click links in text for more info

United Nations Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs

The United Nations Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs is a department of the Secretariat of the United Nations with responsibility for monitoring and assessing global political developments and advising and assisting the UN Secretary General and his envoys in the peaceful prevention and resolution of conflict around the world. The department manages field-based political missions in Africa, Central Asia, the Middle East, has in recent years been increasing its professional capacities in conflict mediation and preventive diplomacy. DPPA oversees UN electoral assistance to Member States of the organization. Established in 1992, the department's responsibilities include providing secretariat support to the UN Security Council and two standing committees created by the General Assembly concerning the Rights of the Palestinian People and Decolonization. DPPA is based at the UN Headquarters in New York City. Rosemary DiCarloUnder-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs Oscar Fernandez-Taranco – Assistant Secretary-General for Peacebuilding Support Bintou Keita – Assistant Secretary-General for Africa Miroslav Jenča – Assistant Secretary-General for Europe, Central Asia and Americas Khaled Khiari – Assistant Secretary-General for Middle East and the PacificOn 28 March 2018, UN Secretary-General António Guterres announced the appointment of Rosemary DiCarlo of the United States, President of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy and Senior Fellow at the Jackson Institute for Global Affairs, Yale University, as Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs.

Ms. DiCarlo succeeded Jeffrey D. Feltman of the United States, who completed his assignment on 31 March 2018; this table lists the former Under-Secretary Generals who served: under the Department of Political and Security Council Affairs under the Department of Political Affairs under the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs As of December 2016, the DPA manages the following political missions and peace-building support offices engaged in conflict prevention and post-conflict peacebuilding in Africa, Central Asia and the Middle East: In Africa: UNIOGBIS, United Nations Integrated Peace-building Support Office in Guinea-Bissau UNOCA, United Nations Office for Central Africa UNOWAS, United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel UNSMIL, United Nations Support Mission in Libya UNSOM, United Nations Assistance Mission in SomaliaIn Asia: UNAMA, United Nations Mission in Afghanistan UNRCCA, United Nations Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy in Central AsiaIn the Middle East: UNAMI, United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq UNSCO, Office of the United Nations Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process UNSCOL, Office of the United Nations Special Coordinator for LebanonIn South America: The United Nations Mission in ColombiaThese DPA-led field operations are headed by senior representatives of the Secretary-General and provide a forward platform for preventive diplomacy and other activities across a range of disciplines, to help prevent and resolve conflict or to build lasting peace in nations emerging from civil wars.

The peace-building offices active in Burundi, Guinea-Bissau, the Central African Republic and Sierra Leone aim to help nations consolidate peace through comprehensive peace-building strategies developed and carried out in coordination with national actors and U. N. development and humanitarian entities on the ground. Political missions are part of a continuum of UN peace operations working in different stages of the conflict cycle. In some instances, following the signing of peace agreements, political missions overseen by the Department of Political Affairs during the stage of peace negotiations have been replaced by peacekeeping missions. In other instances, U. N. peacekeeping operations have given way to special political missions overseeing longer-term peace-building activities. Good Offices missions In addition to the field-based missions under its supervision, DPA provides guidance and support to traveling envoys and special advisers of the Secretary-General bringing to bear his “good offices” for the resolution of conflicts or the implementation of other UN mandates.

These include UN envoys or special advisers for Cyprus, Syria, Western Sahara, the Macedonian-Greek naming dispute. Investigative Mandates and Fact-Finding Missions DPA has assisted in establishing and providing support to various UN investigative and fact-finding bodies; these have included: the International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala. United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations United Nations Secretariat E-Newsletter of the United Nations Department of Political Affairs Print Newsletter of the United Nations Department of Political Affairs UN Department of Political Affairs Map: UN Political and Peacebuilding Missions UN Department of Political Affairs: Senior Officials UN Peacemaker website for peacemaking professionals

I Turn to You (Melanie C song)

"I Turn to You" is a song by British singer-songwriter, Melanie C. It was released as Northern Star, it was released on 7 August 2000 in the United Kingdom and became Melanie's second UK number-one single. It sold 120,000 copies in its first week, altogether selling 360,477 copies, making it the twenty-seventh best-seller of 2000 in the UK. "I Turn to You" topped the Austrian Singles Chart, the Danish Singles Chart, the Dutch Top 40, the Swedish Singles Chart and the US Billboard Hot Dance Club Play chart. The main single was released as the "Hex Hector Radio Mix", for which Hex Hector won the 2001 Grammy as Remixer of the Year. "I Turn to You" has sold over two million copies worldwide. The album version of the song was recorded in 1999, it was written by Rick Nowels and Billy Steinberg. The song was chosen to be released as the fourth single of the album Northern Star, just after the big success of the number one single Never Be The Same Again. According to Melanie after some discussions with Virgin executives, they decided to get some remixes done just to see what they sounded like.

She stated that she was "blown away" as soon as she heard the Hex Hector remix, so along with the Virgin executives they decided that it should be released as a single. She said that "it just made sense - the whole Ibiza thing, it was a summer release, it was obvious that the Hex Hector mix was going to be a hit". Since the song's release, it has been critically acclaimed as one of the best solo Spice Girl singles; the War Against Silence wrote "the dense, sparkling "I Turn to You" reminds me alternately of recent Roxette and Seven the Hard Way-era Pat Benatar." The Digital Fix deemed the song "fantastic". Q magazine said, ``. Video and moves shamelessly lifted straight from Madonna's Ray Of Light. Constant repetition of the titles over some bogstandard techno-fun, her Top Shop Motorhead t-shirt is nowhere to be seen; as attempts to dominate the lucrative Ibiza market go, it's innocuous enough, if tinged with fear over what her next move will be". Billboard listed the song as the number one entry in the article "Girl Group Solo Songs: The 10 Best Singles of the Modern Era".

With "I Turn to You", Melanie C achieved her tenth number-one UK single as a songwriter and it made her the first woman to top the UK charts as part of a quintet, duo and as a solo artist. With "Holler", the Spice Girls' final UK number one, Melanie C became the first female songwriter to write at least 11 UK number-one singles. Melanie C held this record alone until Madonna achieved her eleventh number one with "Hung Up" in 2005 lost it when Madonna achieved her twelfth number one with "Sorry" in 2006; the video was filmed on the island of Ibiza in June 2000, features shots of her dancing in Es Paradis nightclub. Melanie has crimped blonde hair extensions in this video and there are changing scenes of her dancing to sitting on a cliff to lying in blue water the sea or a swimming pool; the video ends with groups of people walking up the top of the cliff at sunset. The video was directed by Cameron Casey. "I Turn to You" has been performed in all of Melanie C's concert tours, is used as the encore song.

Melanie C performed the song during her appearance on American talk show The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, which aired by NBC on 6 April 2001. "I Turn to You" became part of the set list for The Return of the Spice Girls tour in 2007 and 2008. After the song gained popularity, it was featured in the film Bend It Like Beckham, it was covered by Darkseed on "Ultimate Darkness", by Machinae Supremacy on "Webography", by Wig Wam on 667.. The Neighbour of the Beast; the song was featured in the musical Viva Forever!, a musical show based on the songs of the Spice Girls. "I Turn to You" * – 6:01 "I Turn to You" – 5:49 "I Turn to You" ** – 4:09 "I Turn to You" – 3:50 "I Turn to You" – 10:29 "I Turn to You" – 9:43 "I Turn to You" ** – 10:29 "I Turn to You" ** – 9:29 "I Turn to You" – 4:13 "I Turn to You" – 4:14 "I Turn to You" ** – 5:13 "I Turn to You" ** – 4:49 "I Turn to You" ** – 8:30 "I Turn to You" ** – 3:54 "I Turn to You" – 8:30 "I Turn to You" – 6:48 "I Turn to You" ** – 5:13 "I Turn to You" – 3:37 "I Turn to You" – 10:13 "I Turn to You" – 10:13* Appears only in the Northern Star album sampler** Appears only in promotional releases Melanie C performed the song on the following concert tours: From Liverpool to Leicester Square Northern Star Tour Reason Tour The Barfly Mini-Tour Beautiful Intentions Tour Return of the Spice Girls This Time Canadian Tour The Sea – Live "I Turn to You" is the 2004 debut single by Norwegian glam metal band Wig Wam, the first single released from their debut album 667..

The Neighbour of the Beast. The CD single features only "Crazy Things"; the track was featured on Hard to Be a Rock'n' Roller, a renamed reissue of 667.. The Neighbour of the Beast. List of number-one singles from the 2000s List of number-one dance singles of 2000 "I Turn To You" - Melanie C - Video on YouTube Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics


Berolina is the New Latin female personification of Berlin and the allegorical female figure symbolizing the city. One of the best-known portraits of Berolina is the statue. In 1871, emperor William I ordered an 11 m Berolina statue in Belle-Alliance-Platz, to glorify the homecoming victorious troops of the Franco-Prussian War. Another statue was designed in 1889 by the sculptors Emil Hundrieser and Michel Lock as a decorative element for the state visit of King Umberto I of Italy; the Berolina figure was placed on Potsdamer Platz. The statue of 7.55 m showed a woman with a crown of oak leaves. The inspiration was from a painting in the Rotes Rathaus city hall that featured cobbler's daughter Anna Sasse. In 1895, the gypsum figure by Hundrieser was copper-melted and unveiled in Alexanderplatz on December 17. Weighing five tonnes, it was placed in front of the site where Hermann Tietz erected his department store in 1904; the statue was damaged in the barricade fights of the German Revolution of 1918–19.

It had to be removed during the construction of the U5 underground line in 1927, but was set up again in 1933. The nearby Berolinahaus, built in 1929–32 according to plans by Peter Behrens, was named after the statue. Dismantled on 26 August 1942, it was melted down in 1944 for war purposes. A model is preserved at the Märkisches Museum. In 2000, an association named "Wiedererstellung und Pflege der Berolina e. V." was created with the aim to rebuild the statue. Many Berliner companies are named "Berolina". A leading German film studio of the 1950s was called Berolina Film. In the past, there were several radio and television broadcasts in which reference was made the city's personification. Today, it is the popular name of central Berlin Police radio. In 1980s, the "Berolina" music awards was organized, sponsored by the TV networks ARD, ZDF and ORF, hosted in a television show by Thomas Gottschalk on 27 August 1987 with a total of 15 musicians and bands. Several songs and plays are named "Berolina".

The Main belt asteroid 422 Berolina, is named after the city in that way. Bavaria, personification of the Land of Bavaria Berlino, mascot for the 2009 World Championships in athletics Berolina, which ran between Warsaw and Berlin Deutscher Michel, personification of German people Flag and Coat of Arms of Berlin Germania, national personification of Germany Hammonia, personification of Hamburg Berolina Statue website An article of The New York Times

Secretary's Day (The Office)

"Secretary's Day" is the 22nd episode of the sixth season of the American comedy series The Office and the show's 122nd episode overall. It aired on April 22, 2010 on NBC, it was written by Mindy Kaling, who portrays Kelly Kapoor on the series, is the second episode directed by Steve Carell, who portrays Michael Scott. The series—presented as if it were a real documentary—depicts the everyday lives of office employees in the Scranton, branch of the fictional Dunder Mifflin Paper Company. In the episode, Andy tries to make his girlfriend Erin's Secretary's Day a special day, but things do not turn out well when Erin learns of Andy's previous relationship with Angela. Meanwhile, Oscar circulates a video he made in which he compares Kevin's voice to the Cookie Monster's, causing Gabe to try to assert his authority in the office, it is Secretary's Day, Andy tries to make Erin's day a memorable one. He convinces a reluctant Michael to take her to lunch at a place of her choosing. During lunch, Erin asks Michael to tell her about Andy before she joined the staff, he mentions that Andy was engaged to fellow office worker Angela, a fact which Andy had concealed from Erin, to Michael's surprise.

Upon learning about the engagement, Erin tries to conceal a fit by wrapping her hair around her face, is silent on the drive back to the office. During the main party, when Andy starts to play a song he wrote for Erin, she throws cake in his face and reveals her knowledge of his engagement to Angela. Though Pam tries to persuade her that Andy's engagement to Angela is unimportant, revealing that she was engaged to another co-worker before marrying Jim, Erin decides she can't trust Andy anymore and breaks up with him. At the end of the day, Michael cheers her up with some jokes and Andy notes that at least someone has made her happy on Secretary's Day. Meanwhile, Oscar circulates a video he made, which dubs Kevin's voice over footage of Cookie Monster, it is a hit with the staff, they continuously make fun of Kevin with Cookie Monster impersonations. Kevin complains to Gabe about their teasing. In an effort to assert his fledgling authority, Gabe bans the office from talking about the video or Cookie Monster.

When the jokes continue, Gabe suspends Pam without pay for contradicting his orders Jim for defending her, even Dwight for applauding Gabe's punishments. Pam consults Toby about this, after looking into it he informs her that Gabe can suspend people but does not have the authority to dock their pay. Meanwhile, Gabe learns the same thing from corporate, but rather than admit his mistake to Pam and Dwight, he decides to salvage his pride by saying he will revoke the suspension if they apologize. Pam and Jim decline, thus getting a two-day paid vacation, while Dwight apologizes and kisses Gabe's hand instead, as Jim and Pam neglected to share Toby's information with him. After Jim and Pam leave, Gabe decides to save face and mock Kevin as well, but does a poor impression. Kevin retaliates by doing an impression of Gabe, the rest of the office joins his mockery. At the end of the episode, Kevin tries to get back at Oscar by dubbing Oscar's voice over footage of Count von Count, his rationale being that the Count counts and Oscar is an accountant.

To his frustration, Kevin gets a much less enthusiastic response from the rest of the office, many of whom agreeing it would have made more sense to dub Oscar’s voice over footage of Oscar the Grouch. Only Michael finds it funny, but Kevin is satisfied with this, not minding when Michael calls him "Cookie Monster". In its original American broadcast, "Secretary's Day" was watched by 6.30 million viewers, with a 3.2 rating and a 9 share in the 18–49 demographic. "Secretary's Day" at "Secretary's Day" on IMDb "Secretary's Day" at

Berkshire Scenic Railway Museum

The Berkshire Scenic Railway Museum is a railroad museum located in Lenox, United States, that offers historical exhibits. The museum was founded in 1984 as a not-for-profit organization. During the 1980s and 2003-2011 it offered tourist train rides between Lenox and Stockbridge on the Housatonic Railroad right-of-way. In 2016 the museum began tourist train service in Massachusetts. In 1984 the Berkshire Scenic Railway Museum began operating passenger excursions between Lee and Great Barrington, over tracks owned by the Housatonic Railroad. Due to deteriorating track conditions, passenger operations were suspended in 1989; the excursion trains returned in 2003, based at the restored station in Lenox, with regular schedules to Lee and Stockbridge. Special events are sometimes held in conjunction with railroad operations. In 2011, the Housatonic Railroad announced it would not be renewing its agreement with the Berkshire Scenic Railway Museum which allowed the operation of excursion trains on its tracks.

Colin Pease, spokesperson for HRRC, said, "The Housatonic Railroad has determined that the continued operation of the Berkshire Scenic Railway on Housatonic-owned tracks is no longer possible." Pease could not give a reason as to why the relationship changed, though several unfounded accusations were made towards the volunteer group in the press. In 2014, the museum received a $200,000 state grant to move its excursion train operations and begin Hoosac Valley Service tourist train rides between Adams and North Adams; the Town of Adams spent $500,000 renovating a former car wash into a railroad station. MassDOT is purchasing this portion of the Adams Branch from private railroads. In November 2015 the City of North Adams completed an agreement to lease land for a temporary passenger platform for the Hoosac Valley line; the museum announced that rail service would begin in May 2016, that one-hour round trip rides would be offered every weekend through the summer, departing from North Adams. Berkshire Scenic Railway Museum

London Monarchs

The London Monarchs were a professional American football team in NFL Europe and its predecessor league, the World League of American Football. The Monarchs played their final season in 1998 as the England Monarchs. In 1999, they were replaced by the new Berlin Thunder; the WLAF operated in 1991 and 1992 and included six US teams, one Canadian team, three European-based teams, including the Monarchs, organised in three divisions. The WLAF suspended operations prior to the 1993 season, but was revived in 1995 as the World League, featuring six European-based teams, again including the Monarchs; the World League was renamed "NFL Europe League" in 1998. This league played its games in the spring so as not to conflict with the traditional American football season of autumn and early winter. In 1991 and 1992 the Monarchs played their home games at the famed Wembley Stadium. In the 1991 season the team won the first World Bowl at Wembley, beating the Barcelona Dragons 21–0, the only team to have beaten them in the entire season.

In the first season of the World League, crowds at Wembley averaged 40,483 for the five games. However dwindling interest – with the advent of a new regional rivalry with the Edinburgh-based Scottish Claymores – forced the team to shift its home ground to White Hart Lane, home of Tottenham Hotspur F. C. when the league resumed play in 1995, that year average attendance fell to 16,343. Because of the comparatively small size of the pitch at White Hart Lane, special dispensation had to be applied for to use a shortened field and it was granted: the pitch at White Hart Lane measured 93 yards. In 1996, the Monarchs were forced to find an alternative venue for their final home game and chose Stamford Bridge, where they would play all of their home games in 1997. Towards the end of the 1997 season, the WLAF was starting to re-evaluate the team's situation in its market, believing that the return to London had not been as big a success as hoped. In conjunction with general manager Alton Byrd, the team was rebranded the England Monarchs and travelled the country, playing home games at the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre in London, Ashton Gate and Alexander Stadium, an athletics stadium in Birmingham – another step down in the size and quality of the stadiums used.

This venture divided opinion amongst the Monarchs support and rather than increase interest in the team, attendances slumped to an average of 5,944. The announcement at the end of the 1998 season that the league would add a new team, the Berlin Thunder, led to weeks of speculation that either one of the existing teams would be shut down, or that the Monarchs and Claymores would be amalgamated into a single British team. Confirmation that the Monarchs were to close down came in July that year. Like other WLAF/NFL Europe teams, most of the Monarchs' players were young American developmental players assigned from teams in the National Football League; the league paid these players' salaries, as well of that of the coaches, who tended to be Americans, though there were exceptions – in the early Monarchs Walter McKone, D. O. was Stewart Parkinson a team manager. A few players of European extraction participated as kicking specialists, although league rules required the participation of at least one player of European extraction on every other series of four downs.

The league's points leader in 1991 was Phil Alexander, kicker with the Monarchs, Chief Executive of Crystal Palace football club. One exception to the "kicker phenomenon" was Victor Ebubedike who played as running back for the Monarchs for a number of years, who became the first European to score a touchdown in 1991. Notable players for the Monarchs included Stan Gelbaugh, William "The Refrigerator" Perry, Obafemi Ayanbadejo, Steve "Hollywood" Brooks, Kevin "Roly Poly" O'Brien, Tim Simpson, Doug Marrone, Brad Johnson, a quarterback who would go on to win Super Bowl XXXVII with the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. Of note was Dedrick Dodge, a special teams maven who went on to win a number of Super Bowl rings with the San Francisco 49ers and the Denver Broncos and LaVar Ball, a tight end whose sons play basketball, including Lonzo Ball of the Los Angeles Lakers, the second overall pick in the 2017 NBA draft