Udgir

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Udgir
उदयगीरी
City
Nickname(s): Udaygiri Nagari
Udgir is located in Maharashtra
Udgir
Udgir
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°23′46″N 77°07′03″E / 18.39611°N 77.11750°E / 18.39611; 77.11750Coordinates: 18°23′46″N 77°07′03″E / 18.39611°N 77.11750°E / 18.39611; 77.11750
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictLatur
TalukaUdgir
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyUdgir Nagar Parishad
 • Municipal PresidentBaswaraj Bagbande
Area
 • Total736.26 km2 (284.27 sq mi)
Elevation632 m (2,073 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total3,11,066
 • Density422/km2 (1,090/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Udgirkar
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN413517
Telephone code02385
Distance from Latur65 kilometres (40 mi) NW (land)
Lok Sabha constituencyLatur
Vidhan Sabha constituencyUdgir[2]
Websitelatur.nic.in

Udgir or Udaygiri is a city with a municipal council in Latur district in the Indian States and territories of India of Maharashtra. It is located in the Marathwada division of the state (one of the divisions of Maharashtra state based on geographical conditions).[3] The city is located very near to the Karnataka border. The town is famous for the historical Udgir Fort, also known as Udaygiri Fort. The town and nearby villages rely on Agriculture outcomes which serves as a major source of income for living.

Demographics[edit]

Udgir is a Taluka located in Latur District of Maharashtra. It is one of the 10 Talukas of Latur District. There are 98 villages and 2 towns in Udgir Taluka.

As per the Census India 2011, Udgir Taluka has 56,806 households, population of 3,11,066 of which 1,61,568 are males and 1,49,498 are females. The population of children between age 0-6 is 41,456 which is 13.33% of total population.

The sex-ratio of Udgir Taluka is around 925 compared to 929 which is average of Maharashtra state. The literacy rate of Udgir Taluka is 68.71% out of which 74.37% males are literate and 62.6% females are literate. The total area of Udgir is 736.26 sq.km with population density of 422 per sq.km.

Out of total population, 64.06% of population lives in Urban area and 35.94% lives in Rural area.

The main source of income for Udgir Taluka comes from agriculture, shops and small scale industries. This town is popular for its inventory in food grains which is the result of high grain crop production in nearby villages.

History[edit]

The Mughal Army of Shah Jahan capture Udgir.

Udgir is famous for the historic war between the Marathas and the Nizam, led by Sadashivrao Bhau who defeated Nizam in 1759 when the treaty of Udgir was signed. Marathas won a convincing victory in the Battle of Udgir under the able leadership of brave warrior Sadashivrao Bhau. Later it prompted Peshwe (Peshwas) of Pune to promote/elevate and designate him as Chief Commander of the Maratha Army for the Third Battle of Panipat fought in 1761. Nevertheless, it was part of Nizam until 1948 and State of Hyderabad between 1948 and 1956 before annexing to Bombay State with entire Marathwada.

Shri Hawagi Swami temple one of the oldest temple of Hawagi Swami Maharaj, and Hazrath Khaja Sadharudeen Basha Dargha Sherif, which about 400 years old; are also located in the town.

Udgir Fort[edit]

The fort of Udgir still stands in all its glory, speaking volumes about the Indian history and Indian culture. The fort is bounded by a 40-foot-deep trench, as the fort is built at the ground level. In the fort are several palaces, Durbar halls and the grave of Udaygiri Maharaj which is 60 feet below ground level. It is believed that the Udgir fort has a direct deep underground subway connecting with Bhalki and the Bidar forts.

Udgir Fort

Education[edit]

Udgir is known for its old and well established educational institutions.

List of Schools:

  • Al-ameen High School , Udgir
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri Vidyalaya High School, Udgir
  • Jamhoor High School, Udgir
  • Deccan High School, Udgir
  • Vidya Vardhini High School, Udgir
  • Vidya Vardhini English School, Udgir
  • Zila Parishad (boys) High School, Udgir
  • Shymlal Smarak Vidyalaya High School, Udgir
  • Dr. A. P. J. Abdul-Kalam High School, Udgir
  • Sane Guruji Primary & High school, Udgir
  • Akshar Nandan Marathi School, Udgir
  • Anandi Public School, Udgir
  • The Methodist English School, Udgir
  • Madrasa Arabiyya Qasim-ul-Uloom, Udgir
  • Al Hilal Urdu Girls High School,Udgir
  • Sane Guruji Primary & High school, Udgir
  • Uday Highschool, Udgir
  • Shri Chhatrapati Shahu Vidyayalay, Udgir
  • Times Public School,Udgir
  • Sangram Smarak Vidyalaya, Udgir
  • Baghirath High School, Udgir
  • Dr. Syed Mohammed Memorial Primary School, Udgir
  • Rajarshi Shahu Vidyalaya, Udgir
  • Gnanodaya High School, Udgir
  • Bright Star High School, Udgir
  • Merry Daffodils English High School,Udgir

List of Colleges:

Connectivity[edit]

Railways: Udgir Railway station is connected by trains available from and to Hyderabad, Aurangabad, Pune, Mumbai, Bangalore, Latur, Nanded, Osmanabad, Kakinada and Tirupati. Udgir comes under the South Central Railways zone of the Indian Railways. It is part of Nanded Division of the South Central Railways zone .

Roadways: Udgir is well connected by roads with all major villages and cities in Maharashtra and nearby states. Maharashtra State Bus Services commonly known as ST or Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation operate day and night buses in and out of the town, providing easy, overnight and safe connectivity. Inter state government transport buses are also available from and to Bidar and Hyderabad.

Private Buses also run daily from and to major places like Mumbai and Pune.

Airways: The nearest major domestic and international airport, which is at 225 Kilometres, from Udgir is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Hyderabad, Telangana State, India.

Banks[edit]

List of Banks:

  • State Bank of India
  • Bank of Maharashtra
  • Bank Of India
  • HDFC Bank
  • Latur DCC Bank Ltd
  • DCB Bank
  • Latur Urban Co-Operative Bank
  • Solapur Janta Co-operative Bank
  • ICICI Bank
  • Axis Bank
  • Bank of Baroda
  • Union Bank of India
  • Central Bank of India
  • Maharashtra Gramin Bank
  • Udgir Urban Co-Operative Bank
  • Osmanabad Janata Sahakari Bank Ltd
  • Sahyog Urban Co-operative Bank Ltd]
  • Yeshvant Urban Co-op Bank Ltd
  • Baichand Hirachand Bank
  • Sangli Sahakari Bank
  • Vikas Co-operative Bank Ltd
  • Vaidyanath Urban Co-op Bank Ltd
  • Siddheshwar Sahakari Bank Ltd
  • Deendayal Nagari Sahakari Bank Ltd
  • Roopamata Bank
  • Mahatma Gandhi Urban Co-op Bank
  • IDBI Bank
  • Punjab National Bank
  • Indusind Bank

Agriculture[edit]

The main occupation of the people of Udgir is agriculture. Udgir has marginal and small farmers that make up the rural setting in most of the surrounding areas. The soil as a part of Deccan plateau is black basalt soil, rich in humus. It is best suitable for the cultivation of cotton. The main crops cultivated here are whole grains including jowar, bajra, wheat, etc. Also, crops like sorghum, mung, tur, urad gram, soybean, sugar cane, onions, and other green leafy vegetables are cultivated.

A dairy was established in the early 1980s and soared high in milk and milk products production. The dairy also emerged as a major employment resource for rural Udgirkars. Due to gradually-lowered production, the dairy is at a standstill nowadays. It came under the state government-run project called Aarey which was institutionalised during the Operation Flood days.

Agriculture-based businesses like pulses (dal) industry, warehouses, cold storage, sugar factories too run here. Udgir has around 80 dal (mils) processing units.

Government Milk Scheme[edit]

Udgir has Skimmed Milk Powder plant established in 1978 and has capacity 1 Lakh Litres cow milk per day.

Its conversion capacity is 10 M.T. S.M.P. per day.

Entertainment[edit]

List of Cinema Halls:

  • Miraj cinemas Usha - Multi-screen, 70MM, A/C, 3D cinema
  • Kalpana - 70MM, A/C
  • RK Multiplex A/C
  • Uma - 70MM, A/C
  • Jagruti - 70MM

Places of Interest[edit]

  • Udayagiri Fort
  • Dhudhiya Hanuman Mandir
  • Somnathpur Temple
  • Udaygiri Maharaj Temple
  • Hawagi Swami Maharaj Mutt
  • Sai Dham Temple
  • Sadguru Shankarling Maharaj Mutt
  • Udyog Bhavan
  • Saraf Line
  • Adat Line
  • Chowbara
  • Masjid Maqbara-e-Nawaban
  • Hazrath Khaja Sadharudeen Basha Dargha Sherif
  • Panj-Peeran Dargah Shareef
  • Raj Muhammad Dargah Shareef
  • Hazarat Meer Musa Dargah
  • Hazarat Syed Chand Dargah Shareef

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_2_PR_Cities_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf
  2. ^ "Assembly Constituencies-Post delimitation: Maharashtra: Latur District" (PDF). National Informatics Centre, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 April 2013.
  3. ^ Udgīr (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

External links[edit]