United States District Court for the Northern District of Iowa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
United States District Court for the Northern District of Iowa
(N.D. Iowa)
Iowa federal court districts and divisions.svg
The Northern (red) and Southern (blue) Districts of Iowa
Location Cedar Rapids
Appeals to Eighth Circuit
Established July 20, 1882
Judges assigned 2
Chief Judge Leonard Terry Strand
Officers of the court
U.S. Attorney Peter Deegan
www.iand.uscourts.gov

The United States District Court for the Northern District of Iowa (in case citations, N.D. Iowa) has jurisdiction over fifty-two of Iowa's ninety-nine counties. It is subject to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

The United States District Court for the District of Iowa, established on March 3, 1845, by 5 Stat. 789,[1][2] was subdivided into the current Northern and Southern Districts on July 20, 1882, by 22 Stat. 172.[2]

Presently, the court has two district judges, Chief Judge Leonard T. Strand and Judge C. J. Williams, two senior judges, Linda R. Reade and Mark W. Bennett, and two magistrate judges, Kelly Mahoney and Mark A. Roberts.

The court is headquartered in Cedar Rapids, with a satellite courthouse in Sioux City. Stephanie M. Rose served as the United States Attorney from 2009 to 2012, she was later commissioned to serve on the United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa on September 17, 2012.

The current United States Attorney is Peter Deegan.

Jurisdiction[edit]

Federal judicial districts and divisions in Iowa.
Northern District of Iowa
  Western Division
  Central Division
  Eastern Division
  Cedar Rapids Division
Southern District of Iowa
  Western Division
  Central Division
  Davenport Division

The Northern District of Iowa has four court divisions, each covering the following counties:

The Cedar Rapids Division, covering Benton, Cedar, Grundy, Hardin, Iowa, Jones, Linn, and Tama counties.

The Central Division, covering Butler, Calhoun, Carroll, Cerro Gordo, Emmet, Franklin, Hamilton, Hancock, Humboldt, Kossuth, Palo Alto, Pocahontas, Webster, Winnebago, Worth, and Wright counties.

The Eastern Division, covering Allamakee, Black Hawk, Bremer, Buchanan, Chickasaw, Clayton, Delaware, Dubuque, Fayette, Floyd, Howard, Jackson, Mitchell, and Winneshiek counties.

The Western Division, covering Buena Vista, Cherokee, Clay, Crawford, Dickinson, Ida, Lyon, Monona, O'Brien, Osceola, Plymouth, Sac, Sioux, and Woodbury counties.

Current judges[edit]

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
12 Chief Judge Leonard Terry Strand Sioux City 1965 2016–present 2017–present Obama
13 District Judge C. J. Williams Cedar Rapids 1963 beg. 2018 Trump
10 Senior Judge Mark W. Bennett Sioux City 1950 1994–2015 1999–2006 2015–present Clinton
11 Senior Judge Linda R. Reade Cedar Rapids 1948 2002–2017 2007–2017 2017–present G.W. Bush

Former judges[edit]

# Judge State Born–died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
termination
1 Oliver Perry Shiras IA 1833–1916 1882–1903 Arthur retirement
2 Henry Thomas Reed IA 1846–1924 1904–1921 1921–1924 T. Roosevelt death
3 George Cromwell Scott IA 1864–1948 1922–1943 1943–1948 Harding death
4 Henry Norman Graven IA 1893–1970 1944–1961 1961 1961–1970 F. Roosevelt death
5 Edward Joseph McManus IA 1920–2017 1962–1985 1962–1985 1985–2017 Kennedy death
6 William Cook Hanson IA 1909–1995 1962–1977 1977–1995 Kennedy death
7 Donald Eugene O'Brien IA 1923–2015 1978–1992 1985–1992 1992–2015 Carter death
8 David R. Hansen IA 1938–present 1986–1991 Reagan appointment to 8th Cir.
9 Michael Joseph Melloy IA 1948–present 1992–2002 1992–1999 G.H.W. Bush appointment to 8th Cir.

Chief judges[edit]

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 394.
  2. ^ a b U.S. District Courts of Iowa, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.

External links[edit]