Jeru the Damaja
Kendrick Jeru Davis, known as Jeru the Damaja, is an American rapper and record producer best known for his 1994 debut album, The Sun Rises in the East, ranked as one of the 100 greatest hip-hop albums of all time by the editors of About.com. He has worked extensively with Guru and DJ Premier of Gang Starr, whom he has known since he was in high school. Jeru the Damaja was born February 14, 1972, in Brooklyn, New York, spent his early years in the borough's East New York neighborhood, where he began rhyming at block parties as a youth. Davis first showcased his unique style to audiences on "I'm the Man", a track from Gang Starr's 1992 album Daily Operation; the following year he released his first single "Come Clean", produced by DJ Premier and became an underground hit. Davis's first album, The Sun Rises in the East, was released in 1994 and produced by DJ Premier; the album was well-received but was criticized by the Fugees for its lyrics for the song "Da Bichez". Fugees member Pras mentioned Jeru on the track "Zealots", from the group's landmark 1996 album The Score, with the line "No matter who you damage, you're still a false prophet", referencing Jeru's single "You Can't Stop the Prophet".
Jeru responded in the intro of the track "Me or the Papes" and on the track "Black Cowboys". Davis followed up in 1996 with his second album, Wrath of the Math, again produced by DJ Premier; the album was widely acclaimed, although not on the same level as his debut. As on his first album, Jeru was critical of commercial hip-hop artists and the record labels that produced them such as Death Row Records and Bad Boy Entertainment. After the release of Math, Jeru had a falling-out with DJ Premier and Guru. Jeru, has dismissed this and claimed that they wanted to go in different directions. Davis appeared semi-retired until 1999, when he released his third album, Heroz4Hire, released together with Mizmarvel, his first album under his then-newly created Know Savage Records, it featured the single "99.9%". His next album, Divine Design, released in 2003, was the first album under his new record label, Ashenafi Records; the album received mixed reviews. On April 2, 2007, during a La Coka Nostra concert at the Gramercy Theatre in New York, Jeru the Damaja came out for a surprise appearance to perform his song "D.
Original". His album Still Rising was released on October 16, 2007. In 2009, Jeru started to collaborate with bass producers. In 2009, he is featured on Kabuki's track "Watch Your Step", produced by Mainframe and on "Open Up Their Eyes" by Italian producer Fabio Musta, he collaborated with Group Home in 2010 for a song, "Guru" dedicated to the late rapper Guru. The next year, Jeru announced that he would be releasing a new record with production from'90s legends JuJu from the Beatnuts, Pete Rock, Large Professor and old collaborator DJ Premier but the album was not released; the same year he featured in the song "Oddałbym" on the album Reedukacja of Polish hip-hop group Slums Attack. Polish rap star OSTR featured on it, the album was a great success in Poland, selling out in the first couple of days. In 2012 Jeru featured in the song "The Mourning Son" on the album Remix with the Sun of French trip hop group Chinese Man. In July 2013, Jeru promised to soon release a new EP with production from Large Professor, PF Cuttin, Junkyard Ju, Sabor.
On June 17, 2014, Jeru released an EP through Hedspinn Records entitled The Hammer for digital download. In 2013 The Sun Rises in the East was ranked as one of the 100 greatest hip-hop albums of all time by the editors of About.com, who called it "one of the quintessential'90s hip-hop albums." The Sun Rises in the East Wrath of the Math Heroz4Hire Divine Design Still Rising Official website Jeru The Damaja at AllMusic Interview on Divine Design from thesituation.co.uk "Interview with Neil Acharya" at Exclaim
The Pharcyde is an American alternative hip hop group, formed in 1989, from South Central Los Angeles. The original four members of the group are Imani, Slimkid3, Bootie Brown, Fatlip. DJ Mark Luv was the group's first disc jockey, followed by producer J-Swift and J Dilla; the group is best known for the hit singles "Drop", "Passin' Me By" and "Runnin'", as well as their first album, Bizarre Ride II the Pharcyde. The group continues to tour and record, both collaboratively and in solo projects—the most recent being Hardson's collaborative EP with the award-winning DJ Nu-Mark released in 2014 on Delicious Vinyl. Pharcyde group members Slimkid3, Bootie Brown, Imani met as dancers in the late 1980s and dancing was their main ambition as late as 1990. Around this time and Slimkid3 were in a group called "As Is" and a group called the "Play Brothers", whilst Bootie Brown was a backup dancer for Fatlip. Bootie Brown recalls that their earlier dancing careers influenced their rapping – "sometimes the way I rap is like the way I used to dance".
The group met Reggie Andrews, a local high-school music teacher who worked with the Dazz Band and Rick James, and, a major musical influence on their debut album. The group met producer J-Swift around this time, as he was Reggie Andrews's "star pupil" according to the book Check the Technique; the Pharcyde recorded their first demo in 1991, which contained the songs "Passin' Me By", "Ya Mama", "Officer", hired a manager, Paul Stewart, who had worked for Cypress Hill, De La Soul, House of Pain. Mike Ross of Delicious Vinyl heard the demo and the group was signed to the label in the summer of 1991 – they were first featured on Brand New Heavies's album Heavy Rhyme Experience, Vol. 1, on the song "Soul Flower", released by Delicious Vinyl in 1992. The group, along with producer J-Swift, recorded their first album Bizarre Ride II the Pharcyde, released in September 1992; the album was certified Gold by the RIAA in 1996. The album was acclaimed, became one of the most praised and influential alternative hip hop albums of the 1990s.
Their second single "Passin' Me By" became a minor Billboard hit, peaking at No. 52 on the Hot 100. The song was featured in the hit movie Big Daddy and was a crossover modern rock hit; the song is now considered a golden-era staple and is the group's most well known song. The album featured a couple of guest MCs, including Bucwheed on the tracks "On The DL" and "I'm That Type of Nigga". Problems between the group and producer J-Swift began during the recording of the debut, with infighting and "personality conflicts". J-Swift started a crack habit. A documentary, 1 More Hit, recorded his attempts to recover from his addiction and to regain his music career. After the Bizarre Ride album was released, the group began touring with A Tribe Called Quest and De La Soul, culminating with an appearance at the Lollapalooza show in 1994. In 1994, Pharcyde appeared on the Red Hot Organization's compilation album, Stolen Moments: Red Hot + Cool; the album, meant to raise awareness and funds in support of the AIDS epidemic in relation to the African American community, was heralded as "Album of the Year" by Time Magazine.
In 1995, The Pharcyde released Labcabincalifornia. The album received mixed reviews, maybe due to a different musical direction from the light-hearted playfulness of their debut; the album included another big crossover hit, "Runnin'", peaking at No. 55 on the Billboard Hot 100. This single was featured in the movie 8 Mile, as well as the More Music from 8 Mile soundtrack. Labcabincalifornia featured production from producers Jay Dee. Member Slimkid3 has stated that the group met Jay Dee by way of Q-Tip of A Tribe Called Quest, who handed them the tape that contained some of the production that would end up on the LP; this album generated lower sales. A music video for the song "Drop" was directed by Spike Jonze. Problems grew between the other MCs after this album, resulting in his leaving the group. In the documentary Cydeways: The Best of the Pharcyde, while the group is performing in shows they still offer their support to Fatlip, telling the crowd that if they support Fatlip on his solo career they support The Pharcyde and vice versa.
The group was missing from the hip hop scene between 1997 and 1999. The three remaining members returned in 2000 with an EP titled Chapter One: Testing the Waters; the group released a full studio album in 2000 titled Plain Rap. The album had a lukewarm reception both commercially. Soon after the release, member Slimkid3, now going by his birth name of Tre Hardson, left the group to pursue a solo career. In 2002, he released his first solo album titled Liberation. In the music video for the song "Trust", the rest of the group's disdain for Fatlip's departure is evident as he is portrayed as a sad-faced clown, being attacked in the video. Tre Hardson's animated self is shown to transform into a phoenix that flies away at the end of his verse, which can be interpreted as more of an acceptance of his departure from the remaining two members. With only two members remaining, Bootie Brown and Imani continued with the group name and released Humboldt Beginnings in 2004; the album received less attention critically and commercially than their last effort.
This album introduced Schmooche Cat and Spaceboy Boogie X as new members
Andrew "Andy" Carthy, better known by his stage name Mr. Scruff, is an English record producer and DJ, he lives in Stretford, Greater Manchester and studied fine art at the Psalter Lane campus of Sheffield Hallam University. Before he could make a living from his music alone, he worked as a shelf stocker in the Hazel Grove branch of Kwik Save, his stage name was inspired by his scruffy facial hair as well as his trademark loose-lined drawing style. He has been DJing since 1994, at first in and around Manchester nationwide, he is known for DJing in marathon sets, his eclectic musical taste, his love of a "nice cup of tea", the quirky home-produced visuals and animations associated with his music. In an interview he said: "It's about paying attention to detail. I get annoyed. I’m hard on myself." In his twenties Mr. Scruff's first 12" vinyl, "Hocus Pocus", was released on the small Manchester-based label Robs Records. Subsequent singles and his first album followed. After a brief spell working with Mark Rae, he moved to the larger Ninja Tune label and subsequently released the albums Keep It Unreal and Trouser Jazz.
His most notable hit, "Get a Move On", is built around "Bird's Lament" by Moondog and has been used in several commercials ranging from Lincoln and Volvo automobiles to France Télécom and GEICO insurance. The song samples Shifty Henry's "Hyping Woman Blues" and led to a renewal of interest in Henry's compositions. In 2004, Mr. Scruff released Keep It Solid Steel Volume 1, the first of what is intended to be a series of several DJ-mixed compilation CDs for Ninja Tune's Solid Steel series of artist mixes; these mixes are designed to recreate the eclectic genres one would expect to hear at a Mr. Scruff club night. In November 2006, Ninja Tune confirmed that the 8th Solid Steel record would be mixed by J Rocc and the 9th would be Volume 2 from Mr. Scruff. Other Solid Steel mixes have been released by fellow Ninja Tune artists including The Herbaliser, Hexstatic, DJ Food and Amon Tobin, he has a wide array of remixes to his name, has produced tracks for others – notably "Echo of Quiet and Green" for sometime-collaborator Niko for her 2004 album Life on Earth.
Niko returned the favour. Having performed at The Big Chill Festival in Eastnor Castle deer park, Herefordshire, he was asked in 2006 to select the tracks for the compilation album, Big Chill Classics. July 2008 saw the release of Southport Weekender Volume 7, a double album released in the Southport Weekender series, recorded in a purpose-built holiday village in Southport, Merseyside; the first disc was mixed by German nu jazz DJs Jazzanova, the second was mixed by Mr. Scruff. Scruff's contribution is a mix of soul music. In 2008, a new independent record label, Ninja Tuna, was founded, a collaboration between Scruff and the Ninja Tune label. Mr. Scruff's most recent singles and the album Ninja Tuna were all released on the new label. A US-only release of the album on mp3 came with 10 additional tracks from the Ninja Tuna recording sessions, under the title Bonus Bait. A CD version of this supplementary album was released in the UK in February 2009. On 19 May 2014 Ninja Tuna released Friendly Bacteria.
Mr. Scruff's album and single cover art, music videos and his official website are noted for their whimsical cartoonish look; the images and animations are projected onto large screens during his gigs. Scruff drew cartoons for music magazines such as Jockey Slut in the 1990s. Mr. Scruff began selling tea from a small room at the Manchester club, the Music Box, where he was resident DJ in around 2000, with the proceeds going to charity; when he started touring, Scruff took the enterprise with him and gained a reputation for being the DJ with the teashop. When appearing at festivals, such as Big Chill and WOMAD, tea stalls or tents were erected, were open for the duration of the festivals. Scruff subsequently started an online tea company, Make Us a Brew, produced his own range of fair trade teabags which used to be sold in department store chains Selfridges and Booths, his official website still sells the branded tea-related paraphernalia including teapots and tea-towels, but the tea is no longer sold as the Make Us a Brew company was dissolved in September 2013.
He is the joint owner, with his manager Gary McClarnan, of Teacup Kitchen, located in Thomas Street, Manchester. Most of Mr. Scruff's studio albums contain tracks about fish and other sea-life, which cut up recordings of voiceovers from children's stories and nature documentaries to create surreal and silly stories, they began with the track "Sea Mammal". It is the opening track on Scruff's first album; this was followed by "Wail" on his first album. Keep It Unreal featured the tracks "Shanty Town" and "Fish", the latter of which features samples from the likes of David Attenborough and David Bellamy; the album Trouser Jazz closes with another cut-up track, "Ahoy There!", noted as featuring an appearance from "Albert Ross". Scruff has stated. However, marine references continue in Scruff's work including the track "Shrimp" from Trouser Jazz, the title and cover art of his albums, Ninja Tuna and its companion release, Bonus Bait. Mr. Scruff
A DJ mix or DJ mixset is a sequence of musical tracks mixed together to appear as one continuous track. DJ mixes are performed using a DJ mixer and multiple sounds sources, such as turntables, CD players, digital audio players or computer sound cards, sometimes with the addition of samplers and effects units, although it is possible to create one using sound editing software. DJ mixing is different from live sound mixing. Remix services were offered beginning in the late 1970s in order to provide music, more beatmixed by DJs for the dancefloor. One of the earliest DJs to refine their mixing skills was DJ Kool Herc. Francis Grasso was the first DJ to use headphones and a basic form of mixing at the New York City nightclub Sanctuary. Upon its release in 2000, Paul Oakenfold's Perfecto Presents: Another World became the biggest selling DJ mix album in the US. A DJ mixes music from genres. Other genres mixed by DJ includes hip hop and disco. Four on the floor disco beats can be used to create seamless mixes so as to keep dancers locked to the dancefloor.
Two of main characteristics of music used in DJ mixes is a dominant repetitive beats. Music mixed by DJs has a tempo which ranges from 120 bpm up to 160 bpm. A DJ mixset is performed live in front of an audience in a nightclub, party, or rave setting. Mixsets can be performed live on radio or recorded in a studio. Methods of mixing vary depending on the music genres being played. House and trance DJs tend to aim for smooth blended mixes while hip-hop DJs may use turntablism and other cutting techniques; some DJs those mixing Goa trance may prefer to mix during a break in which instead of beats, washes of synthesized sounds are combined. Further refinement to the mixing quality can be provided with harmonic mixing which avoids dissonant tones during a mix. In live situations, the progression of the DJ set is a dynamic process; the DJ chooses tracks in response to the activity on the dance floor. If the dance floor becomes less active, the DJ will make a judgement as to what track will increase dance floor activity.
This may involve changing the general mood of the set. Track choices are due, in part, to where the DJ wishes to take his or her audience. In this way, the resulting mixset is brought about through a symbiotic relationship between audience and DJ. Studio DJs have the luxury of spending more time on their mix, which leads to productions that could never be realized in real-time. Traditional DJ mixing with vinyl required the DJ sync tracks tempo and the modify each tracks volume and equalisation to create a smooth blend. DJs can use a mixer's crossfader to switch between tracks or use the volume control for each source with the crossfader permanently positioned in the middle. Mixing is done through the use of headphones and a monitor speaker or foldback as basic aids. At this basic level the DJ is required to develop a specific auditory skill where each track's tempo had to be distinguished while listening to more than one piece of music; the use of compact discs and players such as the CDJ by DJs brought technological advances for the DJ performing a mix including a readout of the bpm and a visual representation of the beat.
Modern computer technology has allowed automatic beatmatching and led to debate regarding its use, sometimes described as cheating. DJ software provides automatic key detection which simplifies harmonic mixing. To be released commercially, DJ mixes need many copyright clearances and licenses; the vast majority of DJ mixes throughout the years have only been legal in so far as the copyright holders do not choose to take legal action against the DJ for the authorized use of their material. DJs distribute their recorded mixes on CD-Rs or as digital audio files via websites or podcasts for promotional purposes. Many popular DJs release their mixes commercially on a compact disc; when DJ sets are distributed directly via the Internet, they are presented as a single unbroken audio file. Medley Segue Is a Mixset a Piece of Art? by Brent Silby ─ article provides argument to support the claim that a DJ Mixset is a form of art
Aaron Phillip, better known by his stage name Afu-Ra, is a New York-based American underground rapper. Afu, born Aaron Phillip, is a devout student of the martial arts, as well as chess. Afu is a member of the Gang Starr Foundation, among others, Jeru the Damaja, Big Shug and Group Home, is most well known through his affiliation with the foundation and Jeru the Damaja, his first appearance was on Jeru's classic 1994 album The Sun Rises in the East, on the song "Mental Stamina". He made another appearance on Jeru's second album Wrath of the Math, on the track "Physical Stamina", in 1996. Afu's debut single, "Whirlwind Thru Cities", was released in 1998, reaching the top 20 on Billboard's Hot Rap Singles chart. In 1999, he released his second single, "Defeat" b/w "Mortal Kombat", his anticipated debut album, Body of the Life Force, was released in October 2000. The album featured production from a number of prominent Hip Hop beatmakers, including DJ Premier, DJ Muggs, True Master and Da Beatminerz.
Guests included Wu-Tang Clan's GZA and Masta Killa, M. O. P. Ky-Mani Marley and the Cocoa Brovaz. "Whirlwind Thru Cities", "Defeat" and "Mortal Kombat" were included here, as well as the singles "Equality", "Big Acts, Little Acts" and "D&D Soundclash". Afu released his second effort Life Force Radio in May 2002, featuring production from DJ Premier, Curt Cazal, True Master, Easy Mo Bee, Needlez and Ayatollah. Guests included Hip Hop legends RZA as well as R&B star Teena Marie. In 2004, he released, he returned with another album in State of the Arts. DJ Premier returned once again to produce the single "Sucka Free". Wu-Tang's Masta Killa appeared on the song "Livin' Like Dat", underground favorite Royce da 5'9" appeared on "Pusha". Official Site Official Site Site
Hip hop music
Hip hop music called hip-hop or rap music, is a music genre developed in the United States by inner-city African Americans in the late 1970s which consists of a stylized rhythmic music that accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech, chanted. It developed as part of hip hop culture, a subculture defined by four key stylistic elements: MCing/rapping, DJing/scratching with turntables, break dancing, graffiti writing. Other elements include sampling beats or bass lines from records, rhythmic beatboxing. While used to refer to rapping, "hip hop" more properly denotes the practice of the entire subculture; the term hip hop music is sometimes used synonymously with the term rap music, though rapping is not a required component of hip hop music. Hip hop as both a musical genre and a culture was formed during the 1970s when block parties became popular in New York City among African-American youth residing in the Bronx; however hip-hop music did not get recorded for the radio or television to play until 1979 due to poverty during hip-hop's birth and lack of acceptance outside ghetto neighborhoods.
At block parties DJs played percussive breaks of popular songs using two turntables and a DJ mixer to be able to play breaks from two copies of the same record, alternating from one to the other and extending the "break". Hip hop's early evolution occurred as sampling technology and drum machines became available and affordable. Turntablist techniques such as scratching and beatmatching developed along with the breaks and Jamaican toasting, a chanting vocal style, was used over the beats. Rapping developed as a vocal style in which the artist speaks or chants along rhythmically with an instrumental or synthesized beat. Notable artists at this time include DJ Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five, Fab Five Freddy, Marley Marl, Afrika Bambaataa, Kool Moe Dee, Kurtis Blow, Doug E. Fresh, Warp 9, The Fat Boys, Spoonie Gee; the Sugarhill Gang's 1979 song "Rapper's Delight" is regarded to be the first hip hop record to gain widespread popularity in the mainstream. The 1980s marked the diversification of hip hop.
Prior to the 1980s, hip hop music was confined within the United States. However, during the 1980s, it began to spread to music scenes in dozens of countries, many of which mixed hip hop with local styles to create new subgenres. New school hip hop was the second wave of hip hop music, originating in 1983–84 with the early records of Run-D. M. C. and LL Cool J. The Golden age hip hop period was an innovative period between the early 1990s. Notable artists from this era include the Juice Crew, Public Enemy, Eric B. & Rakim, Boogie Down Productions and KRS-One, EPMD, Slick Rick, Beastie Boys, Kool G Rap, Big Daddy Kane, Ultramagnetic MCs, De La Soul, A Tribe Called Quest. Gangsta rap is a subgenre of hip hop that focuses on the violent lifestyles and impoverished conditions of inner-city African-American youth. Schoolly D, N. W. A, Ice-T, Ice Cube, the Geto Boys are key founding artists, known for mixing the political and social commentary of political rap with the criminal elements and crime stories found in gangsta rap.
In the West Coast hip hop style, G-funk dominated mainstream hip hop for several years during the 1990s with artists such as Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg. East Coast hip hop in the early to mid 1990s was dominated by the Afrocentric jazz rap and alternative hip hop of the Native Tongues posse as well as the hardcore rap of artists such as Mobb Deep, Wu-Tang Clan, Onyx. East Coast hip hop had gangsta rap musicians such as Kool G Rap and the Notorious B. I. G.. In the 1990s, hip hop began to diversify with other regional styles emerging, such as Southern rap and Atlanta hip hop. At the same time, hip hop continued to be assimilated into other genres of popular music, examples being neo soul and nu metal. Hip hop became a best-selling genre in the mid-1990s and the top selling music genre by 1999; the popularity of hip hop music continued through the 2000s, with hip hop influences increasingly finding their way into mainstream pop. The United States saw the success of regional styles such as crunk, a Southern genre that emphasized the beats and music more than the lyrics.
Starting in 2005, sales of hip hop music in the United States began to wane. During the mid-2000s, alternative hip hop secured a place in the mainstream, due in part to the crossover success of artists such as OutKast and Kanye West. During the late 2000s and early 2010s, rappers such as Lil Wayne, Soulja Boy, B.o. B were the most popular rappers. During the 2010s, rappers such as Drake, Nicki Minaj, J. Cole, Kendrick Lamar all have been popular. Trap, a subgenre of hip hop has been popular during the 2010s with hip hop artists and hip hop music groups such as Migos, Travis Scott, Kodak Black; the creation of the term hip hop is credited to Keith Cowboy, rapper with Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. However, Lovebug Starski, Keith Cowboy, DJ Hollywood used the term when the music was still known as disco rap, it is believed that Cowboy created the term while teasing a friend who had just joined the U. S. Army, by scat singing the words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of soldiers marching.
Cowboy worked the "hip hop" cadence into a part of his stage performance, used by other artists such as The Sugarhi
Grand Central Vol. 3
Grand Central Vol. 3 is a compilation from Grand Central Records containing some rare tracks and remixes. It is known as Grand Central Vol. 3, although the official Grand Central site refers to the album as Grand Central House Bag Vol. 3. "Don't You See" - Rob Smith "Stand Up" - Boca 45 "Clip My Wings" - Mark Rae "Spirit Of'67" - Ill Gotten Gains "First Met You" - Funky Fresh Few "An Echo Of Quiet And Green" - Niko "Dub One Another" - The Nudge "The Boca Breakdown" - Boca 45 "Something That's Real" - Jon Kennedy "Medicine" - Mark Rae "Slug It Out" - Fingathing Grand Central Records compilations