Burgess Hill railway station
Burgess Hill railway station is on the Brighton Main Line and Thameslink in England, serving the town of Burgess Hill, West Sussex. It is 41 miles 39 chains down the line from London Bridge via Redhill and is situated between Wivelsfield and Hassocks on the main line. Train services are provided by Thameslink; the first station at Burgess Hill was opened on 21 September 1841 by the London and Brighton Railway, at the time of the completion of the route to Brighton. The original facilities were all in the small wooden hut and wooden platforms set beside the main line; the L&BR became the London Brighton and South Coast Railway in 1846 and a track plan of the station dating from 1874 shows that by several sidings and a signal box had been constructed at the station. The present station building is typical of LB&SCR stations of the period, it contains: Ticket office Newsagent Small cafe Cash machine Telephone Covered bridge down to platforms Seating Shelters on both platforms covering four car train length Car park Toilets Ticket barriers at the main and west entrances As of May 2018, the typical off-peak Monday-Saturday services from this station are: Southbound: 5 tph to BrightonNorthbound: 2 tph to Bedford, via London Blackfriars and London St Pancras Int'l, operated by Thameslink.
On Sundays, the hourly Thameslink services between Brighton and Cambridge do not run. Train times and station information for Burgess Hill railway station from National Rail
Winchelsea railway station
Winchelsea railway station is a railway station in East Sussex. It is about 0.62 miles from Winchelsea and is in the neighbouring parish of Udimore. It is on the Marshlink Line 9.3 miles north east of Hastings, train services are provided by Southern. The station had two platforms, but in 1979, the line was singled and only the up platform is now in use; the former down platform and station building are now converted to a private house. The station is in an isolated location, it is not a convenient way of getting to or from Winchelsea outside daylight hours. One has to walk down an unlit and winding country lane and climb a steep hill, walking along the A259 trunk road, which does not have a pavement. Being so isolated and given the limited stopping service, it is little used other than by walkers visiting the Brede Valley. Local people may book a free lift to and from the station through a voluntary scheme run through the village post office; the station buildings have been sold into private ownership and so this station is unstaffed.
There are no ticket issuing facilities available at the station although these can be purchased from the train conductor. Limited parking facilities are available at the station; the station opened on 13 February 1851, just six weeks before the 1851 census. The station masters in each subsequent census were: Samuel Saxby. Between December 2005 and 2010, there was a limited service to Winchelsea, of just three or four trains a day in each direction at inconvenient times. Prior to this, there had been an hourly service. Local campaign groups THWART and the Marshlink Action Group have campaigned for services to be increased, from December 2010 a two-hourly service in each direction has been restored, resulting in an increase in passenger numbers. There is a two-hourly service to Winchelsea with trains to Ashford International. Station stops are shared in each alternate hour with Three Oaks making it difficult to travel directly between these two stations; as of the Southern May 2018 new timetable, the fast service to Brighton no longer operates.
Instead an Eastbourne stopping service has been introduced
Abergavenny railway station
Abergavenny railway station is situated southeast of the town centre of Abergavenny, Wales. It is part of the British railway system owned by Network Rail and is operated by Transport for Wales, it lies on the Welsh Marches Line from Newport to Hereford. Abergavenny lies at the eastern edge of the Brecon Beacons National Park and provides an access point to local services and public transport into the park; the station, designed by Charles Liddell, Chief Engineer of the Newport and Hereford Railway, is in an Italianate architecture style. The NA&HR amalgamated with other railways in 1860 to form the West Midland Railway, which itself amalgamated with the Great Western Railway in 1863; the line passed on to the Western Region of British Railways on nationalisation in 1948. In 1950, the station was renamed Abergavenny Monmouth Road, but reverted to its simple name in 1968; when sectorisation was introduced, the station was served by Regional Railways until the privatisation of British Railways. A branch line to Brynmawr was opened in 1862 starting at Abergavenny Junction station north of the current station, constructed by the Merthyr and Abergavenny Railway.
The line had a station in the town called Abergavenny Brecon Road, making three stations in all. This company was acquired by the London and North Western Railway in 1866. In 1958 the MT&AR passenger trains ceased and Abergavenny Junction was closed. A GWR Castle-class locomotive, number 5013, was named after Abergavenny Castle; the station is staffed in the daytime. It has disabled access to platforms, a cafeteria and toilets, plus large waiting rooms on both platforms. Train running information is provided via automated announcements, digital CIS displays and timetable posters, along with an customer help point on platform 1. Step-free access is available on the northbound platform at all times, but to the southbound one only when the ticket office is manned. There is a footbridge linking the two platforms. With a few exceptions, the weekday daytime service pattern sees one train per hour in each direction between Manchester Piccadilly and Cardiff Central, with most trains continuing beyond Cardiff to Swansea and West Wales.
There is a two-hourly service between Cardiff and the North Wales Coast Line to Holyhead via Wrexham General. These services are all operated by Transport for Wales; the northbound Premier service from Cardiff to Holyhead calls here on Monday to Fridays but the southbound service does not call here. Two trains per day in the early morning on weekdays to London Paddington, via Hereford and the Cotswold Line, commenced operation in December 2007. However, they were short lived, being withdrawn in December 2008; these services were operated by First Great Western. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas. Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers. ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 228266687. Abergavenny station on navigable O. S. map
Birmingham New Street railway station
Birmingham New Street is the largest and busiest of the three main railway stations in the Birmingham City Centre, England. It is a central hub of the British railway system, it is a major destination for Virgin Trains services from London Euston, Glasgow Central and Edinburgh Waverley via the West Coast Main Line, the national hub of the CrossCountry network – the most extensive in Britain, with long-distance trains serving destinations from Aberdeen to Penzance. It is a major hub for local and suburban services within the West Midlands, including those on the Cross City Line between Lichfield Trent Valley and Bromsgrove, the Chase Line to Walsall and Rugeley Trent Valley; the station is named after New Street, which runs parallel to the station, although the station has never had a direct entrance to New Street except via the Grand Central shopping centre. The main entrance to the station was on Stephenson Street, just off New Street. Today the station has entrances on Stephenson Street, Smallbrook Queensway, Hill Street and Navigation Street.
New Street is the sixth busiest railway station in the UK and the busiest outside London, with 43.7 million passenger entries and exits between April 2017 and March 2018. It is the busiest interchange station outside London, with nearly 6.8 million passengers changing trains at the station annually. In 2018 New Street had a passenger satisfaction rating of 92%, the third highest in the UK; the original New Street station opened in 1854. At the time of its construction, the station had the largest single-span arched roof in the world, In the 1960s, the station was rebuilt. An enclosed station, with buildings over most of its span and passenger numbers more than twice those it was designed for, the replacement was not popular with its users. A £550m redevelopment of the station named Gateway Plus opened in September 2015, it includes a new concourse, a new exterior facade, a new entrance on Stephenson Street. Around 80% of train services to Birmingham go through New Street; the other major city-centre stations in Birmingham are Birmingham Moor Street and Birmingham Snow Hill.
Outside Birmingham, in Solihull, is Birmingham International, which serves Birmingham Airport and the National Exhibition Centre. Since 30 May 2016, New Street has been served by the West Midlands Metro tram line, when the adjacent Grand Central tram stop opened outside the station's main entrance on Stephenson Street as the new terminus of Line 1, following the opening of the city-centre extension from Birmingham Snow Hill. New Street station was built by the London and North Western Railway between 1846 and 1854. Samuel Carter, solicitor to both LNWR and the Midland Railway, managed the conveyancing, it was built in the centre of Birmingham, replacing several earlier rail termini on the outskirts of the centre, most notably Curzon Street, which had opened in 1838, was no longer adequate for the level of traffic. Until 1885 the LNWR shared the station with the Midland. However, in 1885 the Midland Railway opened its own extension alongside the original station for the exclusive use of its trains creating two stations side-by-side.
The two companies stations were separated by a central roadway. Traffic grew and by 1900 New Street had an average of 40 trains an hour departing and arriving, rising to 53 trains in the peak hours; the London and North Western Railway had obtained an Act of Parliament in 1846, to extend their line into the centre of Birmingham, which involved the acquisition of some 1.2 hectares of land, the demolition of 70 or so houses in Peck Lane, The Froggery, Queen Street, Colmore Street. The Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion chapel, on the corner of Peck Lane and Dudley Street, which had only been built six years before, was demolished; the station was formally opened on 1 June 1854, although the uncompleted station had been in use for two years as a terminus for trains from the Stour Valley Line, which entered the station from the Wolverhampton direction. On the formal opening day, the LNWR's Curzon Street station was closed to regular passenger services, trains from the London direction started using New Street.
The station was constructed by Messrs. Fox, Henderson & Co. and designed by Edward Alfred Cowper of that firm, who had worked on the design of The Crystal Palace. When completed, it had the largest arched single-span iron and glass roof in the world, spanning a width of 211 feet and being 840 ft long, it held this title for 14 years until St Pancras station opened in 1868. It was intended to have three spans, supported by columns, however it was soon realised that the supporting columns would restrict the workings of the railway. Cowper's single-span design, was therefore adopted though it was some 62 feet wider than the widest roof span at that time. George Gilbert Scott praised Cowper's roof at New Street, stating “An iron roof in its most normal condition is too spider-like a structure to be handsome, but with a little attention this defect is obviated; the most wonderful specimen is that at the great Birmingham Station... ” When first opened, New Street was described as the "Grand Central Station at Birmingham".
The internal layout of tracks and platforms was designed by Robert Stephenson and his assistants. The main entrance building on Stephenson Street incorporated Queen's Hotel, designed by John William Livock, opened on the same day; the Queen's Hotel was built in an Italianate style and was provided with 60 rooms. The hotel was expanded several times over the years, reached its final form in 1917 with t
Tamworth railway station
Tamworth is a split-level railway station which serves the town of Tamworth in Staffordshire, England. It is an interchange between two main lines, it has four platforms: Two low-level platforms on the WCML, two high level platforms served by the Cross Country Route. There were chords connecting the two lines, but there is no longer any rail connection between them; the original station was opened on 12 August 1839 by the Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway on its original route from Derby to Hampton-in-Arden meeting the London and Birmingham Railway for London. On 26 June 1847 the London and North Western Railway opened its Trent Valley Line passing beneath the original line with a new joint station designed by John William Livock; the joint station didn't acquire the "High Level" and "Low Level" names until 1924. Since it was expected that only local trains would call, the platforms were on loops, with the running lines left clear for expresses. At that time there was a north to west curve linking the, by Midland with the LNWR line.
Since it was the crossing of two major lines – one Bristol to Newcastle, the other Euston to Aberdeen – it was important for the Royal Mail transferring upwards of 2000 bags every night. A north to east curve was built early on by the Trent Valley Railway and the Birmingham & Derby Junction railway, track was laid on it, but it is not known whether it was used, it was lifted by the turn of the century. The track left the Trent Valley line and climbed on an embankment until it crossed the River Anker via a bridge entered a cutting until reaching the Midland line; the bridge, known locally as the Spider Bridge, was demolished sometime during the late 1960s by the Royal Engineers, the cutting was filled in shortly afterwards, so there is little to see nowadays except for the vegetation-covered embankment leading to the bridge. Prior to the introduction of diesel engines, Tamworth Railway Station was well known to'train spotting' enthusiasts as the closest station to Birmingham at which the larger and faster steam engines could be seen on the London to the North West Coast Line.
The south-east corner, where the lines crossed, was at that time a vacant field, used to be filled with spotters who would bring refreshments and spend the whole day there. A housing estate now occupies that spot. There was a large water tower and pumping station at the east end of the low level, pumping water from the River Anker below; the original station was demolished in 1961 and a new station was designed by the architects for the London Midland Region of British Railways, Maurice Wheeler, E. G. Girdlestone and J. B. Sanders; the rebuilt station opened in 1962 and at the same time the Trent Valley Line was electrified, requiring the High level line and platforms to be raised by two feet. On 14 September 1870, a mail train was diverted into a siding due to a signalman's error, it ended up in the River Anker. Three people were killed. There are four platforms: Platforms 1 and 2 on the low level: Platform 1 is a westbound platform for northward services towards Crewe. Platforms 3 and 4 on the high level: Platform 3 is a northbound platform for northward services towards Derby and beyond.
The main buildings are adjacent to platform 1 and incorporate a ticket office, customer service enquiry counter, photo booth, post box and a coffee shop. Two self-service ticket machines are sited on the station frontage for use when the ticket office is closed. Platform 2 only has a waiting shelter, whilst both high level platforms have waiting rooms. Train running information is provided via automatic announcements, CIS displays and timetable poster boards. Both low-level platforms are directly linked with both high-level platforms by staircases. All platforms are accessible for disabled passengers, as the two levels are linked by lifts. There is, however, no direct lift between platforms 2 and 3. West Midlands Trains operating under the London Northwestern branding, operates a regular Monday to Sunday semi-fast hourly service between London and Crewe via Stoke-on-Trent which calls at Tamworth; this service uses Class 350 multiple units. Some peak services terminate at Northampton. Virgin Trains provide additional services during the peak weekends.
Westbound, there are: 1 train per day from London to Glasgow Central via Preston and Carlisle. Eastbound, there are: 1 train per day from Lancaster to London. All Virgin Trains servic
Grantham railway station
Grantham railway station is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the town of Grantham, Lincolnshire. It is 105 miles 38 chains down the line from London King's Cross and is situated on the main line between Peterborough to the south and Newark North Gate to the north. Two secondary lines diverge from the main line north of Grantham: the "Poacher Line" to Skegness and a branch line to Nottingham, its three-letter station code is GRA. The original station at Grantham was opened when the Ambergate, Boston & Eastern Junction Railway opened its line from Nottingham on 15 July 1850; this line was taken over by the Great Northern Railway in 1854. This was replaced by the present station which opened on 1 August 1852; the new station was on the GNR's direct line between Peterborough and Retford, completed in 1852. The alternative route via Boston and Lincoln had opened in 1850; the Boston and Midland Counties Railway opened their line from Barkston Junction, 2 miles north of Grantham, to Sleaford in 1857, on to Boston in 1859.
This railway was taken over by the GNR in 1864. The Grantham to Lincoln line, which branched off the Sleaford line at Honington, was opened in 1867; the Great Northern and London and North Western Joint Railway was opened in 1879. This ran from Market Harborough and Leicester Belgrave Road in the south, through Melton Mowbray to Nottingham and Newark in the north, crossing the Grantham to Nottingham line near Bottesford; the GNR operated a Grantham to Leicester service via this route. The early life of the station was marred by some unfortunate accidents. On 25 July 1868, a GNR cleaner, was run over by a guard's van and killed. On 4 November 1868, John Boswell, aged 80, was wandering along the line near the station when he was killed by a down train. On 23 May 1873, Thomas Robinson, a GNR engine driver, was struck fatally by a ballast-engine whilst crossing the yard at the station. On 12 March 1887, Eli Addlesee, a driver, was killed by some wagons being shunted in the station On 27 November 1898, John William Frisby, a GNR shunter, was killed whilst crossing the line near the station.
In 1937, the LNER announced. At 800 feet long it was too short to accommodate the increasing length of the main line express trains, the work would extend it to 950 feet. At the same time the whole platform length was to be raised to a standard height of 3 feet and a new awning over the platform opposite the station buildings would be added. Junctions near the town connect to branches to Nottingham, to Sleaford and Skegness; the station was built close to the factory of Richard Sons. It is composed of four platforms. Platform 1 serves London King's Cross via Peterborough and Stevenage. Platform 2, 3 and 4 are formed from a large island platform structure. Platform 3 is a bay platform at the northern end of the station, used to allow local trains to reverse, while Platform 4 is a two-way platform, used by East Midlands Trains. Only Platform 1 has amenities, including refreshments and a buffet. Prior to the reopening of the Allington Chord in 2006, trains for Nottingham – Grantham – Skegness reversed in the station and travelled along the ECML, crossing the ECML via a flat junction, adding to congestion on the main line.
Since the opening of the chord they reverse and travel whence they came using the chord, crossing under the ECML using existing tracks. The journey to London King's Cross takes a little over an hour, with trains provided by London North Eastern Railway and Hull Trains In May 2009 National Express East Coast installed ticket barriers; these have since been removed however. 7 July 1898. The 9.25pm up express from Manchester collided with a goods engine, crossing from the up sidings to the down main line. Six passengers, the guard and both drivers were injured. 19 September 1906, a sleeper train was derailed after overrunning signals and passing through the station at excessive speed, fourteen people were killed and seventeen were injured. Whittaker, Nicholas. "Chapter 4". Platform Souls. London: Gollancz. Train times and station information for Grantham railway station from National Rail Pathe newsreel, 1947. Experimental snowplough at GranthamSummary of 1906 railway accident Hull to Grantham station information
Oakham railway station
Oakham railway station serves the town of Oakham in Rutland, England. The station is situated halfway between Leicester – 27 miles to the west – and Peterborough – 25 miles eastward on the Syston and Peterborough Railway, the line is now part of the much bigger Birmingham to Peterborough Line. Oakham is the only surviving passenger railway station in Rutland; until the line from Oakham to Kettering via Corby was used by passenger trains, being exclusively a freight line. Since the reopening of Corby station in 2009, the line is in daily passenger use, with trains running to and from London St Pancras, as well as occasional use as a diversionary route for passenger trains which use the Midland Main Line; the daily passenger trains serve Corby, Wellingborough and Luton. The station was opened by the Midland Railway on 1 May 1848; the building was designed by the company architect, Edward Wood of London, is Grade II listed. The station building, the nearby level crossing signal box and footbridge are each listed buildings.
The signal box was the prototype for the Airfix kit signal box. Since 2007 some of the station buildings have been used as the headquarters of the charitable organisation Change Agents UK. From Oakham there is an hourly service in both directions operated by CrossCountry, with some additional peak-hour trains. Services run westbound to Birmingham New Street via Melton Mowbray, Narborough, Hinckley and Coleshill Parkway whilst services eastbound run to Stansted Airport or Cambridge via Stamford, March and Audley End. Despite managing the station, East Midlands Trains only operates a limited number of services to/from it. A few trains operate at either end of the day for train crew route knowledge retention purposes. An early morning service runs from Nottingham to Norwich and an evening service operates from Spalding via Peterborough to Nottingham; the station retains a ticket office, staffed part-time, a car park and help points for times where there are no staff present. A single daily return service to London St Pancras commenced on 27 April 2009 running via Corby and is notable for being the first regular passenger service to cross the spectacular and historic Welland Viaduct since 1966.
The company introduced a further return service from Derby via East Midlands Parkway from May 2010. Further services may be introduced in the future; the initial London service had been due to start on 14 December 2008 but because of a delay in reaching agreement with the Department for Transport and the rolling stock operating company for the four additional trains needed for the service EMT started the service around four months later. Prior to the Beeching Axe trains used to stop at a number of smaller village destinations in Rutland; these were closed between 1961 and 1966. The table below shows the train departures from Oakham on weekdays in July 1922; the basic services are Peterborough to Kettering to Nottingham. In this timetable, Oakham is served by two London to Nottingham expresses, arriving in Oakham at 10.22 and 18.55. Southbound the only direct service is at 18.09, but two additional Nottingham to London expresses call at Manton with connections from Oakham at 08.43 and 11.05. Train times and station information for Oakham railway station from National Rail Oakham - Least Used Station in Rutland- 2018 YouTube film about the station