Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy
The Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy is a unique non-commissioned rank and position of office of the United States Navy, which has with it the paygrade of E-9. The holder of this position is the most senior enlisted member of the U. S. Navy, equivalent to the Sergeant Major of the Army, Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force, Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps, Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard; the Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy is appointed by the Chief of Naval Operations to serve as a spokesperson to address the issues of enlisted personnel to the highest positions in the Navy. As such, they are the senior enlisted advisor to the Chief of Naval Operations as well as the Chief of Naval Personnel, their exact duties vary, depending on the CNO, though they devote much of their time to traveling throughout the Navy observing training and talking to sailors and their families. Their personnel code is N00D as the senior enlisted advisor to Chief of Naval Operations and PERS-00D in their special advisory capacity to Chief of Naval Personnel/Deputy Chief of Naval Operations.
In 1988, the MCPON's spouse was made the Ombudsman-at-Large, authorizing them to travel around the fleet with their spouse, representing the interests of the spouses of enlisted members. The MCPON serves an appointed two-year team of office but can be reappointed by the CNO for an additional two-year term. Typically. While the MCPON is a non-commissioned officer, this billet is unofficially protocoled equivalent to a vice admiral; the current MCPON is Russell Smith. In 1966, the opportunity was given to sailors in the U. S. Navy's two largest concentration areas, Hampton Roads and San Diego County, California, to voice their concerns and recommendations to the top levels of the U. S. Navy; the response was overwhelming. To provide a permanent channel for input from the enlisted force to their senior leadership, the Navy acted on a suggestion to create a "Leading Chief Petty Officer of the Navy" who would have a direct dialogue channel with all enlisted sailors and represent their interests; the post was known as the Senior Enlisted Advisor of the Navy, on 13 January 1967 GMCM Delbert Black was selected to serve a four-year term in that capacity.
On 28 April of the same year, Black's title was changed to Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy to bring the Navy in line with the U. S. Marine Corps and U. S. Army, which had created equivalent positions in July 1966 respectively. MCPON Black's duties were to the Chief of Naval Personnel. All subsequent MCPONs have reported to both the CNO and CNP. During the MCPON's tenure, a third silver star above the gold anchor is added onto the MCPON's collar and cap devices, as well as a rating badge consisting of a perched eagle atop three inverted gold chevrons, one rocker, three inverted gold stars above the eagle; the MCPON's rating specialty mark is replaced by a single inverted gold star. The MCPON will wear the Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy Badge on naval uniforms. Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Sergeant Major of the Army—U. S. Army equivalent Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps—U. S. Marine Corps equivalent Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force—U. S. Air Force equivalent Master Chief Petty Officer of the Coast Guard—U.
S. Coast Guard equivalent Senior Enlisted Advisor for the National Guard Bureau Crist, Charlotte D. Winds of Change: The History of the Office of the Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy 1967–1992. Washington, D. C.: Naval Historical Center, 1992. A joint publication of the Office of the Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy and the Naval Historical Center, available through the Government Printing Office and depository libraries. Media related to Master Chief Petty Officers of the United States Navy at Wikimedia Commons
Chief of Naval Operations
The Chief of Naval Operations is the highest-ranking officer and professional head of the United States Navy. The position is a statutory office held by a four-star admiral, a military adviser and deputy to the Secretary of the Navy. In a separate capacity as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff the CNO is a military adviser to the National Security Council, the Homeland Security Council, the Secretary of Defense, the President; the current Chief of Naval Operations is Admiral John M. Richardson. Despite the title, the CNO does not have operational command authority over Naval forces; the CNO is an administrative position based in the Pentagon, exercises supervision of Navy organizations as the designee of the Secretary of the Navy. Operational command of naval forces falls within the purview of the Combatant Commanders who report to the Secretary of Defense; the Chief of Naval Operations is the highest-ranking officer on active duty in the U. S. Navy unless the Chairman and/or the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are naval officers.
As per 10 U. S. C. § 5035, whenever there is a vacancy for the Chief of Naval Operations or during the absence or disability of the Chief of Naval Operations, unless the President directs otherwise, the Vice Chief of Naval Operations performs the duties of the Chief of Naval Operations until a successor is appointed or the absence or disability ceases. The CNO performs all other functions prescribed under 10 U. S. C. § 5033, such as presiding over the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, exercising supervision of Navy organizations, other duties assigned by the Secretary or higher lawful authority, or the CNO delegates those duties and responsibilities to other officers in OPNAV or in organizations below. Acting for the Secretary of the Navy, the CNO designates naval personnel and naval forces available to the commanders of Unified Combatant Commands, subject to the approval of the Secretary of Defense; the CNO is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff as prescribed by 10 U. S. C. § 151 and 10 U.
S. C. § 5033. Like the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the CNO is an administrative position, with no operational command authority over the United States Navy forces. Members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, individually or collectively, in their capacity as military advisers, shall provide advice to the President, the National Security Council, or the Secretary of Defense on a particular matter when the President, the NSC, or SECDEF requests such advice. Members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff may submit to the Chairman advice or an opinion in disagreement with, or advice or an opinion in addition to, the advice presented by the Chairman to the President, NSC, or SECDEF; when performing his JCS duties, the CNO is responsible directly to the SECDEF, but keeps SECNAV informed of significant military operations affecting the duties and responsibilities of the SECNAV, unless SECDEF orders otherwise. The Chief of Naval Operations is nominated by the President for appointment and must be confirmed by the Senate.
A requirement for being Chief of Naval Operations is having significant experience in joint duty assignments, which includes at least one full tour of duty in a joint duty assignment as a flag officer. However, the president may waive those requirements if he determines that appointing the officer is necessary for the national interest. By statute, the CNO is appointed as a four-star admiral. Number One Observatory Circle, located on the northeast grounds of the United States Naval Observatory in Washington, DC, was built in 1893 for its superintendent; the Chief of Naval Operations liked the house so much that in 1923 he took over the house as his own official residence. It remained the residence of the CNO until 1974, when Congress authorized its transformation to an official residence for the Vice President; the Chief of Naval Operations resides in Quarters A in the Washington Naval Yard. The Chief of Naval Operations presides over the Navy Staff, formally known as the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations.
The Office of the Chief of Naval Operations is a statutory organization within the executive part of the Department of the Navy, its purpose is to furnish professional assistance to the Secretary of the Navy and the CNO in carrying out their responsibilities. The OPNAV organization consists of: The Chief of Naval Operations The Vice Chief of Naval Operations, the principal deputy of the Chief of Naval Operations, delegated complete authority to act for the CNO in all matters not reserved by law to the CNO; the Director of the Navy Staff. Several Deputy Chiefs of Naval Operations of either three or two-star rank, heading functional directorates. DCNO Manpower, Training, & Education/Chief of Naval Personnel DCNO Warfare Dominance/Director of the Office of Naval Intelligence DCNO Operations, Plans, & Strategy DCNO Fleet Readiness & Logistics DCNO Integration of Capabilities & Resources DCNO Warfare Systems The Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy, appointed by the Chief of Naval Operations to serve as a spokesperson to address the issues of enlisted personnel to the highest positions in the Navy.
The Director of the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program, a unique eight-year posting held by a 4 star admiral, created and served in by Admiral Hyman G. Rickover; the appointment as Director is both a military and civilian position as it is the head of the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program in the Department of the Navy and deputy administrator for the Office of Naval Reactors of the National Nuclear Security Administration
United States Merchant Marine
The United States Merchant Marine refers to either United States civilian mariners, or to U. S. civilian and federally owned merchant vessels. Both the civilian mariners and the merchant vessels are managed by a combination of the government and private sectors, engage in commerce or transportation of goods and services in and out of the navigable waters of the United States; the Merchant Marine transports cargo and passengers during peacetime. Merchant Marine officers may be commissioned as military officers by the Department of Defense; this is achieved by commissioning unlimited tonnage Merchant Marine officers as Strategic Sealift Officers in the Naval Reserves. Merchant mariners move cargo and passengers between nations and within the United States, operate and maintain deep-sea merchant ships, towboats, dredges, excursion vessels, charter boats and other waterborne craft on the oceans, the Great Lakes, canals and other waterways; as of October 1, 2018, the United States merchant fleet had 181 owned, self-propelled vessels of 1,000 gross register tons and above that carry cargo from port to port.
Nearly 800 American-owned ships are flagged in other nations. The federal government maintains fleets of merchant ships via organizations such as Military Sealift Command and the National Defense Reserve Fleet, managed by the United States Maritime Administration. In 2004, the federal government employed 5% of all American water transportation workers. In the 19th and 20th centuries, various laws fundamentally changed the course of American merchant shipping; these laws put an end to common practices such as flogging and shanghaiing, increased shipboard safety and living standards. The United States Merchant Marine is governed by more than 25 international conventions to promote safety and prevent pollution. P. L. 95–202, approved November 23, 1977, granted veteran status to Women Airforce Service Pilots and "any person in any other situated group" with jurisdiction for determination given to the Secretary of Defense who delegated that determination to the Secretary of the Air Force. Although the Merchant Marine suffered a per capita casualty rate greater than those of the US Armed Forces, merchant mariners who served in World War II were denied such veterans recognition until 1988 when a federal court ordered it.
The Court held that "the Secretary of the Air Force abused its discretion in denying active military service recognition to American merchant seamen who participated in World War II." Captains and pilots supervise ship operations on domestic waterways and the high seas. A captain is in overall command of a vessel, supervises the work of other officers and crew. A captain has the ability to take the conn from a pilot at any time he feels the need. On smaller vessels the captain may be a regular watch-stander, similar to a mate, directly controlling the vessel's position. Captains and department heads ensure that proper procedures and safety practices are followed, ensure that machinery is in good working order, oversee the loading and discharging of cargo and passengers. Captains directly communicate with the company or command, are overall responsible for cargo, various logs, ship's documents, efforts at controlling pollution and passengers carried. Mates direct a ship's routine operation for the captain during work shifts, which are called watches.
Mates stand watch for specified periods in three duty sections, with four hours on watch and eight hours off. When on a navigational watch, mates direct a bridge team by conning, directing courses through the helmsman and speed through the lee helmsman; when more than one mate is necessary aboard a ship, they are designated chief mate or first mate, second mate and third mate. In addition to watch standers, mates directly supervise the ship's crew, are assigned other tasks; the chief mate is in charge of cargo and the deck crew, the second mate in charge of navigation plans and updates and the third mate as the safety officer. They monitor and direct deck crew operations, such as directing line handlers during moorings, anchorings, monitor cargo operations and supervise crew members engaged in maintenance and the vessel's upkeep. Harbor pilots guide ships in and out of confined waterways, such as harbors, where a familiarity with local conditions is of prime importance. Harbor pilots are independent contractors who accompany vessels while they enter or leave port, may pilot many ships in a single day.
Engine officers, or engineers, operate and repair engines, generators and other machinery. Merchant marine vessels have four engine officers: a chief engineer and a first and third assistant engineer. On many ships, Assistant Engineers stand periodic watches, overseeing the safe operation of engines and other machinery. However, most modern ships sailing today utilize Unmanned Machinery Space automation technology, Assistant Engineers are Dayworkers. At night and during meals and breaks, the engine room is unmanned and machinery alarms are answered by the Duty Engineer. Able seamen and ordinary seamen operate the vessel and its deck equipment under officer supervision and keep their assigned areas in good order, they watch for other vessels and obstructions in the ship's path, as well as for navigational aids such as buoys and lighthouses. They steer the ship, measure water depth in shallow
United States Under Secretary of the Navy
The Under Secretary of the Navy is the second-highest ranking civilian official in the United States Department of the Navy. The Under Secretary, called the "Under" in Pentagon slang, reports to the Secretary of the Navy
USNS Comet (T-AK-269)
USNS Comet T-LSV-7 T-AKR-7 SS Comet, is a vehicle landing ship built for the United States Navy. The lone ship of her class, she is named for the comet, is the fourth U. S. Naval vessel to bear the name. Comet was laid down 31 July 1957 under Maritime Administration contract at Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company of Chester, Pennsylvania. Redesignated vehicle landing ship T-LSV-7 on 1 January 1963, her title was transferred to MARAD, she was redesignated SS Comet and laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, Suisun Bay, California as a member of the MARAD Ready Reserve Force. Reactivated in 2003 to ferry US Marine Engineers and equipment from San Diego to Kuwait, with stops in Guam and Dubai/UAE in preparation for the invasion of Iraq. Removed from MSC control, withdrawn from the RRF by reassignment to the National Defense Reserve Fleet 28 July 2006. In 2014, the Maritime Administration submitted a docket for disposing of the ship from the National Defense Reserve Fleet; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
"Comet". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Retrieved May 1, 2007. "T-AK-269 / T-LSV-7 / T-AKR-7 Comet". Amphibious Photo Archive. Retrieved May 1, 2007
Naval Aviation Warfighting Development Center
The Naval Aviation Warfighting Development Center was known as the Naval Strike and Air Warfare Center at Naval Air Station Fallon located in the city of Fallon in western Nevada. It is the center of excellence for naval aviation training and tactics development. NAWDC provides service to aircrews and air wings throughout the United States Navy through flight training, academic instructional classes, direct operational and intelligence support; the name was changed from NSAWC to NAWDC to align with the naming convention of the Navy's other Warfare Development Centers (including Naval Surface and Mine Warfare Development Center SMWDC and the Undersea Warfare Development Center UWDC NSAWC consolidated three commands into a single command structure under a flag officer on 11 July 1996 to enhance aviation training effectiveness. The Naval Strike Warfare Center based at NAS Fallon since 1984, was joined with the Navy Fighter Weapons School and the Carrier Airborne Early Warning Weapons School which both moved from NAS Miramar as a result of a Base Realignment and Closure decision in 1993 which transferred that installation back to the Marine Corps as MCAS Miramar.
The Seahawk Weapon School was added in 1998 to provide tactical training for Navy SH-60 / HH-60 / MH-60 series helicopters and the Airborne Electronic Attack Weapons School for the EA-18G aircraft was added in 2014, augmenting the legacy Electronic Attack Weapons School for the EA-6B and EA-18G at NAS Whidbey Island, WA. NAWDC is the primary authority on tactics development. NAWDC provides training, aviation requirements recommendations and development priorities for integrated strike warfare and overland air superiority, strike fighter employment, airborne battle management, Combat Search and Rescue, Close Air Support, associated planning support systems; the command is responsible for the development and administration of several courses of instruction while functioning as the Navy point of contact for all issues relating to the Air Combat Training Continuum. Additionally, NAWDC is the Navy point of contact for all issues related to the Fallon Range Training Complex. NAWDC consists of ten departments.
Personnel Resources oversees administrative functions, security, automated information systems, first lieutenant. The Intelligence Department provides support to air wing training in Fallon as well as to fleets and battle groups based all over the world. Additionally, N2 contains the CIS division. Operations manages scheduling for aircraft, the training ranges, keeps aircrew log books and records; the Maintenance Department maintains all NAWDC aircraft, including parts and supplies, manages the loading and storage of ordnance, maintains aircrew flight equipment. Strike is involved in tactics development and assessment for tactical aircraft and H-60 helicopters, program management and participation, mission planning, inter/intra service liaison. N5 is the legacy "Strike U" organization and its primary function is the execution of Air Wing Fallon; the C2 Department, known as the Carrier Airborne Early Warning Weapons School provides graduate-level command, communication, battle management, training to E-2 Hawkeye aircrew and combined personnel.
CAEWWS is responsible for the development of community TTP, community tactical standardization and the production of Hawkeye WTIs. In addition to the course of instruction N6 Department conducts, N6 instructors support the N5 Department as Command and Control instructors and evaluators during Air Wing Fallon Detachment training. N6 Department resides in the Fleet Training Building with the N3, N7, N8 departments; the Navy Fighter Weapon School instructs advanced methods of strike-fighter employment through the "TOPGUN" Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor course. It conducts the Senior Officers Course. N7 personnel retain the traditional light blue T-shirts and light brown leather nametags worn by TOPGUN personnel and have their own spaces separate from the main NAWDC building that house the heritage of TOPGUN legacy in forms of photos and other memorabilia; the NAWDC F-16 and F/A-18 aircraft sport the TOPGUN patch on the tail. The Navy Rotary Wing Weapons School instructs graduate-level rotary wing employment through the "SEAWOLF" Seahawk Weapons and Tactics Instructor course.
It conducts the Strike Leader Attack Training Syllabus, Senior Officers Course, assists N5 with airwing training, manages the Navy's Mountain Flying Course. Operational Risk Management/Safety Department manages air-and-ground related safety programs as well as medical training programs; the Airborne Electronic Attack Weapons School is the EA-18G Growler weapons school and conducts the "HAVOC" Growler Tactics Instructor course. There are two distinct areas of NAWDC training using the FRTC extensively – carrier air wing training and the "TOPGUN" SFTI, "HAVOC" GTI, "SEAWOLF" SWTI graduate level courses. Air wing training brings together all of an air wing's squadrons for four weeks, providing strike planning and execution training opportunities in a dynamic, scenario-driven simulated wartime environment. Air wing training consists of power projection training in strike warfare, amphibious operations, joint battlefield operations, CAS, CSAR; the Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor course is advanced tactics training for FA-18A-F aircrew in the Navy and Marine Co
USNS Comfort (T-AH-20)
USNS Comfort is the third United States Navy ship to bear the name Comfort, the second Mercy-class hospital ship to join the U. S. Navy's fleet; the USNS prefix identifies Comfort as a non-commissioned ship owned by the U. S. Navy and operationally crewed by civilians from the Military Sealift Command. A uniformed naval hospital staff and naval support staff is embarked when Comfort is deployed, said staffs consisting of naval officers from the Navy's Medical Corps, Dental Corps, Medical Service Corps, Nurse Corps and Chaplain Corps, naval enlisted personnel from the Hospital Corpsman rating and various administrative and technical support ratings. In keeping with her status as a non-combatant vessel, naval personnel from the "combat" specialties are not assigned as regular crew or staff. Underway embarks by Navy Unrestricted Line officers, enlisted Naval Aviation, Surface Warfare, Submarine Warfare, Special Operations or Special Warfare/SEAL personnel, or any Marine Corps officers or enlisted personnel, are limited to official visits, helicopter or tilt-rotor flight operations or as patients.
In accordance with the Geneva Conventions and her crew do not carry any offensive weapons. Firing upon Comfort would be considered a war crime as the ship only carries weapons for self-defense. Like her sister ship USNS Mercy, Comfort was built as a San Clemente-class oil tanker in 1976 by the National Steel and Shipbuilding Company, her original name was SS Rose City and she was launched from San Diego, California. Her career as an oil tanker ended when she was delivered to the U. S. Navy on 1 December 1987; as a hospital ship, Comfort's duties include providing emergency, on-site care for U. S. combatant forces deployed in war or other operations. Operated by the Military Sealift Command, Comfort provides rapid and mobile medical and surgical services to support Marine Corps Air/Ground Task Forces deployed ashore and Air Force units deployed ashore, naval amphibious task forces and battle forces afloat. Secondarily, she provides mobile surgical hospital service for use by appropriate U. S. government agencies in disaster or humanitarian relief or limited humanitarian care incident to these missions or peacetime military operations.
Comfort is less capable than a traditional hospital on land. After a quarter-century in Baltimore, Comfort changed her homeport to Naval Station Norfolk in Norfolk, Virginia in March 2013; the move placed the ship closer to supplies, much of which come from Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, to medical crew. Savings to the U. S. Navy are estimated at $2 million per year. Patient Capacity: Intensive care wards: 80 beds Recovery wards: 20 beds Intermediate care wards: 280 beds Light care wards: 120 beds Limited care wards: 500 beds Total Patient Capacity: 1000 beds Operating Rooms: 12 Departments and Facilities: Casualty reception Intensive care unit Radiological services Main laboratory plus satellite lab Central sterile receiving Medical supply/pharmacy Physical therapy and burn care Dental services Optometry/lens lab Morgue Laundry Oxygen producing plants Medical Photography Four distilling plants to make drinking water from sea water During the Persian Gulf War's Operation Desert Storm, Comfort received a call to activate for Desert Shield/Desert Storm 9 August 1990 and departed Baltimore 11 August.
Comfort was positioned in proximity to Kuwait, just off the coast of Saudi Arabia near Khafji. On 12 March 1991, Comfort was under way on her return trip home, she arrived in Baltimore on 15 April 1991. While deployed, Comfort traveled more than 30,000 nautical miles and consumed 3 million U. S. gallons of fuel. More than 8,000 outpatients were seen, 700 inpatients were admitted including four sailors injured in a high-pressure steam leak on USS Iwo Jima. 337 surgical procedures were performed. Other notable benchmarks include: more than 2,100 safe helicopter evolutions. Comfort was ordered to activation to serve as migrant processing center for Haitian migrants in 1994. During this mission, Comfort served as the first afloat migrant processing center, she set out for the Caribbean with a crew of 928 military and civilian personnel from various federal government and international agencies. On 16 June 1994 the first Haitian migrants were taken aboard. Over the months deployed, the population onboard swelled to 1,100.
Shortly after, Comfort was ordered to discontinue processing and sailed for Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, Cuba to drop off its remaining 400 migrants. On 2 September 1994, Comfort was again directed to activate for an unprecedented second deployment. Comfort was tasked to provide a 250-bed medically intensive patient capability for the 35,000 Cuban and Haitian migrants supported by Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Comfort departed Naval Base Norfolk, with a specially configured crew of 566 personnel. Following the diplomatic agreement reached between the United States and Haiti, Comfort took up a position off Port-au-Prince ready to receive casualties that might result from the transfer of U. S. and allied forces ashore. From September 16 through 2 October 1994, Comfort personnel provided both medical and surgical support to U. S. and allied forces ashore and afloat, emergency humanitarian care to injured Haitian citizens, participated in various aspects of the Civil Affairs Program in an eff