The Ross Group was a British food company founded in Grimsby, England in 1920. The Ross brand remains common in the retail frozen fish market. David Ross, the co-founder and significant shareholder in mobile telephone retailer The Carphone Warehouse, is the grandson of J Carl Ross. A small family-owned fish merchanting company, Ross diversified into trawling, fish processing, into food processing in general, expanding into factory farming to become the largest chicken producer in Europe by 1962 via a series of takeovers; the company bought out rival Young's in 1959 and, after a series of takeovers and mergers and de-mergers, forms part of what is now Young's Bluecrest, the UK's largest company in the frozen fish sector. The company's history is Grimsby's industrial history, it was registered as Thomas Ross Ltd in 1920 in Grimsby. In 1929, Carl Ross became chairman and managing director. By the outbreak of World War II, the company operated fish merchanting branches in Leeds and Fleetwood as well as its Grimsby base.
Starting with a small fleet of four fishing vessels in the 1930s, Ross diversified into trawling from 1934. The acquisition of a major shareholding in Trawlers Grimsby in 1944 was followed by several other fishing fleets such as the Queen Steam Fishing Company. In 1956 Carl Ross took over G F Sleight Ltd, which employed 20 of the best trawler skippers in Britain, began building trawlers in his latest acquisition – the Cochrane Shipyards of Selby; these were the famous'Cat' and'Bird' class trawlers. In 1960/1, the Ross Group took over the Rinovia Steam Fishing Company Ltd. At its peak the Group owned the largest fishing fleet in Europe, with eight trawler fleets; the company acquired its own shipyard, which began building the company's vessels. In 1960, in England there were around 600 fishing trawlers. In the mid-1960s it had the second largest fleet in England, after Associated Fisheries. Ships in the Ross fleet included: Ross Tiger first of the'Cat Class' and preserved as a trawler at Grimsby's National Fishing Heritage Centre.
Ross Leopard in years moored in the Thames and dismantled in Ostend, Belgium Ross Jaguar converted into a three masted schooner with her name contracted to'Jaguar' Ross Kashmir acquired much greater worldwide fame as a replacement for Greenpeace's 1955-built Rainbow Warrior, became the Rainbow Warrior II in 1989. Greenpeace is having a third Rainbow Warrior purpose-built. MV Ross Revenge Ross Cleveland – involved in the Hull triple trawler tragedy Ross Cheater Ross Renown Ross Hawk Reperio Reboundo In October 1953, George Dawson began importing Icelandic fish, when the Ingólfr Arnarson trawler landed. Imports of Icelandic fish had been banned. In October 1954, the company chartered the Norwegian steamer Norfrost to import £40,000 worth of Halibut, claimed to be the world's largest catch of deep sea fish. By the end of the 1950s it was landing 100 million lbs of fish per year. In October 1965, it opened a division in the Netherlands with Eurofrost NV called Ross Diepvries in Breda, to distribute and make its products in the Dutch market.
By the early 1960s, Ross's holdings included poultry and fresh foods, including fish, as well as its fish trawling and other operations. Yet the company's trawling operations, which by represented just 5 percent of group sales, had become perennial money-losers. Ross had a factory at Westwick, Norfolk from 1948, where they had fruit and vegetables – garden peas. Potato chips were introduced in 1962, it bought Grimsby Motors in June 1959, Sterling Poultry in May 1961, Waterworth Brothers in August 1964. In the mid-1960s, its businesses were, in order of turnover: poultry, they were the largest fish distributors in the UK and worth £27 million in 1965. In the mid-1960s, a new £430,000 11-storey headquarters was built in Grimsby by Myton, a division of Taylor Woodrow; the building, still in use as the head offices of Young's Bluecrest and known as'Ross House', dominates the southern wall of the town's once thriving fish docks. Carl Ross left the Ross Group after an acrimonious board room struggle in 1965 and, as a direct result of this, Imperial Tobacco gained control in September 1969.
While Carl Ross was in control Ross Group had diversified into non-fish foodstuffs such as Ross frozen food. While the non-fish food companies were subject to several further takeovers, the Ross fishing fleet was acquired by British United Trawlers by a merger with Associated Fisheries organised by the Industrial Reorganisation Corporation on 2 April 1969; the bid was referred to the Monopolies Commission, rejected in May 1966. By the 1970s, the three largest producers of frozen food were Birds Eye and Ross Group. By 1973, Findus and Ross were selling £41 million of goods per year, Birds Eye sold £109 million
Penguins are milk chocolate covered biscuit bars filled with chocolate cream. They are produced by Pladis' manufacturing division McVitie's at their Stockport factory, they were first produced in 1932 by William McDonald, a biscuit manufacturer in Glasgow, became a McVitie's brand when McDonald joined with McVitie's and Price, MacFarlane Lang & Co and Crawford to form United Biscuits in 1948. Each wrapper has a joke or "funny fact" printed on it and imaginative humorous designs featuring penguins that pastiche famous works of art. During the 1980s the Penguin brand became known for their television advertising slogan "P... P... P... Pick up a penguin!” In October 1996, Penguins were the subject of a court case between Asda and United Biscuits, who accused Asda of passing off their own brand "Puffin" biscuits as part of the Penguin brand. In March 1997, the court found in favour of United Biscuits regarding passing off, but found that Asda had not infringed the Penguin trademark. United Biscuits had been criticised for continuing to use trans fatty acids in the cream filling of Penguins.
By December 2007, United Biscuits began to advertise the absence of trans fats from Penguins, having removed the ingredient from this product line. The Tim Tam produced by Arnott's in Australia was based on the Penguin. Occasional media references include tongue-in-cheek debates over, the superior biscuit. There are four variations of the biscuit: Chocolate Orange Mint Toffee In 2002, McVitie's produced several "sub brands" or variations of the Penguin biscuit: Penguin Chukkas, Wing Dings, Flipper Dipper and Mini Splatz; these variations were accompanied by a £5 million promotional campaign. In 2008, McVitie's produced Penguin triple chocolate wafers. Official website "Picnics past" - Observer story claiming the Penguin is the "towering treat of the Seventies" Penguin wrapper at the Candy Wrapper Museum McVitie's site United Biscuits page Penguin in the generic game, James Pond II
Hobnobs is the brand name of a commercial biscuit. They are made from rolled oats and jumbo oats, similar to a flapjack-digestive biscuit hybrid, are among the most popular British biscuits. McVitie's launched Hobnobs in 1985 and a milk chocolate variant in 1987, they are sold in the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man and Ireland but are available in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and several European and Asian countries. In Italy they are now marketed as a variety of digestive biscuit, having been known as Suncrok, they were released in Canada in November 2012, made available in Wal-Mart's British modular section in their food aisles. The McVitie's Hobnob is the third most popular biscuit in the UK to "dunk" into tea, with its chocolate variant sixth. In 2014 a UK survey declared the Chocolate Hobnob the nation's favourite biscuit; the commercial recipe was introduced by McVitie's in the UK in 1985. The biscuit is available in many varieties, including dark chocolate, chocolate orange, Hobnob bars.
Other Hobnobs-branded snacks include a Hobnobs flapjack. Hobnobs contains approx 0.16 g of sodium per biscuit. The name hob-nob comes from Shakespeare's Twelfth Night. Plain Hobnobs are made at the Tollcross factory in Glasgow; the chocolate variety is made at the Harlesden factory. The basic ingredients for Hobnobs are oats; the original tagline of the Hobnobs was "one nibble and you're nobbled", was removed. It has since been brought back, but changed by adding "hob" to the beginning of the last word; the tagline "Chocolate now has Hobnobs underneath" was used for the introduction in the UK of chocolate Hobnobs. Milk Chocolate and Orange Hobnobs on Nice Cup of Tea and a Sit Down "Sheldon" webcomic, 13 February 2006
Hayes is a town in West London, situated 13 miles west of Charing Cross. In Middlesex, Hayes became part of the London Borough of Hillingdon in 1965; the town's population was recorded as 95,763 in the 2011 census. Hayes has a long history; the area appears in the Domesday Book. Landmarks in the area include the Grade II* listed Parish Church, St Mary's – the central portion of the church survives from the twelfth century and it remains in use – and Barra Hall, a Grade II listed manor house; the town's oldest public house – the Adam and Eve, on the Uxbridge Road – though not the original seventeenth-century structure, has remained on the same site since 1665. Hayes is best known as the erstwhile home of EMI; the words "Hayes, Middlesex" appear on the reverse of The Beatles' albums, which were manufactured at the town's Old Vinyl Factory. The town centre's "gold disc" installation marks the fiftieth anniversary on 1 June 2017 of the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album, manufactured in Hayes in 1967.
The town is the location of the U. K. headquarters of companies including: Heinz, United Biscuits and Rackspace U. K. Notable historical residents include the early modern "father of English music", William Byrd, a pre-eminent figure of twentieth-century English literature, George Orwell; the place-name Hayes comes from the Anglo-Saxon Hǣs or Hǣse: " brushwood". The town's name is spelt Hessee in a 1628 entry in an Inquisition post mortem held at The National Archives. Hayes is formed of what were five separate villages: Botwell, Hayes Town, Hayes End, Wood End and Yeading; the name Hayes Town has come to be applied to the area around Station Road between Coldharbour Lane and Hayes & Harlington railway station, but this was the hamlet called Botwell. The original Hayes Town was the area to the east of St Mary's Church, centred around Church Road, Hemmen Lane and Freeman's Lane. For some 700 years up to 1546, Hayes formed part of the Archbishop of Canterbury's estates, ostensibly owing to grants from the Mercian royal family.
In that year, the then-Archbishop Thomas Cranmer was forced to surrender his land to King Henry VIII, who subsequently granted the estate to Edward North, 1st Baron North. The area changed hands several times thereafter, but by the eighteenth century, two family-names had established themselves as prominent and long-time landowners: Minet and Shackle. John Wesley and Charles Wesley, founders of the evangelical Methodist movement, preached in Hayes on at least ten occasions between 1748 and 1753; the Salvation Army – founded in 1865 in London by William Booth – registered a barracks in Hayes between 1887 and 1896. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Hayes was home to several private boarding schools catering for wealthy families; the former Manor House on Church Road was by the 1820s a boys' school called Radnor House Academy. Wood End House was used - from 1848 to c. 1905 - as an asylum. Notable psychiatrist John Conolly was one of its licensed proprietors, between 1848 and 1866; the building was demolished in 1961.
Until the end of the nineteenth century, Hayes's key areas of work were brickmaking. The Second Industrial Revolution brought change in the late nineteenth century, up to World War I; the town's location on the Grand Junction Canal and the Great Western Railway – Hayes & Harlington railway station had opened in 1868 – made it well-placed for industry. The town's favourable location caused the Hayes Development Company to make available sites on the north-side of the railway, adjacent to the canal, Hayes became a centre for engineering and industry. HDC's company secretary, Alfred Clayton, is commemorated in the name of Clayton Road. Residential districts consisting of dwellings of the garden suburb type were built to house workers after World War I. In 1904 the parish council created Hayes Urban District in order to address the issue of population growth. Hayes and Harlington Urban District continued until 1965 when Hayes became part of the newly established London Borough of Hillingdon. Author George Orwell, who adopted his pen name while living in Hayes and worked in 1932-3 as a schoolmaster at The Hawthorns High School for Boys, situated on Church Road.
The school has since closed and the building is now the Fountain House Hotel. The hotel bears a plaque commemorating its distinguished former resident. Returning several times to Hayes, Orwell was at the same time characteristically acerbic about his time in the town, camouflaging it as West Bletchley in Coming Up for Air, as Southbridge in A Clergyman's Daughter, grumbling comically in a letter to author/friend Frank Jellinek: Hayes... is one of the most godforsaken places I have struck. The population seems to be made up of clerks who frequent tin-roofed chapels on Sundays and for the rest bolt themselves within doors. King Edward VIII visited Hayes in January 1936 in order to view the production of His Master's Voice radio instruments; the Grade II listed War Memorial at Cherry Lane Cemetery on Shepiston Lane commemorates wh
The BN Biscuit is a French brand of biscuit, consisting of a filling, such as chocolate, sandwiched between two biscuits. It was launched in 1932, acquired by United Biscuits in 1998, relaunched in September 2000, they are manufactured at the United Biscuits site in France. BNs are produced in two different shapes: rounded squares. One side of the biscuit is decorated with one of four different faces. There are seven different flavours of the BN biscuit: chocolate, vanilla, raspberry and milk chocolate, they come in a "Mini BN" variety. A relaunch in September 1999 in the United Kingdom involved an advertising campaign with the name "BN BN" sung along to the tune of catchy "Mah Nà Mah Nà". Despite public petitions, BN Biscuits were not sold in the UK for a 10-year gap. In 2013, BN returned to UK supermarkets with new packaging and logos, branded as "McVitie's BN". A new advert for the biscuit once again features "Mah Nà Mah Nà"