Northern Ireland Football League
The Northern Ireland Football League is the national football league of Northern Ireland. Operated as a company, the 40 member clubs act as shareholders with one vote each. Originally formed in 1890, the football league of Northern Ireland is the second-oldest national league in the world. Only the English Football League is older, the Irish Football League was originally formed as the football league for all of Ireland. It became the league for Northern Ireland in 1921 after partition, with a separate league, the leagues records from its days in operation as the league for all of Ireland stand as the records for Northern Ireland. In its first season, seven of the eight came from Belfast. In 1892, Derry Olympic became the second non-Belfast side, in 1900, Derry Celtic joined the league and, in 1901, a second Derry team, St Columbs Court, was added. St Columbs Court lasted just one season, before being replaced by the leagues first Dublin team, Bohemians, another Dublin side, Shelbourne, was added in 1904. In 1911 Glenavon, from the County Armagh town of Lurgan replaced Bohemians, who resigned from the league, during 1912 there were three Dublin sides, with the addition of Tritonville, but, like Derry Olympic and St Columbs Court before them, they lasted just one season. Derry Celtic also dropped out in 1913, so that when the Irish League split in 1921, no southern clubs ever won the championship. The highest place achieved by any of these clubs was second, during the 1920s, however, the league expanded and soon achieved a wide geographic spread across Northern Ireland. Nonetheless, no club from outside Belfast won the League championship until Glenavon took it to Co, in 1957–58, Ards became the first team from Co. Down to win the League, and in 1964–65, Derry City were the first Co, historically, with relatively few league fixtures each season, the Irish League organised a number of other competitions for its members. These competitions were, the City Cup, the Gold Cup, the Ulster Cup, in addition, clubs still compete in their respective regional cup competitions, the County Antrim Shield, the Mid-Ulster Cup, and the North West Senior Cup. From 1995–96 until 2002–03, the senior League was split into two divisions, the Premier Division and First Division, from 2003-16, there was a single division, albeit with relegation to intermediate leagues below, and from 2016 there are two senior divisions. In 2003, the Irish Football Association took direct charge of Northern Irelands top flight with the creation of the Irish Premier League. As in England and Scotland, the old Irish Football League retained a separate existence, the first ever Irish League match to be broadcast live on television took place on 24 September 2007 when Sky Sports showed Cliftonville and Linfield draw 2–2 at Solitude. In 2008, the IFA took over responsibility for the Senior League under the name IFA Premiership, and the IFA Intermediate League was replaced by the IFA Championship
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Laganbank (District Electoral Area)
Laganbank was one of the nine district electoral areas in Belfast, Northern Ireland which existed from 1985 to 2014. Located in the south of the city, the district elected five members to Belfast City Council and contained the wards of Ballynafeigh, Botanic, Shaftesbury, Stranmillis, and Rosetta. Laganbank, along with neighbouring Balmoral, formed the part of the Belfast South constituencies for the Northern Ireland Assembly. Laganbank also contained most of the city centre, including Donegall Square, the south of the district contained some of the most exclusive addresses in Northern Ireland, particularly along the Malone Road. However, the north of the district has areas that suffer economic deprivation, including Donegall Road, Sandy Row, Laganbank was created for the 1985 local elections. The Shaftesbury ward had previously been in Area F, Stranmillis and Botanic wards in Area C and Rosetta, for the 2014 local elections, the district was abolished. The location of these institutions in close proximity saw the popularity among students increase. The area was home to some of the most prominent schools, including Methodist College Belfast. The portion of Laganbank to the west of the River Lagan based around Queens University, forms the Queens Quarter and this area is also sometimes referred to as the Golden Mile because of the large number of bars, clubs and restaurants located there. Rosemary Jenkinson wrote the play, The Dealer of Ballynafeigh, about a 42-year old UDF resident of Ballynafeigh and it is a very silly and violent play. It was performed at the Keegan Theatre on Church St. in Washington, DC, the play came in third in the BBC Tony Doyle Awards. Laganbank has a low White population compared to Belfast and is one of the most ethnically diverse areas in Northern Ireland. Note, There is no group in the Northern Irish census named White British. This covers people from different areas including Britain, Mainland Europe, Australia. Other noteworthy amenities in the Laganbank district electoral area include, In May 2011, see also, Results of elections in 2011,2005,2001,1997,1993,1989 and 1985. Belfast City Council Electoral wards of Belfast Laganside Corporation Local government in Northern Ireland Members of Belfast City Council
Belfast is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland, the second largest on the island of Ireland, and the heart of the tenth largest Primary Urban Area in the United Kingdom. On the River Lagan, it had a population of 286,000 at the 2011 census and 333,871 after the 2015 council reform, Belfast was granted city status in 1888. Belfast played a key role in the Industrial Revolution, and was an industrial centre until the latter half of the 20th century. It has sustained a major aerospace and missiles industry since the mid 1930s, industrialisation and the inward migration it brought made Belfast Irelands biggest city at the beginning of the 20th century. Today, Belfast remains a centre for industry, as well as the arts, higher education, business, and law, additionally, Belfast city centre has undergone considerable expansion and regeneration in recent years, notably around Victoria Square. Belfast is served by two airports, George Best Belfast City Airport in the city, and Belfast International Airport 15 miles west of the city. Although the county borough of Belfast was created when it was granted city status by Queen Victoria in 1888, the site of Belfast has been occupied since the Bronze Age. The Giants Ring, a 5, 000-year-old henge, is located near the city, Belfast remained a small settlement of little importance during the Middle Ages. The ONeill clan had a presence in the area, in the 14th century, Cloinne Aodha Buidhe, descendants of Aodh Buidhe ONeill built Grey Castle at Castlereagh, now in the east of the city. Conn ONeill of the Clannaboy ONeills owned vast lands in the area and was the last inhabitant of Grey Castle, evidence of this period of Belfasts growth can still be seen in the oldest areas of the city, known as the Entries. Belfast blossomed as a commercial and industrial centre in the 18th and 19th centuries, industries thrived, including linen, rope-making, tobacco, heavy engineering and shipbuilding, and at the end of the 19th century, Belfast briefly overtook Dublin as the largest city in Ireland. The Harland and Wolff shipyards became one of the largest shipbuilders in the world, in 1886 the city suffered intense riots over the issue of home rule, which had divided the city. In 1920–22, Belfast became the capital of the new entity of Northern Ireland as the island of Ireland was partitioned, the accompanying conflict cost up to 500 lives in Belfast, the bloodiest sectarian strife in the city until the Troubles of the late 1960s onwards. Belfast was heavily bombed during World War II, in one raid, in 1941, German bombers killed around one thousand people and left tens of thousands homeless. Apart from London, this was the greatest loss of life in a raid during the Blitz. Belfast has been the capital of Northern Ireland since its establishment in 1921 following the Government of Ireland Act 1920 and it had been the scene of various episodes of sectarian conflict between its Catholic and Protestant populations. These opposing groups in conflict are now often termed republican and loyalist respectively. The most recent example of conflict was known as the Troubles – a civil conflict that raged from around 1969 to 1998
Rugby union, known in some parts of the world simply as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century. One of the two codes of football, it is based on running with the ball in hand. In its most common form, a game is between two teams of 15 players using a ball on a rectangular field with H-shaped goalposts on each try line. Historically an amateur sport, in 1995 restrictions on payments to players were removed, World Rugby, originally the International Rugby Football Board and from 1998 to 2014 the International Rugby Board, has been the governing body for rugby union since 1886. Rugby union spread from the Home Nations of Great Britain and Ireland, early exponents of the sport included Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and France. Countries that have adopted rugby union as their de facto national sport include Fiji, Georgia, Madagascar, New Zealand, Samoa, Tonga, Rugby union is played in over 100 countries across six continents, there are 101 full members and 18 associate members of World Rugby. The Rugby World Cup, first held in 1987, takes place four years with the winner of the tournament receiving the Webb Ellis Cup. The Six Nations Championship in Europe and The Rugby Championship in the Southern Hemisphere are major annual competitions. The origin of football is reputed to be an incident during a game of English school football at Rugby School in 1823. Although the evidence for the story is doubtful, it was immortalised at the school with a plaque unveiled in 1895, despite the doubtful evidence, the Rugby World Cup trophy is named after Webb Ellis. Rugby football stems from the form of game played at Rugby School, Old Rugbeian Albert Pell, a student at Cambridge, is credited with having formed the first football team. During this early period different schools used different rules, with pupils from Rugby. Other important events include the Blackheath Clubs decision to leave the Football Association in 1863, despite the sports full name of rugby union, it is known simply as rugby throughout most of the world. The first rugby football international was played on 27 March 1871 between Scotland and England, by 1881 both Ireland and Wales had representative teams, and in 1883 the first international competition, the Home Nations Championship had begun. 1883 is also the year of the first rugby tournament, the Melrose Sevens. During the early history of union, a time before commercial air travel. The first two notable tours both took place in 1888—the British Isles team touring New Zealand and Australia, followed by the New Zealand team touring Europe, All three teams brought new styles of play, fitness levels and tactics, and were far more successful than critics had expected. After Morgan began singing, the crowd joined in, the first time a national anthem was sung at the start of a sporting event, in 1905 France played England in its first international match
North of Ireland F.C.
North of Ireland Football Club is a former Irish rugby union club that was based in Belfast, Northern Ireland. It was the first rugby club formed in what is now Northern Ireland and it was founded in 1868 by members of North of Ireland Cricket Club. NIFC also played in the first recorded game in Ulster when they played a 20-a-side match against Queens University RFC. Throughout its history, NIFC was one of the most successful clubs in Ulster rugby, winning eighteen Ulster Senior League titles and they also played several seasons in the AIB League before merging with Collegians in 1999 to form Belfast Harlequins. The club left its home on the Ormeau Road after a series of sectarian arson attacks. The club, with a mainly Protestant membership, was perceived as being isolated in a zone of working-class nationalism, see also Category, North of Ireland F. C. players The following NIFC players represented Ireland at full international level. The following NIFC players also represented the British and Irish Lions, the following NIFC players also represented Ireland at cricket
Queen's Park F.C.
Queens Park Football Club is a Scottish football club based in Glasgow. Queens Park is the oldest association football club in Scotland, having founded in 1867. Queens Park is also the only Scottish football club to have played in the FA Cup Final, the clubs home is a Category 4 stadium, the all-seated Hampden Park in South East Glasgow, which is also the home of the Scottish national team. With 10 titles, Queens Park has won the Scottish Cup the third most times of any club, behind Rangers and Celtic, gentlemen from the local YMCA took part in football matches in the local Glasgow area which gave the club its name. During the inaugural meeting, debate raged over the clubs name, proposals included, The Celts, The Northern and Morayshire. Perhaps such choice of names suggest a Highland influence within the new club, after much deliberation, Queens Park was adopted and carried, but only by a majority of one vote. Although Queens was not the first club in Britain, that going to Edinburgh and John Hopes Football Club, formed in 1824. Opposition first came in the form of a now defunct Glaswegian side called Thistle F. C. on 30 November 1872, Scotland faced England at the West of Scotland Cricket Club ground at Hamilton Crescent. For the one and only time all eleven Scots players were from Queens Park and they wore blue jerseys,4,000 spectators watched Scotland play with a 2–2–6 formation and England with a 1–1–8 line-up. Queens Park formed the Scottish Football Association on 13 March 1873, the match against Dumbreck on 25 October was the first match to be played at Hampden Park. It was also the first match which saw Queens Park players wear their black and white hooped jerseys. David Wotherspoon, a Queens Park player and committee member, has credited with the introduction of the black. Most importantly, it was the first Scottish Cup tie and Scottish competitive match for the club, in the final, Queens defeated Clydesdale 2–0 at Hampden. Success in the Scottish Cup followed in the two years with final victories over Renton and Third Lanark. In drawing 2–2 with Clydesdale in the 1875 semi-final, Queens conceded their first ever goals, defeat for the club was first experienced with a 2–1 defeat to Vale of Leven in the 5th round in December 1876. Third Lanark and Rangers eliminated the Spiders before Queens reclaimed the cup in 1880 with a win over Thornliebank, Dumbarton were beaten in the final in successive years. In 1881, Queens had to them twice after Dumbarton successfully appealed that the crowd at Kinning Park had encroached following a 2–1 defeat. Dumbarton got revenge in 1883 but Queens won again in 1884 without even having to play the final after Vale of Leven refused to play on the date stipulated by the SFA, in the early days of Englands FA Cup, Scottish clubs were often invited to compete
Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth. Politically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland, which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, in 2011, the population of Ireland was about 6.4 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after Great Britain. Just under 4.6 million live in the Republic of Ireland, the islands geography comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with several navigable rivers extending inland. The island has lush vegetation, a product of its mild, thick woodlands covered the island until the Middle Ages. As of 2013, the amount of land that is wooded in Ireland is about 11% of the total, there are twenty-six extant mammal species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is moderate and classified as oceanic. As a result, winters are milder than expected for such a northerly area, however, summers are cooler than those in Continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant, the earliest evidence of human presence in Ireland is dated at 10,500 BC. Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE, the island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. Following the Norman invasion in the 12th century, England claimed sovereignty over Ireland, however, English rule did not extend over the whole island until the 16th–17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English rule was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, with the Acts of Union in 1801, Ireland became a part of the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s and this subsided following a political agreement in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community while the United Kingdom, Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures, especially in the fields of literature. Alongside mainstream Western culture, an indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music. The culture of the island shares many features with that of Great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, rugby, horse racing. The name Ireland derives from Old Irish Eriu and this in turn derives from Proto-Celtic *Iveriu, which is also the source of Latin Hibernia. Iveriu derives from a root meaning fat, prosperous, during the last glacial period, and up until about 9000 years ago, most of Ireland was covered with ice, most of the time
1887 in Ireland
Events from the year 1887 in Ireland. 29 January - The Dublin newspaper The Union is founded, the Unionist newspapers goals are stated in its first edition as A Journal devoted to the maintenance of the Union in the three kingdoms. Richard Moynan begins as an illustrator with the paper in April. The Crimes Act is passed in September, despite protests from Liberal and Home Rule Members of Parliament,19 April - W. E. Gladstone, Leader of the Opposition, delivers his speech on the Irish question. 2 May - The narrow gauge Clogher Valley Railway officially opens in County Tyrone,26 June - The highest temperature ever recorded in Ireland,33. 3C at Kilkenny Castle. 9 September - Mitchelstown Massacre, Three men killed by the Royal Irish Constabulary at a Land League demonstration,13 November - Bloody Sunday, Police in London clash with radical and Irish nationalist protesters. Royal Irish Constabulary attack a Land League march in Kiltimagh, County Mayo, arthur Balfour becomes Chief Secretary later enacting the policy of killing Home Rule with kindness. Balfours Land Law Act, an extension of the Ashbourne Act of 1885, is passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the period of rent set by the Land Court is reduced to three years. The Plan of Campaign starts its first phase as tenant farmers begin withholding rent from landlords,69,084 emigrate from Ireland to the United States, according to census records. Newtownbrowne School is opened in Kiltimagh, County Mayo, construction of Ballymena Castle by Robert Alexander Shafto Adair, the Adair family residence in Demesne, is completed. George Roe & Company Distillers becomes the largest distillery in Europe, Edward Carson is appointed as counsel to the Attorney-General for Ireland. John Boyd Dunlop develops the first practical pneumatic tyre in Belfast, the Romanesque doorway, only surviving portion of the original Cathedral Church of St. Flannan, Killaloe in County Clare, is restored. William Ewart Gladstone publishes Handbook of Home Rule, alex G. Richeys A Short History of the Irish People, Down to the Date of the Plantation of Ulster is published. Margaret Stokes publishes Early Christian Art in Ireland, charles Villiers Stanfords Third Symphony, in F minor, the Irish, is first performed. January 15 - Trinity Colleges University Harriers Club holds the first Hares, international 5 February England 7 -0 Ireland 19 February Scotland 4 -1 Ireland 13 March Ireland 4 -1 Wales. 16th international game and first win, Irish Cup Winners, Ulster 3 -0 Cliftonville Athlone Town A. F. C. The oldest surviving club in the League of Ireland, are founded, Cavan GAA President Michael Davin resigns. The Kiltimagh Cavan GAA Club is formed, the Limerick Commercials win the first All-Ireland Senior Football Championship defeating the Dundalk Young Irelands
Cliftonville Football & Athletic Club is a Northern Irish semi-professional association football club playing in the NIFL Premiership. Founded on 20 September 1879 by John McCredy McAlery in the suburb of Cliftonville in north Belfast, it is the oldest football club in Ireland, since 1890, the club has played at Solitude. Cliftonville contests the North Belfast derby with nearest rivals Crusaders, and also has rivalries with Belfasts Big Two clubs, Glentoran. The club has won the Irish League championship four times outright and once shared, the Irish Cup eight times, the newly formed club, however, was beaten 2–1. In its first match against the Scottish club Caledonians, it fared worse, in 1880, it was again John McAlery who was the moving spirit in the formation of the Irish Football Association. He issued an invitation to interested parties in Belfast and district for a meeting to be called, the first meeting took place on 18 November 1880 at Queens Hotel, Belfast, presided over by John Sinclair, from which the Irish Football Association was formed. While Major Chichester was appointed president, McAlery became the secretary of the association. This meeting also paved the way for the Irish Cup, the first Irish Cup final, played at Cliftonville on 9 April 1881, saw a 1–0 defeat against Moyola Park, an opponent that was well known for rough and brutal play. In the following year Cliftonville lost again in the Irish Cup final, in 1883 Cliftonville won the cup for the first time with a 5–0 win over Ulster. During the 1880s Cliftonville also played in the English FA Cup, competing in the competition proper in 1886–87, in 1886–87 they finally lost in the third round 11–0 at home to Partick Thistle after beating Blackburn Park Road 7–2 in an earlier round. In 1887–88 they scratched their match with Church, the match lost to Linfield 7–0 in 1888 is the only FA Cup match to be played on Christmas Day. The inaugural meeting of the Irish Football League was held on 14 March 1890 in the Belfast Estate Office of the Marquess of Dufferin, eight clubs agreed to participate, Cliftonville, Clarence, Milford, Oldpark, Distillery, Glentoran, Ulster and Linfield. In the 1905–06 season Cliftonville won the League for the first time, in 1891 Cliftonville became the first Irish football club to use floodlights at games. Kick-off in each case was at 8 pm with lights suspended across the pitch and these were dismantled later with the announcement that spectators found it difficult to follow the action and that the player seemed to have all the fun in the middle. It had been an experience, but not a highly successful one with the public skeptical. In 1897 Cliftonville won the Irish Cup after a 3–1 win over Sherwood Foresters, a quite unusual protest was launched by Cliftonville after being beaten by Belfast Celtic in the 1900 Irish Cup competition. The Celtic goalposts were eventually measured and it was out that they were much too short. A replay took place, in which Cliftonville reversed the 4–0 defeat in the earlier match, subsequently they won the Cup that year, after beating Bohemians 2–1 in the Final
Ulster Senior League (rugby union)
The Ulster Senior League is a rugby union competition for senior clubs in the Irish province of Ulster. It was formed by the then Northern Branch of the Irish Rugby Football Union in October 1890 and it has traditionally being ranked second in importance to the Ulster Senior Cup. It has declined in importance due to the formation of the All-Ireland League, the Senior League has had a chequered history. This attitude from some of the clubs even lead to the scrapping of the league in 1930. The practice of withdrawing from the league finally died out in the 1970s, mostly the league was played in one section on an all-play-all home and away basis. However, with the expansion of the number of Senior Clubs in 1980 and this allowed for a showpiece final at the end of the season. The two section arrangement continued until 1990 when the advent of professionalism and preparation for the All-Ireland League, promotion and relegation between the two sections was introduced at this time. This later gave way to a single-division league, from the 2015-16 season, the League was renamed as the Ulster Championship League and divided into two sections, with promotion and relegation between the two. The league was renamed the Soni Premiership in 2016-17, the winners receive the Stevenson Shield. I. Y. M. S. 1963/64 Queens University 1964/65 Dungannon 1965/66 NIFC 1966/67 Queens University 1967/68 Dungannon 1968/69 Malone 1969/70 Civil Service 1970/71 C. I. Y. M. S
England national football team
The England national football team represents England in international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England. England are one of the two oldest national teams in football, alongside Scotland, whom played in the worlds first international football match in 1872. Englands home ground is Wembley Stadium, London, and the current manager is Gareth Southgate, England contest the FIFA World Cup and UEFA European Championship, which alternate biennially. In contesting for the World Cup seventeen times over the past sixty four years, England won the 1966 World Cup, when they hosted the finals, the England national football team is the joint-oldest in the world, it was formed at the same time as Scotland. A representative match between England and Scotland was played on 5 March 1870, having been organised by the Football Association, a return fixture was organised by representatives of Scottish football teams on 30 November 1872. Over the next forty years, England played exclusively with the other three Home Nations—Scotland, Wales and Ireland—in the British Home Championship, to begin with, England had no permanent home stadium. They joined FIFA in 1906 and played their first ever games against countries other than the Home Nations on a tour of Central Europe in 1908, Wembley Stadium was opened in 1923 and became their home ground. The relationship between England and FIFA became strained, and this resulted in their departure from FIFA in 1928 and their first ever defeat on home soil to a foreign team was a 0–2 loss to the Republic of Ireland, on 21 September 1949 at Goodison Park. A 6–3 loss in 1953 to Hungary, was their defeat by a foreign team at Wembley. In the return match in Budapest, Hungary won 7–1 and this still stands as Englands worst ever defeat. After the game, a bewildered Syd Owen said, it was like playing men from outer space, in the 1954 FIFA World Cup, England reached the quarter-finals for the first time, and lost 4–2 to reigning champions Uruguay. Although Walter Winterbottom was appointed as Englands first ever manager in 1946. In UEFA Euro 1968, the reached the semi-finals for the first time. England qualified for the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico as reigning champions, and reached the quarter-finals, England had been 2–0 up, but were eventually beaten 3–2 after extra time. They failed in qualification for the 1974, leading to Ramseys dismissal, under Ron Greenwood, they managed to qualify for the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain, despite not losing a game, they were eliminated in the second group stage. Despite losing to Italy in the third place play-off, the members of the England team were given bronze medals identical to the Italians’, the England team of 1990 were welcomed home as heroes and thousands of people lined the streets, for a spectacular open-top bus parade. However, the team did not win any matches in UEFA Euro 1992, drawing with tournament winners Denmark, the 1990s saw four England managers, each in the role for a relatively brief period. Graham Taylor was Robsons successor, but resigned after England failed to qualify for the 1994 FIFA World Cup, at UEFA Euro 1996, held in England, Terry Venables led England, equalling their best performance at a European Championship, reaching the semi-finals as they did in 1968
Frederick Fred William McKee was an Irish association football goalkeeper who played for, among others, Belfast-based clubs Cliftonville, Celtic and Linfield, and the national team of Ireland. At club level, McKee celebrated five Irish League titles and five Irish Cups, in 1914, he was a member of the Ireland team that won the British Home Championship - the only edition at which Ireland became the unshared winners of the Championship. Fred McKee made his debut for Ireland at the 1906 British Home Championship on 17 March and his team mates that day included Robert Milne and Jack Kirwan. In spite of holding Wales at a 4–4 draw in his second international, much more memorable was his participation at the 1914 British Home Championship. He played all three matches, and with a clean sheet against England and only two conceded in his other appearances, McKee contributed to the unique victory at the British Home Championship. While the Irish team in 1903 still shared their victory with England and Scotland, this was the only occasion at which the team of Ireland became sole winners. com
Jack Reynolds (footballer, born 1869)
John Jack Reynolds was a footballer who played for, among others, West Bromwich Albion, Aston Villa and Celtic. As an international he played five times for Ireland before it emerged that he was actually English and he is the only player, barring own goals, to score for and against England and is the only player to play for both Ireland and England. Reynolds was noted as a competitive player with some remarkable ball skills. He was regarded as one of the footballers of the 1890s and was one of the highest paid players of his generation. However he also gained a reputation for drinking and womanising and as much of the money he earned disappeared. He fathered at least one child and in 1899 he appeared in court for non-payment of child maintenance. His heavy drinking blighted his career and after brief spells at Celtic and then Southampton. Towards the end of his life he worked as a miner in Sheffield, although born in Blackburn, Lancashire, Reynolds grew up in Ahoghill in County Antrim, Ireland and attended schools in Portglenone and Ballymena. By the age of 15 he was back in Blackburn playing with, in December 1886 he joined the British Army and was posted back to Ireland with the East Lancashire Regiment. While in Ireland he also played for the regimental team, in 1888 he also began playing for Distillery where his teammates included Olphert Stanfield and Billy Crone. He also played for Distillery in an FA Cup tie against one of his former clubs Blackburn Park Road F. C, in June 1890 he joined Ulster F. C. a now defunct Belfast team. In 1891 Reynolds helped this team finish runners-up to Linfield in both the Irish Cup and the very first Irish Football League. Between 1890 and 1891, while playing for Distillery and Ulster F. C. Reynolds made five appearances for Ireland, four as a half-back and he made his debut for Ireland on 8 February 1890 in a 5–2 defeat to Wales. Then on 15 March he played against England and scored Irelands only goal in the 9–1 defeat and this was the only international in which he played as a winger. During the 1891 British Home Championship he played in all three of Irelands games, in March 1891, Reynolds joined West Bromwich Albion and it was subsequently discovered that he was actually English. During his debut 1891–92 season with WBA he played 17 games and he also won the first of his three FA Cup winners medals, scoring for WBA in the 1892 FA Cup final as they beat Aston Villa 3–0. During the 1892–93 season he played a further 20 games and scored one goal for WBA. This was WBAs first ever penalty in a First Division game, during his time with WBA he also briefly played for Droitwich Town either as a guest or on loan
International Standard Book Number
The International Standard Book Number is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, the method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering created in 1966, the 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108. Occasionally, a book may appear without a printed ISBN if it is printed privately or the author does not follow the usual ISBN procedure, however, this can be rectified later. Another identifier, the International Standard Serial Number, identifies periodical publications such as magazines, the ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 in the United Kingdom by David Whitaker and in 1968 in the US by Emery Koltay. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108, the United Kingdom continued to use the 9-digit SBN code until 1974. The ISO on-line facility only refers back to 1978, an SBN may be converted to an ISBN by prefixing the digit 0. For example, the edition of Mr. J. G. Reeder Returns, published by Hodder in 1965, has SBN340013818 -340 indicating the publisher,01381 their serial number. This can be converted to ISBN 0-340-01381-8, the check digit does not need to be re-calculated, since 1 January 2007, ISBNs have contained 13 digits, a format that is compatible with Bookland European Article Number EAN-13s. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an ebook, a paperback, and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, a 13-digit ISBN can be separated into its parts, and when this is done it is customary to separate the parts with hyphens or spaces. Separating the parts of a 10-digit ISBN is also done with either hyphens or spaces, figuring out how to correctly separate a given ISBN number is complicated, because most of the parts do not use a fixed number of digits. ISBN issuance is country-specific, in that ISBNs are issued by the ISBN registration agency that is responsible for country or territory regardless of the publication language. Some ISBN registration agencies are based in national libraries or within ministries of culture, in other cases, the ISBN registration service is provided by organisations such as bibliographic data providers that are not government funded. In Canada, ISBNs are issued at no cost with the purpose of encouraging Canadian culture. In the United Kingdom, United States, and some countries, where the service is provided by non-government-funded organisations. Australia, ISBNs are issued by the library services agency Thorpe-Bowker
Annagh United F.C.
Annagh United Football Club is a semi-professional, Northern Irish football club playing in the NIFL Championship. The club is close neighbours to Portadown in the NIFL Premiership. The club, founded in 1963, hails from Portadown, the club home colours have always been and remain a mixture of red and white with black trim. Tandragee Road has been the home since 1983. Indeed when the club opened its new pitch a Northern Irish star player of the time, the club run two senior teams, with the reserve team playing in the Championship Reserve League and managed by Paul Matchett. More recently the club have developed youth teams who play in the Mid Ulster / Lisburn Youth Leagues, in the 2009–10 season however, the team finished near the bottom of the league and manager Wilkinson parted company with the club. In late July David Johnstone ex Loughgall caretaker manager was appointed manager with Michael Crowe the backroom staff, Johnstone played for Ards, Carrick Rangers, Larne and Loughgall. Ironically, Annagh lost out to the team in the Bob Radcliffe Cup semi-final earlier in that season. Johnstone has since departed the club and the management team of players Dean Smith, Darragh Peden. Dean Smith was confirmed as manager for the 2013–14 season with Alan Murphy assistant, the club were promoted to the NIFL Championship 1 in the 2014–15 season and managed to survive for the 2016–17 season. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Annagh United FC Website Irish Football Club Project Irish Premier League Website Irish FA Website Irish League Supporters Forums nifootball. co. uk
Armagh City F.C.
Armagh City Football Club is a semi-professional, Northern Irish football club playing in the NIFL Championship. The club was founded in 1964 as Milford Everton, and originally hailed from the village of Milford, just outside Armagh city, the club played at the Mill Field, Armagh from 1988 to 1993, when it moved to its current home, Holm Park. The clubs colours are azure and black stripes, former player Marty Rice was named first team manager on 10 July 2010, having been assistant to Ivor McGucken at the start of the 2009–10 season. The club achieved senior status in 1999, but reverted to intermediate status in 2003 when the Irish Premier League was established, the original name of Milford Everton was in honour of the founders favourite English team Everton. Milford was the village were the penalty kick was first introduced in 1890 when local goalkeeper William McCrum suggested a way to combat illegal challenges near to goal. Milford Everton eventually bought and refurbished the McCrum Institute in the early 1980s as they strove to improve facilities for the B Division, the pitch was laid in summer 2013 and opened in September 2013. The first game for the first team was on 14 September 2013 - a 5–1 win against Lurgan Celtic in the Bob Radcliffe Cup, in the 2011-12 season Armagh City F. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Bangor Football Club is a Northern Irish football club playing in the NIFL Premier Intermediate League. The club, founded in 1918, hails from Bangor and plays its matches at the Bangor Fuels Arena. Club colours are gold and royal blue, connected with this announcement, manager Marty Quinn resigned and was appointed as manager of Glenavon. Marty Quinn was replaced by Colin McCurdy who guided Bangor through their first season back in Intermediate Football, Colin McCurdy resigned from his position on 18 September 2010 and former player Frankie Wilson was appointed. After a poor run of results which saw Bangor plunge to the bottom of Championship 1 at the end of 2012, Spike Hill was named as first team coach in October 2016 after Garth Scates and Jeff Montgomery resigned during a league game away to Limavady United. Kyle Spiers joined Spike Hill as Director of Football at the club at the time as Spikes arrival. The first Bangor FC was founded, according to local legend, back on dry land, a committee was formed and the new Bangor FC played at the Recreation Ground off the Brunswick Road, as a successful member of the Irish Football Alliance. Others were convinced that life should continue as normally as possible and within a matter of days a new Bangor FC was born, taking over the fixtures and many of the players of the old Bangor FC. Encouraged by early success, Bangor joined the then Intermediate league where they played until gaining admission into the Irish League in 1927 and their first senior match was a local derby against Ards at Castlereagh Park on 20 August 1927. The late twenties and thirties were times of depression, money was scarce, gates disappointing. Against this background, Bangor were able to field a team which was able to keep its head above water, at that time Bangor FC played at the Ballyholme Showgrounds where they had moved from their second home in Castle Street in 1923. They Showgrounds were situated just behind the Ballyholme Esplanade and, being based, had one of the best and robust surfaces in the Irish League. In 1934, the club was given notice to quit as the ground was required for building houses, Bangor enjoyed the most successful period in its history during the 1990s when the club qualified for Europe for the first time in its history after finishing second in the Irish League. This success was followed by winning the Irish Cup in 1993 after two replays against bitter rivals, Ards, paul Byrne, who scored the winning goal with the last kick of the game, moved on to Celtic. In October 2007, the announced that a deal had been struck with property developers to sell land at the rear of the ground. Unfortunately, their stay in the Premiership only lasted a season as midway through the campaign the Club decided not to re-apply for the Domestic Licence that was required to compete at this level. As a result, Bangor FC were relegated at the end of the season, the first season back in Intermediate football proved quite difficult with a hastily arranged, young squad. A draw in the match of the season against Ballymoney United ensured that they avoided the ignominy of relegation to Championship 2 by a single point
Bohemian Football Club, more commonly referred to as Bohs, is a professional football club from Dublin, Ireland. Bohemians compete in the Premier Division of the League of Ireland, during that period they won the Irish Cup once and finished runners up 5 times. They share the record for most wins in European competition with archrivals Shamrock Rovers, Bohemians were founded on 6 September 1890 in the Phoenix Park Gate Lodge beside the North Circular Road entrance and played its first games in the Parks Polo Grounds. One of the members of the League of Ireland in 1921. Bohemians dropped their amateur ethos in 1969 and proceeded to win 2 League titles,2 FAI Cups and 2 League cups during the 1970s. They suffered a further decline throughout the 1980s and most of the 1990s before claiming League and Cup doubles in 2001 and 2008, alongside the 2003, Bohemians play their home matches at Dalymount Park in the Northside neighbourhood of Phibsborough. They are owned 100% by the members of the club and their club colours are red and black, which they adopted at the 4th AGM in October 1893. Bohemians supporters often refer to their club by a number of nicknames including Bohs and The Gypsies, seasons Bohemians were founded on 6 September 1890. They were members of the Irish Football League from 1902 to 1911, during this time the clubs greatest success was winning the Irish Cup in 1908. In its first season it finished second in the league, just two points behind St. James Gate, the club won its first league title in 1924. In 1928 the club won its league title and completed a double that season by winning its first FAI Cup also. The club was one of the forces in the early years of the league. The club went 34 seasons without winning a major trophy, in 1969 the club ended its amateur status, and the first player to sign professional terms was Tony OConnell, who signed on 11 March 1969. The club then went on to win two titles, two FAI Cups and two league cups in the 1970s, more trophies than any other club that decade. In 1970 the club entered European competition for the first time where it was beaten in the first qualifying round of the European Cup Winners Cup. The club went through another trophy-less spell after its 1979 league cup victory and it was not until 2001 that it regained the league title, also winning the FAI Cup that season to complete its second double. In September 2009, Bohemians claimed the League Cup for the time in the clubs history with a 3–1 win over Waterford United in the final. On 6 November 2009, Bohemians retained the title after a 1–1 draw against Bray Wanderers and they were already assured of the league title before the final round of matches as they held a three-point lead and 16-goal difference advantage over their nearest rivals Shamrock Rovers
Derry City F.C.
Derry City Football Club is a professional football club based in Derry, Northern Ireland. It plays in the League of Ireland Premier Division and it was reinstated a few weeks later but demoted to the First Division, the second tier. The club are the League of Irelands only participant from Northern Ireland, the clubs home ground is the Brandywell Stadium and the players wear red and white striped shirts from which its nickname, the Candystripes, derives. Others refer to the club as the Red and White Army or abbreviate the name to Derry or City, the club, founded in 1928, initially played in the Irish League, the domestic league in Northern Ireland, and won a title in 1964–65. In 1971, security concerns related to the Troubles meant matches could not be played at the Brandywell, the team played home fixtures 30 miles away in Coleraine. After 13 years in football, it joined the League of Irelands new First Division for 1985–86. Derry won the First Division title and achieved promotion to the Premier Division in 1987, the club won a domestic treble in 1988–89, the only League of Ireland club so far to do so. Derry City was granted entry into the Irish League in 1929 as professionals and was given permission by the Londonderry Corporation to use the municipal Brandywell Stadium, the clubs first significant success came in 1935 when it lifted the City Cup. It repeated the feat in 1937, but did not win major trophy until 1949. This led to the clubs first entry into European competition, in the 1964–65 UEFA Cup Winners Cup, in which it was beaten by Steaua Bucharest 5–0 on aggregate. The club won the 1964–65 Irish League and subsequently became the first Irish League team to win a European tie over two legs, beating FK Lyn 8–6 on aggregate in the 1965–66 European Cup. Derry did not complete the round, as the Irish Football Association declared its ground was not up to standard. Derry suspected sectarian motives, as it played in a mainly nationalist city, the IFA, Belfast-based, was dominated by Protestants and it was widely suspected that it would rather have been represented by a traditionally unionist team. Relations between the club and IFA quickly deteriorated, despite the social and political unrest, Derry reached the Irish Cup final in 1971, in which it was beaten 3–0 by Distillery. As the republican locality surrounding the Brandywell saw some of the worst violence and this situation lasted from September 1971 until October 1972 when, faced with dwindling crowds and dire finances, the club formally requested permission to return to the Brandywell. Continuing without a ground was seen as unsustainable and on 13 October 1972 Derry withdrew from the league amidst a perception that it was forced out. The club continued as a team during the 13-year-long flim flam years, playing in the local Saturday morning league. Each time, the club nominated the Brandywell as its home ground
Donegal Celtic F.C.
Donegal Celtic Football Club is an intermediate football club based in Belfast, Northern Ireland who currently play in the NIFL Premier Intermediate League. The club, founded in 1970, plays its matches at Donegal Celtic Park. Club colours are green and white in Celtic-style hoops, Donegal Celtic was formed in 1970 when a group of young men who had a huge interest in football decided to form a team in the Lenadoon district of west Belfast. With no facilities, kits, pitch or equipment, the first few years were spent playing friendlies and entering local summer competitions, the club has a youth setup, covering boys age groups U10 - U18, and a girl’s set-up at U14. Donegal Celtic Ladies senior side won the Belfast Cup in 2004, the clubs senior men’s team has a chequered and colourful history. After continually applying for Irish League entry they were denied on several occasions and forced to play amateur football, a 1990 cup tie at Linfield involved ground unrest. With accusations of a selection process and with the threat of court action looming. The club managed to finish in 6th place in their first year in the Irish League proper, the clubs second season in Irish League football was marred by poor home form and an inability to cope with the change in standard, finishing in 8th place. The clubs fortunes improved following the establishment of a management structure of Paddy Kelly, Marty McKiernan, the team also managed to capture the Intermediate Cup, defeating Coagh United 2–0 in the final. The next few seasons would see the club going through managerial turmoil, Paddy Kelly resigned as manager before the 2009–10 season started, with former Cliftonville and Coleraine player Pat McAllister replacing him. However, less than a later he shocked the club by resigning, citing personal reasons for his decision. Marty Tabb, a former Cliftonville captain and manager, took over for the start of the 2010–11 season, however, in September 2010, he was sacked after only 74 days in charge. Paddy Kelly then returned to the club for a spell as manager. He resigned for the time in January 2012, along with a number of coaches. Former Carrick Rangers boss Stephen Small was appointed Kellys successor a few days later, however, Smalls tenure would not be a successful one. The club suffered a run of 15 league games without a win and they were also knocked out of the 2012–13 Irish League Cup at home, by IFA Championship 1 outfit Harland & Wolff Welders. Small resigned in September 2012, citing poor results and personal pressures as the reasons for his departure, reserve team manager Declan McGreevy, a former Ards and Ballymena United player, was appointed as the clubs next manager on 11 October 2012. Ten days later however, McGreevy was forced to stand down from the post as he did not possess the required UEFA A licence to manage an IFA Premiership club
Lisburn Distillery F.C.
Lisburn Distillery Football Club is a Northern Irish, intermediate football club based in Ballyskeagh, County Down. The club, founded in 1880, originated in west Belfast, after sharing Skegoneill Avenue and Seaview for some years the club moved in 1980 to a permanent new home at New Grosvenor Stadium, Ballyskeagh, County Antrim, on the southern outskirts of Belfast. The club was known as Distillery until 1999, when it changed its name to Lisburn Distillery in an attempt to itself more closely with its adopted borough of Lisburn. The club, a member of the Irish League in 1890, was relegated in May 2013. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Jimmy McIntosh Maurice Tadman George Eastham, Sr
Shelbourne Football Club is an Irish association football club based in Drumcondra, Dublin, who play in the League of Ireland First Division. Shelbourne were founded in Dublin in 1895, in 1904 the club joined the Irish Football League, which was then an all Ireland competition, before becoming founding members of the League of Ireland in 1921. Shelbourne have won the league 13 times and are one of three clubs to have won both the IFA Cup and the FAI Cup and they play their home matches at Tolka Park, in the Dublin suburb of Drumcondra. The club colours are red and white, with home jerseys being predominantly red. Shels is the clubs most common nickname, an abbreviation of Shelbourne, in the 2004/2005 European season, Shelbourne became the first Irish club to reach the third qualifying round of the UEFA Champions League. Their performances in European competition and former striker Jason Byrne being capped for the Republic of Ireland whilst with the club, the club lost their Premier Division licence for the 2007 season due to the clubs debt situation. Since then, Shelbourne have mainly played in the tier of the League of Ireland. Shelbourne Football Club was formed in 1895 in the Ringsend area of Dublin by a group of men led by Mr. James Rowan, the club took its name from the nearby Shelbourne Road. The clubs first pitch was at Havelock Square just behind the stand at the present day Aviva Stadium. Shelbournes second season was their first in competitive competition, Shelbourne played 28 matches, won 25, drew 2 and lost only 1. Their goal tally was 109 for and 15 against, Shelbourne won the principal junior competitions, the Leinster Junior Cup and League Championship. The club decided to enter the ranks for the 1897–98 Season and reached the Leinster Senior Cup Final at their first attempt. They also finished runners-up in the Leinster Senior League, the club won their first Leinster Senior Cup in 1899/1900, Shelbourne won the competition again in 1901 and 1904. The club made it into the Final of the IFA Cup in 1905 but were beaten by Distillery, in 1906 Shelbourne player Val Harris became the clubs first player to line out for Ireland. Shelbourne reached the IFA Cup Final again in 1907 and 1908 but were beaten on both occasion in replays against Cliftonville and Bohemians, in 1907 Shelbourne were also Irish Football League runners-up to Linfield. They won the Leinster Senior Cup again in 1908 and 1909, in 1909 Shelbourne were City Cup winners and finished 3rd place in the Irish Football League, behind champions Linfield and Glentoran. In 1911 Shelbourne won the IFA Cup for their second time, Shelbourne won the Leinster Senior Cup again in 1913 and 1914. Shelbourne were 1914 Gold Cup runners-up, and then winners in 1915, Shelbourne were Leinster Senior Cup winners again in 1917 and 1919
Belfast Celtic F.C.
Belfast Celtic Football Club was a football club in Northern Ireland that was founded in 1891, and was one of the most successful teams in Ireland until it withdrew from the Irish League in 1949. The club, formed in 1891 simply as Celtic, was named after Celtic Football Club of Glasgow, upon incorporation as a limited company in 1901, however, the club adopted the name Belfast Celtic, the title Celtic Football Club Ltd already being registered by the Glasgow club. Their home from the year was Celtic Park on Donegall Road in west Belfast. Celtic won their first league title in 1900 after beating fierce rivals Linfield by a single goal, Celtics support base was strongly Irish nationalist. Despite this, the club went from strength to strength and the years proved to be Celtics strongest. The club also produced some of the greatest players of their generation, charlie Tully of Celtic, learned how to kick a ball with Belfast Celtic. The end came on Boxing Day 1948 at the annual Linfield-Celtic game at Windsor Park, Celtic were winning for most of the match but Linfield equalised in the last minute. Linfield fans invaded the pitch and attacked several Celtic players including centre-forward Jimmy Jones who suffered a broken leg, soon after the club decided to withdraw from the league. After the 1948-49 season Belfast Celtic went on a tour of America from which they returned amidst internal wrangling over flags, at a meeting of the board it was decided that Celtic would temporarily leave the league until such matters had been resolved. They were not resolved and the internal wrangling at boardroom level continued until Celtic Park was sold to developers, a final match was played away to Coleraine on June 24,1960. The ground continued to function as a greyhound stadium until the 1980s when it was bulldozed and replaced by the Park Centre, today, a small plaque reminds shoppers a football team played here. A small museum has since opened in the Park Centre. Belfast Celtic were one of four clubs that made the biggest crowds in the Irish League, the other three being Linfield, Distillery, and Glentoran. C