Titisee-Neustadt is a municipality in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is made up of the six communities of Neustadt, Rudenberg, Schwärzenbach and Waldau; the town of Neustadt is a spa known for its Kneipp curative methods. Furthermore, it is a winter sport center; the community of Titisee lies on the north shore of Titisee, a lake in the eastern Feldberg in the Black Forest, which ranges from 780 to 1192m above sea level. The community of Neustadt is found 5 km to the east; the town lies on a small river called the Seebach as it comes in from Feldberg-Bärental to feed Titisee, as the Gutach as it flows out of the lake, east of Neustadt, where it merges with the Haslach to become a whitewater torrent, as the Wutach. After flowing out of the town, it passes through the well known Wutachschlucht, ends by emptying into the Rhine. Titisee-Neustadt's highest point is the Hochfirst, a peak overlooking the lake on the municipal boundary with Lenzkirch and marked by the Hochfirst Tower.
It is 1 192 m high. Titisee-Neustadt is divided into six communities which have been separate, although they are now amalgamated into one municipality. Neustadt was founded in 1250 by the Princes of Fürstenberg. There followed various name changes: the town was called Nova Civitas in 1275, in 1294 Neuwenstadt, in 1335 Neuwen-statt, in 1630 Neostadium and in 1650 New-Statt before it became Neustadt. From 1669 to 1806 there was a Capuchin monastery in Neustadt. In 1817, a great deal of the town was destroyed in a great fire. In the 18th century, the clockmaking trade developed in the town to become a major part of the economy. During the First World War, shortly thereafter, a dearth of staple foods prevailed. In May 1919 came the first municipal elections, which saw both active and passive participation by women, who now had the franchise; this led to four women finding themselves on the town council. The mayor who took office in 1923, Karl Pfister safeguarded jobs; this he managed to do through a loan of, all together, 700,000 Reichsmark, which he obtained through negotiations with major banks in the United States and the Netherlands.
Through further job-making measures, such as public building schemes, about the time of the Great Depression, he was in a position to keep the jobless rate in Neustadt at a comparatively low 12%, whereas it was 18% in Germany as a whole. Came the Nazi régime, which used Der Hochwächter and the Echo vom Hochfirst, the local newspapers, for their own ends shutting them both down. Despite exerting this influence, the Party's share of the vote in Neustadt was always lower than in Titisee, where it compared with the national average; the NSDAP local moved into the town hall in 1933, occupied its balcony and made an example of a few people in public life by removing them from office or sending them to the local concentration camp near Hüfingen. Blasius Müßle, who became mayor at that time, was replaced in 1935 by the Kreisleiter Benedikt Kuner. In 1112 Langenordnach had its first documentary mention. In 1529 16 houses were named. In 1316 Rudenberg had its first documentary mention. In 1529 the place had "several houses".
In 1810, there were 191 inhabitants. In 1316 Schwärzenbach had its first documentary mention. In 1850, there were 427 inhabitants. In 1111 Titisee had its first documentary mention. In 1635 the names Dettesee and Titinsee first appear in documents; as of 1750 the name Titisee was applied to the town. The town was put together from four parts, or valleys: Altenweg, Spriegelsbach and Jostal. For this reason, the town bore the name Vierthäler or Viertäler until 1929. Waldau was first named in 1111 and the first documentary mention followed in 1178 in a papal document. Since 1807 there has been a Catholic parish. Titisee-Neustadt came into being in 1971 with the amalgamation of the until independent district capital of Neustadt with the communities of Titisee and Rudenberg. In 1973 and 1974, the communities of Langenordnach, Schwärzenbach und Waldau were added to the amalgamation; the following denominations, along with numbers of adherents and percentages, can be found in Titisee-Neustadt: Roman Catholic Church: 7,567 Evangelical Church: 2,306 Others, or none: 2,057 1850–1852: Josef Sorg 1852–1872: Johann Baptist Fürderer 1873–1875: Karl Heinrich Ganter 1875–1879: Johann Bauser 1879–1883: Karl Klenker 1883–1894: Conrad Winterhalder 1894–1905: Anton Brugger 1905–1914: Adolf Schork 1914–1923: Adolf Winter 1923–1933: Karl Pfister 1933–1935: Blasius Müßle 1935–1937: Benedikt Kuner 1937–1945: Albert Hirt 1945: Emil Scherer 1945–1946: Adalbert Dengler 1947–1950: Josef Sahner 1951–1971: Julius Pfeffer 1971–1979: Hans Gallinger 1979–2003: Martin Lindler since 2003: Armin Hinterseh The municipal elections on 25 May 2014 produced the following division of seats: Titisee-Neustadt is twinned with: Coulommiers - since 1971 Leighton–Linslade - since 1991 Titisee-Neustadt lies on Bundesstraße B 31 which joins both the A 5 and A 81 north-south Autobahnen.
From the B 31, the B 317 to Weil am Rhein branches off in the town. The B 500 runs through Titisee-Neustadt; the B 315 lies nearby. The town has two railway stations at Neustadt. A half-hourly electric train service on the Höllentalbahn connects Freiburg im Breisgau with Titisee. From Titisee alternate trains either continue on the Hö
Vogtsburg im Kaiserstuhl is a town in the Kaiserstuhl, a volcanic region in the district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, Baden-Württemberg. It has a population of about 5,700 and was created on January 1, 1975 through the unification of seven smaller villages. With its 5.4 square miles of vineyards, Vogtsburg is the biggest wine producing town in Germany. The individual villages of Vogtsburg are embedded in the valleys of the inner Kaiserstuhl; the horseshoe-shaped mountain range of the Kaiserstuhl opens to the west and forms the border of the area of Vogtsburg. To the west Vogtsburg borders the French region of Elsass; the low height above sea level and the protected position between the Vosges Mountains and the Schwarzwald create a nearly Mediterranean microclimate. The mountains of the Kaiserstuhl are a result of the creation of a great rift followed by some smaller volcanic activity; the Kaiserstuhl consists of thick layers of loess, together with the special climate, is the main reason for the extraordinary fertility of this area.
Artzenheim Bahlingen Baltzenheim Bötzingen Breisach Eichstetten Endingen Ihringen Sasbach Although the city of Vogtsburg is one of the youngest in Germany, the individual villages making it up are more than 1000 years old. The earliest archaeological finds in the village Oberbergen date to the times of the Linear Pottery culture during the Paleolithic era between 4000 and 2500 BC. Archaeological finds in Bischoffingen give evidence of neolithic settlers of the Corded Ware culture. Other archeological excavations found flexed burials, which could be dated to the Bronze Age between 1700 and 1200 BC. In more recent history, from 800 BC onwards, there is extensive evidence of Celtic occupation. With the arrival of the Alemanni around 200 AD the Celts seem to have disappeared from the region; the area of Oberbergen is considered to be the most important settlement in South Baden during the era of the Hallstatt culture. Because of the horseshoe-shaped mountain range of the Kaiserstuhl, which opens only to the west, Vogtsburg was not accessible before the introduction of modern roads.
This led to a stagnation of development and of the population due to significant emigration until 1870. For about 100 years between 1880 and 1980 the population had been about constant at 5000 inhabitants. From 1980 on the population has increased due to development. Vogtsburg is composed of nine individual villages. Prior to unification in 1975 the villages of Oberrotweil and Niederrotweil were one political entity; the small hamlet with the original name Vogtsburg belonged to Oberbergen. For this reason the city of Vogtburg has nine different villages but only seven political districts. Town privileges for the city of Vogtsburg came from Burkheim, which since the Middle Ages was a town despite its small size; the individual villages: The results of the local elections from June 13 of 2004: The city economy is based on the production of wine grapes. In addition the production of cherries and apples contribute to the economy. In recent years tourism has grown to be an important economic contributor.
Vogtsburg is in the jurisdiction of the district court of Breisach. There is one general-education secondary school, two primary schools, six kindergartens plus one nursery school. Nearby in Breisach there is a secondary school and a'Gymnasium'; the L113 - a country road without cross-town links runs through the western part of the city. This street goes from Breisach - Riegel to Freiamt, meets the L115 near Niederrotweil; the L115 goes on to Umkirch. The different districts are connected with a net of district roads. Vogtsburg is one of the rare towns without speed limit zones of 30 km/h. Achkarren and Burkheim together with Bischoffingen each have a railway station for the western track of the small Kaiserstuhlbahn, a light railway leading from Breisach to Riegel; the railway traffic does not follow a fixed timetable but runs as needed. Vogtsburg is connected by bus lines to Endingen, Bötzingen and Freiburg. All public transport is a part of a regional transport association. Though Burkheim borders directly on the Rhine river, the city of Vogtsburg has no river harbor.
There is a landing stage on the river to ship the grit produced by a quarry in Burkheim. In 1979 the museum of viniculture in the historical'Zehntscheur' was established in Achkarren; the earliest documented reference to this building dates from 1358 as'St. Johannser Trotte'. In Burkheim one can visit the Museum of Corkscrews. In the villages of Achkarren, Oberrotweil and Altvogtsburg there are four churches designed by Friedrich Weinbrenner, a famous architect; these four churches are typical of the style of Neoclassicism in the former state of Baden. The church of St. Michael's according to documented references; this building is famous for some discovered frescoes and for its wooden altar, a late masterpiece of the unknown master H. L; this altar is an extraordinary example of the baroque style of gothic art and is dated to about 1530. The church St. Romanus in Alt-Vogtsburg was founded in 1835/36 as a subsidiary church near a country road. First a church with a capacity of 700 people was planned which would have been several times the population figure of Alt-Vogtsburg.
The reduced version built by the master builder Hans Voß has two adjoining rooms. The altar comes from the workshop of Franz Xaver Marmon; the windows are from the Freiburg glass w
Heuweiler is a village in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in the southwest of Baden-Württemberg near Freiburg in southern Germany. The village has to a large extent retained its rural character. Whereas many communities in the vicinity of Freiburg have grown in recent decades a slow, organic change occurred in Heuweiler. Heuweiler is located at the mouth of the Glotter valley in the Rhine Valley; the municipality consists of the village Vorderheuweiler, the hamlet Hinterheuweiler, the tine Neuhäuser and the farms and Berghäusle and Litzelstahlerhof. In the west Gundelfingen borders on Heuweiler, in the east the village Glottertal, both in the district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, the neighboring municipality in the north, Denzlingen, is located in the district Emmendingen. Since its beginnings, the history of the village was connected that of the city of Freiburg. For instance, the farmers of Heuweiler had to perform socage and transport the sandstone of Tennenbach, used for building the Minster.
When Freiburg was ruled by the Habsburgs it became part of Further Austria. Heuweiler became part of the bailiwick Kastelburg-Schwarzenberg. Still today old border stones remind of the district boundaries of that time; the parish church was mentioned for the first time in documents in 1275. It is dedicated to Saint Remigius. Heuweiler remained until recently a predominantly catholic village. Only since the population influx in recent decades inhabitants of other confessions and faiths reside in the village. Heuweiler is one of the smallest autonomous villages of the district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, its independence has been preserved by the municipal association with the neighboring municipality Gundelfingen. Dr. Reinhard Bentler is in personal union the mayor of both communities; the local elections on 7 June 2009 with a voter turnout of 68.9% had the following result: The coat of arms shows a pitchfork crossed by a rake. The placename has nothing to do with "Heu", but is the written high German form of the old name "Hainwiller", meaning "village in the grove" or in the "Hau".
Heuweiler was primarily dominated by agriculture. Today there are only a few full-time farming businesses and a small number of independent handicraft businesses left. On the other hand and gastronomy are flourishing. However, a large number of its inhabitants commutes to Freiburg or one of the surrounding villages for work. An elementary school exists in the village. However, it is small. Therefore, the pupils from Heuweiler attend the elementary school in Gundelfingen. In return, every year two or three third grades of the Johann Peter Hebel elementary school in Gundelfingen are outsourced to Heuweiler. Secondary schools can be found in Denzlingen and Freiburg. Worth seeing is the baroque church St. Remigius, visible from a distance. In it there are two precious altar paintings. Joseph Dettlinger, was born in Heuweiler. Website of the village Information and fotos of Heuweiler and its areas
Friedenweiler is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is 10 km north of Titisee-Neustadt
Badenweiler is a health resort and spa in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district of Baden-Württemberg, Germany in the Markgräflerland. It is 28 kilometers by road and rail from Basel, 10 kilometers from the French border, 20 kilometers from Mulhouse; the permanent population is about 600. Badenweiler lies at the western edge of the Black Forest, it is sheltered by the Blauen, 1,164 m, the climate is excellent. Its parish church was built at the foot of an 11th-century castle which belonged to the margraves of Baden and was destroyed by the French during the wars of Louis XV. Badenweiler is visited by some 5,000 people annually; some come for its warm mineral springs, with temperatures of 21 °C, others for its whey cure, still others on account of its equable climate and picturesque surroundings. There is a Kurhaus, built in 1853, a park of 15 acres containing a historic arboretum, as well as a grand-ducal castle, refitted in 1887–88. In 1784, well-preserved Roman baths were discovered there; the site where the present Protestant St. Paul's church is standing is a historic site, a religious place of worship in Roman times.
The Romans built here in the year AD 145 a large podium temple of which little remains. The temple stood on a "pile structure"; the temple builders drove sharpened oak piles into the loamy soil to secure the ground for this heavy building. The temple was Gallo-Roman with a classic-Italic main front placed on a monumental podium. On the ruins of the Roman temple a Christian church was built in the twelfth century; the church was in a bad state when it was demolished in 1892 and rebuilt as a Neo-Romanesque building between 1893 and 1898. In the course of the digging Roman walls and wall fragments of preceding church buildings were discovered and included in the construction of the new church. In the previous church's tower six 14th-century frescoes were discovered which are now in the choir of the present church, they show a so-called Dance of the Dead where dead meet. Three skeletons are bearing the inscription: "We were what you are, what we are you shall be." This is addressed to three living whose garments are corresponding to the fashion of the rich in the 14th century.
The Russian writer Anton Chekhov died there on 15 July 1904. From Badenweiler, Chekhov wrote outwardly jovial letters to his sister Masha describing the food and surroundings. Badenweiler became one of Chekhov's hometown Taganrog's sister cities in 2002; the American poet and journalist Stephen Crane died there on 15 June 1900 of tuberculosis. Ephraim Moses Lilien was an art nouveau illustrator and print-maker noted for his art on Jewish and Zionist themes, he is sometimes called the "first Zionist artist." The wife of the first prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru, Kamla Nehru was treated here for tuberculosis. Jawaharlal Nehru spent many days by his wife's side in Badenweiler to attend to her. Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Badenweiler". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Badenweiler — pictures & history Badenweiler in the Black Forest Badish pages: Badenweiler Castle Castillo Baden Castle Roman Thermae Church Article about the temple in the daily newspaper of 2 december 2009: Badenweiler - The Romans loved it
Merzhausen is a town in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. The northern and eastern part of Merzhausen is attached to the town of Freiburg im Breisgau. To the south, Merzhausen borders the municipality of Au, which belongs to the administrative region of Hexental and to the west, the municipality of Ebringen. Merzhausen is the smallest municipality in the local area with the highest population density, higher than that of Freiburg. Between Schönberg and the Black Forest, lying at the northernmost part of Hexental, Merzhausen belongs to both the so-called the foothill area as well as the Black Forest, which the main fault passes through the municipality between Oberrheingraben and the Black Forest; the municipality is located at a height of 254 to 538m. The municipality is made up of the village of the castle Jesuitenschloss. Merzhausen was first recorded in 786, when the original land owner Heimo Güter gave it away to the Abbey of Saint Gall. After diverse noble families of Freiburg occupied the land, the Society of Jesus of Freiburg acquired it.
After the abolition of the holy order in 1773, the land passed over to the Schnewlin family of Bernlapp and after them, in 1838, the land became the Schauenburg. The land pass over to the newly created Grand Duchy of Baden, alongside all of Breisgau. Merzhausen stayed after the reformation Roman Catholic; the parish church is dedicated to Saint Gall. The parish community belongs to the pastoral unit of Hexental; because of the immigration of the people who were driven from their homes after the Second World War, an Evangelical community arose, called the Johannes-Gemeinde, John's community. Between 1980 and 1981, the Schoenstatt Movement was created at the northern slope of the Schönberg; the local elections, which took place on the 25th May 2014, resulted in the following seat distribution. The turnout was 50.9%, down from 2009. Since the 1st July 2009, Christian Ante has been the mayor of Merzhausen. Merzhausen's coat of arms depicts on a silver background a black bear, the symbol for being part of the St Gallen cloister, which holds in front of itself the crest of the Schnewlin family.
The crest is horizontally divided into a green part. Merzhausen has been partnered with Dardilly in the département of Rhone in France since 1982. Untied purchasing power per inhabitant was €20,871 in 2005. There are only 40 other communes in Baden-Württemberg. Except for a discount supermarket to the north and a full-range provider to the south, Merzhausen possesses several smaller retail stores on Hexentalstraße and in the middle of Merzhausen; every Saturday, there is a weekly market, located in the Marktplatz in front of the Forum Merzhausen and is open from 8am-1pm. Six gastronomical companies, three of which have guestrooms, offer their services next to four vineyards, which grow the following wine varieties, Müller-Thurgau, pinot noir, pinot gris and pinot blanc as well as Riesling. Elsewhere, predominantly small and medium-sized companies in the area of trade and servicing as well as freelance professions within Merzhausen; until 2005, Merzhausen had its own police force. This was dissolved which meant that the next police station in Ehrenkirchen is the only one in the local area.
Hexental publishes the Hexentäler Amtsblatt fortnightly, delivered to all households free-of-charge. Additionally, a free information brochure is released every two years about the municipality of Hexental in the A + K publishing house. Alongside different kindergartens and nurseries, Merzhausen possesses a primary school and different private schools. There is one Catholic public bookstore and two retirement homes; the school's building, which until 2011 contained a secondary school, was located on private grounds. In recognition of his donation, the municipality named the building after Alois Rapp in 2011; the rooms of the secondary school, which became available, were obtained by local associations. Additionally, there is a post office and a recycling centre in the town. Merzhausen is one of the few municipalities. Instead Freiburg's fire service has taken over the job of keeping Merzhausen fire-free. Citizens of Merzhausen are allowed to help as volunteer firefighters in the Unterstadt division of the Freiburg fire service.
Merzhausen is the headquarters for the Zentrale für Unterrichtsmedien im Internet The L122 connects Merzhausen with the town of Freiburg and the municipality of Hexental. The bus line 12, part of the Freiburger Verkehrs AG, connects Merzhausen with Au and Vauban, a part of Freiburg and its tram network. In addition, the bus line 7208, maintained by Südbadenbus, operates between Bad Krozingen and Freiburg train station via Vauban. Merzhausen belongs to the tariff zone of the Regio-Verkehrsverbundes Freiburg; the Church of St. Gallus was first mentioned in 786; the "Old Church" was built between 1759 and 1760. Next to this building, a new church was built between the years of 1976 and 1978; the "Old Church", connected with the new church, was renovated in 1978. The former Jesuitenschoss of 1666 received its modern-day form in 1727 and accommodated a tavern next to a winery. In the middle of the town is the Alte Schloss of Merzhausen; the Forum Merzhausen in the middle of town is a culture and town house and was finished in November 2012.
The transparent walls surround a small hall which can seat around 120 and a separate big hall which can seat 457. Between the Forum and two residential homes is the new Marktplatz. There is a swimming pool in Merzhausen which has a sauna
Feldberg is a municipality in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is located near the highest summit in Baden-Württemberg. At an elevation of 1277m, it is considered the highest village in Germany; the Feldberg municipality has the slogan "The highest in the Black Forest" and is located in the Southern Black Forest Nature Park at the Feldberg Pass. It is located between Gutachtal; the largest section of the municipality is the "Falkau" area. The current Feldberg municipality includes the three former Feldberg, Altglashütten, Falkhau and consists of 30 villages, sections and cottages and houses; the first mention of Feldberg was made in 983, but there was a separate municipality with the same name until January 1, 1939, when isolated pastures were combined with the municipality Bärental. They were owned by the municipalities Bernau, Hinterzarten, Menzenschwand, St. William and Zastler. What was left of Brandenberg after incorporation to Feldberg became a new district in Todtnau.
The general election on May 25, 2014 resulted in the following allocation of seats within the local council: There is an inter-municipality agreement with the neighbouring Schluchsee municipality. In 1974, the ministry of the interior granted Dr. Alfred Simon permission to design the following crest: a red plate head holding two crossed silver snowshoes lies above a split silver and blue area; the blue section, on the left, holds three silver discs, the silver section, on the right, holds a green fir tree. The founder municipalities Feldberg, Bärental, Altglashütten are represented by the three primary colours red and blue; the blue most represents the connection to the former House of Fürstenberg. The meaning of the three discs leaves room for speculation, they are either reminiscent of glass spheres and glaziers or of the three lakes that meet within the boundary of Feldberg: Titisee, Windgfällweiher und Schluchsee. They could symbolize the unity of the three communities. Feldberg has a sister city agreement with the municipality of La Clusaz in France im Département Haute-Savoie, which is, like Feldberg, a winter sport centre.
Federal highways 500 and 317 intersect in Bärental. The construction of the Dreiseenbahn, which runs from Titisee to Seebrugg, was completed in 1926 and in Bärental, it is Germany's highest railway on a standard gauge track. Altglashütten has a kindergarten; the sponsoring association of the Southern Black Forest Nature Park has its seat in Feldberg. Feldsee, a tarn excavated by the Feldberg glacier below the summit. Zastler Loch, formed as the Feldberg glacier excavated valleys in the former village of Zastler Bärhalde, a botanically interesting forest summit with rocks and small moors Rotmeer, a swampy area Seebach waterfall, near the town of Behabühl Falkau waterfall in Haslach Headwaters of the Wiese and Wutach rivers The Lawrence of Rome festival occurs yearly on the Feldberg in addition to the nearby annual Altglashütten town festival. Julius Kibiger and painter, produced over 4000 works and became one of the most productive and well-known painters of the Markgräflerland region, he was known for his watercolour and oil paintings, but completed many sketches and pastel drawings as well.
Hansy Vogt, lead singer of the folk music group Die Feldberger and television presenter Hans Vehrenberg and amateur astronomer, ran a private observatory in Falkau. He was famous for his star atlases as well as his books. August Euler, pioneer aviator, lived in a house on the Seebuck mountain until his death in 1957 Elisabeth Heimpel and social worker, died in the forest near Falkau as a result of a stroke Ernst Rudolf Huber August Vetter: Feldberg im Schwarzwald, Selbstverlag der Gemeinde Feldberg, 1982/1996 Feldberg: pictures