Sweden national basketball team
The Swedish national basketball team is controlled by the Swedish Basketball Federation SBBF. Sweden qualified for the EuroBasket finals nine times where their best result was 11th place at the 1995 event; the Scandinavian squad entered the Olympic Basketball Tournament in 1980. They have yet to qualify for the Basketball World Championship. Sweden's European championship debut came at EuroBasket 1953 in Moscow; the Swedes did not fare well in their first tournament, losing all 7 games to finish in last place of the 17 teams. Sweden's first EuroBasket win came against Luxembourg in the preliminary round of EuroBasket 1955 in Budapest, they lost three in that round as well and took 4th of the 5 teams and found themselves in the classification rounds. They again finished the pool with a 1 -- 3 record. Two losses in the classification 13–16 semifinals and the 15/16 final put Sweden at 16th place of the 18 teams. Sweden qualified for the final round of the EuroBasket on more occasions and earned some more victories but the squad lacked the depth to become a serious medal contender.
At some events, the country displayed potential. E.g. at the 2013 EuroBasket it beat the favored former champion Russia by 19 points difference. Roster for EuroBasket 2017 qualification. 1953 EuroBasket: finished 17th among 17 teams Åke Larsson, Lars Olsson, Lars-Erik Keijser, Per-Åke Hallberg, Erik Sundell, Erik Gustavsson, Staffan Widen, Bo Widen, Örjan Widen, Rune Erkers, Kjell Eliasson, Sture Herrman 1955 EuroBasket: finished 16th among 18 teams Staffan Widen, Bo Widen, Örjan Widen, Jan Oldenmark, Anders Renner, Gustaf Ragge, Lars Helgostam, Sture Herrman, Per-Åke Hallberg, Nils af Trolle, Jan Holmberg, Alvin Tornblom, Palle Cardell, Bengt Gustafsson 1961 EuroBasket: finished 18th among 19 teams Staffan Widen, Udo Tohver, Bo Widen, Örjan Widen, Gunars Kraulis, Lars Andersson, Curt Wennström, Lennart Dahllöf, Alvin Törnblom, Bjorn Lundberg, Torbjörn Langemar, Svante af Klinteberg 1965 EuroBasket: finished 16th among 16 teams Björn Lundberg, Rune Leinas, Per-Olof Svensson, Ulf Lindelöf, Anders Grönlund, Lars Cullert, Per-Olof Lefwerth, Hans Albertsson, Jörgen Hansson, Egon Håkanson, Torbjörn Langemar, Kaj Håkansson 1969 EuroBasket: finished 12th among 12 teams Per-Olof Lefwerth, Anders Grönlund, Ulf Lindelöf, Arturs Veigurs, Kjell Rannelid, Hans Albertsson, Ebbe Edström, Janos Fugedi, Jörgen Hansson, Kjell Gunna, Bo Lundmark, Jan Hjorth 1980 Olympic Games: finished 10th among 12 teams Roland Rahm, Peter Andersson, Sten Feldreich, Thomas Nordgren, Peter Gunterberg, Jon-Olof "Jonte" Karlsson, Jan Enjebo, Torbjörn Taxen, Leif Yttergren, Åke Skyttevall, Göran Unger, Bernt Malion 1983 EuroBasket: finished 12th among 12 teams Göran Eriksson, Roland Rahm, Sten Feldreich, Bill Magarity, Kenny Grant, Jon-Olof "Jonte" Karlsson, Peter Nyström, Bernt Malion, Thomas Nordgren, Jerry Sehlberg, Åke Skyttevall, Bo Faleström 1993 EuroBasket: finished 13th among 16 teams Mattias Sahlström, Anders Marcus, Per Stumer, Jens Tillman, Olle Håkanson, Magnus Tegel, Henrik Gaddefors, Peter Borg, Torbjörn Gehrke, Henrik Evers, Martin Jansson, Örjan Andersson 1995 EuroBasket: finished 14th among 14 teams Mattias Sahlström, Joakim Blom, Christian Larsson, Henrik Evers, Henrik Gaddefors, Jonas Larsson, Vincent Lundahl, Oscar Lefwerth, Torbjörn Gehrke, Anders Marcus, Olle Håkanson, Örjan Andersson 2003 EuroBasket: finished 16th among 16 teams Joakim Blom, Paul Burke, Håkan Larsson, John Pettersson, Daniel Dajic, Oluoma Nnamaka, Jens Johnsson, Mats Levin, Jonas Larsson, Lesli Myrthil, Christian Maråker, Fredrik Jönzen 2013 EuroBasket: finished 13th among 24 teams Anton Gaddefors, Viktor Gaddefors, Kenny Grant, Ludvig Håkanson, Jonas Jerebko, Joakim Kjellborn, Brice Massamba, Thomas Massamba, Dino Pita, Erik Rush, Jonathan Skjöldebrand, Jeffery Taylor Official Website FIBA profile EuroBasket.com – Sweden Men Current Squad Archived records of Sweden team participations
United States men's national basketball team
The USA Basketball Men's National Team known as the United States Men's National Basketball Team, is the most successful team in international competition, winning medals in all eighteen Olympic tournaments it has entered, coming away with fifteen golds. In the professional era, the team won the Olympic gold medal in 1992, 1996, 2000, 2008, 2012, 2016. Two of its gold medal-winning teams were inducted to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in August 2010 – the 1960 team, which featured six Hall of Famers, the 1992 "Dream Team", featuring 14 Hall of Famers; the team is ranked first in the FIBA World Rankings. Traditionally composed of amateur players, the U. S. dominated the first decades of international basketball, winning a record seven consecutive Olympic gold medals. However, by the end of the 1980s, American amateurs were no longer competitive against seasoned professionals from the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. In 1989, FIBA modified its rules and allowed USA Basketball to field teams with National Basketball Association players.
The first such team, known as the "Dream Team", won the gold medal at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, being superior in all matches. With the introduction of NBA players, the team was able to spark a second run of dominance in the 1990s. Facing increased competition, the U. S. failed finishing sixth. The 2004 Olympic team, being depleted by a number of withdrawals, lost three games on its way to a bronze medal, a record that represented more losses in a single year than the country's Olympic teams had suffered in all previous Olympiads combined. Determined to put an end to these failures, USA Basketball initiated a long-term project aimed at creating better, more cohesive teams; the U. S. won its first seven games at the 2006 FIBA World Championship in Japan before losing against Greece in the semi-finals. The team won gold two years – at the 2008 Summer Olympics – in a dominant fashion; this success was followed up at the 2010 FIBA World Championship, where despite fielding a roster featuring no players from the 2008 Olympic team, the U.
S. did not lose a single game en route to defeating host Turkey for the gold medal. The Americans continued this streak of dominance in the 2010s by going undefeated and capturing gold at the 2012 Summer Olympics, 2014 FIBA World Cup. At the 2016 Summer Olympics, the team, led by Mike Krzyzewski for a record third time, won its fifteenth gold medal, making him the most decorated coach in USA Basketball history; the US men were dominant from the first Olympic tournament to hold basketball, held in Berlin in 1936, going 5–0 to win the gold, joined by continental neighbors Canada and Mexico on the medal platform. Through the next six tournaments, the United States went undefeated, collecting gold while not losing a single contest in the games held in London, Melbourne, Rome and Mexico City. Participation in these tournaments were limited to amateurs, but the US teams during this period featured players who would go on to become superstars in professional basketball, including all-time greats Bill Russell, Oscar Robertson, Jerry West, Jerry Lucas.
S. roster until the formation of the 1992 Dream Team. Alex Groza and Ralph Beard, both NBA stars, made the 1948 squad as Kentucky Wildcats, with 3-time Oklahoma State All-American and 6-time AAU All-American, Hall of Famer Bob Kurland leading the way; the 1952 team included big man Clyde Lovellette of the University of Kansas, a future Hall of Famer and NBA star. Kurland once again led the team to victory; the 1956 team was led by San Francisco Dons Bill Russell and K. C. Jones; the 1960 team included nine future NBA players, including not just Robertson and West, but Bob Boozer, Adrian Smith, Jay Arnette, Terry Dischinger, Rookie of the Year in 1963, another Hall of Famer in Walt Bellamy. The 1972 Olympic men's basketball gold medal game, marking the first loss for the USA in Olympic play, is arguably the most controversial in Olympic history; the United States rode their seven consecutive gold medals and 63–0 Olympic record to Munich for the 1972 Summer Olympics. The team won its first eight games in convincing fashion, setting up a final against the Soviet Union, holding a 6–0 advantage over the Soviets in Olympic play.
With three seconds left in the gold medal game, American forward Doug Collins sank two free throws to put the Americans up 50–49. Following Collins' free throws, the Soviets inbounded the ball and failed to score. Soviet coaches claimed; the referees ordered the clock reset to three seconds and the game's final seconds replayed. The horn sounded as a length-of-the-court Soviet pass was being released from the inbounding player, the pass missed its mark, the American players began celebrating. Final three seconds were replayed for a third time; this time, the Soviets' Alexander Belov and the USA's Kevin Joyce and Jim Forbes went up for the pass, Belov caught the long pass from Ivan Edeshko near the American basket. Belov laid the ball in for the winning points as the buzzer sounded; the US players voted unanimously to refuse their silver medals, at least one team member, Kenny Davis, has directed in his will that his heirs are never to accept the medals posthumously. It was revealed that game officials might have been bribed by the Communist party.
After the controversial loss in Munich, 1976 saw Dean Smith coach the USA to a 7–0 record and its eighth Olympic gold medal in Montreal. The success at this tou
FIBA Europe is a zone within the International Basketball Federation which includes all 50 national European basketball federations. FIBA Europe is one of five Regions of FIBA and is responsible for controlling and developing the sport of basketball in Europe. Among many tasks, this includes promoting and directing international competition at the club and national team levels, as well as governing and appointing European international referees. FIBA Europe is an international federation whose membership consists of the national basketball federations of Europe, of which there are 50 members; the highest decision making body is the Board of FIBA Europe which consists of 25 persons elected by the National Federations. The Board of FIBA Europe meets twice a year and is the executive body which represents all 50 Federations that make up the membership of FIBA Europe. All 50 federations meet once a year at the General Assembly of FIBA Europe; the current Board members are: Until January 1, 2015, the position was titled as a Secretary General.
FIBA EuroBasket, the continental championship played every four years and biennially. Men's Women's FIBA European Championship for Small Countries FIBA Europe Under-20 Championship, the continental championship for players aged fewer than 20 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-18 Championship, the continental championship for players aged fewer than 18 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-16 Championship, the continental championship for players aged fewer than 16 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-20 Championship for Women, the continental championship for women aged fewer than 20 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-18 Championship for Women, the continental championship for women aged fewer than 18 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-16 Championship for Women, the continental championship for women aged fewer than 16 years played annually FIBA Europe 3x3 Championships, the continental championship for men and women in 3x3 FIBA Europe Under-18 3x3 Championships, the continental championship for men and women aged fewer than 18 years in 3x3 Men's Basketball Champions League FIBA Europe CupWomen's EuroLeague Women, first-tier women's professional league EuroCup Women, second-tier women's professional league FIBA Europe SuperCup Women, contested between the winners of the two aforementioned women's leaguesNote: The men's EuroLeague and EuroCup are not operated by FIBA Europe, but rather by Euroleague Basketball.
Both competitions play under FIBA rules. EuroChallenge EuroCup Challenge Korać Cup Ronchetti Cup Saporta Cup SuproLeague This section shows the position of the men's national team of the FIBA Europe members, as of 26 February 2019. Monaco is the only member, not ranked as they did not play any FIBA competition in the last eight years. FIBA Europe Men's Player of the Year Award FIBA Europe Young Men's Player of the Year Award FIBA Europe Women's Player of the Year Award FIBA Europe Young Women's Player of the Year Award European national basketball league rankings FIBA Europe official website
Serbia men's national basketball team
The Serbian men's national basketball team is controlled by the Basketball Federation of Serbia. Serbia is ranked fourth in the FIBA World Rankings. From 1992 to 2003, the national team played under name of FR Yugoslavia and from 2003 to 2006 under name of Serbia and Montenegro in international competitions. Following the Montenegrin declaration of independence in 2006, Basketball Federation of Serbia retained the place of Basketball Federation of Serbia and Montenegro as a FIBA member. Therefore, all the results and medals from this period are succeeded by the Serbian men's national basketball team. With the start of Yugoslav Wars in 1991 and subsequent breakup of Yugoslavia, the mighty team of Yugoslavia was disbanded; the players were selected from the population of over 23 million people and basketball infrastructure evenly distributed all over the six states which formed the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In 1992, FR Yugoslavia was established, as the federation of two remaining Yugoslav republics Serbia and Montenegro.
Newly established country had less than half the population of former country. The Basketball Federation of FR Yugoslavia became the governing body of basketball in new country. After the adoption of UNSCR 757, the national team was suspended from participating in international tournaments. Due to these sanctions and ongoing war, the national team was prevented from participating at the 1992 Summer Olympics, EuroBasket 1993 and 1994 FIBA World Championship. Without much sponsorship of war-impoverished country, the national team made its comeback to the international scene at the EuroBasket 1995 in Greece, where the national team won the gold medal after defeating Lithuania in gold-medal game. At the 1996 Summer Olympics the team lost with 69–95 to the United States in gold-medal game; the national team won the gold medal at the EuroBasket 1997, 1998 FIBA World Championship, EuroBasket 2001 and bronze medal at the EuroBasket 1999. One of the most notable wins of the Yugoslavian national team came in the quarter-finals of the 2002 FIBA World Championship, when the host nation of the tournament United States was eliminated with 81–78.
The significance of the win was tremendous for the Serbian people in general, as the public in Serbia perceived the United States political leadership responsible for the breakup of Yugoslavia and destruction of country's infrastructure and civil victims during the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. The Yugoslavian national team won the tournament by defeating New Zealand in the semi-finals and Argentina after 84–77 OT win in gold-medal game. In 2002, FR Yugoslavia consisted of Serbia and Montenegro, came to a new agreement regarding continued co-operation, among other changes, promised the end of the name Yugoslavia, since they were part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. On 4 February 2003, the federal assembly of Yugoslavia created a loose state union—the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro; the following years were underwhelming as the national team failed to make the podium of the tournament, after decades of winning medals. At the EuroBasket 2003 it came in 6th place, but due the world champion status, qualified for the 2004 Summer Olympics in Greece.
However, it was eliminated in the group stage with 1–4 score, finishing in 11th place. The national team participated at the 2004 FIBA Diamond Ball. After two consecutive tournament disappointments, hope for the comeback came at the EuroBasket 2005 where the national team of Serbia and Montenegro was a host nation. Legendary Željko Obradović became national head coach again. However, the national team was eliminated in the play-off stage by France with 71–74 loss, finished in 9th place. Obradović stepped down shortly after the tournament, blamed the bad atmosphere among the team star players for yet another failure; the national team participated at the 2006 FIBA World Championship on a wild card due to the results in the past, on initiative by FIBA prominent administrator Borislav Stanković. However, the national team of Serbia and Montenegro once again failed to impress and finished in 9th place. On 21 May 2006, Montenegrins voted in an independence referendum, with 55.5% supporting independence.
The subsequent Montenegrin proclamation of independence in June 2006 and the Serbian proclamation of independence on 5 June ended the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro and thus the last remaining vestiges of the former Yugoslavia. Following the dissolution of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro, national team participated at the EuroBasket 2007 and finished the competition in the group stage with three close losses, it failed to qualify for the 2008 Summer Olympics, missing the Olympics for the first time after being suspended at the 1992 Summer Olympics. A new generation led by legendary Dušan Ivković returned some of the old glory by taking the silver medal in Eurobasket 2009, fourth place in the 2010 FIBA World Championship, with the youngest team. However, the national team failed to reach the semifinals at the EuroBasket 2011 and EuroBasket 2013, thus way failing to qualify for the 2012 Summer Olympics, missing the second Olympics tournament in a row. Following the EuroBasket 2013, Ivković stepped away from the position and Serbian basketball hall of famer Aleksandar Đorđević stepped in.
Đorđević led the team to three silver medals at the 2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup the 2016 Summer Olympics and the 2017 EuroBasket. FIBA World Cup MVP Dejan Bodiroga – 1998 EuroBasket MVP Aleksandar Đorđević – 1997 Predrag Stojaković – 2001 FIBA World Cup All-Tournament Team Dejan Bodiroga – 1998 Željko Rebrača – 1998 Predrag Stojaković – 2002 Miloš Teodosić – 2010, 2014 EuroBasket All-Tournament Tea
Great Britain men's national basketball team
The Great Britain men's national basketball team, known as Great Britain or GB, is the national team for Great Britain in basketball. The current governing body for the Great Britain team was formed by the national basketball organisations of England and Wales on 1 December 2005 to provide a competitive team for the 2012 Summer Olympics. Although Wales subsequently choose to remain independent and England decided to continue with the formal merger; this structure does not include the basketball association of Northern Ireland. British teams have made an impact on the international scene, only featuring in two Olympic games, both of which were hosted in London; the team at the 1948 tournament at the 2012 tournament only won one game. However, the England national basketball team did qualify for EuroBasket 1981 winning the game against the elite team of Greece. After London won the right to host the 2012 Summer Olympics, the organisers wanted competitive teams at every sport, including basketball.
The new Great Britain side was formed on 1 December 2005 from the existing teams from the UK. The new team secured the help of NBA's Chicago Bulls' star Luol Deng, he led the team to promotion from EuroBasket Division B to Division A. FIBA had stated that Great Britain must prove their competitiveness prior to being granted the spot in the Olympic tournament that would be reserved for the host nation. In Great Britain's first season at the Division A level in 2008, the team finished on top of a group which included Bosnia and Herzegovina, Czech Republic and Israel to qualify for EuroBasket 2009. During August 2010 Great Britain began their qualification campaign for EuroBasket 2011. Britain were drawn into a group containing Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary and Ukraine, they finished top of their group and qualified for back to back EuroBasket tournaments for their first time. On 13 March 2011, Fiba voted 17–3 in favour of Great Britain receiving their host nation spot at the 2012 Olympic games with one condition, they have until 30 June 2012 to decide on whether to merge the three nations that make up the team or disband after the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.
On 21 June 2012, Basketball Wales confirmed their intent to reject the proposed merger on the grounds that the arrangement was always intended to be temporary in the build-up to the London Olympics, that it would not be in the best interests for the sport in Wales for the country to forfeit its national team, when the GB team contained no Welsh players. At EuroBasket 2011 Great Britain recorded their first EuroBasket win en route to a 2–3 record, good enough for 13th in the first 24 team EuroBasket tournament. For the 2012 Olympics in London, Great Britain were awarded automatic qualification. In the group stage, they lost to Russia, Brazil and Australia; the British team would be eliminated in the group stage but was somewhat of a surprise only falling to defending and eventual runners up Spain by 1, Brazil by 5, they led Australia by 10 at halftime before fading late. In the final group game they faced China, both teams unable to progress to the knockout stage, they won the game 90–58, making it only the second Olympic victory for Great Britain.
Throughout the tournament Luol Deng played 173 minutes, more than any other player, came in the top ten for points and assists. In June 2013, Brooklyn Nets assistant coach Joe Prunty was announced as the new coach, following the resignation of Chris Finch. Having participated in the previous Olympic tournament, Great Britain qualified automatically for EuroBasket 2013 in Slovenia, they went into the tournament short-handed: Luol Deng was recovering from illness, Pops Mensah-Bonsu did not participate due to an injury and Joel Freeland was absent, citing commitments with his club. Despite this, Great Britain won their first game against Israel in overtime, but subsequently lost to France and Belgium. Winning their fourth group game against favoured Germany put them on the verge of advancing to the second round of the tournament for the first time in their history; the team went into their final group game against Ukraine needing to win, but Ukraine had been performing better than expected and dispatched Britain 87–68.
They finished equalling their record from the previous tournament, with Daniel Clark leading the team in scoring and defence. Following their tournament exit it was announced that the governing body for British sports, UK Sport, were to cut the funding for the team after failing to reach the agreed-upon minimum final placing in the tournament. Funding from UK Sport would have been used to aid the team's efforts to qualify for the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro. A defeat to Iceland on 20 August meant the team had failed to qualify for EuroBasket 2015; this outcome was attributed to British Basketball no longer receiving funding from UK Sport. Forward Kieron Achara spoke out about. Great Britain lost all 5 matches finishing last in EuroBasket 2017 Group D. After the tournament Tony Garbelotto took over as Head Coach from Joe Prunty. EuroBasket 2021 qualification Roster for the EuroBasket 2017. Great Britain announce
Wrocław is a city in western Poland and the largest city in the historical region of Silesia. It lies on the banks of the River Oder in the Silesian Lowlands of Central Europe 350 kilometres from the Baltic Sea to the north and 40 kilometres from the Sudeten Mountains to the south; the population of Wrocław in 2018 was 639,258, making it the fourth-largest city in Poland and the main city of the Wrocław agglomeration. Wrocław is the historical capital of Lower Silesia. Today, it is the capital of the Lower Silesian Voivodeship; the history of the city dates back over a thousand years, its extensive heritage combines all religions and cultures of Europe. At various times, it has been part of the Kingdom of Poland, Kingdom of Bohemia, Kingdom of Hungary, Habsburg Monarchy and Germany. Wrocław became part of Poland again in 1945, as a result of the border changes after the Second World War, which included a nearly complete exchange of population. Wrocław is a university city with a student population of over 130,000, making it one of the most youthful cities in the country.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, the University of Wrocław Breslau University, produced 9 Nobel Prize laureates and is renowned for its high quality of teaching. Wrocław is classified as a Gamma-global city by GaWC, it was placed among the top 100 cities in the world for the quality of life by the consulting company Mercer and in the top 100 of the smartest cities in the world in the IESE Cities in Motion Index 2017 report. The city hosted the Eucharistic Congress in the Euro 2012 football championships. In 2016, the city was a European Capital of the World Book Capital. In this year, Wrocław hosted the Theatre Olympics, World Bridge Games and the European Film Awards. In 2017, the city was the host of the World Games; the city's name was first recorded as "Wrotizlava" in the chronicle of German chronicler Thietmar of Merseburg, which mentions it as a seat of a newly installed bishopric in the context of the Congress of Gniezno. The first municipal seal stated. A simplified name is given, as Wrezlaw, Prezla or Breslaw.
The Czech spelling was used in Latin documents as Vratislavia. At that time, Prezla was used in Middle High German. In the middle of the 14th century, the Early New High German form of the name, began to replace its earlier versions; the city is traditionally believed to be named after Wrocisław or Vratislav believed to be named after Duke Vratislaus I of Bohemia. It is possible that the city was named after the tribal duke of the Silesians or after an early ruler of the city called Vratislav; the city's name in various other languages is: Hungarian: Boroszló, Czech: Vratislav, German: Breslau, Hebrew: ורוצלב, Yiddish: ברעסלוי, Silesian German: Brassel, Latin: Vratislavia or Budorgis or Wratislavia. The city's name in other languages is available at the list of names of European cities. Persons born or living in the city are known as "Vratislavians". In ancient times at or near Wrocław was a place called Budorigum, it has been mapped to Claudius Ptolemy's map of AD 142–147. The city of Wrocław originated at the intersection of two trade routes, the Via Regia and the Amber Road.
Settlements in the area existed during the migration period. A Slavic tribe Ślężans erected on Ostrów Tumski a gord; the city was first recorded in the 10th century as Vratislavia, the Bohemian duke Vratislaus I founded here a Bohemian stronghold. Vratislavia was derived from the duke's name Vratislav. In 985, Duke Mieszko I of Poland conquered Silesia including Wrocław; the town was mentioned explicitly in the year 1000 AD in connection with a founding of a bishopric during the Congress of Gniezno. The medieval chronicle, Gesta principum Polonorum, written by Gallus Anonymus in 1112–1116, named Wrocław, along with Kraków and Sandomierz, as one of the three capitals of the Polish Kingdom. During Wrocław's early history, the control over it changed hands between Bohemia, the Kingdom of Poland, after the fragmentation of the Kingdom of Poland, the Piast-ruled duchy of Silesia. One of the most important events during this period was the foundation of the Diocese of Wrocław by the Polish Duke Bolesław the Brave in 1000.
Along with the Bishoprics of Kraków and Kołobrzeg, Wrocław was placed under the Archbishopric of Gniezno in Greater Poland, founded by Pope Sylvester II through the intercession of the Emperor Otto III in 1000, during the Congress of Gniezno. In the years 1034–1038 the city was affected by Pagan reaction in Poland; the city became a commercial centre and expanded to Wyspa Piasek, to the left bank of the River Oder. Around 1000, the town had about 1,000 inhabitants. In 1109 during the Polish-German war, Prince Bolesław III Wrymouth defeated the King of Germany Henry V at the Battle of Hundsfeld, stopping the German march into Poland. By 1139, a settlement belonging to Governor Piotr Włostowic was built, another was founded on the left bank of the River Oder, near the present seat of the University. While the city was Polish, there were communities of Bohemians, Jews and Germans. In the 13th century, Wrocław was the political centre of the divided Polish kingdom. In April 1241, during the First Mongol invasion of Poland the city was abandoned by the inhabitants and burned for strategic reason
Turkey national basketball team
The Turkey national basketball team represents Turkey in international basketball tournaments. It is governed by the Turkish Basketball Federation, their nickname is the "12 Dev Adam". Turkey has won two silver medals at major international tournaments, namely the FIBA World Cup and EuroBasket. Turkey has won two gold. Turkey stands 17th in the FIBA World Rankings. Ahmet Robenson was known as being the first organizer of basketball in Turkey. In 1936, Turkey played its first basketball match against Greece, winning 49–12. For many years basketball was the second most popular sport in Turkey, but the national team could not win any international tournaments until the 1980s, when Turkey won the gold medal at the 1981 Balkan Championship and the 1987 Mediterranean Games. Efes Pilsen was the first Turkish club to win a European Cup in any team sport, the 1995–96 FIBA Korać Cup. Since basketball in Turkey has grown as the national basketball team began to play a major role in international tournaments.
The Turkish national team won the silver medal at the EuroBasket 2001, the silver medal at the 2010 FIBA World Championship. Turkey's European championship debut came at the EuroBasket 1949; the Turks split their six games in the seven-team round robin tournament, finishing with three wins and three losses for 4th place. Turkey competed again at the EuroBasket 1951 in Paris, their only loss in the preliminary round was to the Soviet Union as Turkey earned the second-rank spot with a 3–1 record. Their single loss to Bulgaria in the semi-final round, was enough to bump them from championship contention as they came out on the bottom of a three-way tie with a 2–1 record, they lost the 5/6 game to Italy. Turkey returned after missing 1953's edition to the EuroBasket 1955 in Budapest, they went 1–2 in their preliminary round group, taking third in the pool and moving to classification play. There they lost only to France on their way to a 3–1 record in classification round 1, they lost their 9–12 semi-final by 1 point to Finland, but defeated England 77–54 in the next game to take 11th place of the 18 team tournament.
Turkey appeared again at the EuroBasket 1957 in Sofia. Losing to the Soviet Union and Poland in the preliminary round, Turkey took third in the group to be sent to the classification pool, they defeated each of the other seven teams in the classification round in order to take 9th place of the 16 teams. The 1960s, 1970s and 1980s were in general a barren period for the Turkish national basketball team, they were, successful at the Mediterranean Games, winning two bronze medals in 1967 and 1983, one silver medal in 1971, one gold medal in 1987. Turkey won the gold medal at the Balkan Championship in 1981; the team was led by notable coaches like Yalçın Granit and Mehmet Baturalp in the 1960s and 1970s, by Aydan Siyavuş during the Balkan and Mediterranean triumphs of the 1980s, which marked the dawn of a successful new era in Turkish basketball starting from the late 1980s and early 1990s. Efe Aydan and Erman Kunter were among the notable players of this period in Turkish basketball. Erman Kunter, who still holds a number of all-time records in the Turkish Basketball League as a player became a successful coach in the Turkish and French basketball leagues, led the Turkish national team at the EuroBasket 1999.
Turkey appeared again at the EuroBasket 1993 after 12 years of absence, but finished 11th among 16 teams. Turkey finished 13th among 14 teams at the EuroBasket 1995, 8th among 16 teams at the EuroBasket 1997, again 8th among 16 teams at the EuroBasket 1999; as the host country of the EuroBasket 2001, the Turkish national basketball team, led by coach Aydın Örs, reached the EuroBasket final for the first time in their history Turkey defeated Croatia in the quarter-finals and Germany in the semi-finals, before playing with Yugoslavia in the final. Turkey finished the tournament with the silver medal. Turkish star İbrahim Kutluay scored 19 points in the final game and was included in the all-tournament team. Team captain Harun Erdenay was another key scorer for Turkey in the tournament; the team's roster included past and future NBA players Mirsad Türkcan, Hidayet Türkoğlu and Mehmet Okur. Turkey qualified for the 2002 FIBA World Championship. Turkey finished 9th. At the EuroBasket 2003, Turkey reached the second round where they got eliminated by Serbia and Montenegro.
Turkey qualified for the EuroBasket 2005 held in Serbia and Montenegro, but lost to Lithuania and Croatia, defeating only Bulgaria in the preliminary round. This win brought Turkey to the knock-out stage, where Germany eliminated the team 66–57. Turkey ended the tournament with a 9–12 rank. Turkey was awarded one of the four wild cards by FIBA for the qualification to the 2006 FIBA World Championship in Japan; the Turkish squad completed the preliminary rounds in Group C at second place after the Greek team, was entitled to play in the round of 16, winning 4 matches against Lithuania, Australia and Qatar out of 5 games in total, losing only to Greece in the last match. The young team achieved the first official win over Lithuania and the first 4 consecutive wins in a championship. On A