La Plata is the capital city of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. According to the 2001 census, it has a population of 765,378 and its metropolitan area has 899,523 inhabitants. La Plata was planned and developed to serve as the provincial capital after the city of Buenos Aires was federalized in 1880, it was founded by Governor Dardo Rocha on 19 November 1882. Its construction is documented in photographs by Tomás Bradley Sutton. La Plata was known as Ciudad Eva Perón between 1952 and 1955; the city is home to two important first division football teams: Estudiantes de La Plata and Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata. Rocha decided to erect a new city to host the provincial government institutions and a university, planned. Urban planner Pedro Benoit designed a city layout based on a rationalist conception of urban centers; the city has the shape of a square with a central park and two main diagonal avenues, north to south and east to west. In addition, there are numerous other shorter diagonal streets.
This design is copied in a self-similar manner in small blocks of six by six blocks in length. For every six blocks, there is square. Other than the diagonal streets, all streets are on a rectangular grid and are numbered consecutively. Thus, La Plata is nicknamed "la ciudad de las diagonales", it is called "la ciudad de los tilos", because of the large number of linden trees lining the many streets and squares. The linden tree is one of a number of deciduous Northern Hemisphere tree species which dominate La Plata's parks and streets. Palms and subtropical broadleaf evergreen trees are comparatively infrequent; the city design and its buildings are noted to possess a strong Freemason symbolism. This is said to be a consequence of both Benoit being Freemasons; the designs for the government buildings were chosen in an international architectural competition. Thus, the Governor Palace was designed by the City Hall by Germans, etc.. Electric street lighting was installed in 1884, was the first of its kind in Latin America.
The neo-Gothic cathedral of La Plata is the largest church in Argentina. The Teatro Argentino de La Plata is one of the most important opera houses in Argentina, second to the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires; the theatre was built on 51st and 53rd Avenue. It was opened on 19 November 1890, it was designed by Leopoldo Rochi in Renaissance style. The work was funded by the first inhabitants of La Plata, but as maintenance was expensive, it was donated to the Province of Buenos Aires. In the foyer, entering through the majestic doors, there was a beautiful white Carrara marble staircase. In the concert hall, hangs a huge chandelier with trimmings suspended from the ceiling; the easy chairs were tapestried in blue velveteen and the Bordeaux curtain was embroidered in gold. It had marvelous acoustics. In those years, the students of the Verdi Conservatory of Music performed in the theatre, their annual show of classical Spanish and folklore dances with the teachers Carmen de Toledo, Mrs Schubert and Nelly Rossotti respectively.
Surrounding the theatre was the "Peace Garden," containing flags and national flowers of several countries. People strolled and children played along its stony paths. However, fate decreed; this has been noted as one of the largest losses to La Plata's historical heritage. It was replaced by a new building, which houses the theatre's orchestra and ballet, boasting several halls; the Curutchet House is one of the two buildings by Le Corbusier built in the Americas. The University of La Plata was founded in 1897 and nationalized in 1905, it is well known for natural history museum. Ernesto Sabato graduated in Physics at this university. Doctor René Favaloro was another famous alumnus. During its early years, the university attracted a number of renowned intellectuals from the Spanish-speaking world, such as Dominican Pedro Henríquez Ureña. San Ponciano church is situated on the corner of 5th Streets, it was the first chapel in La Plata, inaugurated on 19 November 1883, on the first anniversary of the foundation of the city.
The project belongs to Pedro Benoit, the designer of the city plan. Its neogothic style has been well kept and the inner paintings are now being restored; the founder of the city, Dardo Rocha, named it "San Ponciano" in memory of Ponciano. St. Ponciano was born in Rome. In 230 he was elected as Bishop of Pope; because of the Christian Persecution he was forced into exile to the unhealthy Sardinia Island. In 235 he resigned his position as pope because he did not want to leave the Church in a difficult situation during his absence, he was buried in the catacombs of Saint Callixtus among eight other Popes. Inside the church, you can see the authentic "Virgen de Luján" niche, moved here in 1904.- Under Alvear's administration, Enrique Mosconi, the president of the oil state company Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales, created the distillery of La Plata, the tenth largest in the world. On 10 December 1945, in the Parish church of St. Francis of Assisi in this city, Juan Domingo Perón and Eva Duarte got married.
The city was renamed in 1952 as Eva Perón, though its original name was restored in 1955. Several daily newspapers are published there, the most prominent of, El Día. In October 1998, UNESCO approved the city's bid to gain recogni
Argentina the Argentine Republic, is a country located in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2, Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the fourth largest in the Americas, the largest Spanish-speaking nation; the sovereign state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, the federal capital of the nation as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; the earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The Inca Empire expanded to the northwest of the country in Pre-Columbian times; the country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century.
Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation of provinces with Buenos Aires as its capital city; the country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook. The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century. Following the Great Depression in the 1930s, Argentina descended into political instability and economic decline that pushed it back into underdevelopment, though it remained among the fifteen richest countries for several decades. Following the death of President Juan Perón in 1974, his widow, Isabel Martínez de Perón, ascended to the presidency, she was overthrown in 1976 by a U.
S.-backed coup which installed a right-wing military dictatorship. The military government persecuted and murdered numerous political critics and leftists in the Dirty War, a period of state terrorism that lasted until the election of Raúl Alfonsín as President in 1983. Several of the junta's leaders were convicted of their crimes and sentenced to imprisonment. Argentina is a prominent regional power in the Southern Cone and Latin America, retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs. Argentina has the second largest economy in South America, the third-largest in Latin America, membership in the G-15 and G-20 major economies, it is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Union of South American Nations, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. Despite its history of economic instability, it ranks second highest in the Human Development Index in Latin America; the description of the country by the word Argentina has been found on a Venetian map in 1536.
In English the name "Argentina" comes from the Spanish language, however the naming itself is not Spanish, but Italian. Argentina means in Italian " of silver, silver coloured" borrowed from the Old French adjective argentine " of silver" > "silver coloured" mentioned in the 12th century. The French word argentine is the feminine form of argentin and derives from argent "silver" with the suffix -in; the Italian naming "Argentina" for the country implies Terra Argentina "land of silver" or Costa Argentina "coast of silver". In Italian, the adjective or the proper noun is used in an autonomous way as a substantive and replaces it and it is said l'Argentina; the name Argentina was first given by the Venetian and Genoese navigators, such as Giovanni Caboto. In Spanish and Portuguese, the words for "silver" are plata and prata and " of silver" is said plateado and prateado. Argentina was first associated with the silver mountains legend, widespread among the first European explorers of the La Plata Basin.
The first written use of the name in Spanish can be traced to La Argentina, a 1602 poem by Martín del Barco Centenera describing the region. Although "Argentina" was in common usage by the 18th century, the country was formally named "Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata" by the Spanish Empire, "United Provinces of the Río de la Plata" after independence; the 1826 constitution included the first use of the name "Argentine Republic" in legal documents. The name "Argentine Confederation" was commonly used and was formalized in the Argentine Constitution of 1853. In 1860 a presidential decree settled the country's name as "Argentine Republic", that year's constitutional amendment ruled all the names since 1810 as valid. In the English language the country was traditionally called "the Argentine", mimicking the typical Spanish usage la Argentina and resulting from a mistaken shortening of the fuller name'Argentine Republic'.'The Argentine' fell out of fashion during the mid-to-late 20th century, now the country is referred to as "Argentina".
In the Spanish language "Argentina" is feminine, taking the feminine article "La" as the i
Lomas Athletic Club
Lomas Athletic Club is an Argentine sports club from the Lomas de Zamora district of Greater Buenos Aires. One of Argentina's oldest clubs still in existence, Lomas is one of the four institutions that founded the "River Plate Rugby Championship" in 1899, The rugby union team plays in Top 12, the first division of Unión de Rugby de Buenos Aires. Lomas Athletic is considered the first great football team of Argentina, having won six consecutive titles between 1893 and 1898 although the team disaffiliated from the Association in 1909 and the sport is no longer practised at the club. Lomas Athletic has had a prevailing role in field hockey, with the female section being the most winning team in Argentina with 17 Metropolitano championships won, a record shared with Quilmes. In 2014 the first team was relegated to the second division after playing Italiano. Lomas field hockey teams compete at tournaments organised by the Buenos Aires Hockey Association. Apart from rugby and hockey, other activities practised at the club are bowls, contract bridge, golf and tennis.
The arrival of English emigrants to Argentina had taken place in the period after Argentina's independence from Spain through the 19th century. Unlike many other waves of immigration to Argentina, English immigrants were not leaving England because of poverty or persecution, but went to Argentina as industrialists and major landowners; when English settled up in a village, they established a club. Following those "non-written rules, they founded the "Lomas Academy Athletic Club", on March 15, 1891; the founding members were Thomas Dodds and James Gibson. They were assisted by the directors of Lomas Academy School, R. L. Goodfellow and W. W. Hayward; the club changed its name to "Lomas Athletic Club" two years later. The sports practised were cricket, rugby union, association football and tennis. Lomas had one for cricket and tennis and other for rugby exclusively. In 1892 the club moved to another field located two blocks from the railway station. Lomas acquired a land placed in Alberti streets in 1897, where it moved.
The club has remained there since then. Scottish Professor Alexander Watson Hutton is recognised as the "father" of Argentine football, after having founded the "English High School" where students formed their own team, Alumni. At the same time, English W. W. Hayward, founder of "Lomas Academy" taught to play football to his students; those alumni would form the "Lomas Athletic" team. The first rugby match played by Lomas was in August 1891 against Quilmes; the match was won by Lomas with a try conversion. On February 21, 1893 the Argentine Football Association was created in order to continue the organization of football tournaments. Lomas won the 1893 championship totalizing 15 points in 8 games played. Five titles followed that, in 1894, 1895, 1897 and 1898. Within those years, the Lomas Athletic team won 46 games, establishing a record for Argentine football. In 1895 Lomas Athletic registered other team from the club, named "Lomas Academy", which finished 2nd that same season and won the title one year relegating it "elder brother" Lomas Academy to the 2nd.
Place. The 1895 and 1896 tournaments were the only official championships played by Lomas Academy. Although no records survive, it is believed that the team was dissolved soon after winning the title. In 1899, along with Buenos Aires FC, Belgrano AC and Rosario AC, Lomas became founding member of the "River Plate Rugby Championship", which would become today's Argentine Rugby Union; that same year the club won the first championship organized by the union. Despite being the most successful club during the first years of Argentine football, Lomas suffered from the slow rise of rugby within the institution. By 1909 rugby became the predominant sport and the football section was disbanded after being relegated to second division that same year. Lomas finished last with only 8 points over 18 matches played; the largest defeats during the championship were at the hands of San Alumni. Despite having only competed in 17 championships, Lomas Athletic is still the 9th most successful club in Argentine football history with 5 championships obtained, apart from the title obtained in 1896 by its subsidiary team, Lomas Academy.
The football squad continued playing the official tournament but Lomas finished in the last positions at the end of each championship. Last football squad's appearance was on July 1909, during the Copa de Competencia Jockey Club. Lomas Athletic lost its match 18–0 at the hands of Estudiantes de Buenos Aires; this was the largest defeat suffered by an Argentine football team to date. But it was the day that Lomas played football officially. In 1913 Lomas Athletic rugby team won its second title, the last to date. Since the 1930s field hockey has become the club's predominant sport, relegating rugby to a secondary place. Lomas has won 17 first division titles to date, the last in 2006. Lomas Athletic Club is well known for being a founding member of all the sports associations where the club has a team, including Asociación Argentina de Golf, Asociación Argentina de Tenis, Unión Argentina de Rugby, Asociación de Cricket Argentino, Asociación Amateur Argentina de Hockey sobre Césped; the club's cricket ground held a first-class match in 1912 when Argentina played the Marylebone Cricket Club, with the
Rugby union in Argentina
Rugby union in Argentina is a popular team sport. The first rugby match played in the country dates back to 1873, as the game was introduced by the British; the Argentina national team, sometimes referred to as the Pumas, have competed at the Rugby World Cup, are considered a tier one nation by the sport's governing body, World Rugby. The Unión Argentina de Rugby was formed in 1899 as the River Plate Rugby Football Union, 26 years after the first rugby match had been played, it was affiliated to the English Rugby Football Union until 1932. The union is a member of World Rugby with two seats and three votes on that body's Executive Council; the UAR is one of the oldest rugby unions in the world. The union became a member of the International Rugby Football Board known as the International Rugby Board and now as World Rugby, after being invited to the inaugural Rugby World Cup in 1987. Rugby enjoys widespread popularity in Argentina, most in the Greater Buenos Aires urban area, which boasts more than eighty rugby clubs, Tucumán Province.
While rugby in Argentina is still amateur, there are many professional players. Prior to the country's entry into Super Rugby in 2016, most national team members played professionally in Europe in England and France. Today, most members of the national team play on the country's Super Rugby side, the Jaguares. At the middle of the 19th century the Irish immigrants in Argentina introduced sports and contributed to establish clubs in the country, although the first clubs in Argentina only admitted English members. Natives were accepted, most of the cases as an exception. Rugby union began to be practiced in Argentina in 1873 by the resident British people; the first rugby union match in Argentina was played that same year in the Buenos Aires Cricket Club Ground, located in Palermo neighbourhood, where the Galileo Galilei planetarium is located today. Both teams were formed by members of the BACC and they play a mix between football and rugby. On 29 June 1886, it is recorded that Buenos Aires F. C. and Rosario A.
C. played the first inter-clubs match in Plaza Jewell, Santa Fe. The line-ups were: Rosario: C. E. Baines, W. Graham, A. Musgrove, A. Williamson, R. C. Baines, A. Dickenson, Geary, E. D. Graham, Hanckel, Smyth, Towse. Buenos Aires: G. E. Gunson, F. J. Bennett, W. R. S. Baikie, J. C. Hutchings, J. Nisbet, A. H. Scott, W. P. Drabble, J. Earnshaw, A. Lace, R. Barton, J. Paterson, A. Hughes, J. P. Simpson, R. W. Anderson, W. H. Stuart; the match was won by Rosario by 3-0 with a try scored by A. Dickenson. Early rugby was not immune to political problems either. An 1890 game in Buenos Aires resulted in both teams, all 2,500 spectators being arrested. National president Juárez Celman was paranoid after the Revolution of the Park in the city earlier in the year, the police had suspected that the match was in fact a political meeting. In 1899, three clubs from Buenos Aires and one from Rosario got together to form "The River Plate Rugby Union"; that same year the Union organised the first rugby championship, won by Lomas.
This body, one of the oldest rugby unions in the world became known as the Unión Argentina de Rugby, which became a member of the International Rugby Board only after being invited to the inaugural Rugby World Cup in 1987. From that year until 1903, the only teams taking part in tournaments had been founded by English native or their descendants. Only they knew the rules of their families were from the high society, it was only in 1904 when the first team formed by "criollos" made its appearance, named "Centro de Estudiantes de la Facultad de Ingeniería". Some players of that team were the Newbery Brothers, Martín Miguens, Alberto Lagos, Luis Duhau, Mariano Paunero and Germán Dates. Although rugby went professional in the mid-1990s, the domestic competition in Argentina has remained amateur; that has ensured large numbers of Argentines playing overseas in European competitions, though these players are still eligible for the national team, make up a large amount of the side. It was dominated by the British community in Argentina, but unlike certain other regions, it became transplanted to the local population.
For example, in its early days the River Plate Rugby Union, had a membership whose surnames portrayed their English and Scottish origins - such as Anderson, Bellamy, Corry-Smith, Jacobs, Taylor, Thurn. Away from Buenos Aires, where the game's background is traditionally somewhat refined, Tucuman is a heartland for the sport, where supporters are passionate, burn the opposition's flag on the terraces; this is a region. One of Argentina's main problems has been geographical isolation, despite Chile, Uruguay and to a much lesser extent, Brazil playing the game, Argentina towers above them, has not a reasonable match in its continent, its first contact outwith the continent was in 1910, when the British and Irish Lions led by J. Raphael toured on Argentina, winning all six matches, scoring 213 points, conceding a mere 31; the British Lions returned to Argentina in 1927, that time led by David MacMyn, playing 9 matches, 4 of them against the Argentina national team. Other rivals of the Lions during the tour included CA San Isidro, Buenos Aires FC, Gimnasia y Esgrima de Buenos Aires.
The Lions would make a third tour on Argentina in 1936, playing 10 matches. Other team t
Mar del Plata
Mar del Plata is an Argentine city in the southeast part of Buenos Aires Province located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. It is the head of General Pueyrredón Partido. Mar del Plata is the second largest city in Buenos Aires Province; the name "Mar del Plata" has the meaning of "sea of the Plate region" or "adjoining sea to the Plate region". Mar del Plata is the biggest seaside beach resort in Argentina. With a population of 614,350 as per the 2010 census, it is the 7th largest city in Argentina; as part of the Argentine recreational coast, tourism is Mar del Plata's main economic activity with seven million tourists visiting the city in 2006. Mar del Plata has a sophisticated tourist infrastructure with numerous hotels, casinos and other tourist attractions. Mar del Plata is an important sports centre with a multi-purpose Olympic style stadium, five golf courses and many other facilities; as an important fishing port, industry concentrates on fish processing and at least two large shipyards.
The area is host to other light industry, such as textile, food manufacturing and polymers. There is a well-developed packaging machines industry, its quality being recognized in international markets. One of these companies was one of the pioneers in the automatic packaging of tea bags, exporting its original machine-designs abroad. Another company exports its products and has sold royalties to other countries. During the mid-1980s, Mar del Plata saw the birth of electronics factories, focused on the telecommunications field, with two of them and DelSat, succeeding in the international market. By the 2010s, a local technology company, PCBOX, was manufacturing and developing personal computers, tablet computers and action-cams. During the decade of 2010, the development of the software industry resulted in the formation of 92 companies and 440 microbusiness. One of these companies, Making Sense, opened offices at San Antonio and Boston, in the United States. Along with the American COPsync, the company developed in 2013 the software for VidTac, an in-car video system for law enforcement, the internet landing page application Lander, bought by the Silicon Valley company QuestionPro in 2016.
Since the 2000s, a local company builds and develops oil industry equipment, with customers in the United States, Russia and Egypt. Located southwest of the city there are quartzite quarries; the stone is traditionally used in construction. There is a huge area of farms in the rural areas surrounding the city, specialized in the cultivation of vegetables. In 2012, Mar del Plata became a wine-producing area, when a wine company from Mendoza province produced 20,000 lt from a vineyard at Chapadmalal beach from grape varieties such as Sauvignon blanc, Chardonnay and Gewürztraminer. Since the local winery turned into a tourist attraction. Microbeweries flourished during the 2010s, amounting by 2016 to one third of the national production. Although the area had suffered from a high rate of unemployment from 1995 to 2003, Mar del Plata has seen 46,000 new jobs created from the third quarter of 2003 to the third quarter of 2008, representing an increase of 22%; the 2008 Davis Cup Final was held in Mar del Plata and, after being shut for a decade the Gran Hotel Provincial was reopened by the Madrid-based NH Hotels, in 2009.
Mar del Plata continues to lead Argentina's room availability: of 440,000 registered hotel rooms nationwide in early 2009, the city was home to nearly 56,000. Mar del Plata is served by Astor Piazzolla International Airport with daily flights to Buenos Aires served by Aerolíneas Argentinas and Sol Líneas Aéreas and weekly flights to Patagonia served by LADE. Highway 2 connects Mar del Plata with Buenos Aires and Route 11 connects it through the coastline, ending at Miramar, 40 km south of Mar del Plata. Route 88 connects to Necochea and Route 226 to Balcarce and Olavarría; the city has a train station serving most cities in Argentina. There are two daily trains to Buenos Aires' Constitución station using new trains operated by Trenes Argentinos; these services are part of the General Roca Railway, owned by the government company Nuevos Ferrocarriles Argentinos. Notes Its tracks were extended to connect with the bus terminal opened in 2009 building new train platforms. Operated as the bus terminal of the city until 2009.
Pre-Spanish era: The region was inhabited by Günuna Kena nomads. They were strongly influenced by the Mapuche culture. 1577–1857: First European explorers. Sir Francis Drake made a reconnaissance of its sea lion colonies. In 1742, during the War of Jenkins' Ear, eight survivors of HMS Wager, part of Admiral Anson expedition, led by Isaac Morris, lived through a ten-months ordeal before being decimated and captured by the Tehuelches, who handed them to the Spaniards. After holding the Englishmen as prisoners, they returned Morris and his companions to London in 1746. First colonization attempt by Jesuit Order near Laguna de los Padres ended in disaster. 1857–1874: The Portuguese entrepreneur José Coelho de Meirelles, taking advantage of the country's abundance of wild cattle, built a pier and a factory for salted meat near Cabo Corrientes, but the business only lasted a few years.1874–1886: Patricio Peralta Ramos acquired the now abandoned factory along with the surrounding terrain, founded the town on February 10, 1874.
Basque rancher Pedro L
Belgrano Athletic Club
Belgrano Athletic Club is an Argentine amateur sports club from Belgrano, Buenos Aires. One of Argentina's oldest institutions still in existence, Belgrano was one of the four clubs that founded the Argentine Rugby Union in 1899; the senior team competes at Top 12, the first division of the Unión de Rugby de Buenos Aires league system. Belgrano Athletic was one of the most prominent teams during the first years of football in Argentina, having won three domestic league titles, one national cup and two international cups. Belgrano's arch-rival during those years was Alumni from Belgrano neighborhood. Belgrano disaffiliated from the Argentine Association in late 1910s, focusing on rugby union and other sports. Association football is no longer practised at the club. Belgrano's field hockey team takes part of Metropolitano championships organised by the Buenos Aires Hockey Association. Apart from the sports detailed below, several activities are practised at the club nowadays, such as bowls, squash and tennis.
The club facilities are divided between two locations: its main building sited in Belgrano and another one located in Pilar. The facilities at Belgrano's headquarters include a regulation rugby union pitch, a field hockey pitch, twelve tennis courts, an olympic size swimming pool and an association football pitch; the facility in Pilar has three full size rugby pitches, six youth pitches another hockey pitch and another swimming pool. There are records of a football match played by the members of the "Club Inglés de Belgrano" in 1894, where Belgrano Athletic Club was founded on 17 August 1896. Belgrano AC participated in the Primera División from 1896 to 1916; the squad won three league titles in 1899, 1904 and 1908, won a number of other tournaments including domestic cup Copa de Honor and international competitions Tie Cup and Copa de Honor Cousenier. Belgrano Athletic played one of the earliest football rivalries against Belgrano neighbours Alumni, the most successful team of Argentine until its dissolution in 1911.
Both teams were so strong that they won all of the thirteen league titles contested between 1899 and 1911. Belgrano AC would achieve a historic victory over River Plate, defeating the Millonario 10–1 in 1912; that was the worst defeat of River Plate in club's history. Despite of being one of the most notable football teams during the first years of that sport in Argentina, Belgrano was relegated from the Argentine Primera División, along with Quilmes in 1916. Belgrano never returned to the first division, the club disaffiliated from the Argentine Association, focusing on the practise of other sports rugby union. Belgrano Athletic rugby union team is one of the most successful teams in the Unión de Rugby de Buenos Aires, having won a total of 10 provincial titles. In 1899, along with Buenos Aires FC, Lomas and Rosario AC, the club would become a founding member of the "River Plate Rugby Championship", the origin of today's Argentine Rugby Union; the first title obtained in rugby union was in 1907, playing 16 matches with 13 victories, 1 drew and only 2 lost.
The team only received 29 at the end of the tournament. That same year the club built the stadium's grandstands with a capacity of 600. In 1909 the Government of Argentina approved the statute of the club, its main rivals are Alumni. In 2016, Belgrano won its 11° URBA championship after 48 years without league titles. Belgrnao defeated former champion Hindú at the final, played in San Isidro; the first recorded cricket match held on the clubs cricket ground came when the Northern Suburbs and the Marylebone Cricket Club in 1912. First-class cricket was first played there in 1927 when Argentina played the Marylebone Cricket Club. Five further first-class matches were played there, the last of which saw Argentina play Sir TEW Brinckman's XI in 1938. Still in use to the present day, the ground held matches in the South American Championships and the Americas Championships in recent times, as well as hosting matches in the 2009 ICC World Cricket League Division Three; when the club was established, most of its members were employees of the Central Argentine Railway so they adopted the red and silver colors which were the railway company's colors.
In 1919 the club changed to gold as the railway had changed its colors before. Notes: 1 A throwback jersey was worn as the away uniform during the 2011 season in commemoration of the 115th anniversary of the club. Primera División: 1902-03, 1905–06, 1906–07, 1907–08, 1908–09, 1910–11, 1911–12, 1914–15, 1918–19, 1923–24, 1925–26, 1926–27, 1928–29, 1929–30, 1931–32, 1932–33, 1953–54, 1954–55, 1955–56, 1958–59, 1961–62, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1970–71, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1983–84, 1984–85, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1997–98, 2001–02, 2005-06 Primera División: 1899, 1904, 1908 Copa de Honor Municipalidad de Buenos Aires: 1907 Tie Cup: 1900 Copa de Honor Cousenier: 1907 Torneo de la URBA: 1907, 1910, 1914, 1921, 1936, 1940, 1963, 1966, 1967, 1968, 2016 Women'sMetropolitano Primera División: 1942, 1946, 1949, 1974 Carlos Edgard Dickinson, former football captain that scored the first Argentina national football team goal in an official match, it was against Uruguay on 20 July 1902.
Argentina won 6–0. Arturo Forrester, the first Argentine footballer to score against a British team, it was in the match v Southampton FC, when the English side toured on South America in 1904. A. C. Addecott, former football captain. Jeannette Campbel
England national rugby union team
The England national rugby union team competes in the annual Six Nations Championship with France, Scotland and Wales. They have won this championship on a total of 28 occasions, 13 times winning the Grand Slam and 25 times winning the Triple Crown, making them the most successful outright winners in the tournament's history, they are ranked fourth in the world by the International Rugby Board as of 18 March 2019. England are to date the only team from the northern hemisphere to win the Rugby World Cup, when they won the tournament back in 2003, they were runners-up in 1991 and 2007. The history of the team extends back to 1871 when the English rugby team played their first official Test match, losing to Scotland by one try. England dominated the early Home Nations Championship which started in 1883. Following the schism of rugby football in 1895 into union and league, England did not win the Championship again until 1910. England first played against New Zealand in 1905, South Africa in 1906, Australia in 1909.
England was one of the teams invited to take part in the inaugural Rugby World Cup in 1987 and went on to appear in the final in the second tournament in 1991, losing 12–6 to Australia. Following their 2003 Six Nations Championship Grand Slam, they went on to win the 2003 Rugby World Cup – defeating Australia 20–17 in extra time, they again contested the final in 2007. England players traditionally wear a white shirt with a rose embroidered on the chest, white shorts, navy blue socks with a white trim, their home ground is Twickenham Stadium where they first played in 1910. The team is administered by the Rugby Football Union. Four former players have been inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame. Seven other former players are members of the IRB Hall—four for their accomplishments as players, two for their achievements in other roles in the sport, one for achievements both as a player and administrator; the expansion of rugby in the first half of the 19th century was driven by ex-pupils from many of England's Public Schools Rugby, upon finishing school, took the game with them to universities, to London, to the counties.
England's first international match was against Scotland on Monday 27 March 1871. Not only was this match England's first, but it proved to be the first rugby union international. Scotland won the match by a goal and a try to a try, in front of a crowd of 4,000 people at Raeburn Place, Edinburgh. A subsequent international took place at the Oval in London on 5 February 1872 which saw England defeat Scotland by a goal, a drop goal and two tries to one drop goal. In those early days there was no points system, it was only after 1890 that a format allowing the introduction of a points system was provided. Up until 1875 international rugby matches were decided by the number of goals scored, but from 1876 the number of tries scored could be used to decide a match if teams were level on goals. In 1875, England played their first game against the Irish at the Oval, winning by one goal, one drop goal and one try to nil. England defeated Scotland in 1880 to become the first winners of the Calcutta Cup.
Their first match against Wales was played on 19 February 1881 at Richardson's Field in Blackheath. England recorded their largest victory, defeating the Welsh by seven goals, six tries, one drop goal to nil and scoring 13 tries in the process; the subsequent meeting the following year at St Helens in Swansea was a closer contest. In 1889, England played their first match against a non-home nations team when they defeated the New Zealand Natives by one goal and four tries to nil at Rectory Field in Blackheath. In 1890 England shared the Home Nations trophy with Scotland. England first played New Zealand in 1905; the All Blacks scored five tries, worth three points at this time, to win 15–0. The following year, they played France for the first time, that year they first faced South Africa; the match was drawn 3–3. England first played France in 1905, Australia in 1909 when they were defeated 9–3; the year 1909 saw the opening of Twickenham as the RFU's new home, which heralded a golden era for English rugby union.
England's first international at Twickenham was in 1910 and brought them victory over Wales, England went on to win the International Championship for the first time since the great schism of 1895. Although England did not retain the title in 1911, they did share it in 1912. A Five Nations Grand Slam was achieved in 1913 and 1914 as well as in 1921 following the First World War. England subsequently won the Grand Slam in 1924 and as well as in 1925; this was despite having started 1925 with a loss to the All Black Invincibles in front of 60,000 fans at Twickenham. After winning another Grand Slam in 1928, England played the Springboks in front of 70,000 spectators at Twickenham in 1931. Following the ejection of France due to professionalism in 1930, which thus reverted The Five Nations back to the Home Nations tournament, England went on to win the 1934 and 1937 Home Nations with a Triple Crown, in 1935 achieved their first victory over the All Blacks; when the Five Nations resumed with the re-admission of France in 1947 after the Second World War