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United Federation of Planets

In the fictional Star Trek universe, the United Federation of Planets is the interstellar government that sent Captain Kirk, Mr. Spock, the crew of the starship Enterprise on its mission of peaceful exploration. Referred to as "the Federation", it was introduced in the television show Star Trek; the survival and growth of the Federation and its principles of freedom have become some of the Star Trek franchise's central themes. The Federation is an organization of numerous planetary sovereignties, although viewers are never told about the internal workings of the government, many episodes refer to the rules and laws that the Federation imposes on the characters and their adventures. Early in the first season of Star Trek, Captain Kirk had said the Enterprise's authority came from the United Earth Space Probe Agency. Bases visited in the series were labeled "Earth Outposts". In August 1966, Gene L. Coon was hired by Gene Roddenberry as a writer for Star Trek. Actor William Shatner credits Coon with injecting the concepts of Starfleet, Starfleet Command and the United Federation of Planets into the show.

One of the first teleplays Coon was credited with was "A Taste of Armageddon", where an ambassador on the Enterprise is referred to as a Federation official. With the series as allegory for the current events of the 1960s counterculture, the creators were able to portray Cold War tensions with the Federation resembling NATO and the Klingons the Soviet Union; the optimistic view of the future present in the Federation has been highlighted as unique among most science fiction, showing how "civilized" the future could conceivably be. Much debate has centered around how realistic is the "post-scarcity" economy of the Federation that has evolved beyond government-controlled monetary systems, it has been described, along with the series as a whole, as a vehicle to explore what it means to be human, as well as exploring mankind's efforts to build a better society. Other writers have noted that Star Trek's Federation has the same logistical and philosophical difficulties of other utopian economic and political schemes that make it seem unrealistic.

Like many things in Star Trek and films may reference entities or laws within the Federation, but viewers are never given complete knowledge of its inner workings. Many contemporary terms are assigned to the Federation, but parallels to current government bodies and their roles and responsibilities are pure speculation on the part of fans and critics. In-universe references to the Federation include: The Federation was founded in 2161; the Federation has a President. The President has the power to pardon; the President is supported by a Cabinet. The Federation has a Supreme Court; the Federation's military/exploration arm is Starfleet Command. The Federation Council is made up of delegates from member sovereignties. In Star Trek: The Next Generation's "The Drumhead," Captain Picard calls the founding document the "Constitution." In Star Trek: Voyager's "The Void," the founding document appears onscreen, with the heading "Charter of the United Federation of Planets." Must not employ caste-based discrimination.

Must not have a record of violations of sentient rights. A single, unified government is desirable. In 2267, Captain Kirk said that humanity was on "a thousand planets and spreading out." Travelling back in time to 2063, Captain Jean-Luc Picard mentions that the Federation is made up of "over one hundred and fifty" planets, spread across 8,000 light-years. In the TOS episode "The Trouble with Tribbles," set in 2267, Uhura is offered a pet tribble for 10 credits. In the Voyager episode "Dark Frontier," Tom Paris describes replicator technology as the "new world economy" that, from the late 22nd century onward, would make money obsolete — a fact echoed by Jean-Luc Picard when explaining the future timeline to Lily Sloane in First Contact. First mention of the Federation's obsolescence of traditional money came in The Voyage Home when Kirk, freshly arrived in 1980s San Francisco from 2286, observes that "these people still use money" and, when asked if his crew uses cash in the future, answers, "We don't."

In "The Neutral Zone," Picard explains to cryogenically-preserved people from the 20th century that 24th-century Federation economics differ, that money as they know it is not used, or needed. In The Search for Spock, in 2285, an earthbound McCoy tries to book transport to the Genesis planet and is warned it could be expensive, but it is never revealed how much it would cost. In the Next Generation inaugural episode, "Encounter at Farpoint," set in 2364, Enterprise medical officer Beverly Crusher buys a bolt of fabric and asks for it to be charged to her ship's account. In the Next Generation episode "Firstborn," Riker states that "latinum," a Ferengi currency, can be spent "almost anywhere." In the Short Treks episode "Calypso", taking place around 900 years in the future, the character of Craft refers to the Federation as the "V'draysh". Not much is told about the Federation, but it is told that it is in war with Alcor IV, that the V'draysh people are searching for artifacts from ancient human history.

The writer of this episode, Michael Chabon, confirmed that the name "V'draysh" is a syncope for the word "Federation". In a trailer for the third season of Star Trek: Discovery, taking place around the same time as "Calypso", the Federation's flag appears with only six stars, instead of dozens in the 23rd and 24th century. Out of three large stars representing the founders of the Federation, only two remain; the trailer shows violent Andorian warriors, hinting that the Andorians left the Federation. In non-canon sources like the original 1975 Star Trek Star Fleet Techn

Lakes Entrance, Victoria

Lakes Entrance is a seaside resort and fishing port in eastern Victoria, Australia. It is situated 320 kilometres east of Melbourne, near a managed, artificial channel connecting the Gippsland Lakes to Bass Strait. At the 2016 census, Lakes Entrance had a population of 4,810; the township was named Cunninghame, the Post Office of that name opening on 5 February 1870. It was renamed Lakes Entrance on 1 January 1915. Lakes Entrance, which lies at sea level, can be reached from Melbourne via Bairnsdale and the town of Kalimna to the north-west by a stretch of the Princes Highway, which snakes down and around a point protruding into the Gippsland Lakes known as "Jemmy's Point". Views of The Entrance and of the Lakes can be seen from various look-outs on Jemmy's Point; the Princes Highway leaves the north-east side of the town through hilly countryside towards Nowa Nowa and Orbost. It has the largest number of inland waterways in the southern hemisphere; the ninety-mile beach is a big tourist attraction and the various national parks of Gippsland touch the coastline of Lakes Entrance.

Two of the most scenic driving routes are a part of this region, the Great Alpine Road and The Sydney to Melbourne Coastal Drive. Lakes Entrance is predominantly tourism-driven town; the surf beach is patrolled by the Lakes Entrance Surf Life Saving Club between November and March every summer, with lifeguard patrols from late December to late January. The waterfront is populated by the fishing fleet and two floating restaurants—Ferrymans Seafood Cafe and The Floating Dragon Dockside Restaurant; the main street consists of shops, caravan parks, a Woolworths supermarket, a Target Country store that opened in 2007, a KFC and a McDonald's restaurant that opened in September 1997. The town's main residential areas lie farther inland. Lakes Entrance has a number of camping and caravan parks, free camping spots in Colquhoun State Forest. Nearby major towns include Orbost. Lakes Entrance falls within the Shire of East Gippsland. Other towns include Swan Reach, Kalimna, Nicholson and Lake Tyers; the town has an Australian rules football team competing in the East Gippsland Football League.

The town is home to a hockey club in the East Gippsland Hockey Association, although the club still plays under the name of its original home town, Swan Reach. Golfers play at the course of the Lakes Entrance Golf Club on Golf Links Road. Notable people from or who have lived in Lakes Entrance include: Hayley Bolding, co-founder of Atma, an accelerator for education NGOs and social enterprises in Mumbai, Young Victorian of the Year 2013 Aaron Symons, professional soccer coach with Dempo in the Indian I-League The Lakes National Park Official East Gippsland tourism website Official East Gippsland tourism Facebook page Lakes Entrance tourism Facebook page

Olivia Mariamne Devenish

Olivia Mariamne Devenish, was the spouse of Thomas Stamford Raffles, vice governor of Java, from 1805 to 1814. A memorial monument was erected to her memory in the botanical garden of Buitenzorg. Olivia Mariamne Devenish was born in 16 February 1771 in India; the daughter of George or Godfrey Devenish, Olivia was married in Madras in 1793 to Jacob Cassivelaun Fancourt, who died in 1800, in 1805 in London to Thomas Stamford Raffles. She was raised in Ireland, it was said that her second husband, was helped in his career through her relationship with his superior. While Stamford Raffles was governor on Java, she introduced many social reforms in her capacity as first lady, which set the standard for the rest of the century, she showed herself by the side of her husband at official occasions, such as visits to the native rulers, held receptions for people of all sexes and ethnicity, new on Java, as white women had isolated themselves from the native population. At this point, the Western colonists at Java mixed their European habits with East Indian ones: for example, white women born in the East Indies used Areca catechu, they only dressed in European fashion on official occasions, such as going to church and visits, otherwise wore the more comfortable Asian dress Kebaya and sarong.

These habits contributed to what European visitors regarded to be the decadence of the colonial lifestyle in the Dutch East Indies. Devenish banned the common use of chewing Areca catechu by Western women, removed the pots for this from the reception rooms of the Governor's residence to prevent her guests from using it, she banned the wearing of the Asian sarong and kebaya gowns by Western women. These informal social reforms remained in place for the rest of the 19th century, but it was not until the late 19th-century, that it became common for Western women in Java to always dress in Western clothes in their everyday life, the climate making the Western corset and many skirts uncomfortable, she died in Buitenzorg, West Java, on 26 November 1814, was buried in Batavia, Jakarta. Her tomb can still be seen in Taman Prasasti Museum, the former European cemetery of Batavia, converted into a museum. In the monument, erected for her in National Botanical Gardens, Buitenzorg it is written:"Sacred to the memory of Olivia Marianne, wife of Thomas Stamford Raffles, Lieutenant-Governor of Java and its dependencies, who died at Buitenzorg on the 26th November, 1814.

Oh thou Whom Neer My Constant Heart, One Moment Hath Forgot, Tho Fate Severe Hath Bid Us Part, Yet Still Forget Me Not" The British author Charlotte Louisa Hawkins Dempster claimed in her memoir, The Manners of My Time, that she was Olivia's great-great granddaughter through Captain John Hamilton Dempster, the illegitimate younger half brother of George Dempster of Dunnichen and Skibo, a Director of the East India Company from 1769, a key figure of the Scottish Enlightenment movement. Devenish, Olivia Mariamne -

Angel PĂ©rez (canoeist)

Ángel Pérez is a Cuban-born American Sprint Kayaker who competed from the early 1990s to the mid-2000s. In 1991, he was a Pan American Games 5 Gold Medalist and 1 Silver Medalist in Sprint Kayak in Havana, Cuba. At the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, for Cuba, he was a Semifinalist of both the K-1 500 m and the K-2 1000 m events. In 1993 he and two other Cuban athletes sneaked away from an altitude training center in Mexico City, sought asylum in Miami. In 1996, while a resident of the USA and being a qualified Olympic US Canoe and Kayak Team member, he was not able to participate in the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games because he was not yet a US Citizen. Four years in the Olympic Games in Sydney, for the United States, US Citizen Pérez finished sixth in both the K-2 500 m and the K-4 1000 m events. Angel Perez was able to compete in Sydney, Australia despite a legal battle in the Olympic Court of Arbitrations, as Cuba fought in International Courts not to allow his former athlete to compete for the USA.

A few hours before the start of the Sydney Games, Perez was allowed to compete. In 2004 he retired to pursue other careers. Angel Perez, a Certified General Contractor resides with his wife and two children, Andres Roberto and Marcos Alejandro in Miami, Florida. profile

VVV (magazine)

VVV was a magazine devoted to the dissemination of Surrealism published in New York City from 1942 through 1944. It was the product of leading Surrealists. VVV was first published in June 1942; the magazine was published and edited by David Hare in collaboration with Marcel Duchamp, André Breton, Max Ernst. VVV's editorial board enlisted a number of associated thinkers and artists, including Aimé Césaire, Philip Lamantia, Robert Motherwell; each edition focused on "poetry, plastic arts, sociology, psychology," and was lavishly illustrated by Surrealist artists, including Giorgio de Chirico, Roberto Matta and Yves Tanguy. The magazine was experimental in content. VVV included fold-out pages, sheets of different sizes and paper stock, bold typography and color; the second magazine featured a "readymade" by Duchamp as the back cover, a cutout female figure "imprisoned" by a piece of actual chicken wire. Only four issues of VVV were published; the last one was published in February 1944. However, it provided an outlet for European Surrealist artists, who were displaced from their home countries by World War II, to communicate with American artists.

Acéphale, a review created by Georges Bataille, published from 1936 to 1939 Dyn, a review created by Wolfgang Paalen, published from 1942 to 1944 in Mexico Documents, a journal edited by Bataille from 1929 to 1930 Minotaure, a publication founded by Albert Skira, published in Paris from 1933 to 1939 La Révolution surréaliste, a publication founded by Breton, published in Paris from 1924 to 1929 View, an American avant-garde art magazine, published from 1940 to 1947 "Documents of Dada and Surrealism: Dada and Surrealist Journals in the Mary Reynolds Collection"

Big Ballet

Big Ballet is a British documentary television programme produced by Rare Day and broadcast on Channel 4. The three-episode series was first broadcast on 6 February 2014, it followed Wayne Sleep and prima ballerina Monica Loughman as they worked with a troupe of amateur dancers to realise their dream of dancing Swan Lake. The dancers, referred to in the show as "fat" or "real women", ranged from UK size 12 to 24: all of the dancers were larger than the norm in classical ballet, the slimmer dancers would not be categorised as "plus size" usually. Mentor - Wayne Sleep Mentor - Monica Loughman Odette the White Swan - Hannah Odile the Black Swan - Jessica The Queen - Emma R The Prince - AJ Von Rothbart - Raj Swans / Black Swan Henchman - Carol and Mel Swans / Ladies In Waiting - Emma W, Sarah and Stella Swans / Guests - Christine, Claire, Shona and TanyaProfiles as listed on the Channel 4 Big Ballet micro-site; the programme featured Matthew Bourne, Derek Deane, Patricia Doyle, David Plumpton, Tamara Rojo, David Nixon and the English National Ballet.

It was predominantly filmed at the Northern Ballet with the final performance staged at St George's Hall, Bradford. In front of 1,500 people. Adverts were placed and five hundred people replied; the advert read "Have you dreamt of being a ballet-dancer but feel your size holds you back? Have you imagined dancing on a big stage in front of an adoring crowd? We are looking for talented dancers aged 18-55 to take part in our new series about ballet. No previous ballet experience necessary. If you're interested to hear more, we'd love to talk to you!". The applicants were whittled down to a troupe of eighteen for the series. Big Ballet at Channel 4 Big Ballet at YouTube Big Ballet on IMDb