Rayman Origins is a platform video game developed by Ubisoft Montpellier and published by Ubisoft for PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, PlayStation Vita, Nintendo 3DS and Microsoft Windows. It is the fourth main installment in the Rayman series, the first main installment since 2003's Rayman 3: Hoodlum Havoc; the game was released on 15 November 2011 in North America, 24 November 2011 in Australia, 25 November 2011 in Europe for PlayStation 3, Wii and Xbox 360. It was released for PlayStation Vita, Microsoft Windows, Nintendo 3DS; the OS X version of the game was released on 12 December 2013 by Feral Interactive. The story follows Rayman, his friend Globox and two teensies as they fight Darktoons and other evil creatures that have infected the Glade of Dreams. Rayman Origins has received critical acclaim, being praised for its graphical style, level design, sense of humor. Despite its critical reception, it did not perform well commercially during its original release in November 2011. A mobile game based on Origins, titled Rayman Jungle Run, was developed by Pastagames and released for iOS, for Windows Phone 8 on 29 May 2013.
A sequel, Rayman Legends, was released for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Vita, Wii U and Xbox 360 on 29 August 2013 in Australia, 30 August 2013 in Europe, 3 September 2013 in North America to similar critical acclaim. At the beginning of the game, Bubble Dreamer, his best friend Globox, a couple of Teensies friends are chilling out at Bubble Dreamer's resting grounds, the Snoring Tree. However, their snoring, with the help of a strange microphone disguised to resemble a flower, disturbs an old granny from the Land of the Livid Dead, who retaliates by sending an evil army of horrendous creatures and the Darktoons across the world; the heroes, being woke up, are defeated and captured. Rayman escapes and finds the Darktoons have captured the Electoons that inhabit the world, imprisoned Betilla the Nymph and her sisters and plunged the Glade of Dreams into chaos; this causes Bubble Dreamer to go crazy, as a result, have nightmares. Rayman and his friends are tasked by the Magician to gather enough Electoons to cure Bubble Dreamer and restore the Glade.
Their efforts to locate the Electoons allow them to gain access to the various lands of the Glade, rescue the Nymphs along the way. They make their way to a mysterious gate, which can only be opened by rescuing the Glade Kings, who have been turned into monsters as a result of Bubble Dreamer's nightmares. Upon freeing the Glade Kings, the Nymphs are able to open the stargate, granting Rayman access to a hideout in the land of Moody Clouds. There, they discover that their supposed friend, the Magician, is the one responsible for the Moody Clouds, he secretly admires Mr. Dark, the villain of the original Rayman, was in fact behind the events that caused the Land of the Livid Dead forces to attack, preoccupying the heroes and using the Lums they gave him to power and use his diabolical machines; the Magician sends Rayman and his friends into a pit with his mechanical monsters, but they escape and return to his office. The Magician begins to dance and sends them into a dancing funk, using this as a good time to escape.
The heroes chase after and fight the Magician in his escape airship, sending it crashing into the power source of his hideout. The resulting chain of events causes the hideout to explode, while Rayman and his friend's free-fall back to the Snoring Tree, where they proceed to resume their relaxation. If players manage to collect the ten ruby teeth throughout the game, they can gain access to the Land of the Livid Dead, where another monster awaits. Rayman Origins is the same style as the original Rayman game. Rayman Origins is playable with up to four local players who may drop out at any time. Players can choose to control either Rayman, Globox or two Teensies, with additional costumes available as the game progresses. Players travel through each level, rescuing imprisoned Electoons; as the game progresses, players gain new abilities such as running up walls, gliding in midair and shrinking in size to reach new areas. Certain segments see players riding a mosquito, where players can shoot enemies or inhale and fire them.
If a character is hit by an enemy or hazard, they will "bubblize", or inflate into a ballooned state. To get out of this state, another player can jump on them, similar to New Super Mario Bros.. Wii. Players can collect hearts that will protect them from one hit. However, if all players are bubblized or if a character is hit during single play, they will explode and the play will return to the last checkpoint a Darkblocker where the player had go through before, or the last place where the player broke a cage. Throughout each level, players can collect yellow Lums; when a character collects a Lum King, it turns all Lums red for a short time. Red Lums are worth two yellow Lums. There are Skull Coins placed in hidden or dangerous areas, they are worth 25 Lums if collected. If the player gets harmed while collecting a Skull Coin, they will lose it. In this situation, the player must try again to get the coin. In order to progress through certain parts of the story, players need to free Electoons; the most common way to get Electoons is to free them from cages.
The cage can only be damaged on the side. Most of the ca
Double Dutch Bus
"Double Dutch Bus" is a hit 1981 funk song by Frankie Smith, made famous for its extensive use of the "izz" infix form of slang. The song title represents a combination of two institutions in Smith's Philadelphia, Pennsylvania neighborhood: the double Dutch jump rope game played by neighborhood kids. Smith and co-writer Bill Bloom persuaded contacts at WMOT Records to finance the song, it was recorded in early 1981, engineered by Gene Leone; the song rocketed to popularity in a matter of weeks and debuted on the US Billboard Hot Soul Singles chart in February, rising to the top spot by July, where it held at number one for four weeks. It crossed over to the Billboard Hot 100, where it peaked at number 30 in the summer of 1981; the record became only the second in history, remains one of the few, to receive two separate standard-release Gold certifications from the RIAA: first in June 1981 for sales of the 12" single. In the National Geographic documentary "King of Coke: Living the High Life" Frankie Smith explains how the song was composed.
He states that WMOT Records failed to pay him his royalties, how he therefore was unable to pay his taxes. An investigation was started which brought to light that WMOT Records was not only badly managed, but in fact laundering money for Larry Lavin, aka Dr. Snow, a dentist, secretly dealing cocaine; this way, the success of "Double Dutch Bus" indirectly caused the end of a major drugs business. The song was sampled by Missy Elliott for use in the song "Gossip Folks". Kylie Minogue sampled the song during her Fever Tour in her performance of "Cowboy Style". Madonna sampled the song on her Sticky & Sweet Tour performance of "Into the Groove"; the "UK Extended Dis" mix of Beat Dis by Bomb the Bass sampled the track. "Double Dutch Bus" was covered by Raven-Symoné. The track was released to promote the film College Road Trip and is the first and only single from her fourth and self-titled studio album; the single was placed on Radio Disney on February 9, 2008. This version has R&B sound. "Double Dutch Bus" was released to the US iTunes Store on March 4, 2008.
The music video premiered on Disney Channel on February 18, 2008. The music video shows Raven and a bunch of people dancing under a disco ball and having a great time on a party bus; the music video features images from the film College Road Trip. Donny Osmond makes a cameo appearance in the video, being a cast member of the movie The video was directed by Patrick Hoelck. CD single/digital download"Double Dutch Bus" - 3:02 List of number-one R&B singles of 1981 Music video of original, Frankie Smith version at YouTube Music video of Raven-Symoné version at YouTube Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a historic document, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at its third session on 10 December 1948 as Resolution 217 at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France. Of the 58 members of the United Nations, 48 voted in favor, none against, eight abstained, two did not vote; the Declaration consists of 30 articles affirming an individual's rights which, although not binding in themselves, have been elaborated in subsequent international treaties, economic transfers, regional human rights instruments, national constitutions, other laws. The Declaration was the first step in the process of formulating the International Bill of Human Rights, completed in 1966, came into force in 1976, after a sufficient number of countries had ratified them; some legal scholars have argued that because countries have invoked the Declaration for more than 50 years, it has become binding as a part of customary international law. However, in the United States, the Supreme Court in Sosa v. Alvarez-Machain, concluded that the Declaration "does not of its own force impose obligations as a matter of international law."
Courts of other countries have concluded that the Declaration is not in and of itself part of domestic law. The underlying structure of the Universal Declaration was introduced in its second draft, prepared by René Cassin. Cassin worked from a first draft, prepared by John Peters Humphrey; the structure was influenced by the Code Napoléon, including a preamble and introductory general principles. Cassin compared the Declaration to the portico of a Greek temple, with a foundation, four columns, a pediment; the Declaration consists of a preamble and thirty articles: The preamble sets out the historical and social causes that led to the necessity of drafting the Declaration. Articles 1–2 established the basic concepts of dignity, liberty and brotherhood. Articles 3–5 established other individual rights, such as the right to life and the prohibition of slavery and torture. Articles 6–11 refer to the fundamental legality of human rights with specific remedies cited for their defence when violated. Articles 12–17 established the rights of the individual towards the community.
Articles 18–21 sanctioned the so-called "constitutional liberties", with spiritual and political freedoms, such as freedom of thought, opinion and conscience, peaceful association of the individual. Articles 22–27 sanctioned an individual's economic and cultural rights, including healthcare. Article 25 states: "Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing and medical care and necessary social services." It makes additional accommodations for security in case of physical debilitation or disability, makes special mention of care given to those in motherhood or childhood. Articles 28–30 established the general ways of using these rights, the areas in which these rights of the individual can not be applied, that they can not be overcome against the individual; these articles are concerned with the duty of the individual to society and the prohibition of use of rights in contravention of the purposes of the United Nations Organisation.
During World War II, the Allies adopted the Four Freedoms—freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom from fear, freedom from want—as their basic war aims. The United Nations Charter "reaffirmed faith in fundamental human rights, dignity and worth of the human person" and committed all member states to promote "universal respect for, observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, language, or religion"; when the atrocities committed by Nazi Germany became apparent after World War II, the consensus within the world community was that the United Nations Charter did not sufficiently define the rights to which it referred. A universal declaration that specified the rights of individuals was necessary to give effect to the Charter's provisions on human rights. In June 1946, the UN Economic and Social Council established the Commission on Human Rights, comprising 18 members from various nationalities and political backgrounds; the Commission, a standing body of the United Nations, was constituted to undertake the work of preparing what was conceived as an International Bill of Rights.
The Commission established a special Universal Declaration of Human Rights Drafting Committee, chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt, to write the articles of the Declaration. The Committee met in two sessions over the course of two years. Canadian John Peters Humphrey, Director of the Division of Human Rights within the United Nations Secretariat, was called upon by the United Nations Secretary-General to work on the project and became the Declaration's principal drafter. At the time, Humphrey was newly appointed as Director of the Division of Human Rights within the United Nations Secretariat. Other well-known members of the drafting committee included René Cassin of France, Charles Malik of Lebanon, P. C. Chang of the Republic of China. Humphrey provided the initial draft. According to Allan Carlson, the Declaration's pro-family phrases were the result of the Christian Democratic movement's influence on Cassin and Malik. Once the Committee finished its work in May 1948, the draft was further discussed by the Commission on Human Rights, the Economic and Social Council, the Third Committee of the General Assembly before being put to vote in December 1948.
During these discussions many amendments and propositions were made by UN Member States. British re
William Henry Cosby Jr. is an American stand-up comedian, actor and author who held an active career for over six decades before being convicted of sex offenses in 2018. Cosby began his career as a stand-up comic at the hungry i in San Francisco during the 1960s, he landed a starring role in the television show I Spy, followed by his own sitcom The Bill Cosby Show, which ran for two seasons from 1969 to 1971. In 1972, using the Fat Albert character developed during his stand-up routines, Cosby created and hosted the animated comedy television series Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids which ran until 1985, centering on a group of young friends growing up in an urban area. Throughout the 1970s, Cosby starred in about a half-dozen films, returned to film in his career. In 1976, he earned his Doctor of Education from the University of Amherst, his dissertation discussed the use of Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids as a teaching tool in elementary schools. Beginning in the 1980s, Cosby produced and starred in the television sitcom The Cosby Show, which aired from 1984 to 1992 and was rated as the number one show in America for 1985 through 1989.
The sitcom highlighted the experiences and growth of an affluent African-American family. Cosby produced the spin-off sitcom A Different World, which aired from 1987 to 1993, he starred in The Cosby Mysteries from 1994 to 1995 and in the sitcom Cosby from 1996 to 2000, hosted Kids Say the Darndest Things from 1998 to 2000. Cosby's reputation was damaged in the mid-2010s by numerous sexual assault accusations, the earliest of which date back decades. More than 60 women have accused him of either attempted assault, drug-facilitated sexual assault, sexual battery, child sexual abuse, sexual misconduct, allegations he denies, for which the statute of limitations had by expired in nearly all cases. After a year-long trial, Cosby was found guilty of three counts of aggravated indecent assault and sentenced to three to ten years in prison in September 2018. Cosby was born on July 1937, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, he is one of four sons of Anna Pearl, a maid, William Henry Cosby Sr. who served as a mess steward in the U.
S. Navy. Cosby was the class president as well as the captain of both the baseball and track and field teams at Mary Channing Wister Public School in Philadelphia. Teachers noted that he had a propensity for joking around instead of studying, he described himself as the class clown. At FitzSimons Junior High School, Cosby continued to compete in sports. Cosby went to Philadelphia's Central High School, a magnet school and academically rigorous college prep school, where he ran track and played baseball and basketball, he failed the tenth grade. In 1956, Cosby enlisted in the Navy and served as a hospital corpsman at the Marine Corps Base Quantico in Virginia, he worked in physical therapy with Navy and Marine Corps personnel who were injured during the Korean War. Cosby earned his high school equivalency diploma through correspondence courses and was awarded a track and field scholarship to Temple University in 1961. At Temple, he studied physical education while he ran track and played fullback on the college's football team.
He began bartending at a Philadelphia club, where he would earn bigger tips by making the customers laugh. He took his talent to the stage. Cosby left Temple to pursue a career in comedy, he lined up stand-up jobs at clubs in Philadelphia and in New York City, where he appeared at The Gaslight Cafe beginning in 1961. He booked dates in cities such as Chicago, Las Vegas, San Francisco, Washington, D. C. In the summer of 1963, he received national exposure on NBC's The Tonight Show; this led to a recording contract with Warner Bros. Records, who, in 1964, released his debut LP Bill Cosby Is a Very Funny Fellow... Right!, the first of a series of comedy albums. His album To Russell, My Brother, Whom I Slept With was number one on Spin magazine's list of "The 40 Greatest Comedy Albums of All Time", calling it "stand-up comedy's masterpiece". While many comics of the time were using the growing freedom of that decade to explore material, controversial and sometimes risqué, Cosby was making his reputation with humorous recollections of his childhood.
Many Americans wondered about the absence of race as a topic in Cosby's stories. As Cosby's success grew he had to defend his choice of material regularly. Okay. He's white. I'm Negro, and we both see things the same way. That must mean. Right? So I figure this way I'm doing as much for good race relations as the next guy."In 1983, Cosby released the concert film Bill Cosby: Himself. Younger, well-established comics like Jerry Seinfeld have credited Cosby as an innovator both as a practitioner of the genre of stand-up comedy, as well as a person who paved the way for comics to break into sitcom television. Seinfeld said of Cosby: "He opened a door for all of us, for all of the networks to consider that this was a way to create a character, was to take someone who can hold an audience just by being up there and telling their story, he created that. He created the whole idea of taking a quote-unquote'comic' and developing a TV show just from a persona that you see on stage." Comedian Larry Wilmore saw a connection between Bill Cosby: Himself and the success of The Cosby Show, saying: "It's clear that the concert is the template for The Cosby Show."Co
The King of Queens
The King of Queens is an American sitcom that ran on CBS from September 21, 1998, to May 14, 2007, for a total of nine seasons and 207 episodes. The series was created by Michael J. Weithorn and David Litt, who served as the show's executive producer; the series stars Kevin James and Leah Remini as Doug and Carrie Heffernan a working class couple living in Rego Park, New York. The King of Queens was produced by Hanley Productions and CBS Productions, CBS Paramount Network Television, in association with Columbia TriStar Television, Sony Pictures Television, it was filmed at Sony Pictures Studios in California. The ninth and final season began airing on December 6, 2006, concluded on May 14, 2007, with a double-length finale episode, making The King of Queens the last American live action sitcom that premiered in the 1990s to end its run. In May 2017, Kevin James and Leah Remini reunited; the show ended on May 7, 2018. Doug and Carrie Heffernan are a working class couple living at "3121 Aberdeen Street" in Rego Park, New York, along with Carrie's father, Arthur Spooner.
Doug works for the fictional International Parcel Service as a delivery driver, while Carrie works as a secretary in Manhattan, first for a law firm and for a real estate firm. Their lives are complicated by the demands of Arthur, so much so that they hire Holly, a professional dog walker, to spend time with him as she walks dogs in the park. Featured on the show are Doug's friends Deacon Palmer, Spence Olchin, Richie Iannucci, as well as Doug's cousin Danny Heffernan. Deacon's wife Kelly is Carrie's best friend. Most scenes take place in the Heffernans' home, but other common locations include Doug and Carrie's workplaces, the restaurant "Cooper's" and the residences of friends and family. While locations seen during the theme-song were filmed in areas surrounding New York, the series was filmed in California; the show begins after Doug and Carrie have married, how they met is unclear due to continuity issues. In one flashback episode, "Meet By-Product", Doug meets Carrie when he is a bouncer at a nightclub that Carrie attends.
However, in another episode, "Road Rayge", Carrie reflects on a song that she says Doug asked her to dance to when they were in junior high school. Doug Heffernan is an average parcel delivery man with a smart-aleck personality. Doug never hesitates to protest his grievances intensely. Doug's birth date is February 9, 1965, he was born in Montreal, Canada. Some of his misadventures are fueled by his love of food; these basic desires sometimes cause him to think of strange, intricate schemes in order to get what he wants, although they fall through in the end, causing constant arguments between Doug and Carrie. Doug's tendency to give in to his temptations, despite promising Carrie otherwise, is another common cause of disagreements, he enjoys the simple pleasures of watching sports and playing poker with his friends. Carrie Heffernan is Doug's sardonic wife, she has a quick-temper and is physically abusive to Doug. She has been characterized as scary by Holly and Doug when she is angry. During a flashback, Carrie concludes.
She never is employed as a hard-working legal secretary. Her constant attempts to make her relationship with Doug more romantic and meaningful cause Doug frustration, as he prefers a simple life with as few restrictions as possible; the more quick-witted and adventurous of the couple, Carrie pushes Doug to make more of himself and improve his morals, but she can be just as immoral as he is. Although Carrie scolds Doug for his selfish behavior, she has proven to be selfish as well at times, with little patience for others' problems or tolerance for their quirks. Carrie's best friend is Kelly Palmer. Arthur Spooner is Carrie's widowed father, married three times, his fourth marriage is to Spence's mother during the final season. Arthur is the classic oddball of the family, he lives in the basement of the Heffernan house because he accidentally set fire to his own uninsured home, burning it to the ground in the pilot episode. Volatile, Arthur is known for his incoherent, irascible outbursts, he tells a lot of questionable stories of.
Arthur causes chaos in the Heffernan household and gets on Doug's and Carrie's nerves. And, although he and Doug have a bitter rivalry in some episodes, he still approves of Doug, regardless, they sometimes have trouble finding time alone. Arthur tries to cause trouble with Doug's friends, he bullies Spence but tries it on Deacon, who refers to him as "the old man". Deacon John Palmer is co-worker. Towering in height and athletic, Deacon is a year and a few weeks younger than Doug, but the more mature of the two, in addition to being the classic "family man". Deacon and his wife Kelly have two sons, named Kirby, he is seen hanging out with Doug, whether it is on their lunch break, over the weekend, or for a family gathering. Although he experiences relationship problems, Deacon always has time to relax and have fun, he will help Doug plan elaborate schemes to fool Carrie, but he likes to get involved in the scheme himself. Deacon
Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids
"Fat Albert" redirects here. For other uses, see Fat Albert Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids is an American animated television series created and hosted by comedian Bill Cosby, who lent his voice to a number of characters, including Fat Albert himself. Filmation was the production company for the series; the show premiered in 1972 and ran until 1985. The show, based on Cosby's remembrances of his childhood gang, centered on Fat Albert, his friends; the show features an educational lesson in each episode, emphasized by Cosby's live-action segments. In addition, at the end of the early episodes, the gang gathers in their North Philadelphia junkyard to play a song on their cobbled-together instruments, summarizing the show's lesson; the character Fat Albert first appeared in Cosby's stand-up comedy routine "Buck Buck," as recorded on his 1967 album Revenge. The stories were based upon Cosby's tales about growing up in inner city North Philadelphia. In 1969, Cosby and veteran animator Ken Mundie brought Fat Albert to animation in a prime-time special entitled Hey, Hey, It's Fat Albert.
The special, which aired on NBC, was a hybrid of live animation. The music for the special was written and performed by jazz pianist/keyboardist Herbie Hancock in 1969, was released on the Warner Bros. album Fat Albert Rotunda. For the animated portion of the special, it was necessary to develop the actual appearance of each of the Fat Albert Gang's characters. For this, Ken Mundie relied on a former Disney artist. Paliwoda not only created all the Gang's characters, but painted a "group portrait", shown on the front page of TV Guide magazine shortly before the showing of the special; the producers wanted NBC to bring Fat Albert to Saturday mornings, but the network programming managers refused because the series was too educational. Bill Cosby and a new production company, Filmation Associates took the property to CBS; the Fat Albert gang's character images were created by the artist Randy Hollar with the assistance of one-time Disney animator Michelle McKinney, under the direction of Ken Brown.
Retitled Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, the series premiered on September 9, 1972, on CBS. Production lasted for 12, years, it spent another season in first-run syndication. Three prime-time holiday specials featuring the characters were produced. Like most Saturday morning cartoons of the era, Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids contained an adult laugh track, eliminated during the final season; the series was rerun on NBC Saturday mornings and on the USA Network in 1989. On January 15, 2013, Bill Cosby posted the following on his Facebook page: "I'm telling you there are people at work who, I think, will make Fat Albert happen again, and it will be loved by all generations to come", hinting that the series might be brought back once again. No further word has been given yet. Fat Albert is based on Cosby's childhood friend Albert Robertson; the main character in the series, he is the conscience of the Junkyard Gang. Though obese, he is athletic and enjoys playing sports, he always wears blue pants. Civic-minded and wise beyond his years, Fat Albert works hard to maintain integrity in the gang and with others, is the lead singer as well as bagpipe-accordion player in the Junkyard Band and on occasion, plays the bedspring.
James "Mushmouth" Mush is a slack-jawed simpleton with big lips. He always wears a red knit hat with a blue scarf and always speaks in virtual Ubbi Dubbi, tantamount to an overdose of novocaine in the mouth, which Cosby would use in the "Dentist" monologue from his 1983 film, Himself, he plays a homemade bass guitar in the Junkyard Band. "Dumb" Donald Parker is a dimwitted fellow. He is Rudy's best friend, he always wears a green long-sleeved jersey three sizes too big, a pink stocking knit cap covering his entire face except his eyes and mouth. In the Junkyard Band, he plays a trombone made out of plumbers' pipe and a morning glory horn from an old phonograph. William "Bill" Cosby is a character is the host of the series. Like the others, Bill enjoys playing sports. However, he spends most of his time trying unsuccessfully, to keep his little brother Russell out of trouble. Like Fat Albert, Bill is a voice of reason in the gang, although at times a little more stubborn. In the Junkyard Band, he plays homemade drums made from a discarded foot-pedal trash can using spoons for sticks.
Russell Cosby is the smallest and youngest of the Junkyard Gang. He always wears a heavy blue jacket, a yellow scarf, red boots, a dark blue Ushanka winter hat regardless of the weather. Russell has a penchant for making blunt observations. Russell criticizes Rudy, reserving his most withering insults for when Rudy is being cocky, his catchphrase is "no class." He plays the xylophone in the Junkyard Band. Weird Harold Simmons is a tall, beady-eyed kid, the tallest one of the Junkyard Gang and always wears a gold dress blazer, a brown sock on one foot and a red sock on the other, is clumsy. In the Junkyard