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Uncle Tom's Cabin

Uncle Tom's Cabin. Published in 1852, the novel had a profound effect on attitudes toward African Americans and slavery in the U. S. and is said to have "helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War". Stowe, a Connecticut-born teacher at the Hartford Female Seminary and an active abolitionist, featured the character of Uncle Tom, a long-suffering black slave around whom the stories of other characters revolve; the sentimental novel depicts the reality of slavery while asserting that Christian love can overcome something as destructive as enslavement of fellow human beings. Uncle Tom's Cabin was the best-selling novel of the 19th century and the second best-selling book of that century, following the Bible, it is credited with helping fuel the abolitionist cause in the 1850s. In the first year after it was published, 300,000 copies of the book were sold in the United States. In 1855, three years after it was published, it was called "the most popular novel of our day." The impact attributed to the book is great, reinforced by a story that when Abraham Lincoln met Stowe at the start of the Civil War, Lincoln declared, "So this is the little lady who started this great war."

The quote is apocryphal. These include the affectionate, dark-skinned "mammy". In recent years, the negative associations with Uncle Tom's Cabin have, to an extent, overshadowed the historical impact of the book as a "vital antislavery tool." Stowe, a Connecticut-born teacher at the Hartford Female Seminary and an active abolitionist, wrote the novel as a response to the passage, in 1850, of the second Fugitive Slave Act. Much of the book was composed in Brunswick, where her husband, Calvin Ellis Stowe, taught at his alma mater, Bowdoin College. Stowe was inspired to create Uncle Tom's Cabin by the slave narrative The Life of Josiah Henson, Formerly a Slave, Now an Inhabitant of Canada, as Narrated by Himself. Henson, a enslaved black man, had lived and worked on a 3,700-acre tobacco plantation in North Bethesda, owned by Isaac Riley. Henson escaped slavery in 1830 by fleeing to the Province of Upper Canada, where he helped other fugitive slaves settle and become self-sufficient, where he wrote his memoirs.

Stowe acknowledged in 1853. When Stowe's work became a best-seller, Henson republished his memoirs as The Memoirs of Uncle Tom and traveled on lecture tours extensively in the United States and Europe. Stowe's novel lent its name to Henson's home—Uncle Tom's Cabin Historic Site, near Dresden, Canada—which since the 1940s has been a museum; the cabin where Henson lived while he was enslaved no longer exists, but a cabin on the Riley farm erroneously thought to be the Henson Cabin was purchased by the Montgomery County, government in 2006. It is now a part of the National Park Service National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom program, plans are underway to build a museum and interpretive center on the site. American Slavery As It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses, a volume co-authored by Theodore Dwight Weld and the Grimké sisters, is a source of some of the novel's content. Stowe said she based the novel on a number of interviews with people who escaped slavery during the time when she was living in Cincinnati, across the Ohio River from Kentucky, a slave state.

In Cincinnati the Underground Railroad had local abolitionist sympathizers and was active in efforts to help runaway slaves on their escape route from the South. Stowe mentioned a number of the inspirations and sources for her novel in A Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin; this non-fiction book was intended to verify Stowe's claims about slavery. However research indicated that Stowe did not read many of the book's cited works until after she had published her novel. Uncle Tom's Cabin first appeared as a 40-week serial in The National Era, an abolitionist periodical, starting with the June 5, 1851, issue, it was intended as a shorter narrative that would run for only a few weeks. Stowe expanded the story however, it was popular, such that several protests were sent to the Era office when she missed an issue; because of the story's popularity, the publisher John P. Jewett contacted Stowe about turning the serial into a book. While Stowe questioned if anyone would read Uncle Tom's Cabin in book form, she consented to the request.

Convinced the book would be popular, Jewett made the unusual decision to have six full-page illustrations by Hammatt Billings engraved for the first printing. Published in book form on March 20, 1852, the novel sold 3,000 copies on that day alone, soon sold out its complete print run. A number of other editions were soon printed. In the first year of publication, 300,000 copies of Uncle Tom's Cabin were sold. At that point, however, "demand came to an unexpected halt.... No more copies were produced for many years, if, as is claimed, Abraham Lincoln greeted Stowe in 1862 as'the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war,' the

Pocono Manor Historic District

Pocono Manor Historic District is a national historic district located in Pocono Township and Tobyhanna Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania. It encompasses 75 contributing buildings, 1 contributing site, 4 contributing structures, 4 contributing objects on the historic resort of Pocono Manor; the resort community was established in 1902, includes an Inn, recreational complex, dependent cottage community. The cottage community was developed by Quakers and the cottages reflect popular early-20th-century architectural styles including Stick/eastlake, Shingle Style, Bungalow / American Craftsman; the Pocono Manor Inn was built in nine sections between 1902 and 1949. The seven earliest sections, built between 1902 and 1926, were designed by noted Philadelphia architect Walter Smedley, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1997. Pocono Manor was burned down following a wind driven fire around 6:30am on November 2, 2019; the exact cause of the fire is still under investigation.

Pocono Manor Inn website

Stadl-Predlitz

Stadl-Predlitz is a municipality since 2015 in the Murau District of Styria, Austria. It was created as part of the Styria municipal structural reform, at the end of 2014, by merging the former towns Stadl an der Mur and Predlitz-Turrach; the municipality territory includes the following seven sections: Einach Paal Predlitz Sonnberg Stadl an der Mur Steindorf Turrach The municipality consists of three Katastralgemeinden: Einach Predlitz Stadl The municipality borders on one Styrian, three Salzburger, six Kärntner municipalities. In 1969 the independent municipalities Einach and Predlitz were joined into municipality Predlitz-Turrach. In 2015 the municipalities Stadl an der Mur and Predlitz-Turrach were joined into new municipality Stadl-Predlitz; the prior elections brought the following results: The ÖVP held with Johannes Rauter as mayor. The granting of the town crest came into effect on 10 January 2016; the blazon reads: "In a diagonal-split shield, at lower left on silver a black wheeled Bessemerburner with three red flames, at upper right on green a silver capped window Salzstadl with a blue Schwert."

Erich Moser, former mayor of Stadl an der Mur and Bundesrat "Municipal data for Stadl-Predlitz". Statistik Austria