In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
City of Sydney
The City of Sydney is the local government area covering the Sydney central business district and surrounding inner city suburbs of the greater metropolitan area of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Established by Act of Parliament in 1842, the City of Sydney is the oldest, the oldest-surviving, local government authority in New South Wales, the second-oldest in Australia, with only the City of Adelaide being older by two years. Given its prominent position geographically and the City of Sydney has long been a source of political interest and intrigue; as a result of this, the boundaries and legal basis of the council has changed many times throughout its history to suit the governing party of the State of New South Wales. The City of Sydney is governed under the City of Sydney Act, 1988, which defines and limits the powers, election method and boundaries of the council area. On 6 February 2004, the former local government area of the City of South Sydney, which itself had been created in 1989 from areas part of the City of Sydney, was formally merged into the City of Sydney and the current city boundaries date from this merger.
The leader of the City of Sydney is known as the Lord Mayor of Sydney held since 27 March 2004 by Clover Moore, who served concurrently as the state Member of Parliament for Sydney and Bligh from 1988 to 2012. Suburbs within or within the City of Sydney are: Localities in the City of Sydney are: The name Sydney comes from "Sydney Cove", where the English Governor Arthur Phillip established the first settlement, after arriving with the First Fleet. On 26 January 1788, he named it after Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, the home secretary at the time, the man responsible for the plan for the convict colony in Australia; the "City of Sydney" was established on 20 July 1842 by the Corporation Act which encompasses present-day Woolloomooloo, Surry Hills and Pyrmont, an area of 11.65 km². There were six wards established by boundary posts. A boundary post still exists in front of Sydney Square; the boundaries of the City of Sydney have changed regularly since 1900. The bankrupt Municipality of Camperdown was merged with the city in 1909.
As a result of the Local Government Act 1948, the municipalities of Alexandria, Erskineville, Redfern, The Glebe and Paddington were added to the City. In 1968 the boundaries were changed and many of these suburbs moved to be part of a new municipality of South Sydney. South Sydney was brought back into the city in 1982, but became separate again under the City of Sydney Act of 1988 and became smaller than its original size at 6.19 km². It grew again in February 2004 with the merger of the two council areas, now has a population of 170,000 people; these changes in boundaries have resulted in control of the council by the governing party in the Parliament of New South Wales at the time. A 1987 re-organisation initiated by a Labor state government and completed in 1989 under a Liberal Coalition government saw the City of Sydney split again, with southern suburbs forming the City of South Sydney, a moved that advantaged the government of the day, as the southern suburbs now in South Sydney Council had traditionally voted Labor.
In 2004, the Labor state Government undid this change, again merging the councils of the City of Sydney and the South Sydney Council. Critics claimed that this was performed with the intention of creating a "super-council" which would be under the control of Labor, which controlled the NSW Government. Subsequent to this merger, an election took place on 27 March 2004 which resulted in the independent candidate Clover Moore defeating the high-profile Labor candidate, former federal minister Michael Lee and winning the position of Lord Mayor. At the 2016 Census, there were 208,374 people in the Sydney local government area, of these 51.8% were male and 48.2% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.2% of the population. The median age of people in the City of Sydney was 32 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 6.7% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 8.2% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 25.7% were married and 9.1% were either divorced or separated.
Population growth in the City of Sydney between the 2006 Census and the 2011 Census was 4.57%. When compared with total population growth of Australia of 8.81% between 2011 and 2016, population growth in the Sydney local government area was triple the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Sydney was just under 1.5 times the national average. The proportion of dwellings in the City of Sydney that are apartments or units is 77.1%, different from the Australian average of 13.1%. The proportion of residents in the Sydney local government area that claimed Australian ancestry was one-quarter the national average. ^a 1996 Census figures refer to the City of Sydney prior to its merger with the City of South Sydney. ^b 2001 Census data comprise the sum of the former South Sydney and the former Sydney local government areas. Sydney City Council is composed of ten Councillors, including the Lord Mayor, for a fixed four-year term of office
Silverton, New South Wales
Silverton is a small village at the far west of New South Wales, Australia, 26 kilometres north-west of Broken Hill. At the 2006 census, Silverton had a population of 89; the town sprang up after the discovery of rich silver deposits, although it was soon eclipsed by an richer silver-lead-zinc ore body at nearby Broken Hill. The town is referred to as a ghost town; the earliest human settlers in the area are thought to be the Wiljakali Aborigines, although this was only intermittent due to lack of permanent water sources. As in much of Australia, a combination of disease and aggression by white settlers drove them from their lands; the first European to visit the area was the Surveyor General of New South Wales, Major Thomas Mitchell, in 1841. Three years in 1844, the explorer Charles Sturt saw and named the Barrier Range while searching for an inland sea. Burke and Wills passed through the area in their famous 1860-61 expedition, setting up a base camp at nearby Menindee. Pastoralists first began settling the area in the 1850s, with the main trade route to the area along the Darling River.
Prospectors began working in the area in 1867 when a local station-hand claimed to have found gold there. It was discovered that his plan was a pretext for stealing a horse; some years in 1875, two men drilling a well on a station south of the town site hit a lode of silver. In October 1886 the Silverton Municipal Council was formed and held its inaugural meeting in January 1887 in the Silverton Municipal Chambers, which still exist; the town's population increased reaching a peak around 3,000 in the 1890s, the Silverton Tramway was opened in 1888 connecting the town to South Australia. Many of the houses built were of simple canvas construction; the rapid depletion of the high-grade ore around Silverton, along with the discovery of an richer silver-lead-zinc ore body in nearby Broken Hill led to a sudden decline in Silverton's population, with many of those leaving taking their homes with them. By 1901 the town and immediate area was home to less than 300 people, but it remained popular as a venue for recreational outings by Broken Hill residents.
In 1915 The Battle of Broken Hill took place when a New Year's Day picnic train from Broken Hill to Silverton was attacked by a gunman from Afghanistan, modern-day Pakistan. Penrose Park, named after John Penrose, a pioneering brewer at Silverton, was the attraction for these picnic excursions. Located beside Umberumberka Creek in a rare belt of greenery at the outskirts of Silverton, it was not so much a product of the early mining era at Silverton as of the mining boom at Broken Hill. In 1893 it was the unsuccessful site for a racecourse. For decades it became a picnic ground, but remained neglected until the mid-1930s when the Broken Hill mining companies decided it was an admirable recreation site for their employees. Money was spent on upgrading sporting facilities and parklands, such that throughout the 1940s and 50s it became a major recreational facility. Huge annual picnics/fairs were held there by social and sporting clubs, by mining companies. For example, it was reported that the eighth annual Zinc Mine employees picnic in 1941 attracted one fifth of the entire town of Broken Hill.
The convoys of family cars headed to and from Broken Hill to Penrose Park were so heavy that it became one of the first sealed roads outside Broken Hill. By the mid-1960s interest began to wane, as did support from the mining companies, so the park fell into slow decline. Penrose Park remains today, but is now a quiet public campground, popular with families and'Grey Nomads'. Although it is a mere shadow of its heyday half a century ago when it thronged with activity, many relics of that era remain. Silverton today is inhabited by a permanent population of only about 50 people, but its history and location make it a popular tourist destination. Several artists live in or around the town, including Peter Browne, Albert Woodroffe and John Dynon, with some maintaining their own galleries; this is in line with the significant number of artists working out of nearby Broken Hill, as the surrounding landscape and lighting is amenable to the creation of art. Most of the original buildings have now vanished or lie in ruins, but there are some interesting buildings that remain, including the Silverton Hotel and the Silverton Gaol.
Silverton has been the scene for more than 140 films and commercials thanks to the light, the character-filled colonial buildings and its scenic desert surrounds. The hotel has been seen in several productions, its inside walls are covered with memorabilia, these productions include Razorback, The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert, The Flying Doctors, Dirty Deeds. A'lookalike' of the famous Mad Max car the'Interceptor' was on display outside the hotel from 2002 but has since been sold and is no longer there. There is now however a owned Mad Max 2 Museum that pays homage to this great movie, filmed in the region with lots of memorabilia and houses not one but two Interceptor replicas. Just outside town, there is the Silverton cemetery, it is 42 acres large. It's located at Latitude: -31.874259 Longitude: 141.231716 GPS: 31 52.4556, 141 13.9032. Silverton Wind Farm Media related to Silverton, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons Silverton Village Committee Community website
City of Canada Bay
The City of Canada Bay is a local government area in the Inner West of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The city was formed on 1 December 2000, following the merger of Drummoyne councils; the city covers an area of 19.82 square kilometres and as at the 2016 census had a resident population of 88,015. The city is named after Canada Bay, a bay on the Parramatta River; the Mayor of the City of Canada Bay Council is Cr. Angelo Tsirekas, a member of the Australian Labor Party. Suburbs in the City of Canada Bay are: Some of the localities in the City of Canada Bay are: At the 2016 census there were 88,015 people in the Canada Bay local government area. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.5 per cent of the population. The median age of people in the City of Canada Bay was 36 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 16.2 per cent of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 14.7 per cent of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 50.8 per cent were married and 9.3 per cent were either divorced or separated.
Population growth in the City of Canada Bay between the 2001 census and the 2006 census was 10.73 per cent. T the 2016 census, the population in the City of Canada Bay increased by 16.17 per cent. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same period, being 8.8 per cent, population growth in Canada Bay local government area was nearly double the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Canada Bay is higher than the national average. Canada Bay City Council is composed of nine Councillors, including the Mayor, for a fixed four-year term of office; the Mayor has been directly elected since 2004 while the eight other Councillors are elected proportionally as one ward. The most recent election was held on 9 September 2017, the makeup of the Council, including the Mayor, was as follows: The current Council, elected in 2017, in order of election, is: A 2015 review of local government boundaries by the NSW Government Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal recommended that the City of Canada Bay merge with adjoining councils.
The government proposed a merger of the Burwood, Canada Bay, Strathfield Councils to form a new council with an area of 41 square kilometres and support a population of 163,000. In May 2016 Strathfield Council challenged the proposed merger between Strathfield and Canada Bay and commenced proceedings in the New South Wales Land and Environment Court. After the Court heard that there were legal flaws in the report from the State Government appointed delegate who examined the proposal for merging the councils, the NSW Government withdrew from the case and the merger proposal stalled. In July 2017, the Berejiklian government decided to abandon the forced merger of the Strathfield and Canada Bay local government areas, along with several other proposed forced mergers. List of local government areas of New South Wales City of Canada Bay Museum City of Canada Bay website Suburbs of Canada Bay Archived site with a brief history of the area Canada in Australia: Canadian Department of Foreign and International Affairs
City of Blacktown
Blacktown City Council is a local government area in Western Sydney, situated on the Cumberland Plain 35 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Established in 1906 as the Blacktown Shire and becoming the Municipality of Blacktown in 1961 before gaining city status in 1979, the City occupies an area of 246.9 square kilometres and had a population of 336,962 as at the 2016 census, making it the second most populous LGA in Sydney. The Mayor of the Blacktown City Council is Cr. Stephen Bali, a member of the Australian Labor Party, the state Member of Parliament for Blacktown; the first road from Prospect to Richmond became known as the "Black Town Road" and in 1860 the Railway Department gave the name of "Black Town Road Station" to the railway station at the junction of the railway and the Black Town Road, with the name shortening to "Blacktown" by 1862. The Blacktown area was first incorporated on 6 March 1906 as the "Shire of Blacktown" alongside 132 other new shires across the state as a result of the passing of the Local Government Act, 1905.
The first five-member temporary council was appointed on 15 May 1906 and first met on 20 June in the Rooty Hill School of Arts. The Blacktown Shire became the "Municipality of Blacktown" on 17 June 1961 and was granted city status on 9 March 1979, becoming the "City of Blacktown"; the City of Blacktown has a number of heritage-listed sites, including those on the New South Wales State Heritage Register: Prospect, Upper Canal System Prospect, Great Western Highway: Veteran Hall Remains Prospect, Ponds Road: St Bartholomew's Anglican Church and Cemetery Prospect, Reservoir Road: Former Great Western Road Alignment, Prospect Prospect, Reservoir Road: Prospect Reservoir Prospect, East of Reservoir: Prospect Reservoir Valve House Prospect, 385 Reservoir Road: Royal Cricketers Arms Inn Prospect, 23 Tarlington Place: Prospect Post Office These are the suburbs and localities in the local government area: At the 2016 census, there were 336,962 people resident in the Blacktown local government area, of these 49.7 per cent were male and 50.3 per cent were female.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.8 per cent of the population, higher than the NSW and Australian averages of 2.9 and 2.8 per cent respectively. The median age of people in the City of Blacktown was 33 years, lower than the national median of 38 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 22.8 per cent of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 9.0%10.3 per cent of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 52.3 per cent were married and 9.9 per cent were either divorced or separated. Population growth in the City of Blacktown between the 2001 census and the 2006 census was 6.47 per cent. At the 2016 census, the population in the local government area increased by 11.91 per cent. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same period, being 8.8 per cent, population growth in Blacktown local government area was in excess of 35% more than the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Blacktown was on par with the national average.
At the 2016 census, the proportion of residents in the Blacktown local government area who stated their ancestry as Filipino, was in excess of six times the national average. The proportion of residents who stated a religious affiliation with Hinduism was in excess of three times the national average. Meanwhile, as at the census date, the area was linguistically diverse, with Tagalog, Punjabi, or Filipino languages spoken in households, ranged from five times to eight times the national averages. Pacific Island languages such as Samoan and Tongan were noticeable in the area. Blacktown City Council is composed of fifteen Councillors elected proportionally as five separate wards, each electing three Councillors. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office; the Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council and since 2016 has served a two-year term. Mayor Bali was most elected in September 2018 for a two-year term but must stand down from Council by November 2019, due to the Local Government Amendment Act, 2012 which requires state members of parliament to relinquish local government offices no more than two years after their election.
The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, the makeup of the Council is as follows: The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election by ward, is: After becoming a city in 1979, the Council resolved to investigate and if possible obtain a coat of arms, making a request to the Chester Herald of Arms, Hubert Chesshyre. With the design completed by March 1981, Council resolved to adopt the Coat of Arms at its meeting on 1 April 1981. Blacktown City Council has sister city relations with the following cities: Porirua, New Zealand, since 1984 Suseong-gu, South Korea, since 1994 Liaocheng, since 2003 Liverpool Plains, New South Wales, since 2005 City of Blacktown's website
City of Randwick
The City of Randwick is a local government area in the eastern suburbs of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Established in 1859, Randwick is the second-oldest local government area in New South Wales, after the City of Sydney, it comprises an area of 36 square kilometres and as at the 2016 census had a population of 140,660. The Mayor of the City of Randwick is Cr. Kathy Neilson, a member of NSW Labor, elected on 26 September 2018. Suburbs and localities in the City of Randwick are: These localities are serviced by Randwick Council: Indigenous Australian history in the area dates back tens of thousands of years; the local people at the time of colonisation were the Cadigal of the Dharug language group. European settlement led to the deaths of many Cadigal via introduced diseases or in conflict with settlers; the surviving Cadigal were pushed to the fringes of settlement. By the mid-nineteenth century, the original tribal groupings had been destroyed; the name Randwick comes from the village of Randwick in Gloucestershire, birthplace of the district's first mayor Simeon Henry Pearce.
The area was home to a few wealthy landowners and the poor residents of several shantytowns until the 1880s, when the coming of trams from Sydney brought extensive suburban development. This development continued with new tram lines opening up most of the city for subdivision by the early 1900s; the New South Wales University of Technology opened at Kensington in 1949 on the site of Kensington Racecourse becoming the University of New South Wales. A 2015 review of local government boundaries recommended that the City of Randwick merge with the Waverley and Woollahra councils to form a new council with an area of 58 square kilometres and support a population of 274,000. Following an independent review, in May 2016 the NSW Government sought to dismiss the Council and force its amalgamation with Woollahra and Waverley councils. Woollahra Council instigated legal action claiming that there was procedural unfairness and that a KPMG report at the centre of merger proposals had been "misleading"; the matter was heard before the NSW Court of Appeal who, in December 2016, unanimously dismissed Woollahra Council's appeal, finding no merit in its arguments that the proposed merger with Waverley and Randwick councils was invalid.
In July 2017, the Berejiklian government decided to abandon the forced merger of the Woollahra and Randwick local government areas, along with several other proposed forced mergers. At the 2016 census, there were 140,660 people in the Randwick local government area, of these 49.2% were male and 50.8% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.5% of the population. The median age of people in the City of Randwick was 34 years. Children aged 0–14 years made up 14.9% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 13.4% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 38.5% were married and 9.1% were either divorced or separated. Population growth in the City of Randwick between the 2001 Census and the 2006 census was 1.10%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% population growth in Randwick local government area was lower than the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Randwick was higher than the national average.
Randwick City Council is composed of fifteen Councillors elected proportionally as five separate wards, each electing three Councillors. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office; the Mayor is elected for a two-year term, with the Deputy Mayor for one year, by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 9 September 2017, the makeup of the Council is as follows: The current Council, elected in 2017, in order of election by ward, is: The City of Randwick has a number of heritage-listed sites, including those listed under the New South Wales Heritage Register: Centennial Park, 3R Oxford Street: Centennial Park Reservoir Centennial Park, 5R Oxford Street: Woollahra Reservoir Coogee, 45-51 Beach Street: Cliffbrook Coogee, Grant Reserve: McIver Women's Baths Coogee, 4b Neptune Street: Wylie's Baths Kensington, 85 Todman Avenue: Carthona La Perouse, Bare Island Fort La Perouse, 46 Adina Avenue: La Perouse Mission Church La Perouse, 1-39 Bunnerong Road: Chinese Market Gardens Little Bay, 1430 Anzac Parade: Prince Henry Site Malabar, 1250 Anzac Parade: Long Bay Correctional Centre Malabar, Franklin Street: Malabar Headland Randwick, Centennial Park, Moore Park, Queens Park Randwick, 124 Alison Road: Randwick Post Office Randwick, 162 Alison Road: Randwick Presbyterian Church Randwick, 102-108 Avoca Street: St Jude's Church, Randwick Randwick, 211-215 Avoca Street: Corana and Hygeia Randwick, 128 Belmore Road: Sandgate Randwick, 60 Bundock Lane: Electricity Substation No. 341 Randwick, 66 Frenchmans Road: Venice Randwick, 17 Gilderthorpe Avenue: Hooper Cottage Randwick, 16-18 Milford Street: Nugal Hall Randwick, 2S Frances Street: Electricity Substation No. 349 Randwick, 43 St Marks Road: Rathven Randwick, 43 St Pauls Street: Ritz Cinema, Sydney Randwick, 18-20 Stanley Street: Emanuel School, Australia Randwick, 26-42 The Avenue: Avonmore Terrace Randwick, 29-39 Young Street: Big Stable Newmarket Randwick City Council website Randwick City Tourism
The Hills Shire
The Hills Shire is a local government area in the Greater Western Sydney region of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The suburb is north-west of the Sydney central business district, encompasses 401 square kilometres stretching from the M2 Hills Motorway in the south to Wiseman's Ferry on the Hawkesbury River in the north; the Hills Shire had a population of 157,243 as at the 2016 census. The current Mayor of The Hills Shire is Cr. Michelle Byrne, elected on 9 September 2017. Suburbs at least within The Hills Shire are: At the 2016 census, there were 157,243 people in The Hills local government area. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.5 per cent of the population. The median age of people in The Hills Shire was 38 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 21.4 per cent of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 13.5 per cent of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 61.6 per cent were married and 7.1 per cent were either divorced or separated.
Population growth in The Hills Shire between the 2001 census and the 2006 census was 15.2 per cent. At the 2016 census, the population in the Shire decreased by 7.43 per cent, brought about by a reduction in the Shire area from 401 square kilometres to 386 square kilometres due to the 2015 review of local government boundaries when former parts of The Hills Shire were transferred to the City of Parramatta Council. Total population growth of Australia for the period between the 2011 and 2016 census periods was 8.8 per cent. The median weekly income for residents within The Hills Shire was 150% higher than the national average. At the 2016 census, the proportion of residents in The Hills local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or Anglo-Saxon approached 32 per cent of all residents. In excess of 64 per cent of all residents in The Hills Shire nominated a religious affiliation with Christianity at the 2016 census, in excess of the national average of 57.7 per cent. Meanwhile, as at the census date, compared to the national average, households in The Hills local government area had a higher than average proportion where two or more languages are spoken.
The Hills Shire Council is composed of twelve Councillors elected proportionally as four separate wards, each electing three Councillors. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office. A referendum held on 1 September 2015 changed the system of electing the Mayor, from annual election by the councillors in favour of direct election of the Mayor by electors for a four-year term, which took effect from the September 2017 election; the most recent election was held on 9 September 2017, the makeup of the Council is as follows: The current Council, elected in 2017, in order of election by ward, is: A 2015 review of local government boundaries by the NSW Government Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal recommended that The Hills Shire merge with adjoining councils. The government considered two proposals; the first proposed a merger of parts of The Hills with the Hawkesbury City Council to form a new council with an area of 3,161 square kilometres and support a population of 224,000.
The second proposed a merger of parts of Parramatta, The Hills and Holroyd to form a new council with an area of 82 square kilometres and support a population of 215,725. Following an independent review, on 12 May 2016 the Minister for Local Government announced that the merger of parts of The Hills Shire suburbs south of the M2 Motorway with the City of Parramatta to form a revised City of Parramatta Council, with immediate effect. Other proposals impacting The Hills Shire were rejected by the Government; the Hills Shire has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Baulkham Hills, Seven Hills Road: Pearce Family Cemetery Bella Vista, Elizabeth Macarthur Drive: Bella Vista Box Hill, 10 Terry Road: Box Hill House Box Hill, Windsor Road: Box Hill Inn Castle Hill, Gilbert Road: Third Government Farm Castle Hill, 221 Old Northern Road: St Paul's Anglican Church, Castle Hill Cattai, Wisemans Ferry Road: Cattai Estate Maroota South, Wisemans Ferry Road: Great Drain Rouse Hill, The Water Lane: Hunting Lodge, Rouse Hill Rouse Hill, Windsor Road: Royal Oak Inn, Rouse Hill County Wexford, Ireland Cootamundra, Australia Hills District Hills Centre Greater Western Sydney The Hills Shire Council