United Republicans of Iran

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United Republicans of Iran
Spokesperson Hassan Shariatmadari
Founded 2004; 14 years ago (2004)
Headquarters Berlin, Germany
Ideology Republicanism
Liberal democracy[2]

Union of Iranian Republicans[1] or United Republicans of Iran[3] (Persian: اتحاد جمهوری‌خواهان ایران‎, translit. Etteḥād-e Jomhuri-ḵˇāhān-e Iran) is a secular political organization founded in 2004 by Iranian leftist activists in exile.[1] They are classified among the democratic republican opposition groupings, whose members are not exclusively made up of former Marxists, but substantial numbers of them are.[3]

In 2011, 'Organization of Iranian Republicans' split from this organization.[4]


  1. ^ a b c Vahabzadeh, Peyman (2010). Guerrilla Odyssey: Modernization, Secularism, Democracy, and the Fadai Period of National Liberation In Iran, 1971–1979. Syracuse University Press. p. 76. ISBN 9780815651475. 
  2. ^ Tamadonfar, Mehran (2015). Islamic Law and Governance in Contemporary Iran: Transcending Islam for Social, Economic, and Political Order. Lexington Books. p. 158. ISBN 9781498507578. 
  3. ^ a b Kazemzadeh, Masoud (2008). "Opposition groups". In Kamrava, Mehran; Dorraj, Manochehr. Iran Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Islamic Republic. 2. Greenwood Press. p. 364. ISBN 978-0-313-34161-8. 
  4. ^ Boroujerdi, Mehrzad (28 January 2016). "MASHAYEKHI, MEHRDAD". Encyclopædia Iranica (Online ed.). New York City: Bibliotheca Persica Press. Retrieved 15 March 2018. 

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