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Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies

The Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies was a junior Ministerial post in the United Kingdom government, subordinate to the Secretary of State for the Colonies and, from 1948 to a Minister of State. In 1782, following the loss of the American colonies, the office was abolished, its duties given to the Home Secretary. From there it passed to the War Office, renamed the War and Colonial Office. In 1854 this office was split, the Colonial Office reestablished. For earlier office-holders see Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. Abolished 1966. Thereafter, see Under-Secretary of State for Commonwealth Affairs. Abolished 1964. Thereafter, see Minister of State for Commonwealth Affairs

Cuban Fire!

Cuban Fire! is an album by Stan Kenton and his orchestra released in 1956 by Capitol Records. This was Stan Kenton's big band's first full-length recording of Afro-Cuban-styled music; the LP charted for four weeks in Billboard starting on September 15, 1956, peaking at #17. The concept of the original 1956 recording centers on the Cuban Fire! Suite Kenton had commissioned from composer Johnny Richards; the 1991 CD re-issue is augmented with one extra track from the 1956 sessions and five cuts recorded four years by the first of Kenton's mellophonium orchestras. Though Stan Kenton had recorded earlier hits such as The Peanut Vendor in 1947 with Latin percussionist Machito, as well as many other Latin flavored singles, the Cuban Fire! Suite and LP stands as a watershed set of compositions for Johnny Richards' career and an outstanding commercial/artistic achievement for the Kenton orchestra, a singular landmark in large ensemble Latin jazz recordings. "The reason we made CUBAN FIRE! is interesting.

We had recorded a lot of Afro-Cuban music, a lot of the Latin guys around New York complained:'It's wrong, you're not writing the music correctly.'" Stan Kenton asked composer Johnny Richards to write an authentic Latin “suite” that would abide by all the rules many Afro-Cuban musicians had complained about. Of all the writers in the Kenton stable of names, Richards was the best suited for the task of creating such music for the Kenton orchestra. Richards was born in Toluca, Mexico as Juan Manuel Cascales. Richards was to hang around with the Cuban-Hispanic musicians of New York for months before starting the suite; this was a much more personal endeavor for Richards than it was for any of the possible Kenton writers. “CUBAN FIRE is authentic, the way it combines big-band jazz with genuine Latin-American rhythms.”" The recording is a musical triumph for both Richards. The success of the Cuban Fire! Album can be gauged in part by the immediate ascent of Johnny Richards' star after its release; the original LP and recording sessions were completed on a compressed timeline.

Before the first notes of Recuerdos and Fuego Cubano where recorded on May 22, 1956, Kenton and his orchestra had been on a two-month tour of Europe with only having looked at "El Congo Valiente" beforehand. The band had less than a week to prepare while in New York. While the great majority of the personnel for the LP was on tour, Richards had taken great care to meticulously rehearse the suite with the Latin percussionists who would be added for three days of recording. Though the listing for the liner notes contains six trumpets, only five are called for in Richards' scores. Due to the'heavy lifting' the music required for the brass section, a rotation of trumpet players was utilized on the sessions. A discarded part of the suite entitled "Alma Pecadora" with the heading "Cuban Fire Suite" had been rejected due to quality issues as compared to the other movements. "Tres Corazones" is recorded on May 24 as the last of the three days but never makes it on the Cuban Fire! LP pressing. Soloists are abundant on the original recording of the Cuban Fire!

Suite. The Thompson tenor solos on the second half of "Fuego Cubano" and the up tempo "Quien Sabe" are a new addition and contrast to the normal style and harmonic/melodic practices of known Kenton tenor sidemen such as Bill Perkins, Zoot Sims, or Bill Trujillo. Along with the'heavy-weight' addition of Thompson, jazz luminaries such as Carl Fontana, Lennie Niehaus, Sam Noto, Mel Lewis are prominent in solo spots adding to the credibility and legendary status of the dates. Thompson and Curtis Counce on the Cuban Fire! Sessions serve as positive credits in the dispelling of myth about Kenton having racist tendencies towards the hiring of sidemen; the tracks on the Cuban Fire! CD numbered 8-12 are an interesting set of recordings from a time of change for the Kenton orchestra beginning in 1960. These, along with two other recorded tracks, were intended to comprise an fresh Stan Kenton LP release for Capitol Records that year from the newly formed mellophonium orchestra. While the mellophoniums helped to bridge the sonic gap in the middle range between trombones and trumpet, they were volatile in terms of tuning and reliability.

Both Johnny Richards and long time Kenton staff composer Gene Roland are the primary writers and conductors for these recording dates. The whole project was ditched after 11 frustrating hours of recording, only producing 26 minutes of usable music. Oddly, Johnny Richards' Wagon is one of the most interesting tracks on the 1991 re-issue and was issued on a Kenton compilation LP from the 1970s by Capitol Records years after the band had gone with Creative World Records. Kenton was criticized over the years for having bands that did not swing like the bands of Woody Herman, Count Basie, or Duke Ellington; this one track composed by Richard

Samuel McCaughey

Sir Samuel McCaughey was an Irish-born pastoralist and philanthropist in Australia. McCaughey was born at Tullynewey, near Ballymena, the son of Francis McCaughey and merchant, his wife Eliza, née Wilson. McCaughey came to Australia with an uncle, Charles Wilson, a brother of Sir Samuel Wilson and landed at Melbourne in April 1856, he went to the country and began working as a jackaroo, in three months was appointed an overseer, two years became manager of Kewell station while his uncle was on a visit to England. In 1860, after his uncle's return, he acquired an interest in Coonong station near Urana with two partners, his brother John who came out became a partner in other stations. During the early days of Coonong station McCaughey suffered from drought conditions, but overcame these by sinking bores for artesian water and constructing large tanks and so was a pioneer of water-conservation in Australia. In 1871 McCaughey was away from Australia for two years on holiday, on his return did much experimenting in sheep-breeding, at first seeking the strains that could produce the best wool in the Riverina district, afterwards when the mutton trade developed considering the question from that angle.

In 1880 when Sir Samuel Wilson went to England, McCaughey bought two of his stations and Dunlop Stations. McCaughey owned about 3,000,000 acres. In 1886 when he again visited the old world he imported a considerable number of Vermont sheep from the United States, he introduced fresh strains from Tasmania. In 1900 McCaughey bought North Yanco and at great cost constructed about 200 miles of channels and irrigated 40,000 acres; the success of this scheme is believed to have encouraged the New South Wales government to proceed with the dam at Burrinjuck. McCaughey had become a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council in 1899, in 1905 he was made a Knight Bachelor. McCaughey suffered from nephritis and he died from heart failure at Yanco on 25 July 1919 and was buried in the grounds of St John's Presbyterian Church in Narrandera, he never married. McCaughey was a generous philanthropist, he donated £10,000 to the Dreadnought Fund, £10,000 to Dr Barnardo's Homes, gave liberally to the Red Cross and other war charities besides insuring 500 soldiers at £200 each.

After his death, his estate was sworn for probate at over £1,600,000. Apart from bequests of £200,000 and all his motor vehicles to his brother John and legacies to his station managers and employees, he left £10,000 to increase the stipends of Presbyterian clergy, £20,000 to the Burnside Orphan Homes at Parramatta, £20,000 to Scots College in Sydney, £10,000 each to five other independent schools, £5000 to the Salvation Army and £5000 each to seven hospitals. Half the residue of his estate went to the University of Queensland, his portrait by John Longstaff is in the Great Hall of the University of Sydney. McCaughey was an important force in the development of the wool industry. One of the schools which directly bears his legacy is Yanco Agricultural High School, located near Leeton, New South Wales; this school was founded around a building built by McCaughey to host The Duke of York during a planned visit to Australia. A life-size portrait of McCaughey is in the entry to this building. "GRAND OLD MAN".

The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 30 June 1915. P. 10. Retrieved 15 July 2014. "SIR SAMUEL M'CAUGHEY". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 26 July 1919. P. 13. Retrieved 15 July 2014. Cleary, P. S..