United States District Court for the Western District of Louisiana

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United States District Court for the Western District of Louisiana
(W.D. La.)
WDLA map.PNG
Location Shreveport
Appeals to Fifth Circuit
Established March 3, 1881
Judges assigned 7
Chief Judge S. Maurice Hicks Jr.
Officers of the court
U.S. Attorney David C. Joseph
www.lawd.uscourts.gov

The United States District Court for the Western District of Louisiana (in case citations, W.D. La.) is a United States federal court with jurisdiction over approximately two thirds of the state of Louisiana, with courts in Alexandria, Lafayette, Lake Charles, Monroe, and Shreveport. These cities comprise the Western District of Louisiana.

Appeals from the Western District of Louisiana are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

Jurisdiction[edit]

The parishes that fall under the jurisdiction of this district are as follows:

Acadia Parish, Louisiana; Allen Parish, Louisiana; Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana; Beauregard Parish, Louisiana; Bienville Parish, Louisiana; Bossier Parish, Louisiana; Caddo Parish, Louisiana; Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana; Caldwell Parish, Louisiana; Cameron Parish, Louisiana; Catahoula Parish, Louisiana; Claiborne Parish, Louisiana; Concordia Parish, Louisiana; Jefferson Davis Parish, Louisiana; De Soto Parish, Louisiana; East Carroll Parish, Louisiana; Evangeline Parish, Louisiana, Franklin Parish, Louisiana, Grant Parish, Louisiana, Iberia Parish, Louisiana, Jackson Parish, Louisiana, Lafayette Parish, Louisiana, La Salle Parish, Louisiana, Lincoln Parish, Louisiana, Madison Parish, Louisiana, Morehouse Parish, Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, Ouachita Parish, Louisiana, Rapides Parish, Louisiana, Red River Parish, Louisiana, Richland Parish, Louisiana, Sabine Parish, Louisiana, Saint Landry Parish, Louisiana, Saint Martin Parish, Louisiana, Saint Mary Parish, Louisiana, Tensas Parish, Louisiana, Union Parish, Louisiana, Vermilion Parish, Louisiana, Vernon Parish, Louisiana, Webster Parish, Louisiana, West Carroll Parish, Louisiana, and Winn Parish, Louisiana.

History[edit]

On March 26, 1804, Congress organized the Territory of Orleans and created the United States District Court for the District of Orleans - the only time Congress provided a territory with a district court equal in its authority and jurisdiction to those of the states.[1] The United States District Court for the District of Louisiana was established on April 8, 1812, by 2 Stat. 701,[1][2] several weeks before Louisiana was formally admitted as a state of the union. The District was thereafter subdivided and reformed several times. It was first subdivided into Eastern and Western Districts on March 3, 1823, by 3 Stat. 774.[1][2]

On February 13, 1845, Louisiana was reorganized into a single District with one judgeship, by 5 Stat. 722,[1] but was again divided into Eastern and the Western Districts on March 3, 1849, by 9 Stat. 401.[1] Congress again abolished the Western District of Louisiana and reorganized Louisiana as a single judicial district on July 27, 1866, by 14 Stat. 300.[1] On March 3, 1881, by 21 Stat. 507, Louisiana was for a third time divided into Eastern and the Western Districts, with one judgeship authorized for each.[1] The Middle District was formed from portions of those two Districts on December 18, 1971, by 85 Stat. 741.[1]

Current judges[edit]

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
29 Chief Judge S. Maurice Hicks Jr. Shreveport 1952 2003–present 2017–present G.W. Bush
30 District Judge Elizabeth Erny Foote Shreveport 1953 2010–present Obama
31 District Judge Terry A. Doughty Monroe 1959 2018–present Trump
32 District Judge vacant
33 District Judge vacant
34 District Judge vacant
35 District Judge vacant
21 Senior Judge Donald Ellsworth Walter Shreveport 1936 1985–2001 2001–present Reagan
23 Senior Judge James Travis Trimble Jr. Alexandria / Lake Charles 1932 1991–2002 2002–present G.H.W. Bush
24 Senior Judge Rebecca F. Doherty Lafayette 1952 1991–2017 2017–present G.H.W. Bush
25 Senior Judge Tucker L. Melancon Albuquerque, New Mexico 1946 1994–2009 2009–present Clinton
26 Senior Judge Robert G. James Monroe 1946 1998–2016 2009–2012 2016–present Clinton
27 Senior Judge Dee D. Drell Alexandria 1947 2003–2017 2012–2017 2017–present G.W. Bush
28 Senior Judge Patricia Head Minaldi inactive 1959 2003–2017 2017–present G.W. Bush

Vacancies and pending nominations[edit]

Seat Seat last held by Vacancy reason Date of vacancy Nominee Date of nomination
5 Richard T. Haik Senior Status March 6, 2015 Michael J. Juneau January 8, 2018
9 Rebecca F. Doherty June 5, 2017 Robert R. Summerhays January 24, 2018
4 Patricia Head Minaldi July 31, 2017[Note 1] James D. Cain Jr.
6 Dee D. Drell November 30, 2017

Former judges[edit]

# Judge State Born–died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
termination
1 John Dick LA 1788–1824 1823[Note 2]–1824 Monroe death
2 Thomas B. Robertson LA 1779–1828 1824–1828 Monroe death
3 Samuel Hadden Harper LA 1783–1837 1829–1837 Jackson death
4 Philip Kissick Lawrence LA unknown–1841 1837–1841 Van Buren death
5 Theodore Howard McCaleb LA 1810–1864 1841–1845 Tyler reassignment to D. La.
6 Henry Boyce LA 1797–1873 1849–1861[Note 3] Taylor resignation
7 Alexander Boarman LA 1839–1916 1881–1916 Garfield death
8 George W. Jack LA 1875–1924 1917–1924 Wilson death
9 Benjamin C. Dawkins Sr. LA 1881–1966 1924–1953 1948–1953 1953–1966 Coolidge death
10 Gaston Louis Noel Porterie LA 1885–1953 1939–1953 F. Roosevelt death
11 Benjamin Cornwell Dawkins Jr. LA 1911–1984 1953–1973 1953–1973 1973–1984 Eisenhower death
12 Edwin Ford Hunter Jr. LA 1911–2002 1953–1976[Note 4] 1973–1976 1976–2002 Eisenhower death
13 Richard Johnson Putnam LA 1913–2002 1961–1975 1975–2002 Kennedy death
14 Nauman Scott LA 1916–2001 1970–1984 1976–1984 1984–2001 Nixon death
15 Tom Stagg LA 1923–2015 1974–1992 1984–1991 1992–2015 Nixon death
16 W. Eugene Davis LA 1936–present 1976–1983 Ford appointment to 5th Cir.
17 Earl Ernest Veron LA 1922–1990 1977–1990 1990–1990 Carter death
18 John Malach Shaw LA 1931–1999 1979–1996 1991–1996 1996–1999 Carter death
19 John Malcolm Duhé Jr. LA 1933–present 1984–1988 Reagan appointment to 5th Cir.
20 F. A. Little Jr. LA 1936–present 1984–2002 1996–2002 2002–2006 Reagan retirement
22 Richard T. Haik LA 1950–present 1991–2015 2002–2009 2015–2016 G.H.W. Bush retirement
  1. ^ Assumed Senior Status due to a certified disability.
  2. ^ Reassigned from the District of Louisiana
  3. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 21, 1849, confirmed by the United States Senate on August 2, 1850, and received commission on August 2, 1850.
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 11, 1954, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 9, 1954, and received commission on February 10, 1954.

Chief judges[edit]

Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.

When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.

Succession of seats[edit]

U.S. attorneys[edit]

A partial list of United States attorneys in Louisiana, including some serving during territorial status:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h U.S. District Courts of Louisiana, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 392.
  3. ^ "Office of the United States Attorneys". Executive Office for United States Attorneys. United States Department of Justice. Retrieved 25 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "W. Burch Lee Funeral Here in Afternoon: Former Clerk of Federal Court Expires After Week of Illness". The Shreveport Times through findagrave.com. Retrieved March 22, 2015. 

External links[edit]