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United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs is a United Nations body established in December 1991 by the General Assembly to strengthen the international response to complex emergencies and natural disasters. It is the successor to the Office of the United Nations Disaster Relief Coordinator; the Department of Humanitarian Affairs was established shortly thereafter by the Secretary-General, but in 1998 was merged into OCHA, which became the U. N.'s main focal point on major disasters. OCHA's mandate was subsequently broadened to include coordinating humanitarian response, policy development and humanitarian advocacy, its activities include organizing and monitoring humanitarian funding, policy-making, information exchange to facilitate rapid-response teams for emergency relief. OCHA is led by the Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, appointed for a five-year term. Since May 2017, the role has been filled by Mark Lowcock of the United Kingdom.

OCHA organized the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit in Turkey. It is a sitting observer in the United Nations Development Group. OCHA is headed by the Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, since May 2017 by Mark Lowcock, it has 2 headquarters in New York and Geneva, 8 regional offices, 32 field offices, 23 humanitarian adviser teams, 3 liaison offices. As of June 2016, OCHA has 2,300 staff spread across the world in over 60 countries. Major OCHA country offices are located in all continents, among others in Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Palestinian territories, Sri Lanka, Sudan and Zimbabwe, while regional offices are located in Panama City, Cairo, Johannesburg and Kuala Lumpur. OCHA has some liaison and support staff in New York and Geneva. OCHA has built up a range of services in the execution of its mandate; some of the larger ones are: IRIN, Integrated Regional Information Networks, a humanitarian news and analysis service Since 1 January 2015, IRIN now operates as an independent news service and is no longer affiliated with OCHA.

INSARAG, International Search and Rescue Advisory Group ReliefWeb, a leading source of time-critical humanitarian information on global crises and disasters. ReliefWeb is a 24/7 service that provides the latest reports, maps and videos from trusted sources, as well as jobs and training programs for humanitarians. Central Emergency Response Fund, a humanitarian fund established by the UN General Assembly to 1) promote early action and response to reduce loss of life. Who does What Where Database and Contact Management Directory: To ensure that appropriate and timely humanitarian response is delivered during a disaster or emergency, information must be managed efficiently; the key information that are important to assess and ensure that humanitarian needs are met in any emergency/disaster are, to know which organizations are carrying out what activities in which locations, universally referred to as the 3W. The integrated Contact Management Directory, complements the 3W database, making it easy for the user to navigate through the application.

Common and Fundamental Operational Datasets are critical datasets that are used to support the work of humanitarian actors across multiple sectors. They are considered a de facto standard for the humanitarian community and should represent the best-available datasets for each theme; the Fundamental Operational Datasets are datasets that are relevant to a humanitarian operation, but are more specific to a particular sector or otherwise do not fit into one of the seven COD themes. The main source of curated CODs is accessible via the Humanitarian Data Exchange, though CODs may be found on various governmental and independent websites. Since 2004, OCHA has partnered with the Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance to facilitate OCHA's Civil Military Coordination course in the Asia-Pacific Region; the UN-CMCoord Course is designed to address the need for coordination between international civilian humanitarian actors UN humanitarian agencies, international military forces in an international humanitarian emergency.

This established UN training plays a critical role in building capacity to facilitate effective coordination in the field by bringing together 30 practitioners from the spectrum of actors sharing operational space during a humanitarian crisis and training them on UN coordination mechanisms and internationally recognized guidelines for civil military coordination. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory. OCHA's Country Office in the occupied Palestinian territory, established in 2002 to support international efforts to respond to the deteriorating humanitarian situation in the oPt; the OCHA encourages humanitarian innovation within organizations. For organizations, it is a way of identifying and solving problems while changing business models to adapt to new opportunities. In OCHA's occasional policy paper Humanitarian Innovation: The State of the Art, they list the reasons why organizations are moving toward providing their own kind of humanitarian service through innovation: Shifting business models ba


Bacolod the City of Bacolod and referred to as Bacolod City, is a urbanized city in the Philippines. It is the capital of the province of Negros Occidental where it is geographically situated but governed administratively independent from it. Having a total of 561,875 inhabitants as of the 2015 census, it is the most populous city in Western Visayas and the second most populous city in the Visayas after Cebu City, it is the center of the Bacolod Metropolitan Area, which includes the cities of Silay and Talisay with a total population of 791,019 inhabitants, along with a total area of 578.65 km2. It is notable for its MassKara Festival held during the third week of October and is known for being a friendly city, as it bears the nickname "The City of Smiles"; the city is famous for its local delicacies piaya and chicken inasal. In 2008, Bacolod topped a survey by MoneySense Magazine as the "Best Place to Live in the Philippines"; the city has been declared by the Department of Science and Technology as a "center of excellence" for information technology and business process management operations.

In 2017 & 2019, Bacolod was awarded as the "Top Philippine Model City" is most livable urban center in PH by The Manila Times. Bacólod, is derived from bakólod, the Old Hiligaynon word for a "hill, rise, down, any small eminence or elevation", since the resettlement was founded on a stony, hilly area, now the barangay of Granada, it was called Ciudad de Bacólod when Municipalidad de Bacólod was converted into a city in 1938. Historical church accounts provide a glimpse of the early years of Bacolod as a mere small settlement by the riverbank known as Magsungay; when the neighboring settlement of Bago was elevated into the status of a small town in 1575, it had several religious dependencies and one of, the village of Magsungay. The early missionaries placed the village under the care and protection of Saint Sebastian sometime in the middle of the 18th century. A corregidor by the name of Luis Fernando de Luna, donated a relic of the saint for the growing mission, since the village came to be known as San Sebastián de Magsung̃ay.

Bacolod was not established as a town until 1755 or 1756, after the inhabitants of the coastal settlement of San Sebastián de Magsung̃ay, were attacked by forces under Datu Bantílan of Sulu on July 14, 1755 and the villagers transferred from the coast to a hilly area called Bacólod. Bernardino de los Santos became the first gobernadorcillo; the town of Bacolod was constituted as a parroquia in 1788 under the secular clergy, but did not have a resident priest until 1802, as the town was served by the priest from Bago, Binalbagan. By 1790, slave raids on Bacolod by Moro pirates had ceased. On 11 February 1802, Fr. Eusebio Laurencio became acting parish priest of Bacolod. In September 1806, Fr. León Pedro was appointed interim parish priest and the following year became the first regular parish priest. In September 1817, Fray Julián Gonzaga from Barcelona was appointed as the parish priest, he encouraged the people to settle once again near the sea. He encouraged migration to Bacolod and the opening of lands to agriculture and industry.

In 1846, upon the request of Romualdo Jimeno, bishop of Cebu and Negros at that time, Governor-General Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa sent to Negros a team of Recollect missionaries headed by priest Fernando Cuenca. A decree of 20 June 1848 by Gobernador General Clavería ordered the restructuring of Negros politically and religiously; the following year, Negros Island Gobernadorcillo Manuel Valdevieso y Morquecho transferred the capital of the Province of Negros from Himamaylan to Bacolod and the Augustinian Recollects were asked to assume spiritual administration of Negros, which they did that same year. Transfer of Bacolod to the Recollects, took place only in 1871. Fray Mauricio Ferrero became the first Augustinian Recollect parish priest of Bacolod and successor to the secular priest, Fr. Mariano Ávila. In 1863, a compulsory primary public school system was set up. In 1889, Bacolod became the capital of Occidental Negros when the Province of Negros was politically divided into the separate provinces of Occidental Negros and Oriental Negros.

The success of the uprising in Bacolod and environs was attributed to the low morale of the local imperial Spanish detachment, due to its defeat in Panay and Luzon and to the psychological warfare waged by Generals Aniceto Lacson and Juan Araneta. In 1897, a battle in Bacolod was fought at Matab-ang River. A year on November 5, 1898, the Negrense Revolucionarios, armed with knives, bolos and rifle-like nipa palm stems, pieces of sawali or amakan mounted on carts, captured the convent, presently Palacio Episcopal, where Colonel Isidro de Castro y Cisneros, well-armed cazadores and platoons of Guardias Civiles, surrendered. On 7 November 1898, most of the revolutionary army gathered together to establish a provisional junta and to confirm the elections of Aniceto Lacson as president, Juan Araneta as war-delegate, as well as the other officials. For a brief moment, the provinces of Occidental Negros and Oriental Negros were reunited under the cantonal government of the Negrense Revolucionarios, from 6 November 1898 to the end of February 1899

Hatfield Peverel Priory

51.768942°N 0.602896°E / 51.768942. It is in the English Heritage Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England and is located on the south side of the village of Hatfield Peverel, about 5 miles north-east of Chelmsford. At the Dissolution of the Monasteries, a timber frame structure dominated the property. According to tradition the priory was founded by the Saxon Ingelrica, wife of Ranulph Peverel and reputed to be the mistress of William the Conqueror, to atone for her sins; the parish church, St Andrew's is the surviving fragment of the Norman priory church nave. The property was acquired by the Wright family when John Wright, a coachmaker, first landed his family in Essex in 1764; the current house, in a park designed by Richard Woods in 1765 and built in 1769, stands on a rise of land overlooking the Chelmer valley. The property passed to John Wright II, who died in 1796 without male issue; the estate passed under entail to his nephew Peter Luard, who took the name and arms of Wright as required under the will.

Peter Wright, elder brother of William Wright Luard of The Lodge, Witham and expanded the property considerably. John Wright V, having suffered financial difficulties, in 1912 let the estate to Philip Charles Tennant, 7th son of Robert Tennant of Chapel House in the parish of Conistone, Member of Parliament for Leeds from 1874 to 1880. Tennant purchased Hatfield Priory in 1928, following the death of the widow of John Wright V. In 1935, one year before his death, Tennant sold it to the Marianhill Mission, a Catholic lay brotherhood, which made it their European headquarters until their closure in 1972, when the property, now with derelict grounds, was purchased as a speculation by Dolph Claydon, a property developer, who sold it on to Derek Marriott who used it as a school, which closed in 1979. In 2000 the property was owned by Adrian and Fiona Cowell, who have undertaken much restoration to house and grounds. List of monastic houses in Essex List of English abbeys and friaries serving as parish churches

Sylvia Scribner

Sylvia Scribner was an American psychologist and educational researcher who focused on the role of culture in literacy and learning. Her parents were Gussie and Harry Cohen, Sylvia Scribner had a sister, Shirley. Born to a Jewish family, Scribner began writing poetry at a young age, on the strength of her poetry received a full scholarship to Smith College. In 1943, she graduated from Smith College as Phi Beta Kappa. After graduation, she worked as the research director for United Electrical and Machine Workers of America, where she worked towards inclusion and lobbied for women and minorities. Scribner returned to school, receiving a masters in psychology from the City University of New York and a PhD from the New School of Social Research in 1970, she held a series of positions prior to becoming a faculty member of the CUNY Graduate School in 1981, including: senior research associate at Rockefeller University. Scribner held her position as a faculty member at CUNY until her death in 1991. Scribner has published a great deal, including several books.

Her seminal work is The Psychology of Literacy with co-author Michael Cole, on linguistics and learning in the Vai of Liberia. She contributed to a 1978 edition of Vygotsky's Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes, edited with Michael Cole, Vera John-Steiner, Ellen Souberman. After Scribner died, the book Mind and social practice: Selected writings of Sylvia Scribner was published in 1997; the editors all were close with Scribner: Ethel Tobach, Rachel Joffe Falmagne, Mary Brown Parlee, & Laura M. W. Martin were all colleagues, they prefaced the book with both professional biographical details. As a freshman at Smith College in 1940, Scribner was a William Allen Neilson Scholar, as a sophomore she received the Arthur Ellis Hamm Scholarship Prize for her excellent academic scholarship. In 1982, Scribner and Michael Cole received the Melville J. Herskovits Prize in 1982 for The Psychology of Literacy. In recognition of Scribner's scholarship and contributions to the field, the American Educational Research Association annually awards the Scribner Award to outstanding scholars in the field of learning and instruction.

Recipients include Marilyn Jager Adams, Richard C. Anderson, Gavriel Salomon, Keith Stanovich. Sylvia Scribner married David Scribner in 1953, they had two children together and Aggie, three children from David's previous marriage, Toni and Nancy. Unger, Rhoda K. "Psychology in the United States", Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. 1 March 2009. Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 18 July 2015

RK Metković

RK Metković Mehanika is a handball club from Metković, Croatia. RK Metković competes in the Croatian First League of Handball and the Croatian Handball Cup; the first club was founded on September 1963 under the name Mehanika. RK Metković has changed its name several times since his foundation, so it played under the names of Razvitak and Metković-Jambo. Today, this club has female's section. Metković finished first in the Croatian league in 1999/2000 season before the playoff, but because of a player whose transfer from RK Zagreb to Metković was not completed played for them in a friendly match under a different name they were moved to second place; therefore RK Zagreb had one home game more in the final where it managed to defeat RK Metković in five games with three home wins. Croatian Handball Cup: 2 2001, 2002 EHF Cup: 1 winners: 2000 runners-up: 2001 Slavko Goluža Zvonimir Serdarušić Ilija Puljević Ivica Obrvan Mojmir Majić Jerko Alujević Željko Babić Emir Junuzović Official website of RK Metković Vjesnik Špoljarić igrao za Zagreb, a nije slobodan igrač


Hauptgebaude known as Old Main, was the predecessor to Elmhurst College in Elmhurst, Illinois. The three-story building was constructed in 1878 as a gymnasium style of school, reflecting the German heritage of the local residents; the new building allowed the school to increase its enrollment to 103 students in its first year. Classes in the Hauptgebaude were taught in German until 1917. In 1919, the school became accredited as a junior college. Starting in 1928, the school added additional buildings to the campus; the school began admitting female students in 1930, received accreditation as a four-year college in 1934. Old Main functioned as the school's administration building until the 1950s, it was renovated in 1920 after a major fire, again in 1976 and 1995. At one time or another, Old Main housed the science labs, the college cafeteria, a pipe organ, a Fumatorium where students in the early 1900s smoked and played chess. Along with Irion Hall, Old Main served as the college library before Memorial Library was built.

Old Main now houses faculty offices, art studios and general classrooms and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. A History of Elmhurst College