Chris Collins (American politician)
Christopher Carl Collins is an American politician serving as the U. S. Representative for New York's 27th congressional district since 2013. Collins was the first sitting U. S. Representative to endorse Donald Trump for President of the United States, he served on Trump's presidential transition team. A member of the Republican Party, Collins was elected Erie County Executive in 2007 and held that position for one term. Collins and his son, Cameron Collins, were arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on August 8, 2018 and charged with insider trading and making false statements. Three days Collins announced that he was suspending his bid for a fourth term in Congress. Collins was narrowly re-elected to Congress on November 6, 2018, with his 2016 percentage of 67% reduced to 49%. Collins was born in 1950 in New York, the son of Constance and Gerald Edward Collins. Collins moved around the country with his family, as his father was transferred several times by General Electric. Collins graduated from Hendersonville High School in Hendersonville, North Carolina in 1968.
Collins earned a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering from North Carolina State University, where he was a member of the Sigma Pi fraternity, in 1972. Collins was inducted into the North Carolina State University Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department Hall of Fame in November 2015, he earned a master's degree in business administration from the University of Alabama at Birmingham in 1975. Collins worked as a mechanical engineer at Westinghouse Electric. Collins served as President and CEO of Nuttall Gear Corporation located in Niagara Falls, New York. Nuttall Gear was a 1983 leveraged buyout of the Westinghouse Electric Gear Division located in Buffalo, New York. In 1997, Collins sold Nuttall based in Annapolis, Maryland; as of 2018, Collins and his wife, had three children and three grandchildren. Collins ran for Erie County Executive in 2007 on a platform of smaller county government, lower taxes and Six Sigma, his campaign slogan was "Elect a Chief Executive, not a Chief Politician."
Collins defeated Democrat James P. Keane, the deputy county executive of the Dennis Gorski administration, with 63% of the vote. On November 8, 2011, Collins lost his bid for re-election in a race, he was defeated by the Erie County Comptroller. In a county with 140,000 more Democrats than Republicans, Collins won 39 of the 44 municipalities. Poloncarz won the five remaining municipalities, including the City of Buffalo, by a margin of 81% to 19%; when Collins became Erie County Executive, he inherited from his Republican predecessor, Joel Giambra, a nearly bankrupt county that had state-imposed fiscal control with a budget of $1.2 billion. Collins spoke for three minutes at the 2008 Republican National Convention on September 3, 2008. By June 2009, the state-imposed strict oversight of the Erie County budget ended. Collins recruited a Six Sigma Master Black Belt from the University at Buffalo who had worked as an executive at a Delphi to implement Lean Six Sigma across all county departments under the direction of the county executive to improve efficiency and reduce costs.
The position's $115,000 salary plus associated costs was funded by a grant of taxpayer money from the Erie County Control Board. Collins sued the county; the State Supreme Court Judge presiding over the case ruled in favor of Collins and awarded the higher salary to the incoming County Attorney. Collins was sued by the United States Department of Justice for repeated civil rights violations of prisoners held in county facilities, including juveniles and prisoners with developmental disabilities; the Department of Justice and Erie County co-signed a stipulated settlement of dismissal in August 2011. He was sued by the County Legislature for refusing to issue payments to Erie Community College, included in the County's budget; as County Executive, Collins created the Brighter Future Fund, donating his county salary to local non-profit organizations for the first 18 months of his tenure. In February 2008, Erie County experienced a potential Hepatitis A emergency when an infected employee handled produce at a popular supermarket.
Over the course of several days, the County vaccinated and inoculated 10,000 people to protect the public. The event was one of the largest vaccination events in the history of the United States. In January 2010, two Republican Members of the New York State Assembly, claimed that Collins had behaved inappropriately at Gov. David Paterson's State of the State address. According to the two assemblymembers, the event was crowded, Collins made the following comment to a female attendee: "I'm sure if you offer someone a lap dance you can find a place to sit." Collins denied making the comment, claimed that there was a "political smear campaign" going on against him. During his lame duck period as Chief Executive, Collins proposed spending $6 million to upgrade housing for polar bears at Buffalo Zoo at the same time as he proposed to lay off 155 workers. Beginning in 2009, Collins was mentioned as a potential candidate for Governor of New York in the 2010 election if Rudy Giuliani decided not to run.
In January 2010, Collins announced. Before he lost his 2011 bid for re-election, Collins was mentioned as a potential candidate in the 2014 gubernatorial election. In 2013, Collins disclaimed any interest in running for Governor in 2014. In 1998, Collins challenged 24-year incumbe
Walter Kurt Schrader is an American politician, the U. S. Representative for Oregon's 5th congressional district since 2009, he is a member of the Democratic Party and served in both houses of the Oregon Legislative Assembly. Schrader was born in Connecticut and received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Cornell University in 1973. While at Cornell, Schrader met Martha Northam and the two were married in 1975. Schrader earned his Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree from the University of Illinois in 1977. A year the Schraders moved to Oregon, Kurt opened the Clackamas County Veterinary Clinic in Oregon City, to begin his veterinary practice. Schrader served for 16 years on the Canby Planning Commission. Before winning his first election in 1996, Schrader served four terms in the Oregon House of Representatives. Schrader ran for the Oregon House of Representatives in 1994, where he lost to Republican Jerry Grisham in the general election by 38 votes. In 1996, Schrader ran again, he was subsequently reelected to the House in 1998 and 2000.
In 2002, Schrader ran for the Oregon State Senate seat vacated by the retiring Verne Duncan, representing the 20th district in southwestern Clackamas County, including the cities of Barlow, Gladstone, Johnson City, Oregon City and portions of Milwaukie. He defeated fellow Oregon House member Kathy Lowe in a contentious Democratic primary, faced no Republican opposition in the general election. Martha Schrader was the Democratic nominee to succeed her husband, but lost in the general election to Wayne Scott, she served as a Clackamas County commissioner until 2009, when she was appointed by the same commission to replace her husband in the State Senate. In the Oregon Senate, Schrader served as co-chair of the Joint Ways and Means Committee in the 2003 and 2005 sessions, as well as chair of the Interim Joint Legislative Audit Committee in the 2005 session. To prepare for his House seat, Schrader resigned effective December 17, 2008. 2008 In May 2008, Schrader won the Democratic nomination for Oregon's 5th congressional district for the seat being vacated by Darlene Hooley.
In the general election, Schrader defeated Republican Mike Erickson, winning election to the U. S. House. Schrader won the election with 54 percent of the vote to Erickson's 38 percent. Schrader won all seven of the counties in the 5th congressional district, though he posted a plurality win in Polk County. 2010Schrader was challenged by Republican nominee and Oregon State Representative Scott Bruun and Pacific Green nominee Chris Lugo. Despite several polls showing Bruun ahead and pollster Nate Silver of FiveThirtyEight predicting Schrader would lose his bid for reelection, the final vote tally had Schrader winning by a comfortable five-point margin, picking up 51% of the vote to Bruun's 46%, it was the closest House race in Oregon in 2010, a year in which Republicans picked up at least 63 House seats, but only one on the West Coast. 2012 Schrader won re-election 54.1% to 42.6%. 2014 Schrader won 53.9% to 39.4% 2016 Schrader won 53.6% to 43.1%. He was absent from the Congressional swearing-in on January 3, 2017, because he was on his honeymoon.
He was the only member of Congress not to be sworn in that day. Schrader voted for the Budget Control Act, he voted both in favor of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and for funding SCHIP. Schrader is a political moderate, breaking with his party more than 63% of the Democratic Caucus. On December 17, 2009, Schrader announced. Schrader was ranked as the 50th most bipartisan member of the U. S. House of Representatives during the 114th United States Congress in the Bipartisan Index created by The Lugar Center and the McCourt School of Public Policy that ranks members of the United States Congress by their degree of bipartisanship. In December 2016, he criticized the election of Nancy Pelosi as House Minority Leader. "I'm worried we just signed the Democratic Party's death certificate for the next decade and a half," he said. AbortionRepresentative Schrader is pro-choice and has received a 100 rating from both Planned Parenthood and the National Abortion and Reproductive Rights Action League.
In May 2012, Schrader opposed and voted against the Prenatal Nondiscrimination Act of 2012, introduced by Republican Representative Trent Franks of Arizona. The bill proposed imposing criminal penalties for giving abortions in special cases, notably when based on gender, race or color of the child or parent. EnvironmentSchrader has received a score of 66% from Environment America and an 83% from the Sierra Club for his environmental positions; the League of Conservation Voters gave him a score of 93. Schrader, along with U. S. Senators Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley, helped award a grant in September 2012 from the Department of Energy to the Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center; the grant will be used to create a new ocean energy test facility to test wave energy. Health careSchrader received a 100% rating from the Children's Health Fund. In 2016, he received an 86% from American Public Health Association, he supports the Affordable Care Act. Schrader is the co-chair of the New Dem Health Care Task Force, which set forth an agenda of "more implementing health care policy in this country that improves payment and delivery systems."In July 2017, Schrader led a group of ten House
Frank Joseph Pallone Jr. is the U. S. Representative for New Jersey's 6th congressional district, serving since 1988, he is a member of the Democratic Party. The 6th district, numbered as the 3rd district from 1988 to 1993, is located in the north-central part of the state and includes New Brunswick, Edison and Asbury Park. Pallone is the current Chairman of the powerful House Commerce Committee. Pallone is a graduate of Middlebury College, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, Rutgers School of Law–Camden. Prior to being elected to the House, Pallone was a member of the Long Branch city council from 1982 to 1988, he was a member of the New Jersey Senate, from the 11th district, from 1984 to 1988. In 1983, he defeated incumbent Republican State Senator Brian T. Kennedy 50%-49%. In 1987, he won re-election with 60% of the vote, defeating Councilwoman Gerri C. Popkin of Neptune City. 1988–1990In March 1988, 23-year incumbent U. S. Congressman James Howard of New Jersey's 3rd congressional district died in office.
In November, Pallone defeated Republican State Representative Joe Azzolina 52%-47% and Libertarian Laura Stewart. In 1990, he won re-election with 49% of the vote, against a Republican, an independent, Libertarian Bill Stewart, a Populist. 1992–2008After redistricting, Pallone's district was renumbered as the 6th District. In the Democratic primary of 1992, he defeated State Representative Robert Smith 55%-37%. In the general election, he defeated Republican State Senator Joe Kyrillos 52%-45% and nine other candidates. Since he has won re-election with at least 60% in all but two elections. In 1998, he defeated Republican teacher Mike Ferguson 57%-40%. 2010 Pallone was challenged by Republican nominee Anna C. Little. Little is a former Monmouth County Freeholder and served as Mayor of Highlands, New Jersey in addition to working full-time as an attorney specializing in immigration law. On November 3, 2010, Pallone defeated Little by over 16,000 votes, 55% to 43% in what analysts considered a terrible year for Democrats.
However, for the first time in his career, Pallone failed to carry his home county of Monmouth. Pallone is a Progressive Caucus Member, he serves as Vice Chairman of the Native American Caucus, where he has worked on a bipartisan basis to protect the inherent sovereignty of tribal governments and promote the needs of Indian Country. As a senior member of the House Resources Committee — the committee with jurisdiction over all matters regarding the relations of the United States with American Indians and Alaska Natives — he has been a defender of the sovereign status of Indian Tribal governments as independent from the United States, he serves as a co-chairman of the Congressional Caucus on Armenian Issues along with Congressman Ed Royce and was instrumental in garnering the support of 127 members of the U. S. House of Representatives for the Armenian Caucus. In 2002 he was awarded the Mkhitar Gosh Medal by the President of Armenia. In 2002, he was awarded India's third highest civilian award, the Padma Bhushan for his contributions as member of the India Caucus in the Congress.
He was one of the 31 who voted in the House to not count the electoral votes from Ohio in the 2004 United States presidential election. Pallone received an A on the Drum Major Institute's 2005 Congressional Scorecard on middle-class issues. While the National Taxpayers Union has given Pallone an F ranking on votes that affect taxes and debt. Pallone has questioned the Federal Emergency Management Agency on its update of flood plain maps in Monmouth County in the Bayshore area. Pallone has introduced a bill to modify the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, the U. S.'s most important set of fisheries regulations.. In 2014, Pallone defeated fellow Rep. Anna Eshoo 100 to 90 in a secret-ballot vote to becoming the ranking member of the Committee on Energy and Commerce. Pallone had been the third-ranking Democrat, was in line to becoming ranking member after the 2014 midterm elections due to the retirements of John Dingell and Henry Waxman. Pallone was backed by Minority Whip Steny Hoyer and the Congressional Black Caucus, the latter which "made a repeated point to stress the importance of Pallone’s seniority.
Black lawmakers have a deep appreciation for seniority, as it was the quickest way African-American members earned gavels". House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi had aggressively campaigned on Eschoo's behalf, while the Steering Committee, packed with Pelosi allies had recommended Eshoo for the ranking slot by 30 to 19 votes. After U. S. Rep. Chris Smith stated he does "not construe homosexual rights as human rights", Pallone issued a statement supporting homosexual rights; the statement read, in part, "Representatives in Congress must be promoting the expansion of human rights, not fighting to limit its definition to people that they deem to be appropriate." Pallone opposed the Gabriella Miller Kids First Research Act, which passed in both the House and the Senate. The bill would end taxpayer contributions to the Presidential Election Campaign Fund and divert the money in that fund to pay for research into pediatric cancer through the National Institutes of Health; the total funding for research would come to $126 million over 10 years.
As of 2014, the national conventions got about 23% of their funding from t
G. K. Butterfield
George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. is a United States Congressman first elected to Congress in 2004. He is a member of the Democratic Party, his district is located in the northeastern corner of North Carolina, stretching from Durham to Elizabeth City and including all or parts of 24 counties. An African American and a longtime advocate on behalf of civil rights, Butterfield is a member of the Congressional Black Caucus, served as its chair from 2015 to 2017. Butterfield was raised in Wilson, North Carolina, in a prominent African American family, he is the son of Addie Lourine Davis and Dr. George Kenneth Butterfield, both of whom were mixed race Americans, his father was an immigrant from Bermuda. In describing his racial identity as a black man, he has pointed to his African heritage, while noting that he grew up on the "black side" of town in racially segregated North Carolina and led civil rights marches, he is the former chair of the Congressional Black Caucus. Butterfield graduated from Charles H. Darden High School.
He earned degrees in political sociology from North Carolina Central University. In 1974, he received a Juris Doctor degree from the NCCU School of Law. Butterfield served in the United States Army from 1968 to 1970. In 1988, Butterfield was elected as Resident Superior Court judge in the judicial district 7BC. Beginning on January 1, 1989 and for the next twelve years, he presided over civil and criminal court in 46 counties of North Carolina. In February 2001, he was appointed to the North Carolina Supreme Court by Governor Mike Easley. In 2002, Butterfield lost his seat on the Supreme Court but returned to the Superior Court bench by special appointment of Governor Mike Easley and served in that position until his retirement in May 2004 to run for the US House of Representatives. Butterfield was first elected to the House of Representatives in a special election on July 20, 2004, to fill the seat of Frank Ballance, who resigned, he assumed office on July 21, 2004. Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Communications and Technology Subcommittee on Energy Subcommittee on Health Committee on House Administration Subcommittee on Elections Congressional Black Caucus United States Congressional International Conservation Caucus Congressional Motorcycle Safety Caucus Congressional Out-of-Poverty CaucusButterfield serves on the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, served on the House Armed Services Committee and the House Agriculture Committee.
He is the Region VIII representative on the House Democratic Policy Committee. Beginning in 2007 in the 110th Congress, Butterfield was chosen to serve as one of eight Chief Deputy Whips for the House Democratic Caucus. Chief Deputy Whips assist in the formulation of Democratic policy and ensure the passage of legislation by maintaining good communication with members, he was appointed to this position by Majority Whip Jim Clyburn. As a member of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, G. K. Butterfield advocated for the American Clean Security Act. Butterfield supports "a market-based approach to capping carbon emissions" and wants to broaden the United States' sources of energy. On his website, Butterfield stresses the need to find more domestic sources of energy. A strong supporter of civil rights, he advocated renewal of the Voting Rights Act and "introduced a bill calling for the Capitol Visitor's Center to acknowledge the slave labor used to build the Capitol."Originally endorsing John Edwards for the 2008 presidential primary, in January 2008, Butterfield endorsed Barack Obama for the primary and general election.
In 2009, Butterfield introduced the Don't Let the Bed Bugs Bite Act "to assist states in carrying out inspections of lodging facilities, train inspection personnel, contract with a commercial exterminator. Butterfield passed H. R. 4252 "To amend the Small Business Act to change the net worth amount under the small business program for and economically disadvantaged individuals from $750,000 to $978,722, for other purposes."Butterfield supported the Affordable Care Act, worked with the Energy and Commerce Committee to help write the legislation. During the discussion of the bill in Congress, Butterfield complained about the lack of cooperation from the Republican party. Butterfield supports increasing taxes for higher-income families while decreasing taxes for middle and low-income families. Although he is an advocate for using government stimulus in order to improve the economy, Butterfield wants to reduce government regulations on the private sector. In 2008 Planned Parenthood gave Butterfield an 80 percent ranking.
In 2009 Butterfield supported the interests of NARAL Pro-Choice America 100 percent of the time. Butterfield identifies as pro-choice and supports legalized abortion when the life of the woman is in danger or if the pregnancy is a result of rape or incest. Butterfield has voted against defining marriage as being between one man and one woman, voting against the Marriage Protection Act of 2004 and constitutional marriage amendments in 2004 and 2006, he has voted to ban job discrimination based on sexual orientation, in 2010 voted for the repeal of Don't Ask Don't Tell. Butterfield voted in 2008 against the Troubled Asset Relief Program $700 billion bailout of the financial industry and the $14 billion rescue package for the auto industry. In 2011, he voted to extend expiring provisions of the PATRIOT Act and voted in favor of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012. In 2012, Butterfield introduced legislation that, if passed, would require more in
Raul Ruiz (politician)
Raul Ruiz is an American physician and politician serving as the U. S. Representative for California's 36th congressional district since 2013, he is a member of the Democratic Party. Born in Zacatecas City, Ruiz grew up in Coachella, California, he was the first Latino to receive three graduate degrees from Harvard University, attending Harvard Medical School, the John F. Kennedy School of Government and Harvard School of Public Health, he worked as an emergency physician at the Eisenhower Medical Center before assisting humanitarian efforts in the aftermath of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. In what was considered a major upset, Ruiz defeated redistricted incumbent Republican U. S. Representative Mary Bono Mack in the 2012 election with a 52.9% to 47.1% margin. He was reelected to Congress in 2014 with 54.2% of the vote, after what was considered one of the most competitive congressional races in the country. Ruiz was born in Zacatecas City and raised in Coachella, California, his parents were farmworkers.
He graduated from Coachella Valley High School at age 17 and went to the University of California, Los Angeles in 1990, graduating magna cum laude before attending Harvard Medical School. He was the first Latino to receive three graduate degrees from Harvard University: an Doctor of Medicine from HMS, a Master of Public Policy from the John F. Kennedy School of Government and a Master of Public Health from the Harvard School of Public Health. In 1997, while attending Harvard as a medical student, Ruiz participated in an annual Thanksgiving protest in Plymouth, Massachusetts. Ruiz was one of 25 people arrested at the event; the charges were dropped as part of a deal that dismissed claims of police brutality. Two years in 1999, Ruiz took part in another Thanksgiving protest at which he read a letter of support for Leonard Peltier, convicted and sentenced to two consecutive terms of life imprisonment for first-degree murder in the shooting of two Federal Bureau of Investigation special agents during a 1975 conflict on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
During the 2012 congressional campaign, he was criticized for this activity by his opponent, Mary Bono Mack. In response, Ruiz's campaign stated. After graduating from Harvard University, Ruiz spent time working abroad in Mexico, El Salvador, Serbia and completed emergency medicine residency training at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine in 2006 before taking a job as an emergency physician at the Eisenhower Medical Center, a nonprofit hospital in the Coachella Valley, he founded the Coachella Valley Healthcare Initiative in 2010. In 2011, he became senior associate dean at the School of Medicine at University of California, Riverside. In 2012, he received a Commander's Award for Public Service from the U. S. Army's 82nd Airborne Division for his humanitarian efforts for victims of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Ruiz's background as a physician has gained him attention for several incidents in which he has provided medical aid to fellow airline passengers, including conservative columnist Lisa De Pasquale.
2012Ruiz ran for the United States House of Representatives in 2012 as a first-time candidate in California's 36th congressional district. The district had been the 45th, represented by 15-year incumbent Mary Bono Mack and by her late husband Sonny Bono. Ruiz was regarded as a long shot to win, he was endorsed by Bill Clinton in October 2012. He appealed to the district's Latinos, who make up nearly half its population, by running Spanish-language ads, he was elected with 52.9% of the vote, to Bono Mack's 47.1%."If the growing sway of Latinos in American politics was the story of election 2012," wrote Politico after the 2012 election, "Raul Ruiz's triumph in California's 36th Congressional District was a dramatic subplot." Republicans "didn't seem to appreciate the district's fast-growing Hispanic population until it was too late." Ruiz told Politico that his victory was "a reflection of America." Upon taking office in January 2013, Ruiz became the first Democrat to represent this district since its creation in 1983.
2014Ruiz ran for re-election in 2014. He competed in the top-two primary on June 2014, finishing first with 50.3 % of the vote. Ruiz faced Republican nominee and state assemblyman Brian Nestande in the general election, which took place November 4, 2014. Despite being considered one of the most vulnerable incumbent members of the House of Representatives, Ruiz was re-elected with 54.2% of the vote, to Nestande's 45.8%. 2016His 2016 campaign focused on his successful attempt to secure funds for the Salton Sea Red Hill Bay restoration project and his efforts on behalf of veterans. Ruiz was elected to a third term in November 2016. After winning on Election Night 2016, Ruiz spoke critically about "the politics of fear" and "hateful rhetoric." Addressing his supporters in Rancho Mirage, he said, "I believe that we need to come together as a nation. I believe we need to heal our wounds and put people above partisanship and solutions above ideology." 2018In October 2017, soap-opera actress Kimberlin Brown, a pro-Trump Republican, announced that she would challenge Ruiz in 2018.
Criticizing Ruiz for not passing any "meaningful" legislation, Brown said, "For the first time in the history of our great country, we are not leaving something better behind for the next generation." Brown, known for "The Bold and the Beautiful", runs a design firm and has co-managed an avocado farm with her husband. Ruiz won re-election. In April 2013
Bobby Lee Rush is an American politician, activist and the U. S. Representative for Illinois's 1st congressional district, serving in Congress for more than two decades, he has since won consecutive re-election. The district was located principally on the South Side of Chicago, with a population from 2003 to early 2013, 65% African-American, a higher proportion than any other congressional district in the nation. In 2011 the Illinois General Assembly redistricted this area following the 2010 census. While still minority-majority, since early 2013 it is 51.3% African American, 9.8% Latino and 2% Asian. He was re-elected in 2016. A member of the Democratic Party, Rush is the only politician to have defeated Barack Obama in an election, which he did in the 2000 Democratic primary for Illinois' 1st congressional district. A civil rights activist during the 1960s, Rush founded the Illinois chapter of the Black Panthers. Rush was born on November 1946 in Albany, Georgia. After his parents separated when Rush was 7 years old, his mother took him and his siblings to Chicago, joining the Great Migration of African Americans out of the South in the first part of the 20th century.
In 1963 Rush dropped out of high school before graduating. S. Army. While stationed in Chicago in 1966, he joined the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, which had helped obtain national civil rights legislation passed in 1964 and 1965. In 1968, he co-founded the Illinois chapter of the Black Panthers, he finished his service, receiving an honorable discharge from the Army. Throughout the 1960s, Rush was involved in the civil rights movement and worked in civil disobedience campaigns in the southern United States. After co-founding the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party in 1968, he served as its defense minister. After Black Panther Fred Hampton was killed in a police raid, Rush said, "We needed to arm ourselves", referred to the police as "pigs". Earlier that same year Rush had discussed the philosophy of his membership in the Black Panthers saying, "Black people have been on the defensive for all these years; the trend now is not to wait to be attacked. We advocate offensive violence against the power structure."
After Hampton's death, Rush became acting chairman of the Illinois Black Panther Party. Rush worked on several non-violent projects that built support for the Black Panthers in African-American communities, such as coordinating a medical clinic which offered sickle-cell anemia testing on an unprecedented scale. Rush's own apartment was raided in December 1969, where police discovered an unregistered pistol, shotgun, pistol ammunition, training manuals on explosives, booby traps, an assortment of communist literature, a small amount of marijuana. Rush was imprisoned for six months in 1972 on a weapons charge, after carrying a pistol into a police station. In 1974, he left the Panthers, who were in decline. "We started glorifying thuggery and drugs", he told People magazine. Rush, a religious born-again Christian, said, "I don't repudiate any of my involvement in the Panther party—it was part of my maturing." In 1973, Rush earned his Bachelor of General Studies with honors from Roosevelt University, a Master's degree in political science from University of Illinois at Chicago in 1974.
He completed a degree in theological studies at McCormick Theological Seminary in 1978. On May 13, 2017 Rush received an Honorary Doctorate of Humanities, honoris causa, from the Illinois Institute of Technology for his outstanding contributions to Chicago. In 1974, Rush ran for a seat on the Chicago City Council, the first of several black militants to seek political office, was defeated. Rush's allies in the black-power movement abandoned the Democrats in the wake of the political turmoil that followed Washington's sudden death in 1987 and formed their own political party, naming it after the late mayor. Rush infuriated Harold Washington Party leaders by spurning their candidates for local offices and, on occasion, backing white Democrats instead. Rush worked with the regular Democrats and was rewarded with the deputy chairmanship of the state party. In 1999, Rush ran for Mayor of Chicago, but lost to incumbent Richard M. Daley, an ethnic Irish American whose father had long controlled the city as mayor.
He remained active in city and regional politics. In 2013, Rush criticized a proposal by former Republican Senator Mark Kirk who suggested that 18,000 members of the Chicago gang "Gangster Disciples" be arrested. Rush called Kirk's approach "headline grabbing", said it was an "upper-middle-class, elitist white boy solution to a problem he knows nothing about". A spokesman for Kirk said. In 2013, Alex Clifford was forced to resign as CEO of Metra, but soon after he left, a memo was released indirectly accusing Rush of using his political power to steer a $50,000 contract to a Washington based business group. In 2015, Rush endorsed Mayor Rahm Emanuel in Emanuel's run-off reelection campaign against Jesus "Chuy" Garcia. Though a close friend to former President Bill Clinton and his wife, politician Hillary Clinton, Rush announced early on in the 2008 Democratic primaries that he would support Barack Obama. After Obama won the Presidency and vacated his Senate seat, Rush proposed that an African American should be appointed to fill that seat.
During a press conference, Rush said, "With the resignation of President-elect Obama, we now have no African-Americans in the United States Senate, we believe it will be a national disgrace to not have this seat filled by one of the many capable African-American Illinois politicians." Rush said he did not support a
Cathy McMorris Rodgers
Cathy Anne McMorris Rodgers is an American politician, the U. S. Representative for Washington's 5th congressional district. A Republican, McMorris Rodgers served in the Washington House of Representatives. From 2013 to 2019, she was the chair of the House Republican Caucus. McMorris Rodgers was appointed to the Washington House of Representatives in 1994, she was elected Minority Leader of that house in 2001, becoming the first woman to lead a caucus in state history. In 2004, she was elected to succeed George Nethercutt in the U. S. House of Representatives. McMorris Rodgers rose through the Republican ranks, first as conference vice-chair from 2009 to 2013 and as chair from 2013 to 2019, she gained national attention in 2014 when she delivered the Republican response to President Barack Obama's 2014 State of the Union Address. In 2016, McMorris Rodgers was on President Donald Trump's short list to become Secretary of the Interior, but the position instead went to Montana Congressman Ryan Zinke.
Cathy McMorris was born May 22, 1969, in Salem, the daughter of Corrine and Wayne McMorris. Her family had come to the American West in the mid-19th century as pioneers along the Oregon Trail. In 1974, when McMorris was five years old, her family moved to British Columbia, Canada; the family lived in a cabin. In 1984, the McMorris family settled in Kettle Falls and established the Peachcrest Fruit Basket Orchard and Fruit Stand. McMorris worked there for 13 years. In 1990, McMorris earned a bachelor's degree in Pre-law from Pensacola Christian College, a then-unaccredited Independent Baptist liberal arts college. McMorris Rodgers subsequently earned an Executive MBA from the University of Washington in 2002. Following the completion of her undergraduate education, McMorris was hired by State Rep. Bob Morton in 1991, she served as his campaign manager and his legislative assistant. She became a member of the state legislature when she was appointed to the Washington House of Representatives in 1994.
Her appointment filled the vacancy that temporarily remained when Rep. Bob Morton was appointed to the Washington State Senate. After being sworn into office on January 11, 1994, she represented the 7th Legislative District, she retained the seat in a 1994 special election. During her time in the legislature, McMorris was known for supporting business and rural communities, she supported a bill to improve the productivity of state forest lands. When asked to name an instance when she well represented her constituents' interests, she pointed to a bill she sponsored that would authorize judges to conduct procedural hearings by way of closed circuit television, thereby allowing defendants to be arraigned on video; this new agenda would reduce the time, effort and money, used to transport defendants to physical court hearings. In 1997, she co-sponsored legislation to ban same-sex marriage in Washington State. According to the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, in 2001 she blocked legislation "to replace all references to'Oriental' in state documents with'Asian'", explaining that "I'm reluctant to continue to focus on setting up different definitions in statute related to the various minority groups.
I'd like to see us get beyond that."She voted against a 2004 bill to add sexual orientation to the state's anti-discrimination law and was a vocal opponent of same-sex marriage. She is credited for sponsoring legislation to require the state reimburse rural hospitals for the cost of serving Medicaid patients and for her work overcoming opposition in her own caucus to pass a controversial gas tax used to fund transportation improvements. From 2002 to 2003, she served as House Minority Leader, the top leadership post for the House Republicans, she was the first woman to lead a House Caucus, the youngest since World War II. She chaired the House Commerce and Labor Committee, the Joint Legislative Audit and Review Committee, the State Government Committee, she stepped down as minority leader in 2003 after announcing her bid for Congress. During her tenure in the legislature, she lived in Colville. After serving 10 years in the Washington House of Representatives, McMorris ran in 2004 for United States House of Representatives.
She won the election and has held that office since 2005. She is a member of the Republican Main Street Partnership, the Congressional Constitution Caucus and the Congressional Western Caucus. In 2004, McMorris received 59.7% of the vote in an open seat, defeating Democratic hotel magnate Don Barbieri. The district had come open when five-term incumbent George Nethercutt unsuccessfully ran in the 2004 Washington Senate election. For the 109th United States Congress, McMorris Rodgers' committee assignments included Armed Services, Natural Resources, Subcommittee on Fisheries and Oceans, Education and Labor, Speaker's High-Tech Working, Chairwoman of the National Task Force on Improving the National Environmental Policy Act. McMorris Rodgers served as the freshman class representative on the Steering Committee and on the Republican Whip Team, she joined the Republican Study Committee, a caucus of conservative House Republicans. During her first term in office, she co-sponsored the "Marriage Protection Amendment," an amendment to the Constitution to prohibit same-sex marriage that failed to pass the House in 2006.
She protected and sought expansion of the Fairchild Air Force Base and worked to keep the base off the 2005 Base Realignment and Clo