Uar

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The Uar or Warr were an Ugric people, that lived in the Aral Sea region during the 1st millennium CE.

Geographical origin[edit]

The ancestors of the Uar are believed by some researchers to have been the population of the Post-Kelteminar stage of the Suyurganovo culture, near the Aral Sea from the 2nd century BCE. This population was probably made up of Ugrian tribes.[1][2] By the end of the 1st Millennium BCE, elements of the Uar are believed to have joined an Iranian-speaking nomadic tribe, the Aorsi.[3][4]

The Migration of the Aorsi from Central Asia into Europe.

A significant ethnic group in Khwarezm during the early 1st millennium CE, the Uar became the largest of three ethnic components making up a confederation known in Europe as the Hephthalites, and in Chinese chronics as Yanda (嚈 噠). Modern scholars believe that the Hephthalites were a major subgroup of the Xionite peoples first recorded in Central Asia in the 4th century. According to some scholars the Uar later underwent a tribal merger with elements of the Xionites,[5][6] to form the Avars (or Varchonites) who later settled in Pannonia.[7] (The Pannonian Avars are often confused with an unrelated people, the Caucasian Avars.

Etymology[edit]

The ethnonym Uar is usually considered to be derived from one or two sources:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yablonsky L.T. Kelteminar craniology. Intra-group analysis//Soviet Ethnography, Moscow, USSR Academy of Sciences, 1985, No 2. pp. 127-140
  2. ^ Masson B.M. Древние цивилизации Востока и степные племена в свете данных археологии (in russian)
  3. ^ Tarn W. W. The Greek in Bactria and India. Cambridge, 1951.
  4. ^ Vernadsky G. A History of Russia (Yale Press) ISBN 0-300-00247-5, Volume 1. Ancient Russia, 1943.
  5. ^ Гулямов Я. Г., История орошения Хорезма с древнейших времен до наших дней, Ташкент, 1957.
  6. ^ Муратов Б.А. Аланы, кавары и хиониты в этногенезе башкир//Урал-Алтай: через века в будущее: Материалы Всероссийской научной конференции. Уфа, 27 июня 2008.
  7. ^ Гумилев Л.Н. Тысячелетие вокруг Каспия. Баку, Азернешр, 1991. C. 97-98.
  8. ^ Гумилев Л.Н. Тысячелетие вокруг Каспия. Баку, Азернешр, 1991. C. 97-98.