Argentina at the Rugby World Cup
Argentina have competed in all the Rugby World Cup tournaments, starting with the inaugural 1987 tournament. Their best result was finishing in third place in the 2007 tournament, played in France, they defeated the host side France in their opening game beat the other teams in Pool D, finishing top of the pool. In the knockout stage, they defeated Scotland in the quarter finals, before losing in the semi finals to eventual champions South Africa. In the Bronze Final they once again faced France, whom they defeated for a second time to attain third place, their second best result was fourth place in 2015. They progressed past the pool stage in 1999 and 2011. In 1999 they defeated Ireland in the quarter final play-offs, but lost in the quarter-finals to France. In 2011 they lost to host team New Zealand in the quarter-finals. Argentina has yet to host the World Cup; the Argentina national team is the most successful of any national side from the Americas at the tournament. For each tournament, the number of teams in each finals tournament are shown.
Pool C games - Pool B games - Pool 4 games Quarter final place offs - Quarter finals - Group A games - Los Pumas began their final preparation for the 2007 World Cup with a two-test series against visiting Ireland, grouped against them in France. In the first test on 26 May at Santa Fe, they scored a 22–20 win on a last-minute drop goal by Felipe Contepomi. Both teams were experimental the Irish, with stars such as Brian O'Driscoll, Ronan O'Gara, Paul O'Connell and Gordon D'Arcy missing from the touring squad; the Pumas were themselves missing many stars who were playing that weekend in the final round of the 2006–07 Top 14 season in France. The second test against Ireland was a 16-0 Pumas. On 9 June, Los Pumas completed a clean sweep of their mid-year tests with a 24–6 win over Italy in Mendoza, they split their final warmup tests, defeating neighbours Chile 70-14 at CASI in Buenos Aires on 4 August and losing to Wales at Millennium Stadium 27–20 on 18 August. At the World Cup, Los Pumas were drawn into the so-called pool of death, featuring two other teams ranked in the top six in the IRB rankings—Ireland and the hosts France.
On top of this, they opened the World Cup at Stade de France against the French, marking the third consecutive World Cup in which they played against the host nation in the World Cup opener. In one of their finest hours, the Pumas took a 17-9 lead into the half, held on for a surprising 17-12 win; the Pumas subsequently beat Georgia 33-3 on 11 September at the Stade de Lyon. Argentina went on to beat Namibia 63-3 in Marseille, the biggest winning margin in Argentine World Cup history, they went on to secure a 30-15 victory against Ireland which ensured that they topped the group. They defeated Scotland 19-13 in the quarter-final at the Stade de France; the Pumas' improbable run towards the Webb Ellis trophy ended in a comprehensive 37-13 defeat by the Springboks in the semi-final at Stade de France. However, the Pumas recovered to beat France for the second time in the 2007 Rugby World Cup, a 34-10 win in the 3rd/4th place playoff; the 3rd place showing for the Pumas in the 2007 World Cup was Argentina's best result in Rugby World Cup history, equal or better to the best showing by IRB founding nations Wales and Ireland.
During their World Cup run, the football-crazed Argentines embraced the Pumas so much that El Superclásico, the Buenos Aires football derby between Boca Juniors and River Plate, the biggest event in Argentine sport, was rescheduled so that it would not conflict with the Pumas' quarter-final match. As the only major Spanish language country in the 2007 Rugby World Cup, the Pumas had considerable support from rugby fans in Spain and other Latin American countries during their impressive five-game winning streak. Pool D games - Quarter-finals - Semi-finals - Bronze final game - Quarter-finals Quarter-finals Semi-finals Bronze final game - So far Argentina has not hosted any World Cup games, as no RWC has been held in the Americas yet
Argentina the Argentine Republic, is a country located in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2, Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the fourth largest in the Americas, the largest Spanish-speaking nation; the sovereign state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, the federal capital of the nation as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; the earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The Inca Empire expanded to the northwest of the country in Pre-Columbian times; the country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century.
Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation of provinces with Buenos Aires as its capital city; the country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook. The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century. Following the Great Depression in the 1930s, Argentina descended into political instability and economic decline that pushed it back into underdevelopment, though it remained among the fifteen richest countries for several decades. Following the death of President Juan Perón in 1974, his widow, Isabel Martínez de Perón, ascended to the presidency, she was overthrown in 1976 by a U.
S.-backed coup which installed a right-wing military dictatorship. The military government persecuted and murdered numerous political critics and leftists in the Dirty War, a period of state terrorism that lasted until the election of Raúl Alfonsín as President in 1983. Several of the junta's leaders were convicted of their crimes and sentenced to imprisonment. Argentina is a prominent regional power in the Southern Cone and Latin America, retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs. Argentina has the second largest economy in South America, the third-largest in Latin America, membership in the G-15 and G-20 major economies, it is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Union of South American Nations, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. Despite its history of economic instability, it ranks second highest in the Human Development Index in Latin America; the description of the country by the word Argentina has been found on a Venetian map in 1536.
In English the name "Argentina" comes from the Spanish language, however the naming itself is not Spanish, but Italian. Argentina means in Italian " of silver, silver coloured" borrowed from the Old French adjective argentine " of silver" > "silver coloured" mentioned in the 12th century. The French word argentine is the feminine form of argentin and derives from argent "silver" with the suffix -in; the Italian naming "Argentina" for the country implies Terra Argentina "land of silver" or Costa Argentina "coast of silver". In Italian, the adjective or the proper noun is used in an autonomous way as a substantive and replaces it and it is said l'Argentina; the name Argentina was first given by the Venetian and Genoese navigators, such as Giovanni Caboto. In Spanish and Portuguese, the words for "silver" are plata and prata and " of silver" is said plateado and prateado. Argentina was first associated with the silver mountains legend, widespread among the first European explorers of the La Plata Basin.
The first written use of the name in Spanish can be traced to La Argentina, a 1602 poem by Martín del Barco Centenera describing the region. Although "Argentina" was in common usage by the 18th century, the country was formally named "Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata" by the Spanish Empire, "United Provinces of the Río de la Plata" after independence; the 1826 constitution included the first use of the name "Argentine Republic" in legal documents. The name "Argentine Confederation" was commonly used and was formalized in the Argentine Constitution of 1853. In 1860 a presidential decree settled the country's name as "Argentine Republic", that year's constitutional amendment ruled all the names since 1810 as valid. In the English language the country was traditionally called "the Argentine", mimicking the typical Spanish usage la Argentina and resulting from a mistaken shortening of the fuller name'Argentine Republic'.'The Argentine' fell out of fashion during the mid-to-late 20th century, now the country is referred to as "Argentina".
In the Spanish language "Argentina" is feminine, taking the feminine article "La" as the i
Super Rugby is a professional men's rugby union competition involving teams from Argentina, New Zealand, South Africa and Japan. Building on various Southern Hemisphere competitions dating back to the South Pacific Championship in 1986, with teams from a number of southern nations, Super Rugby started as the Super 12 in the 1996 season with 12 teams from Australia, New Zealand and South Africa; the Super 12 was established by SANZAR after the sport became professional in 1995. The name was changed to Super 14 with the addition of two teams for the 2006 season, with expansion to 15 teams in the three countries for the 2011 season, the competition was rebranded as Super Rugby. In 2016 two new teams, the Jaguares from Argentina and Sunwolves from Japan, joined the competition, playing in two newly separated African groups. In 2018, the competition underwent another change in format, this time dropping two teams from the South African conference, one from the Australian conference; this left the competition with 15 teams.
The competition has been dominated by New Zealand teams. The Crusaders have won most with nine titles. SANZAAR is the body that administers Super Rugby, has the Australian, New Zealand, South African and Argentine rugby unions as its sole members. SANZAAR runs the Rugby Championship tournament, contested by Argentina, New Zealand, South Africa following the conclusion of the Super Rugby tournament; the organisation was formed in 1996 to establish and run the Super 12, Tri-Nations Tournament. Prior to 2011, Super Rugby was a round-robin competition where each team played with every other team once; the winner received four competition points. The Rugby union bonus points system was used, where any team scoring four or more tries, and/or losing by seven points or less, receives an extra competition point. In 2016, the try bonus changed. A team now has to score three more tries than their opponents; the top four teams at the end of the round-robin phase played semi-finals – the first placed team hosting the fourth placed team, the second placed team hosting the third placed team.
The two winners played the final at the home ground of the top surviving seed. There were 91 regular season games in total. Games were held over 14 weekends with each team receiving one bye. From 2011 – 2015 the format changed, with each country forming its own conference; each team within a conference played each of the other teams in its conference twice, once at home and once away. Each team played four out of the five teams from each of the other conferences once. Competition points were awarded on a similar basis as before; the format of the finals changed. The four lower ranking teams were paired in two sudden death games; those winners played for the championship. For the 2016 and 2017 seasons the format changed again, with three more teams joining, one each from Argentina and South Africa. There were four conferences, with Africa getting two conferences; the finals had eight teams with each conference winner getting a home quarter final. They were joined by four wild card teams, three from the Australasian group and one from the South African group.
From 2018 season the format has changed again, with two South African teams and an Australian team being dropped. There are three conferences, one of the five New Zealand teams, a South African one to include Argentina's team and an Australasian one including Japan's team. Before 1996, a number of transnational competitions involving regional and provincial rugby union teams had taken shape in the southern hemisphere; the earliest of these was the South Pacific Championship, launched in 1986 and continued until 1990. After the demise of the South Pacific Championship, with no tournament played in 1991, the competition was relaunched as the Super 6 in 1992; the original Super 6 competition consisted of three provincial teams from New Zealand: Auckland, Wellington. In 1993, the Super Six competition was expanded into the Super 10 tournament. With South Africa being readmitted into international sport following the dismantling of apartheid, there was an opportunity to launch an expanded competition which would feature South Africa's top provincial teams.
The inaugural competition featured the following teams: Waikato, Auckland and North Harbour. The Super 10 was won by Transvaal in 1993, by Queensland in 1994 and 1995; the official declaration of professionalism in rugby union in August 1995 led to a restructuring of the Super 10 competition. Following the success of the 1995 World Cup, the rugby boards of Australia, New Zealand and South Africa formed SANZAR to administer an annual 12-team provincial/franchise based competition pitting regional teams from the three nations against each other. In addition it was decided to hold an annual Tri-Nations Test Series between the three co
Argentina national rugby union team
The Argentina national rugby team is organised by the Argentine Rugby Union. Nicknamed the Pumas, they play in sky blue and white jerseys, Argentina played its first international rugby match in 1910 against a touring British Isles team; as of 12 July 2017 they are ranked 9th in the world by the IRB, making them the highest-ranked nation in the Americas. They have competed at every Rugby World Cup staged since the first tournament of 1987, the country are considered the strongest within the Americas, being undefeated against all but Canada, against whom they have suffered three losses. Although rugby union in Argentina is not as popular as soccer, the Pumas' impressive results since the 1999 World Cup have seen the sport's popularity grow significantly. Argentina has achieved several upset victories, are tough contenders when playing in Buenos Aires, are capable of defeating Six Nations sides. A surprise victory over the hosts France in the first game of the 2007 World Cup took Argentina to fourth in the IRB World Rankings.
The team were undefeated in their pool, reached the semi-finals for the first time, beating Scotland 19–13 in their quarter-final. They were defeated 37–13 by eventual winners South Africa in the semi-finals, but followed this up with a second win over France to claim third place overall. By the end of the competition, the team had reached an all-time high of third in the World Rankings. After their advances in competitiveness and performance during the 2000s, coupled with their location in the Southern Hemisphere, Argentina was the only tier 1 nation that had no regular competition, some, among them former Pumas captain Agustín Pichot, had spoken of them joining the Six Nations. Argentina joined The Rugby Championship in a meeting in Buenos Aires on November 23, 2011. In their first tournament in 2012, Argentina secured a 16–16 draw with The Springboks in only their second game; the 2014 Rugby Championship saw the first Championship-match win for Argentina who defeated Australia 21–17. 2015 proved to be a successful year for Argentine rugby, as the last match of the 2015 Rugby Championship was Argentina's first win over South Africa, where the Pumas defeated the Springboks 37–25 in Durban, they reached another semifinal at the 2015 Rugby World Cup.
In the 2016 Rugby Championship, the Pumas split the first two games with the Springboks, winning the second game 26-24 at Salta on August 27, 2016. While they were winless during the 2017 Rugby Championship, the Pumas achieved two wins in their 2018 campaign, defeating both South Africa and Australia for the first time in a single calendar year; the History of the Argentina national team starts with the first international played by an Argentine side v. the British Islands in 1910 when they toured on South America. Argentina gained recognition in 1965, when the team toured South Africa playing a series of friendly matches there. In that tour the national team was nicknamed Los Pumas, a name that became an identity mark for Argentina, remaining to present days. Argentina has taken part in all the Rugby World Cups since the first edition in 1987, their best performance being the third place achieved in 2007. Argentina followed their growing competitiveness in the Rugby Championship with a strong showing in the 2015 World Cup, reaching the semi-finals for the second time.
The national side plays the Rugby Championship since the 2012 edition, after joining the competition one year before. Argentina alternated blue and white jerseys during its first international matches in 1910. In 1927 Mr. Abelardo Gutiérrez of Gimnasia y Esgrima de Buenos Aires proposed that Argentina should play against British Lions wearing a striped light blue and white jersey; that request was accepted and Argentina wore the striped uniform for the first time in its history. Los Pumas play in a shirt in the country's flag colours of light blue and white, white shorts, socks in light blue and white. In 2011, the UAR signed a deal with Nike which became the exclusive kit provider for all its national senior and youth teams, including Pampas XV; the first uniform designed by the American company left the traditional horizontal-striped jersey behind, featuring a single light blue with white shoulders jersey, although it was announced that Los Pumas will wear its traditional uniform again when they play the 2012 Rugby Championship.
On September 1941, Abelardo Gutiérrez suggested a badge with the figure of a lion. The color of the crest was blue; the animal was replaced by a native to Argentine species, so the jaguar was chosen due to his "agility and courage", according to their words. The Pumas nickname is the result of an error made by Carl Kohler, a journalist for the Die Transvaler newspaper in South Africa, while following the team during their first overseas tour – to Southern Africa in 1965, he tried to devise a catchy nickname for the team similar to existing international team nicknames such as All Blacks and Wallabies. He asked Isak van Heerden, the coach of the Natal Rugby team, asked by the SARB to assist with the tour, for ideas, they saw a picture of a type of lion with spots on the UAR crest. Kohler was aware that the Americas had jaguars and pumas, as he was under pressure to submit his article, made a guess and called them the Pumas, instead of the actual jaguar; the mistake stuck, was adopted by the Argentines themselves.
Notes: The Pumas use a variety of stadiums when playing at home. One of the most us
Argentina XV national rugby union team
Argentina XV known as the Jaguares and as Argentina XV, are the second national rugby union team in Argentina, after the full national side, the Pumas. They represented Argentina at the South American Rugby Championship, in 2001, 2002, 2005, 2009 and 2011. Argentina second side won all the South American competitions they have entered and never were defeated yet by another country in these tournaments, they competed in the Nations Cup in 2006 and 2007, winning the tournament in 2006, in the Churchill Cup in 2008 and 2009. They've played alongside the full national teams of Namibia, Georgia, the United States, Canada as well as other second national teams like Italy A, the Emerging Springboks, the England Saxons, they have competed in a number of South American tournaments and will compete against North American teams in the Americas Rugby Championship. In 2014 they participated in the IRB Tbilisi Cup. Churchill Cup2005: 2nd 2008: 4th 2009: 3rdNations Cup / Tbilisi Cup2006: 1st 2007: 2nd 2010: 4th 2011: 3rd 2012: 2nd 2013: 3rd 2014: 1st 2015: 2ndAmericas Rugby Championship1st in 2009, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2016.
UruCup2015: 1st. Argentina XV squad for the 2018 Americas Rugby Championship Head Coach: Vacant role Pampas XV Jaguares Official website
Mar del Plata Sevens
The Mar del Plata Sevens is an international rugby sevens competition played in Mar del Plata, Argentina since 1995. The tournament was one of the events in the World Rugby Sevens Series in 2000 and 2002. Inspired by the success of Uruguay's Punta del Este Sevens, which hosted many of the world's best teams during the 1990s, the Argentine Rugby Union introduced an international tournament of their own in 1995; the inaugural Mar del Plata International Sevens was won by New Zealand, defeating Fiji in a matched final by 26–21. In 2000, the tournament was included in World Sevens Series I, the first edition of the worldwide circuit for seven-a-side rugby; the following year Mar del Plata was host of the Rugby World Cup Sevens. Key: Dark blue line: tournament included in the World Rugby Sevens Series. After 2002, when no longer on the World Sevens circuit, the international sevens tournament at Mar del Plata was contested by invited national teams – from the Americas but some further afield – as well as by selected and invitational sides.
During this era, the international tournament was sometimes hosted in conjunction with other competitions featuring national teams. This was the case in 2010 when the schedule included the Sudamérica Rugby Sevens, teams from that tournament were joined by other select sides including from United States and South Africa to contest the Mar del Plata international sevens title. In 2015, Mar del Plata hosted a Pan American Games qualification event alongside the international sevens tournament. Winners since 2010: Winners since 2014: Rugby Mar del Plata – website of the tournament host