919 is distinguished by its smaller size and the use of a holed jacket around the barrel used on most versions. The M1919 fired the.30 cal M1906 ball cartridge, the.30 caliber M2 ball cartridge, contained in a woven cloth belt, feeding from left to right. A metal M1 link was adopted, forming a "disintegrating" belt. Loading was accomplished by inserting the pull tab on the ammunition belt from the left side of the gun - either metal links or metal tab on cloth belts - until the belt-holding pawl at the entrance of the feed way grabbed the belt and held it in place; the cocking handle was pulled back with the palm of the hand facing up, released. This advanced the first round of the belt in front of the bolt for the extractor/ejector on the bolt to grab the first cartridge; the cocking handle was released a second time. This removed the first cartridge from the belt, advanced the next round into position to be grabbed and moved the first round down into the chamber of the barrel ready for firing.
As the bolt went into battery, the extractor grabbed the next round on the belt, advanced and was resting in the feedway waiting to be loaded. Every time the gun fired a single shot, the gun performed the sequence of extracting and ejecting the spent round as the bolt came rearward, loading the next round to be fired into the barrel, advancing the belt, grabbing the next round in preparation for loading chambering it as the bolt came forward again under tension from the spring. If the trigger was held down, the gun would continue to fire in full automatic, repeating the sequence over and over until stopped; the gun's original design was as a water-cooled machine gun. When it was decided to try to lighten the gun and make it air-cooled, its design as a gun that fires from the closed bolt created a dangerous situation. If the gun was hot from prolonged firing, the cartridge ready to be fired could be resting in a red hot barrel, causing the propellant in the cartridge to heat up to the point that it would ignite on its own without warning.
With each further shot heating the barrel more as this happened, the gun would continue to fire and become uncontrollable until the ammunition ran out, since the trigger was not what was causing the gun to fire in this situation. This is known as a cook-off, was the reason gunners were taught to cock the gun with the palm facing up, so that in the event of a cook-off, their thumb wouldn't be dislocated by the reciprocating charge handle. Gunners were trained to manage the barrel heat by firing in controlled bursts of three to five rounds, with a delay between bursts to delay its heating. Most other machine gun designs would be fired in the same way though most feature quick change barrels and fire from an open bolt, two features that make air-cooled machine guns capable of sustained fire, features that the M1919 design lacked; when the gun was ready to fire, a round would be in the chamber and the bolt and barrel group would be locked together, with the locking block at the rear of the bolt.
When the rear of the trigger was pivoted upwards by the operator, the front of the trigger tipped downward, pulling the sear out of engagement with the spring-loaded firing pin, allowing it to move forward and strike the primer of the cartridge. As the assembly of bolt and barrel extension recoiled to the rear of the gun upon firing, the locking block was drawn out of engagement by a cam in the bottom of the gun's receiver; the recoiling barrel extension struck the "accelerator" assembly, a half-moon shaped spring-loaded piece of metal pivoting from the receiver below the bolt and behind the barrel extension. The tips of the accelerator's two curving fingers engaged the bottom of the bolt and caused it to move to the rear; the extractor-ejector was a mechanism that pivoted over the front of the bolt, with a claw that gripped the base of the next round in the belt. A camming track in the left side of the receiver caused this to move down as the bolt moved back, lowering the next round down on top of the fired case, pushing it straight down out of the extraction grooves of the bolt face through the ejection port.
A spring in the feed tray cover pushed the extractor-ejector down onto the next round, so if the feed tray cover was opened, the extractor-ejector would be pulled upwards if the belt needed to be removed. The belt feed lever was connected to the belt feeding pawl at the front end, had a cam pin at the rear end which ran through a track in the top of the bolt, a pin in the feed tray c
Luigi Barzini Jr.
Luigi Barzini Jr. was an Italian journalist and politician most famous for his 1964 book The Italians, delving into the Italian national character and introducing many Anglo-Saxon readers to Italian life and culture. Barzini junior was born in Milan, the son of Luigi Barzini Sr. a famous journalist. In the 1920s, his father left the Corriere della Sera and moved to the United States, where he directed the Italian-American newspaper Corriere d'America from 1923 to 1931. After completing his studies in Italy and at Columbia University, Barzini Jr. worked for two New York newspapers, including the New York World. In 1928, together with Richard Washburn Child, former Ambassador to Italy and a supporter of Benito Mussolini, he ghostwrote The Autobiography of Benito Mussolini, he returned to Italy in 1930 to become a correspondent for Corriere della Sera. His father had pro-Fascist sentiments and had access to highest political circles of Benito Mussolini's Fascist regime. Luigi Jr. however associated with the younger generation of fascists around Galeazzo Ciano, the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Mussolini's son-in-law.
As the Corriere della Sera Asian correspondent, he went to China. On 11 December 1937, he was aboard the USS Panay on the Yangtze Patrol in Nanking at the prompting of George Atcheson, a U. S. Embassy official. Aboard were Universal News cameraman Norman Alley, Movietone News' Eric Mayell, the New York Times's Norman Soong, Collier's Weekly correspondent Jim Marshall, La Stampa correspondent Sandro Sandri. Atcheson had invited them aboard the Panay so that they could document the fall of the city from relative safety; the four journalists had been covering the ongoing Japanese invasion of China in the mid-1930s, found themselves in the thick of things in early December 1937 as Japanese forces moved on Nanking. According to Alley, writing in his memoir I Witness, Atcheson proclaimed that aboard the gunboat the group would be "as safe as you would be on good old American soil." Little did any of them know that in just a week's time, the Panay would be attacked and sunk, Sandri killed, that they would witness the Rape of Nanking.
During the attack Barzini, although wounded, performed heroically helping to bring the wounded ashore and providing first aid to the best of his ability. As Sandri, known as "the Floyd Gibbons of Italy," was stretched out in the reeds with excruciatingly painful, fatal stomach wounds, Barzini could only comfort him with an occasional cigarette and a word from time to time; this episode of the incident was captured on Alley's and Mayell's cameras and in a 1937 Wide World Photos shot titled "Consoling dying Panay victim". In April 1940, he was arrested on charges of leaking confidential information to the enemy and making disparaging remarks about Mussolini, he was confined by the Fascists to forced residence in a village for five years, but in 1944, when Rome was liberated, he resumed his journalistic career. In 1944, when Rome was liberated, he resumed his journalistic career, as editor-in-chief of daily and weekly publications, he founded Il Globo. Subsequently he served in turn as the chief editor of several magazines.
A staunch anti-Communist, he was a member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies from 1958 to 1972, for the centre-right Italian Liberal Party. He was the father of five children, lived on a small farm near Rome, where he produced his own olive oil, wine and fruit. Barzini died in 1984 of cancer at his home in Rome, his daughter Benedetta, by his first wife Giannalisa Feltrinelli, was a successful fashion model during the 1960s. His marriage to Feltrinelli made him the stepfather of Italian publisher and left-wing political activist Giangiacomo Feltrinelli, of whom Barzini disapproved, saying that he thought Giangiacomo preferred the company of men who "despised the masses as he did, who thought them something they could play with." Barzini rejected as implausible conspiracy theories concerning Giangiacomo's death. Americans are Alone in the World The Italians: A Full Length Portrait From Caesar to the Mafia O America When You and I were Young The Europeans D'Agostino, Peter R.. Rome in America. Transnational Catholic Ideology from the Risorgimento to Fascism, Chapell Hill: University of North Carolina Press, ISBN 0-8078-5515-4 Sarti, Roland.
Italy: a reference guide from the Renaissance to the present, Infobase Publishing, ISBN 0-8160-4522-4