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United Kingdom military aircraft serial numbers

United Kingdom military aircraft serial numbers are aircraft registration numbers used to identify individual military aircraft in the United Kingdom. All UK military aircraft are display a unique registration number. A unified registration number system, maintained by the Air Ministry, its successor the Ministry of Defence, is used for aircraft operated by the Royal Air Force, Fleet Air Arm, Army Air Corps. Military aircraft operated by government agencies and civilian contractors are assigned registration numbers from this system; when the Royal Flying Corps was formed in 1912, its aircraft were identified by a letter/number system related to the manufacturer. The prefix'A' was allocated to balloons of No.1 Company, Air Battalion, Royal Engineers, the prefix'B' to aeroplanes of No.2 Company, the prefix'F' to aeroplanes of the Central Flying School. The Naval Wing used the prefix'H' for seaplanes,'M' for monoplanes, and'T' for aeroplanes with engines mounted in tractor configuration. Before the end of the first year, a unified aircraft registration number system was introduced for both Army and Naval aircraft.

The registration numbers are allocated at the time the contract for supply is placed with the aircraft manufacturer or supplier. In an RAF or FAA pilot's personal service log book, the registration number of any aircraft flown, along with any other particulars, such as aircraft type, flight duration, purpose of flight, etc. is entered by the pilot after every flight, thus giving a complete record of the pilot's flying activities and which individual aircraft have been flown. This first series ran from 1 to 10000 with blocks allocated to each service; the first registration number was allocated to a Short S.34 for the Royal Naval Air Service, with the number 10000 going to a Blackburn-built B. E.2c aircraft in 1916. By 1916, the first sequence had reached 10000, it was decided to start an alpha-numeric system from A1 to A9999 starting again at B1; the letters A, B, C, D, E, F, H, J were allocated to the Royal Flying Corps, N1 to N9999 and S1 to S9999 to the Royal Naval Air Service. When the sequence reached the prefix K it was decided to start at K1000 for all subsequent letters instead of K1.

Although the N and S series had earlier been used by RNAS aircraft, the sequence N1000 to N9999 was again used by the Air Ministry for both RAF and RN aircraft. The'Naval' S sequence had reached only S1865, a Fairey IIIF, but when R9999 was reached in 1939, the next serial allocations did not run on from that point, but instead commenced at T1000. From 1937, not all aircraft registration numbers were allocated, in order to hide the true number of aircraft in production and service. Gaps in the serial number sequence were sometimes referred to as "blackout blocks"; the first example of this practice was an early 1937 order for 200 Avro Manchester bombers which were allotted the serials L7276-7325, L7373-7402, L7415-7434, L7453-7497, L7515-7549 and L7565-7584, covering a range of 309 possible serial numbers, thus making it difficult for an enemy to estimate true British military aircraft strength. By 1940, the registration number Z9978 had been allocated to a Bristol Blenheim, it was decided to restart the sequence with a two-letter prefix, starting at AA100.

This sequence is still in use today. Until the 1990s this two-letter, three-numeral registration number sequence, had numbers in the range 100 to 999. An exception to this rule was Douglas Skyraider AEW1 which received the UK serial WT097, which incorporated the last three digits of its US Navy Bureau Number 124097. Past unassigned registration numbers, including those having numerals 001-099, have been assigned; some letters have not been used to avoid confusion: C confusion with G, I confusion with 1, O and Q confusion with 0, U confusion with V and Y confusion with X. During the Second World War, RAF aircraft carrying secret equipment, or that were in themselves secret, such as certain military prototypes, had a'/G' suffix added to the end of the registration number, the'G' signifying'Guard', denoting that the aircraft was to have an armed guard at all times while on the ground, for example; as of 2009, registration number allocations have reached the ZKnnn range. However since about the year 2000 registration numbers have been allocated out-of-sequence.

For example, the first RAF C-17 Globemaster was given the registration number ZZ171 in 2001, a batch of Britten-Norman Defenders for the Army Air Corps were given registration numbers in the ZGnnn range in 2003. Some recent registration number allocations have had a numeric part in the previously-unused 001 to 099 range. Distinct registration numbering systems are used to identify non-flying airframes used for ground training; the RAF have used a numeric sequence with an'M' suffix sometimes referred to as the'Maintenance' series. Known allocations, made between 1921 and 2000, ranged from 540M to 9344M, when this sequence was terminated; the main series of single letter serials did not use'M' to avoid confusion with the suffix'M'. The Fleet Air Arm use an'A'-prefixed sequence, the Army Air Corps issue'TAD' numbers to their instructional airframes; the registration numbers are carried in up to four places on each aircraft.

Myotis septentrionalis

Myotis septentrionalis, the northern long-eared bat or northern myotis, is a species of bat native to North America. There are no recognised subspecies; the northern long-eared bat is with a wingspan of 9-10 inches. It is distinguishable by its long ears; this species is found in the northern United States and Southern Canada east of British Columbia. The geographic range includes 37 states; the northern long-eared bat is a small bat, measuring an average of 8.6 cm in total length, including a tail about 4 cm long. Adults weigh between 8 g; the fur and wing membranes are light brown in color, the bat lacks the dark shoulder spots found in the related, otherwise similar Keen's myotis. Compared to other Myotis species, these bats have long ears with a long, pointed tragus, they have a longer tail and larger wing area than most comparably sized Myotis bats, giving them increased maneuvrability during slow flight. Northern long-eared bats are found through much of the eastern half of the United States and Canada from Manitoba and Newfoundland in the north to North Carolina and Alabama in the south.

They're found, but more in western parts of Canada, sometimes as far as the western borders of British Columbia and Yukon. They are found in forested habitats boreal forests, since they roost in hardwood trees during the summer. During the spring and summer, northern long-eared bats spend the day roosting in trees or artificial structures, switching to a new roost every other day on average. Roost trees tend to be close together, within about 600 m of areas suitable for foraging. Males and non-reproductive females roost singly or in small groups, but reproductive females and their young form much larger maternity colonies, with up to sixty individuals. In the fall, northern long-eared bats migrate to caves to hibernate. Depending on the latitude, this may occur at any time between September and November, the bats emerge between March and May, they hibernate together with much larger numbers of bats of other species, although hibernating groups of northern long-eared bats may still number in the hundreds.

Northern long-eared bats are well-suited to foraging in the forest interior. Their echolocation calls have a classic frequency-modulated structure that allows these bats to navigate through cluttered environments, although they are shorter and higher pitch than those of other Myotis bats, their diets are focused on moths, although they eat beetles and other insects. Unusually, they capture these by gleaning, or plucking, the insects from a surface, rather than capturing them in flight, they forage under the forest canopy or in spaces at the edge of forests, most foraging occurs in the first two hours after sunset. Mating occurs between July and early October, although the females store the sperm over the winter, only become pregnant in the spring; the young are born between May and early July, depending on latitude, are fully grown by the end of August. They have been recorded to live for over eighteen years in the wild; the northern long-eared bat is predominantly threatened by white-nose syndrome in the northeast portion of its geographic range where the population has decreased by 99%.

Due to white-nose syndrome the Northern long-eared bat was considered threatened by the USFWS. This species has been recommended by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service for listing under section 4 of the Endangered Species Act. An oversight field hearing was held before the United States House Committee on Natural Resources in September 2014. A final decision was published in the Federal Register, listing the species as Threatened effective 30 days from the date of the publication; the Elroy-Sparta Bike Trail tunnels in West Central Wisconsin are closed for the season by the beginning of November, using the doors that the railroad added to prevent storm damage. The debate on when to close the tunnel caused a conflict between the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the organizers of the Rails to Trails Marathon; the northern long-eared bat hibernates in Tunnel Number three. The Rails to Trails Marathon, a Boston Marathon qualifier, moved their event date to earlier in October from November in 2017 to accommodate an earlier tunnel closing than the original November 15 date.

Geographic range of the northern long-eared bat

Malik Iqbal Mehdi Khan

Malik Iqbal Mehdi Khan was a Pakistani politician, a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan between 1988 and 2016 and member of the Provincial Assembly of Punjab from 1985 to 1988. Khan was born on 1 January 1952. Khan was elected as member of Jhelum district council in 1983, he was elected to the Provincial Assembly of Punjab from Constituency PP-20 in 1985 Pakistani general election. He served as the provincial minister of Punjab for forest and fisheries in the provincial cabinet of chief minister of Punjab Nawaz Sharif, he was elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan as an independent candidate from Constituency NA-46 in 1988 Pakistani general election. He received 42,255 votes and defeated Ghulam Hussain, he was re-elected to the National Assembly as a candidate of Islami Jamhoori Ittehad from Constituency NA-46 in 1990 Pakistani general election. He defeated Ghulam Hussain, he was re-elected to the National Assembly as a candidate of Pakistan Muslim League from Constituency NA-46 in 1993 Pakistani general election.

He defeated Shahid Nawaz, a candidate of Pakistan Peoples Party. He was re-elected to the National Assembly as a candidate of PML-N from Constituency NA-46 in 1997 Pakistani general election, he received 60,237 votes and defeated Raja Nasir Ali Khan, a candidate of PPP. He could not ran for the seat of the National Assembly in 2002 Pakistani general election and 2008 Pakistani general election due to not having a graduation degree, he was re-elected to the National Assembly as a candidate of PML-N from Constituency NA-63 in 2013 Pakistani general election. He received 116,013 votes and defeated Mirza Saeed Mehmood Baig, a candidate of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, he died on 24 May 2016 in New Delhi, India

William Pitt Kellogg

William Pitt Kellogg was an American lawyer and Republican Party politician who served as a United States Senator from 1868 to 1872 and from 1877 to 1883 and as the Governor of Louisiana from 1873 to 1877 during the Reconstruction Era. He was one of the most important politicians in Louisiana during and after Reconstruction and was notable for being elected after most other Republican officials had been defeated when white Democrats regained control of state politics, he is notable as one of few incumbent Senators to be elected to the House of Representatives, where he served from 1883 to 1885. He was the last elected Republican Governor of Louisiana until Dave Treen in 1980. Kellogg was born in Orwell, near the New York border, where he spent his childhood. After completing his education in the common schools, he moved to Peoria, Illinois, at the age of eighteen and was a school teacher for several years, his fifth cousin William Kellogg lived in the area and served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1857 to 1863.

Kellogg became a lawyer "reading law" and studying with practicing lawyers, as was typical for many then. He moved to Canton and started a law practice. There he joined the U. S. Republican Party and came to know Abraham Lincoln, a fellow lawyer; when Lincoln became president in 1861, he appointed Kellogg as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Nebraska Territory. Kellogg moved to Nebraska. With the outbreak of the American Civil War, Kellogg was granted a leave of absence and he returned to Illinois and joined the 7th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Cavalry. By 1862, he had risen to the rank of Colonel and played an important role at a small battle near Sikeston, Missouri. Kellogg resigned because of ill health on June 1, 1862, he returned to Nebraska and resumed his work as Chief Justice. After the Civil War, Kellogg was elected as a companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. In 1865, at the end of the Civil War, days before his assassination, Lincoln appointed Kellogg as the federal collector of customs of the port of New Orleans.

This launched Kellogg's 20-year political career in Louisiana, notable as he was one of the first carpetbaggers. He remained Collector of New Orleans, despite complaints, until 1868, was elected to the United States Senate; that year, "reconstructed" Louisiana was readmitted to the federal Union. In 1872, Kellogg was elected governor, he resigned from the Senate to take office. In the election, John McEnery, a Democrat, ran against Kellogg; the sitting Governor Henry Clay Warmoth, although a Republican, opposed the Republican Party faction, loyal to President Ulysses S. Grant, supporting Kellogg. Warmoth supported McEnery. Former Confederate Assistant Secretary of War John Archibald Campbell was involved in the controversy surrounding Kellogg, he was a member of the "Committee of One Hundred" that went to Washington to persuade President Grant to end his support of what they called the "Kellogg usurpation". Grant refused to meet them but relented. Campbell was refused; the results of the election were disputed by the Democrats.

The politics of the state was in turmoil for months, as both candidates held inauguration celebrations, certified their local candidate slates and tried to gather political power. Political tensions broke out in violence, including the Colfax Massacre in April 1873; as Governor, Warmoth controlled the State Returning Board, the institution which administered elections. With the election challenged, Warmoth's board named McEnery the winner. A rival board claimed Kellogg to be the victor, although the board had no ballots or returns to count, it was not only disputed by Democrats. The Republican-controlled U. S. Congress doubted the legitimacy of Kellogg's Carpetbag state government; the House of Representatives declared that the Kellogg regime was "not much better than a successful conspiracy." The Senate threw out both returns of Louisiana's 1872 presidential electoral results. A Senate committee reported that the entire Louisiana 1872 election had been unfair and that both state governments were illegal.

It recommended. President Grant ignored the Senate committee recommendation and chose to put the force of the U. S. Army behind Kellogg's machine because Grant's own brother-in-law, James Casey, was part of the machine. Casey held the lucrative post of New Orleans Customs Collector, to which Grant reappointed him in March 1873. In January 1875 President Grant admitted that Louisiana's 1872 election "was a gigantic fraud, there are no reliable returns of its result."According to historian William Gillette, "By having invoked federal authority in civil law and having employed federal force in state politics, he had mounted a successful coups d'état."Warmoth was impeached for stealing the election. A black Republican, P. B. S. Pinchback, became governor for 35 days until Grant seated Kellogg as Governor with Federal protection. McEnery's faction established a "rump legislature" in New Orleans to oppose Kellogg's actions. McEnery urged his supporters to take up arms against Kellogg's fraudulent government.

In 1874 the anti-Republican White League sent 5,000 paramilitary men into New Orleans, wherein the Battle of Liberty Place, they defeated the 3500-man Metropolitan Police and state militia. They took over the state government offices for a few days but retreated before the arrival of federal troops sent as reinforcements. President Grant had sent U. S. troops in response to Kellogg's request for help. Kellogg's lieutenant governor was Caesar Antoine, an African-Am

Citizens' Hall

Citizens' Hall is the government office building and a community meeting place for the town of Lyndeborough, New Hampshire. Built in 1889 in the Eastlake/Stick Style, but one, heavily influenced by the Greek Revival, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its importance as a community/social center for the town, it is located on Citizens' Hall Road in the village of South Lyndeborough. Citizens' Hall was constructed by the Town of Lyndeborough between September 1888 and January 1889 to house the Lafayette Artillery Company's armory and its annual February 22 Levee and Ball. Started in 1877, the Levee and Ball had become the town's most anticipated event, bringing hundreds of guests into the community. By 1888 the event had grown too large to be hosted by South Lyndeborough's three major events facilities, the Baptist Church, Tarbell's Hall, Artillery Hall. Therefore, the Lafayette Artillery raised $275 and purchased part of an apple orchard occupying a high point in the village along the road to Temple with the intention of constructing a new headquarters and social facility.

However, the Artillery was unable to raise the funds to construct a headquarters. Therefore, the group petitioned the town to build the structure for it. At a town meeting in March 1888, after much discussion, the town voted in favor of spending $2,000 on the new building, but only if the structure would serve the community as a whole; the Artillery agreed to rent space in the building for its office and armory, the town voted to set aside space for a town library. Over the course of the next several months, construction of what would become Citizens' Hall was delayed as a group of townspeople petitioned the Hillsborough County Superior Court to overturn the town's March vote; when their petition was denied, the group was able to call a special town meeting to reconsider the issue. In September, after another lengthy discussion, the town voted to table the articles before them, within days a granite foundation had been set in place. During the summer prior to construction, the Citizens' Hall building committee—composed of Civil War veterans and local politicians Jason Holt, B.

G. Herrick, Fred Richardson, as well as Lafayette Artillery members Andy Holt and Charles Henry Holt—designed a simple structure resembling the nearby Baptist Church. Like the church, the main body was designed in the Classical Revival style, with its pediment facing the road; the facade, was designed in the then-current Eastlakes/Stick style, a popular Victorian architectural style which originated in upstate New York. The facade includes a cross-gabled hip roof, the front porch a decorative truss and diagonal support braces typical of this style. After the town approved the project in September 1888, work proceeded on the structure. Artillery member D. C. Grant, through his company D. C. Grant and Sons, headed the construction effort, the town purchased building materials from Whiting and Sons and other companies in nearby Wilton, New Hampshire; as a result, portions of the structure are vaguely similar to features on a storefront and an adjacent house on Wilton's Main Street. People entering the building through the main entrance were met with a floor plan that featured two staircases on either side of the entrance, both of which led to the second-floor grand hall.

The first-floor lobby included a ticket window on the east wall, behind, the Artillery's meeting room. The pine trim was painted an off-white color, in contrast to the medium-grey plaster walls, the wainscotting and plank floor were stained brown. Beyond the front hallway was the banquet hall, the walls of which were lined in horizontal painted wooden boards. In the southwest corner was the armory, where the Artillery kept its munitions and uniforms, while in the southeast corner was the kitchen. A passageway between the two rooms led to the connected outhouse, or "backhouse." In the kitchen was another staircase, this one leading to the stage area in the second floor hall. North of the stage was the ballroom, with large windows. Patrons accessed the second floor of the backhouse as well as the attic stairs from the backstage area. On January 5, 1889, the Artillery held its first meeting in the not-yet-completed building. Ten days former Artillery captain Joel Tarbell and his wife, held the first public event in the hall's history: their golden wedding anniversary.

Sixteen days the Artillery and the town formally dedicated the building. Although "Union Hall" had been mentioned as a possible name for the structure, "Citizens' Hall" appears to have been chosen to emphasize that the building belonged to the community, not only to the Civil War veterans and Artillery members who asked that it be built; the first February 22 Levee and Ball to be hosted in the building was held on February 22, 1889. In its early years, Citizens' Hall was used as the primary social-gathering site in South Lyndeborough; the Lafayette Artillery held drills in the ballroom and dinners in the dining room, stored most of its arms on-site. The group hosted public events, including the annual Washington's Birthday Levee and Ball, until after World War II. On the occasion of the annual ball, Artillery members would erect a 50-foot flagpole atop Citizens' Hall, from which they would fly the company flag; the Town

Patrik Silva

Patrik Camilo Cornélio da Silva, better known as Patrik Silva or Patrik, is a Brazilian football player playing for Rio Claro. He plays as an Attacking midfielder; the youngster Patrik, began his career play for Palmeiras B, was loaned to São Caetano between 2007 and 2009. In 2010, he made his debut, he has scored 1 goal for Palmeiras in a friendly match against XV de Piracicaba. In the 2011 Paulista Champíonship, Patrik gained a starting-role in Palmeiras first-team and scored important goals to help his club throughout the competition. On 11 March 2013, Patrick joined South Korean outfit Gangwon FC on a season-long loan deal. Profile at Palmeiras website