The United States Courthouse, Davenport, Iowa is a historic post office and courthouse building located in Davenport in Scott County, Iowa. It is a courthouse for the United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa, part of the site occupied by the courthouse was previously the site of an 1891 post office, completed in 1896 under the supervision of architect Willoughby J. Edbrooke. The 1891 building also became home to an office of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa in 1904, a wing added in 1909 did little to alleviate the crowding in the building. The city experienced a boom during the 1920s that lasted into the early 1930s. The construction of high-rise buildings downtown, including hotels and department stores, spurred the need for a new building to house the post office, by 1932, the Great Depression had put many people out of work. Federal projects, including construction of a lock and dam, improvements to the seawall, in 1930, Congress appropriated $655,000 for the construction of a new federal building on the site of the 1891 building, plus the purchase of two adjacent parcels. Demolition of the early post office and courthouse took place in April 1932, construction of the new building took just over 500 days. Local architect Seth J. Temple designed the building, which was commissioned by the Office of the Supervising Architect of the Treasury. Temple studied at the American Academy in Rome and the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, other Davenport buildings that Temple designed include Davenport Hall, the Union Bank and Office building, and the Blackhawk and Burlington hotels. Constructed as a post office and courthouse, the building retained both of those functions until about 1965, the post office moved out of the building at that time and the U. S. General Services Administration acquired the building, the building was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 2005. Courthouse is a skillfully executed example of Depression-era architecture that invokes the Art Deco style, the three-story building is essentially rectangular, though a portion of the building near the rear has only one story. The building has a frame and integral concrete beam floors, with cladding that includes a coursed granite base and Minnesota Kasota travertine limestone on the north, east. The cladding of the elevation is buff colored brick laid in a Flemish bond pattern. The building has a composite roof with a parapet. The main entry is in the elevation, which is the most elaborate. The entablature above the third story windows projects slightly from the surface of the building. A decorative parapet at the top of the features a carved limestone frieze with a stylized Ionic order capital
U.S. Courthouse, October, 2008
The U.S. Post Office which previously sat at the location of the current building.