Three on a Match
Three on a Match is a 1932 American pre-Code crime drama released by Warner Bros. The film was directed by Mervyn LeRoy and stars Joan Blondell, Warren William, Ann Dvorak and Bette Davis; the film features Lyle Talbot, Humphrey Bogart, Allen Jenkins and Edward Arnold. Three women who went to the same elementary school, Mary and Vivian, meet again as young adults after some time apart, they each light a cigarette from the same match and discuss the superstition that such an act is unlucky and that Vivian, the last to light her cigarette, will be the first to die. Mary is a show girl who has established stability in her life after spending some time in a reform school, while Ruth works as a stenographer. Vivian is the best off of the three, married to successful lawyer Robert Kirkwood and with a young son Robert Jr. but she has grown dissatisfied with her life. Just before she is about to leave on an ocean cruiser with her son, Mary comes along with two men going to a party on the ship, before it leaves.
Gambler Michael Loftus one of the two men flirts around with Vivian and persuades her to run away with him. Vivian and Michael Loftus run a shabby life, so that Mary concerned about Vivian's neglect of her son, tells Robert where to find his boy. Mary and Ruth are fond of Junior so that Robert proposes to Mary and hires Ruth to look after the child. Mary and Robert marry the same day. Meanwhile, Vivian's money runs out and Michael owes $2,000 to gangster Ace, who tells him to pay up or else. Desperate, Michael tries to blackmail Robert by threatening to inform the press about Mary's criminal background; when that does not work, he kidnaps Robert's boy. However, Vivian scrawls a message in lipstick on her nightgown and throws herself out the window of the fourth-floor apartment where she and her son are being held, leading to the child's rescue. Virginia Davis as Mary Keaton as a child Joan Blondell as Mary Keaton / Mary Bernard Anne Shirley as Vivian Revere as a child Ann Dvorak as Vivian Revere Kirkwood Betty Carse as Ruth Wescott as a child Bette Davis as Ruth Wescott Warren William as Robert Kirkwood Lyle Talbot as Michael Loftus Humphrey Bogart as Harve Allen Jenkins as Dick Edward Arnold as Ace Frankie Darro as Bobby Glenda Farrell as Mrs. Black Buster Phelps as Robert Jr. Grant Mitchell as Mr. Gilmore, school principalPrincipal cast members, from the trailer Dvorak was the last of the four principal actors to be cast.
This was Bogart's first appearance as a hoodlum type, although his work in Midnight preceded this role and led to his being cast by LeRoy. Filming took place in June 1932; when this film was released in October 1932, the Lindbergh kidnapping was much in the news and the kidnappers had not yet been caught. The kidnapping of a child in the story raised concerns with censors, but Jason Joy of the Studio Relations Committee made a case for the film to the censors in New York, Ohio and Maryland. Joan Blondell posed for a 1932 promotional publicity photo for the film, banned under the Motion Picture Production Code. Three on a Match received tepid to poor notices overall. Mordaunt Hall of the New York Times called Three on a Match "tedious and distasteful" as well as "unintelligent"; the Time reviewer felt the film did not carry much weight, unlike previous Glasmon–Bright productions, that the suicide at the end was more implausible than tragic. Kaspar Monahan of the Pittsburgh Press thought that it began with the hope of being "different" but devolved into a "gangster yarn" and summarized: "Direction good for the most part.
Trade paper reviews advised exhibitors to focus on the cast: "An attractive cast array is the attendance motive for this picture, surprising in its meager demands upon its quartet of featured people" was the opening comment of Variety's Sid Silverman. The Film Daily review, said the "cast helps" with a plot that has "too many turns"; the Motion Picture Herald advised exhibitors to focus on the "strength of the cast names" and not to use the word "kidnaping" or allude to it in promotions. Decades after its release, the film found more favor with critics and film historians. In 1969, William K. Everson called it "unusually carefully-made" and wrote, "Splendidly cut and paced... and climaxed by a real shocker, Three on a Match is still a vivid little picture". Wheeler Winston Dixon observed, "the film is astonishing for the amount of information that LeRoy manages to compress into this lightning fast tale", it has been pointed to as Dvorak's best performance for Warners. In 1938 Warner Bros. released a remake of Three on a Match.
Informational notes Citations Three on a Match at the American Film Institute Catalog Three on a Match on IMDb Three on a Match at the TCM Movie Database Three on a Match at AllMovie
Tonight or Never (1931 film)
Tonight or Never is a 1931 American pre-Code comedy film directed by Mervyn LeRoy, starring Gloria Swanson, featuring Boris Karloff. Nella Vargo is a Hungarian prima donna. Although she is praised by the audience, her music teacher Rudig feels that she can not be the greatest opera singer in history until she performs in New York City; when she is criticized for not putting her soul into the song, she gets mad, until she notices a mysterious man walking on the street. She becomes smitten with the man, until Rudig claims that he is a gigolo whose latest client is Marchesa Bianca San Giovanni, a former diva with a notorious past; that night, Nella decides to head to Budapest, accompanied by Rudig, her butler Conrad, her maid Emma and her fiancé Count Albert von Gronac, whom she is not in love with. She is shocked when she finds out the mysterious man is on board as well, with the marchesa as his company. Rudig again suggests; the next day, Rudig announces that Fletcher is in town to sign European artists, an agent for the prestigious Metropolitan Opera in New York.
That afternoon, she finds out her fiancé is having an affair with one of her enemies. Furious and upset with her love life, she goes to the hotel where she is staying and decides to hire the mysterious man, Jim, in hopes of experience love and thereby impress Fletcher, she is afraid to have her as his admirer. Jim, agent Fletcher, soon finds out that Nella thinks that he is a gigolo. Instead of revealing the truth, he pretends to be one and dominantly forces her to make a decision: spend the night with him or leave within 2 minutes. Nella leaves the next morning before he awakes; that night, she again gives a performance of Tosca, acclaimed as her best in her entire career. After returning home, she is overcome by joy to find out that she has landed a contract with the Metropolitan Opera, but feels guilty for what she has done the night before; the same day, Jim visits her, returning the necklace she has left to pay for his services and demanding her to choose between him and the contract. When she tears up the contract, he realizes that she is in love with him and he reveals himself to be a nephew of the marchesa and the famous talent scout.
Now, Nella can have the successful New York career. Gloria Swanson as Nella Vago Melvyn Douglas as Jim Fletcher Alison Skipworth as Marchesa Bianca San Giovanni Ferdinand Gottschalk as Rudig Robert Greig as Conrad Warburton Gamble as Count Albert von Gronac Greta Meyer as Emma Boris Karloff as Waiter The film is based on the Hungarian play of the same name, performed on Broadway between November 18, 1930 and June 1931. In the film, Melvyn Douglas, Ferdinand Gottschalk, Robert Greig, Greta Meyer and Warburton Gamble recreated their roles they had played in the play. In June 1931, Adela Rogers St. Johns was assigned to write the screenplay. A month she was replaced with Sheridan Gibney, replaced as well. According to a January 1931 news article, George Fitzmaurice was set to direct, but he was replaced by Mervyn LeRoy. LeRoy as a young unknown had appeared uncredited playing a newsboy in Swanson's 1923 silent societal drama Prodigal Daughters. Joseph Schenck assigned Gloria Swanson to play the lead role, thinking it would help the actress getting out of her career slump.
The film was the only of her early talkies in which she did not sing, although playing an opera singer. The film sparked Douglas' screen debut; the Hays Code objected to the film and demanded a lot of cuts to be made. The scene which the Code thought to be the most vulgar was the love scene between Jim. A staff member commented:'This scene was one of the most offensive, if not the most offensive-in my recollection.' In 1931, it was allowed to be released, but the request of re-releases in 1935 and 1937 were rejected. Boris Karloff filmography Tonight or Never on IMDb
New York City
The City of New York called either New York City or New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles, New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, exerts a significant impact upon commerce, research, education, tourism, art and sports; the city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of, a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898; the city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, it has been the country's largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U. S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is an international symbol of the U. S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability, as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, with the city having three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013 and receiving a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart" and its "Crossroads", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
The names of many of the city's landmarks and parks are known around the world. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. New York is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top universities in the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York.
James's older brother, King Charles II, had appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherland, including the city of New Amsterdam, which England had seized from the Dutch. During the Wisconsinan glaciation, 75,000 to 11,000 years ago, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth; the erosive forward movement of the ice contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island. That action left bedrock at a shallow depth, providing a solid foundation for most of Manhattan's skyscrapers. In the precolonial era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape, whose homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island; the first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown. He named it Nouvelle Angoulême. A Spanish expedition led by captain Estêvão Gomes, a Portuguese sailing for Emperor Charles V, arrived in New York Harbor in January 1525 and charted the mouth of the Hudson River, which he named Río de San Antonio.
The Padrón Rea
Local Boy Makes Good
Local Boy Makes Good is a 1931 American Pre-Code comedy film directed by Mervyn LeRoy and written by Robert Lord, Raymond Griffith and Ray Enright. The film stars Dorothy Lee, Ruth Hall, Edward Woods, Edward Nugent and Wade Boteler; the film was released by Warner Bros. on November 27, 1931. Sheepish bookstore employee John Miller has become infatuated with a college girl, Julia Winters, he has never met, his love letters to her are accidentally mailed, so Julia comes to visit, under the mistaken impression John is a college track star. While co-worker Marjorie helps continue his deception, John tries to join the school's team, his wild javelin throw nearly kills other athletes. The college's coach is amazed at. Julia figures out. A psychology student, she analyzes John as a boy with an inferiority complex. After the coach finds John and invites him to run, Julia persuades him to race against her old boyfriend, Spike Hoyt, a star athlete and a bully. Majorie talks John into it getting him drunk enough to do it.
Joe E. Brown as John Augustus Miller Dorothy Lee as Julia Winters Ruth Hall as Marjorie Blake Edward Woods as Spike Hoyt Edward Nugent as Wally Pierce Wade Boteler as Doc John Harrington as Coach Jackson William Burress as Colonel Small According to Warner Bros records the film earned $500,000 domestically and $143,000 foreign. A print is housed in the Library of Congress collection. Local Boy Makes Good on IMDb synopsis at AllMovie
Gold Diggers of 1933
Gold Diggers of 1933 is a pre-Code Warner Bros. musical film directed by Mervyn LeRoy with songs by Harry Warren and Al Dubin and choreographed by Busby Berkeley. It stars Warren William, Joan Blondell, Aline MacMahon, Ruby Keeler, Dick Powell, features Guy Kibbee, Ned Sparks and Ginger Rogers; the story is based on the play The Gold Diggers by Avery Hopwood, which ran for 282 performances on Broadway in 1919 and 1920. The play was made into a silent film in 1923 by David Belasco, the producer of the Broadway play, as The Gold Diggers, starring Hope Hampton and Wyndham Standing, again as a talkie in 1929, directed by Roy Del Ruth; that film, Gold Diggers of Broadway, which starred Nancy Welford and Conway Tearle, was the biggest box office hit of that year, Gold Diggers of 1933 was one of the top-grossing films of 1933. This version of Hopwood's play was written by James Seymour and Erwin S. Gelsey, with additional dialogue by David Boehm and Ben Markson. In 2003, Gold Diggers of 1933 was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant".
The "gold diggers" are four aspiring actresses: an ingenue. The film was made in 1933, during the Great Depression and contains numerous direct references to it, it begins with a rehearsal for a stage show, interrupted by the producer's creditors who close down the show because of unpaid bills. At the unglamorous apartment shared by three of the four actresses, the producer, Barney Hopkins, is in despair because he has everything he needs to put on a show, except money, he hears the girls' neighbor and Polly's boyfriend, playing the piano. Brad is a brilliant songwriter and singer who not only has written the music for a show, but offers Hopkins $15,000 in cash to back the production. Of course, they all think he is kidding, but he insists that he is serious – he offers to back the show, but refuses to perform in it, despite his talent and voice. Brad comes through with the money and the show goes into production, but the girls are suspicious that he must be a criminal since he is cagey about his past and will not appear in the show though he is more talented than the aging juvenile lead they have hired.
It turns out, that Brad is in fact a millionaire's son whose family does not want him associating with the theatre. On opening night, in order to save the show when the juvenile cannot perform, Brad is forced to play the lead role. With the resulting publicity, Brad's brother J. Lawrence Bradford and family lawyer Fanuel H. Peabody discover what he is doing and go to New York to save him from being seduced by a "gold digger". Lawrence mistakes Carol for Polly, his heavy-handed effort to dissuade the "cheap and vulgar" showgirl from marrying Brad by buying her off annoys her so much that she plays along, but the two fall in love. Meanwhile, Trixie targets "Fanny" the lawyer as the perfect rich sap ripe for exploitation; when Lawrence finds out that Brad and Polly have wed, he threatens to have the marriage annulled, but relents when Carol refuses to marry him if he does. Trixie marries Fanuel. All the "gold diggers" end up with wealthy men. Warren William as Lawrence Bradford Joan Blondell as Carol King Aline MacMahon as Trixie Lorraine Ruby Keeler as Polly Parker Dick Powell as "Brad Roberts" Guy Kibbee as Faneuil H. Peabody Ned Sparks as Barney Hopkins Ginger Rogers as Fay Fortune Etta Moten as soloist in "Remember My Forgotten Man" Billy Barty as The Baby in "Pettin' in the Park" Cast notes: Character actors Sterling Holloway and Hobart Cavanaugh appear in small roles, as does choreographer Busby Berkeley, as a backstage call boy who yells "Everybody on stage for the'Forgotten Man' number".
Other uncredited cast members include: Robert Agnew, Joan Barclay, Ferdinand Gottschalk, Ann Hovey, Fred Kelsey, Charles Lane, Wallace MacDonald, Wilbur Mack, Dennis O'Keefe, Fred Toones, Dorothy Wellman, Jane Wyman, Lynn Browning and Tammany Young. Gold Diggers of 1933 was to be called High Life, George Brent was an early casting idea for the role played by Warren William; the film was made for an estimated $433,000 at Warner Bros. studios in Burbank, went into general release on May 27, 1933. It was the joint second most popular movie at the US box office in 1933. According to Warner Bros. records the film earned $2,202,000 domestically and $1,029,000 foreign. The film made a profit of $1,602,530. In 1934, the film was nominated for an Oscar for Best Sound Recording for Nathan Levinson, the film's sound director; the film was nominated for the following American Film Institute lists: 2004: AFI's 100 Years... 100 Songs: "We're in the Money" 2006: AFI's Greatest Movie Musicals The film contains four song and dance sequences designed and choreographed by Busby Berkeley.
All the songs were written by Al Dubin. "We're in the Money" is sung by Ginger Rogers accompanied by scantily-clad showgirls dancing with giant coins. Rogers sings one verse in Pig Latin. "Pettin' in the Park" is sung by Dick Powell. It includes a tap dance from Keeler and a surreal sequence featuring dwarf actor Billy Barty as a baby who escapes from his stroller. During the number, the women get caught in a rainstorm and go behind a backlit screen to rem
Top Speed (film)
Top Speed is a 1930 American Pre-Code musical comedy film released by First National Pictures, a subsidiary of Warner Brothers. It was based on a 1929 stage musical of the same name by Guy Bolton and Bert Kalmar; the film stars Joe E. Brown, Bernice Claire, Jack Whiting, Laura Lee, Frank McHugh. Elmer Peters and Gerald Brooks, bond clerks on a weekend vacation, are on the run from a local sheriff after Elmer attempts to fish in a "no fishing" area; the two men arrive at an expensive hotel where they rescue Virginia Rollins and Babs Green, who have just been involved in a car accident. Gerald falls in love with Virginia, Elmer falls for Babs, the two fugitives decide to remain at the hotel for the rest of the weekend. Elmer begins boasting to hotel personnel. Virginia's father owns a speedboat. After he fires his pilot, whom he caught taking a bribe, Virginia convinces her father to let Gerald pilot the boat. A competitor, Spencer Colgate, discovers that Gerald is a fraud and threatens to expose him unless he accepts $30,000 to throw the race.
Gerald, unable to refuse such a princely sum, agrees. Virginia and her father learn during the race. After he wins, Gerald comes clean, all is forgiven; the film was completed as a full musical. However, due to increasing disfavor towards that genre from the public, Warners chose to make many cuts to the film and much of the original music is missing or truncated; the Warner re-cut survives in the Library of Congress collection. The film survives only in the cut version, released in late 1930 by Warner Brothers, with most of the musical numbers removed. Due to the backlash against musicals, Warner Bros. chose to cut most of the musical sequences before releasing the film. The film was released as a full musical outside of the United States, where a backlash against musicals never occurred, it is unknown. The complete soundtrack to the International Sound Version survives at the UCLA Film and Television Archive on Vitaphone disks. "If You Were a Traveling Salesman and I Were a Chambermaid" "Knock Knees" "Looking for the Lovelight in the Dark" "As Long as I Have You and You Have Me" "Goodness Gracious" "I'll Know and She'll Know" "Keep Your Undershirt On" "What Would I Care?"
"Sweeter Than You" "Reaching For the Moon" Top Speed on IMDb synopsis at AllMovie
Black and white
Black-and-white images combine black and white in a continuous spectrum, producing a range of shades of gray. The history of various visual media has begun with black and white, as technology improved, altered to color. However, there are exceptions to this rule, including black-and-white fine art photography and in motion pictures, many art films. Most early forms of motion pictures or film were white; some color film processes, including hand coloring were experimented with, in limited use, from the earliest days of motion pictures. The switch from most films being in black-and-white to most being in color was gradual, taking place from the 1930s to the 1960s; when most film studios had the capability to make color films, the technology's popularity was limited, as using the Technicolor process was expensive and cumbersome. For many years, it was not possible for films in color to render realistic hues, thus its use was restricted to historical films and cartoons until the 1950s, while many directors preferred to use black-and-white stock.
For the years 1940–1966, a separate Academy Award for Best Art Direction was given for black-and-white movies along with one for color. The earliest television broadcasts were transmitted in black-and-white, received and displayed by black-and-white only television sets. Scottish inventor John Logie Baird demonstrated the world's first color television transmission on July 3, 1928 using a mechanical process; some color broadcasts in the U. S. began in the 1950s, with color becoming common in western industrialized nations during the late 1960s. In the United States, the Federal Communications Commission settled on a color NTSC standard in 1953, the NBC network began broadcasting a limited color television schedule in January 1954. Color television became more widespread in the U. S. between 1963 and 1967, when major networks like CBS and ABC joined NBC in broadcasting full color schedules. Some TV stations in the US were still broadcasting in B&W until the late 80s to early 90s, depending on network.
Canada began airing color television in 1966 while the United Kingdom began to use an different color system from July 1967 known as PAL. The Republic of Ireland followed in 1970. Australia experimented with color television in 1967 but continued to broadcast in black-and-white until 1975, New Zealand experimented with color broadcasting in 1973 but didn't convert until 1975. In China, black-and-white television sets were the norm until as late as the 1990s, color TVs not outselling them until about 1989. In 1969, Japanese electronics manufacturers standardized the first format for industrial/non-broadcast videotape recorders called EIAJ-1, which offered only black-and-white video recording and playback. While used professionally now, many consumer camcorders have the ability to record in black-and-white. Throughout the 19th century, most photography was monochrome photography: images were either black-and-white or shades of sepia. Personal and commercial photographs might be hand tinted. Colour photography was rare and expensive and again containing inaccurate hues.
Color photography became more common from the mid-20th century. However, black-and-white photography has continued to be a popular medium for art photography, as shown in the picture by the well-known photographer Ansel Adams; this can take the form of black-and-white film or digital conversion to grayscale, with optional digital image editing manipulation to enhance the results. For amateur use certain companies such as Kodak manufactured black-and-white disposable cameras until 2009. Certain films are produced today which give black-and-white images using the ubiquitous C41 color process. Printing is an ancient art, color printing has been possible in some ways from the time colored inks were produced. In the modern era, for financial and other practical reasons, black-and-white printing has been common through the 20th century. However, with the technology of the 21st century, home color printers, which can produce color photographs, are common and inexpensive, a technology unimaginable in the mid-20th century.
Most American newspapers were black-and-white until the early 1980s. Some claim. In the UK, color was only introduced from the mid-1980s. Today, many newspapers restrict color photographs to the front and other prominent pages since mass-producing photographs in black-and-white is less expensive than color. Daily comic strips in newspapers were traditionally black-and-white with color reserved for Sunday strips.:Color printing is more expensive. Sometimes color is reserved for the cover. Magazines such as Jet magazine were either all or black-and-white until the end of the 2000s when it became all-color. Manga are published in black-and-white although now it is part of its image. Many school yearbooks are still or in black-and-white; the Wizard of Oz is in color when Dorothy is in Oz, but in black-and-white when she is in Kansas, although the latter scenes were in sepia when the film was released. The British film A Matter of Life and Death depicts the other world in black-and-white, earthly events in color.
Wim Wenders's film Wings of Desire uses sepia-tone black-and-white f