Uncle Ben

Benjamin Franklin Parker called Uncle Ben, is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. He is paternal uncle of Peter Parker. Uncle Ben first appeared in Amazing Fantasy #15 and was created by writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko. Modeled after American founding father Benjamin Franklin, the character plays an influential role in the Spider-Man comic books. Uncle Ben first appeared in Amazing Fantasy #15 and was killed in the same issue. Although his history as a supporting character was brief, Uncle Ben is an overshadowing figure in Spider-Man's life appearing in flashbacks; the murder of Uncle Ben is the most notable in comic book history. He is one of the few comic book deaths that has never been reversed in terms of official continuity, he was a member of the "Big Three", referring to Jason Todd and Bucky whose notable deaths, along with Ben's, gave rise to the phrase: "No one in comics stays dead except for Bucky, Jason Todd, Uncle Ben". The revivals of both Bucky and Jason in 2005 led to the amendment, "No one in comics stays dead except Uncle Ben".

The violent killing of Uncle Ben, done by a common street criminal shares multiple similarities to the death of Thomas and Martha Wayne, the parents of Batman, which sometimes is included in the saying. There have been examples of Uncle Ben remaining alive in alternative timelines, including stories featured in Marvel's What If, a storyline of the 1994 Spider-Man animated series featured a universe where Uncle Ben had never died, Peter Parker became a successful industrialist, having never bothered to use his powers responsibly as everything always seemed to work out for him; this fact is used to defeat the rampaging Spider-Carnage by exposing him to the one person he will trust and listen to: the Uncle Ben of that reality. A story-line in the official series Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man suggested that Ben may be alive; this Ben, was from a parallel universe where Aunt May died in a random accident, leaving him to raise Peter. This alternate Ben came to the planet Earth of regular Marvel comics as part of an evil plan devised by the Hobgoblin of 2211 to defeat the Spider-Men of different eras.

During the Clone Conspiracy storyline, when Peter's clone Ben Reilly used the Jackal's technology to revive several of Peter's old enemies and allies, he offered to bring Uncle Ben back to life while trying to win Peter to his point of view. Although tempted at the offer, Peter concluded that the reason Reilly had not brought Uncle Ben back on his own was that he knew that Uncle Ben would disapprove of Reilly's actions, as his plan would see everyone on Earth granted immortality, while dependent on him to supply the medication needed to stabilize their cloned bodies. Ben Parker was born in New York, he trained to be a military police officer, spent time as a singer in a band. He had known his future wife, May Reilly since their high school days, but she in turn was naively interested in a boy, involved in criminal activities; when he came to her one night and proposed to her on the spot, Ben was there to expose him as a murderer, to comfort the heart-broken May when the boy was arrested. Their relationship evolved into love, they enjoyed a married life.

When Ben's younger brother Richard Parker and his wife Mary were killed in a plane crash and May took in their orphaned son Peter and raised him as their own. Ben was protective of Peter, going as far as fighting some of the bullies that tormented young Parker. Peter became friends with Charlie Weiderman in high school, a teen more unpopular than he was. However, Charlie provoked the trouble with the other teens. One day, he was chased to the Parker home by a group of bullies led by Ben intervened. Ben told them. Rich was surprised by Ben's army training; as soon as the bullies were gone, he told the boy that he was not welcome at the house or with Peter because of his provoking the bullies and not being able to tell the truth. In high school, a radioactive spider bite gave Peter superhuman powers. Creating the costumed identity of Spider-Man for himself, Peter sought first to exploit his newfound powers as a masked wrestler and as a television star. Coming from a television appearance, Spider-Man saw a burglar being chased by a security guard.

The guard called for Spider-Man to stop the thief, but the nascent Spidey refused on the grounds that catching criminals was not his job. The robber got away; when Peter returned home, he was informed by a police officer that his beloved Uncle Ben had been killed by a burglar. Outraged, he donned his Spider-Man costume and captured the man only to realize to his horror that it was the same burglar whom he could have effortlessly captured earlier at the studio; as a result, Peter considered himself morally responsible for Ben's death and resolved to fight crime as a superhero — realizing that with great power comes great responsibility — and vowing never to let another innocent person come to harm if he could help it. Ben Parker's death was avenged when the burglar returned for the money once more, threatening Aunt May; the burglar died from a heart attack upon beholding his old nemesis Spider-Man once again and learning that Spider-Man and Peter Parker were one and the same person. In Amazing Spider-Man Family #7, May relates to Peter he

The Proud and the Free

The Proud and the Free is a historical novel by Howard Fast, published in 1950. It tells the story of the Pennsylvania Line Mutiny from the enlisted men's point of view; the so-called Pennsylvania Line Mutiny began January 1, 1781, ended with negotiated settlement on January 8, 1781. The mutiny was the most successful and consequential insurrection by Continental Army soldiers during the American Revolutionary War; when negotiations with the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania promised satisfactory resolution, many of the soldiers returned to arms for the Continental Army and participated in future campaigns. The narrative is told by Jamie Stuart, an elderly man who, at that time, was a 22-year-old orphaned son of indentured servants from York, Pennsylvania, he was a member of the Foreign Brigade of Pennsylvania which consisted of immigrants but has some native-born Americans in its ranks. The enlisted men live in slum-like housing near New Jersey, they have little food, clothing or money.

The officers, led by the Continental Army's General Anthony Wayne, aka Mad Anthony Wayne, in contrast live in comfortable housing, have gourmet-quality food, fine wine, well-tailored clothes. The novel describes how a wide range of men, not just the dominant Protestants but Jews, Irish and Romans, i.e. Roman Catholics, who would be at each others throats have formed into a cohesive unit with their officers, the gentry, the British as their common enemy; the novel depicts most officers uncaring. One incident too many triggers the soldiers' decision to revolt. One man cites the Declaration of Independence's guidance, "That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it and to institute new Government." Led by a Committee of Sergeants the brigades, via surprise and organization, present a fait accompli to their officers who are powerless to stop them. The men follow military procedures to form as a free fighting force. On the way to Princeton, New Jersey, folks along the countryside cheer the men on.

The soldiers agree to return to General Wayne's army as long as there is no direct reprisal against any soldier, that those due a bounty be paid, those whose three-year terms of enlistment had expired are discharged but may reenlist. Stuart, who enlisted when he was 17, departs for Philadelphia and York, Pa. to return to the girl he left behind, Molly Bracken. Restless, Stuart rejoins the brigade, headed to Virginia to participate in one of the last battles of the Revolutionary War


In chemistry, a selone is the structural analog of a ketone where selenium replaces oxygen. Selenium-77, is one of the isotopes of selenium, stable and occurring, so selenone-containing chemicals can be analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Seleones can be used as chiral derivatizing agents for 77Se-NMR. Chiral oxazolidineselones can be used for stereoselective control of aldol reactions, analogous to the Evans aldol reaction that uses oxazolidinones, which allows 77Se-NMR to be used to determine the diastereomeric ratio of the aldol product. In constast to analogous structures with earlier chalcogens, selones greater steric and electronic stabilization. Selenobenzophenone reversibly dimerizes, it is known to undergo cycloaddition with 1,3-dienes in a reaction similar to the Diels-Alder reaction