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United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit

The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals. It has the smallest geographical jurisdiction of any of the U. S. federal appellate courts, covers only one district court: the U. S. District Court for the District of Columbia, it meets at the E. Barrett Prettyman United States Courthouse, near Judiciary Square, Washington, D. C; the D. C. Circuit is one of the most prominent and prestigious American courts—second only to the U. S. Supreme Court itself—because its jurisdiction contains the U. S. Congress and many of the U. S. government agencies, therefore it is the main appellate court for many issues of American administrative law and constitutional law. Four of the current nine justices on the Supreme Court were judges on the D. C. Circuit: Chief Justice John Roberts and Associate Justices Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Brett Kavanaugh. Former justices Fred M. Vinson, Wiley Blount Rutledge, Antonin Scalia served as judges on the D.

C. Circuit before their appointments to the Supreme Court; because the D. C. Circuit does not represent any state, confirmation of nominees can be procedurally and easier than for nominees to the Courts of Appeals for the other geographical districts, as home-state senators have been able to hold up confirmation through the "blue slip" process. However, in recent years, several nominees to the D. C. Circuit were stalled and some were not confirmed because senators claimed that the court had become larger than necessary to handle its caseload; as of February 11, 2020: When Congress established this court in 1893 as the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia, it had a Chief Justice, the other judges were called Associate Justices, similar to the structure of the Supreme Court. The Chief Justiceship was a separate seat: the President would appoint the Chief Justice, that person would stay Chief Justice until he left the court. On June 25, 1948, 62 Stat. 869 and 62 Stat. 985 became law. These acts made the Chief Justice a Chief Judge.

In 1954, another law, 68 Stat. 1245, clarified what was implicit in those laws: that the Chief Judgeship was not a mere renaming of the position but a change in its status that made it the same as the Chief Judge of other inferior courts. Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their circuits, preside over any panel on which they serve unless the circuit justice is on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the circuit judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, have not served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges; the chief judge serves until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position; when the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge.

After August 6, 1959, judges could not remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982; the court has eleven seats for active judges after the elimination of seat seven under the Court Security Improvement Act of 2007. The seat, the Chief Justiceship is numbered as Seat 1. If seats were established they are numbered in the order in which they were filled. Judges who retire into senior status leave their seat vacant; that seat is filled by the next circuit judge appointed by the President. Federal judicial appointment history#DC Circuit List of current United States Circuit Judges "Standard Search". Federal Law Clerk Information System. Archived from the original on 2005-10-21. Retrieved 2005-06-02. Source for the duty station for Judge Williams "Instructions for Judicial Directory". Website of the University of Texas Law School. Archived from the original on 2005-11-11. Retrieved 2005-07-04. Source for the duty station for Judges Silberman and Buckley Data is current to 2002 "U. S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit".

Official website of the Federal Judicial Center. Archived from the original on 2005-04-04. Retrieved 2005-05-26. Source for the state, term of active judgeship, term of chief judgeship, term of senior judgeship, termination reason, seat information United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit Recent opinions from FindLaw What Makes the DC Circuit so Different? A Historical View - Article by Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr. "District of Columbia", Caselaw Access Project, Harvard Law School, OCLC 1078785565, Court decisions available to the public online, in a consistent format, digitized from the collection of the Harvard Law Library

Sing Along with Basie

Sing Along with Basie is an album by vocalese group Lambert, Hendricks & Ross with Joe Williams and the Count Basie Orchestra recorded in 1958 and released on the Roulette label. AllMusic awarded the album 4 stars and its review by Scott Yanow states, "it is quite fascinating to hear". "Jumpin' at the Woodside" - 3:18 "Goin' to Chicago Blues" - 4:11 "Tickle Toe" - 2:37 "Let Me See" - 3:13 "Every Tub" - 3:23 "Shorty George" - 3:06 "Rusty Dusty Blues" - 3:44 "The King" - 3:22 "Swingin' the Blues" - 3:02 "Li'l Darlin'" - 4:37 Jon Hendricks, Dave Lambert, Annie Ross, Joe Williams - vocals Count Basie - piano Wendell Culley, Thad Jones, Joe Newman, Snooky Young - trumpet Henry Coker, Al Grey, Benny Powell - trombone Marshal Royal - alto saxophone, clarinet Frank Wess - alto saxophone, tenor saxophone, flute Frank Foster, Billy Mitchell - tenor saxophone Charlie Fowlkes - baritone saxophone Freddie Green - guitar Eddie Jones - bass Sonny Payne - drums

Chyi Chin

Chyi Chin is a Taiwanese singer and songwriter. When he was young, his father had a strict daily regimen of study that started at 5 am, his studies varied from English music and literature to classical Chinese literature and Tang dynasty poetry. Chyi, did not enjoy reading; when he became a teenager, his father's push for education caused a strain on their relationship. Chyi joined a local gang in defiance of his father, landed in jail for three years as a result of his decision. During his incarceration, Chyi Chin learned to be introspective and kept a diary. While in prison, he earned an appreciation for music; the prison had a guitar in the courtyard for the "juvenile delinquents’" recreation, Chyi taught himself how to play on it. After his release, Chyi Chin and his older sister, Chyi Yu sang together at home, but his father again placed him in home detention for a year. Chyi Yu, by already a famous singer, gave Chin his start in the field. Whenever she performed "The Olive Tree", she would tell the audience that her brother could sing it better than she could.

Following a duet in Hong Kong with her brother, she gave him an expensive guitar, which he practiced on every day, after their father died from cancer, Chyi Chin didn't want to inherit any property, but kept all the books he had to read. Chyi started his formal career in 1981 with his first album titled See her Slip Away Again. Which made him quite popular and that year he released the smash hit "Wolf" in 1985 and opened up Rainbow Studios. Chyi groups his music career into two periods: the "wolf period" and the "deer period", he attributes the titles of the two periods to "Wolf", the hit single he released in 1985, a poem that a fortune-teller told him. "The deer bleated/gently towards the hunter's rifle muzzle it walked/gently it toppled/still, with gentle eyes at the hunter it gazed.". Chyi Chin was very well known for the relationship with Joey Wong, a top Taiwanese actress, their relationship lasted about 16 years, from 1985 to 2002. They separated and got back together 3 times, but separated for good in 2002 after a court case and she left for Canada, now they remain friends.

On March 2010, Chyi married his 27-year-old wife, Sun Li Ya, in Las Vegas, U. S. and she gave birth to a baby daughter, Bonnie in 25 March 2011. On 1 September 2011, Chyi was undergoing cupping therapy when the therapist accidentally spilled alcohol on his body, causing a fire. Chyi suffered burns to his back and chest. According to a burns expert, second-degree burns damage the surface of the skin and the tissue beneath and while they are not life-threatening, scarring is inevitable. Though Chyi's voice was not damaged, his engagements for the next two to three months had been cancelled to allow him to recuperate. 又見溜溜的她 狼的專輯 出沒 冬雨 狼Ⅱ 棋王 大約在冬季 流浪思鄉 紀念日 愛情宣言 柔情主義 狂飆 無情的雨無情的你 黃金十年 暗淡的月 命運的深淵 痛并快樂著 純情歌 絲路 Longer 97狼-黃金自選集 我拿什么愛你 世紀情歌之謎 西藏演唱會 曠世情歌全紀錄 呼喚 网友專輯 美麗境界 Manchu people in Taiwan Chyi Chin's homepage 人民网。. 齊秦:慢看只因書沉重. 文文學城.. 齊秦帶給我的感傷

Pennsylvania's 22nd congressional district

Pennsylvania's 22nd congressional district was one of Pennsylvania's districts of the United States House of Representatives. Created in 1833, the district served portions of the city of Pittsburgh. In 1843 the district moved to northwest Pennsylvania. In 1853 the district returned to Pittsburgh. In 1903 the district included many of the counties around Pittsburgh. In 1923 the district was moved to York; this district was created in 1833. The district was eliminated in 1993. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

When This Cruel War Is Over

"When This Cruel War Is Over" known under the title "Weeping and Lonely", is a song written by Charles Carroll Sawyer with music by Henry Tucker. Published in 1863, it was a popular war song during the American Civil War, sung by both Union and Confederate troops. "When This Cruel War Is Over" is in the key of G major and consists lyrically of four rhyming verses and a couplet refrain. Rhythmically, it conforms to the style of the sentimental ballads of the day, its chorus was suited to arrangement for male a cappella groups. Lyricist Charles Sawyer was known for his popular song "Who Will Care for Mother Now", while composer Henry Tucker was best known as the melodist of the song "Sweet Genevieve"; the song was published in several editions both in the North and the South, was better known as "When This Cruel War Is Over" in the South and as "Weeping and Lonely", its opening line, in the North. In Southern editions, the first verse's reference to a "suit of blue" was changed to "suit of gray" and the rhyme adjusted to fit the new word.

The song's fourth verse makes reference to the Union flag. During the war, it sold more than one million copies, was one of the most popular tunes of its era. Historian Willard Heaps called the ballad "by far the most popular sweetheart'separation' song in both the North and South." Bruce Catton wrote of the song, "it expressed the deep inner feeling of the boys who had gone to war so blithely in an age when no one would speak the truth about the reality of war: war is tragedy, it is better to live than to die, young men who go down to dusty death in battle have been horribly tricked." At one point, the Army of the Potomac was forbidden from performing the song on grounds that it fomented desertion, but soldiers ignored the order, it was withdrawn. Contemporaneous sources championed the tune, with the Cleveland Leader calling it "the greatest musical success known in this country... melody catches the popular ear and the words touch the popular heart."The tune's popularity led Confederate songwriter John Hill Hewitt to write an answer song, titled "When Upon the Field of Glory".

A lyric sung to the same melody, called "When This Cruel Draft Is Over", lamented the plight of potential draftees, in the war, lyrics to this tune praising George McClellan, championing him as a presidential candidate to succeed Abraham Lincoln, were written under the title "Shouting'Mac' and Freedom". The tune inspired one Sergeant Johnson of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry to write lyrics to the tune as a prisoner of war, entitled "Down in Charleston Jail". Other answer songs or parodies included "Yes, I Would the War Were Over", "I Remember the Hour When Sadly We Parted", "When This War Is Over, I Will Come Back To Thee", "The War Is Nearly Over", "Yes, Sadly I Remember", "When the Lonely Watch I'm Keeping". IMSLP

St. Florian's Gate

St. Florian's Gate or Florian Gate in Kraków, Poland, is one of the best-known Polish Gothic towers, a focal point of Kraków's Old Town, it was built about the 14th century as a rectangular Gothic tower of "wild stone", part of the city fortifications against Turkish attack. The tower, first mentioned in 1307, had been built as part of a protective rampart around Kraków after the Tatar attack of 1241 which destroyed most of the city; the permit for the construction of new city defenses featuring stone watchtowers, fortified gates and a moat was issued by Prince Leszek II the Black in 1285. The gate named, it was connected by a long bridge to the circular barbican erected of brick on the other side of the moat. The Gate was manned by the Kraków Furriers Guild. According to records, by 1473 there were 17 towers defending the city. At the height of its existence, the wall featured eight gates. In 1565–66 a municipal arsenal was built next to St. Florian's Gate; the Gate tower is 33.5 metres tall. The Baroque metal "helmet" that crowns the gate, constructed in 1660 and renovated in 1694, adds another metre to the height of the gate.

Brama Floriańska is the only city gate, of the original eight built in the Middle Ages, not dismantled during the 19th-century "modernization" of Kraków. The adjoining city walls and two additional, smaller towers had been preserved and today host street displays of amateur art available for purchase; the south face of St. Florian's Gate is adorned with an 18th-century bas-relief of St. Florian; the tower's north face bears a stone eagle, carved in 1882 by Zygmunt Langman, based on a design by painter Jan Matejko. Inside the gate is an altar with a late-Baroque copy of a classicist painting of the Piaskowa Madonna. Kraków's Royal Road begins at St. Florian's Gate, the gate is a terminating vista at its north end. Through it once entered kings and princes, foreign envoys and distinguished guests, parades and coronation processions, they travelled up ulica Floriańska to the Main Market Square, on up ulica Grodzka to Wawel Castle. By the beginning of the 19th century, the expanding city had outgrown the confines of the old city walls.

The walls had been falling into disrepair for a hundred years due to lack of maintenance after the foreign Partitions of Poland. The stagnant moat fed by the Rudawa River was a dump for illegal garbage and posed health concerns for the city; such dire circumstances inspired Emperor Franz I of Austro-Hungary to order the dismantling of the city walls. However, on January 13, 1817, Professor Feliks Radwański of Jagiellonian University managed to convince the Session of the Senate of the Republic of Kraków to legislate the partial preservation of the old fortifications—St. Florian's the adjoining barbican; until the 19th century, Kraków had massive medieval city walls. The inner wall was 6 -- 7 meters high. Ten meters outside the inner wall was an outer, lower one; the walls were punctuated by defensive towers 10 metres high. In the 19th century — just before they were demolished by the Austrian authorities — there were 47 towers still standing. Now there are only three Gothic towers left in all Kraków: the Carpenters', Haberdashers' and Joiners' Towers, connected to St. Florian's Gate by walls several dozen meters long.

History of Poland St. Florian's Church Media related to Florian Gate in Kraków at Wikimedia Commons About Florian Gate and the City Walls at www.krakow4u.pl About Florian Gate at www.cracowonline.com